previous
  • Planting the Right Way
    Planting the Right Way
  • Plant Finder: Spring Plants
    Plant Finder: Spring Plants
  • Black Plants Done Right
    Black Plants Done Right
  • Homegrown / Homemade
    Homegrown / Homemade
  • Pick Plants for Fragrance
    Pick Plants for Fragrance
  • Using Containers as Elements of a Design
    Using Containers as Elements of a Design
  • Building Better Borders
    Building Better Borders
  • Go Green on the Patio
    Go Green on the Patio
  • Seed Starting in Speedling Trays
    Seed Starting in Speedling Trays
  • 20 Gardenworthy Self-Sowers
    20 Gardenworthy Self-Sowers
  • Get your FREE Everyday Roses download now!
    Get your FREE Everyday Roses download now!
  • Rex Begonias
    Rex Begonias
  • 10 Combinations for Shade
    10 Combinations for Shade
  • Pantone Color of the Year 2014: Radiant Orchid
    Pantone Color of the Year 2014: Radiant Orchid
  • How to Grow Mustard
    How to Grow Mustard
  • Indoor Seed Starting Materials List
    Indoor Seed Starting Materials List
  • 3 Ways to Design with Containers
    3 Ways to Design with Containers
  • Garden Design Basics
    Garden Design Basics
  • 10 Seed-Starting Tips
    10 Seed-Starting Tips
  • DIY A-Frame Veggie Trellis
    DIY A-Frame Veggie Trellis
  • Bold and Beautiful Zinnias
    Bold and Beautiful Zinnias
  • NEW Video Series: There's a Better Way
    NEW Video Series: There's a Better Way
next

Agave americana (American aloe, Century plant)

Agave americana Photo/Illustration: Michelle Gervais

(Based on 1 user review)

Rate this plant

Plant Showcase - from our advertisers


Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Botanical Name: Agave americana ah-GAH-vay ah-mer-ih-KAY-nah Common Name: American aloe, Century plant Synonyms: Agave altissima Genus: Agave
This plant has a rosette of broad sword-like, succulent, gray-green leaves. It provides a statuesque presence for sunny dry sites and under glass. It's also a classic plant for urns, thanks to the architectural splendor of its simple form.
Noteworthy characteristics: Plants die after flowering and fruiting, but leave behind off-sets to create new plants. Lethal-looking, dark needlelike spines at leaf tips and along margins encourage a cautious approach.
Propagation: Remove offsets in spring or fall.
Problems: Scale insects and mealybugs on young growth; leaf blights and root rots in poorly drained soil.
Height 3 ft. to 6 ft.
Spread 6 ft. to 10 ft.
Growth Habit Clumps
Growth Pace Moderate Grower
Light Full Sun Only
Moisture Dry
Maintenance Low
Characteristics Showy Foliage
Bloom Time Summer
Flower Color White Flower
Uses Container, Specimen Plant/ Focal Point
Style Desert Garden, Xeric Bed
Seasonal Interest Winter Interest, Spring Interest, Summer Interest, Fall Interest
Type Cacti and Succulents

Plants you might also like

Agave parryi Agave parryi
(Mescal)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has a dense rosette of fleshy blue-gray leaves and produces tall, cream-colored flowers tinged with red or pink in summer.

Dyckia fosteriana 'Cherry Cola' Dyckia fosteriana 'Cherry Cola'
('Cherry Cola' dyckia)
Be the first to rate this plant
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Cherry Cola' , a relatively new cultivar, features deep, dark burgundy foliage and small but sharp teeth (handle with care!). In summer, orange blossoms appear, and hummingbirds love them. Like other Dyckias, this plant tolerates extreme heat and is perfect for hot, dry locations. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Aloe cameronii Aloe cameronii
(Red aloe)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Aloe is best known as a medicinal plant (Aloe vera, Zones 10-11), but there are many beautiful aloes as well. Most have amazing winter flowers, and some, have interesting foliage color. Red aloe  has color that varies from green to a deep, red wine hue, depending on sun and water. and, over time, will form beautiful red-purple mounds with orange flowers. It is easily propagated from cuttings. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Hesperaloe parviflora Hesperaloe parviflora
(Red yucca)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A clump-forming succulent, red yucca has arching, leathery, linear foliage rising to between 2 and 3 feet tall. Dark olive-green leaves with no thorns or spines are sparsely covered with fibrous strands along the margins. Deep coral pink flowers with golden yellow throats crowd the length of the stalks that reach three feet or more. Foliage has a reddish bronze hue during winter's chill for year-round interest.

Aeonium arboreum 'Zwartkop' Aeonium arboreum 'Zwartkop'
(Black rose)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The "flowers" of black rose. are actually rosettes of burgundy-black leaves at the ends of stalklike stems. In winter, bright yellow flowers contrast with the dark foliage. 'Zwartkop' is a wonderful backdrop plant that can show off many companion plants to maximum advantage. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120