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The Plant Guide

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Purple loosestrife

Lythrum salicaria

LITH-rum sal-ih-KARE-ee-ah Audio

The showy purple spikes of purple loosestrife are attractive in the garden and along roadsides, but the plant’s rampant spread has greatly reduced the ecological value of marshes by displacing native wetland vegetation such as cattails ( Typha spp.) that wildlife uses as food or shelter. One mature plant can produce over 2 million seeds a year that are easily transported by the wind or water into wetlands. The seeds easily germinate, and no natural predator holds this plant in check. Even cultivars reported to be sterile can produce highly fertile seed if grown with other cultivars or wild loosestrife.

Noteworthy CharacteristicsShowy purple flower spikes. Highly invasive in all regions.

CareGrows in any moist soil in full sun.

PropagationSelf-sows with abandon.

ProblemsSlugs, snails, Japanese beetles.

  • Genus : Lythrum
  • Plant Width : 1 to 3 feet
  • Plant Height : 3 to 6 feet
  • Zones : 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Bloom Time : Fall, Summer
  • Growth Rate : Fast
  • Light : Full Sun
  • Moisture : Medium to Wet
  • Maintenance : Moderate
  • Plant Type : Perennials
  • Flower Color : Pink
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Summer Interest
View Comments


  1. KitzW 08/26/2015

    Why even list Lythrum salicaria? This plant is considered a noxious weed and should NEVER be sold or planted. They are banned in many states in the U.S.

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