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Franklinia alatamaha (Franklin tree)

Franklinia alatamaha Photo/Illustration: Michael Dirr

(Based on 1 user review)

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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Franklinia alatamaha frank-LIN-ee-ah ah-lah-tah-MAH-hah Common Name: Franklin tree Genus: Franklinia
Discovered in the wild along Georgia's Altamaha River in 1765 by botanists John and William Bartram, this beautiful landscape tree is considered extinct in the wild. The Bartrams named the plant in honor of their friend Benjamin Franklin. All Franklinias today are descended from those propagated by the Bartrams in their Philadelphia garden. It is a deciduous, understory tree with an upright habit. It can be grown as a single-trunked tree or a multi-stemmed shrub. The fragrant white flowers have bushy yellow stamens and the leaves are dark green and glossy, turning orange, red, and purple in the fall. It blooms in late summer and early autumn, when few other trees are in flower. The fruit that follows is woody and spherical. Franklin tree makes a great addition to an open area of a woodland garden.
Noteworthy characteristics: Glossy foliage and good fall color. Beautiful, camellia-like flowers that are fragrant and bloom late in the season. Native.
Care: Grow in organically rich, moist but very well-drained soil of acidic to neutral pH, in full sun. Resents transplanting and should not be disturbed in the landscape.
Propagation: Sow seed as soon as ripe at 50° to 64°F. Root softwood cuttings in summer using bottom heat.
Problems: Wilt and root rot can be serious problems, and Japanese beetles may eat the flowers.
Height 10 ft. to 15 ft.
Spread 10 ft. to 15 ft.
Growth Pace Moderate Grower
Light Full Sun Only
Moisture Medium Moisture
Maintenance Moderate
Characteristics Fragrant Flowers; Native; Showy Fall Foliage; Showy Flowers; Showy Foliage
Bloom Time Fall; Late Summer; Summer
Flower Color White Flower; Yellow Flower
Uses Specimen Plant/ Focal Point
Style Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest Summer Interest, Fall Interest
Type Shrubs,Trees

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