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The Plant Guide

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Bent trillium

Trillium flexipes

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This trillium produces large white flowers above the foliage in mid-spring, but the flowers are later hidden as the flower stalks nod. The flowers occasionally are maroon, but they retain the white ovaries. The plant is quite variable, and can grow up to 2 feet tall.

Noteworthy CharacteristicsMost trilliums are native to woodlands and scrub of North America. They make an elegant understory planting when grown in groups in a woodland or shady, naturalized area. Since trilliums go dormant in summer, plant them with other shade-loving perennials to share their place until they reappear the following spring. 

CareProvide rich, moist but well-drained soil with a neutral to slightly acidic pH and plant in part to full shade. Add an annual mulch of rich organic matter.

PropagationTrilliums propagate readily by division when plants are dormant in late summer or early fall.

ProblemsSmut, rust, fungal spots, slugs, snails.

  • Genus : Trillium
  • Plant Height : 1 to 3 feet
  • Zones : 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Plant Width : 6 to 12 inches
  • Uses : Ground Covers, Shade
  • Bloom Time : Late Spring, Spring
  • Maintenance : Low
  • Moisture : Medium Moisture
  • Growth Rate : Moderate
  • Light : Partial Shade to Full Shade
  • Plant Type : Perennials
  • Flower Color : Red, White
  • Characteristics : Self Seeds
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Spring Interest
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