Ocotillo

Fouquieria splendens

Photo/Illustration: 
Jennifer Benner
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Ocotillo (Fouquieria splendens)
fo-kwee-AIR-ee-ah SPLEN-denz
Genus:  Fouquieria
This southwestern native shrub grows to 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide and sports long, dull, spiny stems that green up and leaf out after a rain, followed by long, scarlet flowers that attract hummingbirds.When dry conditions return, ocotillo drops its leaves again. This cycle can replay several times a season. Great as a surprising specimen or forbidding hedge.
Care:  Situate ocotillo in full sun and well-drained soil, preferably in an arid region. Ocotillo prefers lean, neutral to alkaline soil. Supply minimal supplemental water.
Propagation: 

 Grow new plants from seeds or cuttings.

Problems: 

 Aphids, spider mites, stem borers, or powdery mildew may be a problem.

Overview

Height
15 ft. to 30 ft.
Spread
10 ft. to 15 ft.
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun Only
Moisture
Dry
Characteristics
Attracts Hummingbirds,
Native,
Showy Flowers,
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Fall,
Spring,
Summer
Flower Color
Red Flower
Uses
Desert Garden,
Hedge,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point,
Summer Interest,
Texture
Tolerance
Drought Tolerant
Type
Natives

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