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The Plant Guide

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White trillium

Trillium erectum var. album

TRILL-ee-um ee-REK-tum variety AL-bum

This white-flowered form of red trillium has delicate, outward-facing petals with striking dark centers. At close range, it bears an unpleasant scent. Plants bloom in mid- to late spring, and grow to 14-20 inches tall and a foot wide.

Noteworthy CharacteristicsMost trilliums are native to woodlands and scrub of North America. They make an elegant understory planting when grown in groups in a woodland or shady, naturalized area. Since trilliums go dormant in summer, plant them with other shade-loving perennials to share their place until they reappear the following spring. 

CareProvide rich, moist, but well-drained soil with a neutral to acidic pH. Plant in part to full shade and give them an annual mulch of rich organic matter.

PropagationTrilliums propagate readily by division when plants are dormant in late summer or early fall.

ProblemsSmut, rust, fungal spots, slugs, snails.

  • Genus : Trillium
  • Plant Height : 1 to 3 feet
  • Zones : 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Plant Width : 6 to 12 inches
  • Characteristics : Fragrant Flowers, Self Seeds
  • Uses : Ground Covers, Shade
  • Bloom Time : Late Spring, Spring
  • Maintenance : Low
  • Moisture : Medium Moisture
  • Growth Rate : Moderate
  • Light : Partial Shade to Full Shade
  • Plant Type : Perennials
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Spring Interest
  • Flower Color : White
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