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The Plant Guide

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Bee balm

Monarda didyma

moe-NAR-dah DID-ih-mah

Monarda didyma 'Marshall's Delight'

Bee balm, a clump-forming perennial, bears minty-scented scarlet, pink, or purple flowers in midsummer on branching, square stems. Leaves are aromatic as well. This native of eastern North America attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.

Noteworthy CharacteristicsLikes wet soil. U.S. native. Good plant for a wildlife garden.

CareGrow in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil.

PropagationDivide clumps in spring. Root basal cuttings in spring.

ProblemsPowdery mildew, rust, and leaf spot.

  • Genus : Monarda
  • Plant Height : 1 to 3 feet
  • Plant Width : 1 to 3 feet
  • Zones : 10, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Characteristics : Attracts Hummingbirds
  • Light : Full Sun to Partial Shade
  • Bloom Time : Late Summer, Summer
  • Maintenance : Low
  • Moisture : Medium Moisture
  • Growth Rate : Moderate
  • Plant Type : Perennials
  • Flower Color : Pink
  • Plant Seasonal Interest : Summer Interest
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