Genus: Maple

Acer

Photo/Illustration: 
Steve Aitken
Maple (Acer)
AY-sir
Aceraceae
Native to Europe, North Africa, Asia, and North and Central America, this large genus of canopy and understory trees is most prized for exquisite foliage color and shape. Many varieties are especially noted for their beautiful fall foliage. Some varieties have showy bark.
Noteworthy characteristics:  Grown mostly grown for their foliage, these woody plants boast showy leaves in a wide range of colors from shades of green to the reddish-plum hues. Outstanding fall color in selected species and cultivars. Some species are grown for ornamental bark, others for their high architectural value.
Care:  Grow in fertile, moist, but well-drained soil in sun or part shade.
Propagation: 

Sow seeds in containers or where they are to grow in the garden. Graft in late winter; bud in late summer.

Problems: 

Verticillium wilt. Fungal leaf spots and root rots are common. Aphids, scale, and caterpillars. Mites can cause leaf spot gall in several species.

Species, varieties and clutivars for genus Acer

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Paperbark maple
Acer griseum
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Full-moon maple
Acer japonicum 'Aconitifolium'
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'Amber Ghost' Japanese maple
Acer palmatum 'Amber Ghost'
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'Oshu Shidare' Japanese maple
Acer palmatum 'Oshu Shidare'
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Emperor I® Japanese maple
Acer palmatum 'Wolff'
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Japanese maple
Acer palmatum var. dissectum
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'Olson’s Frosted Strawberry' Japanese maple
Acer palmatum 'Olson’s Frosted Strawberry'
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Norway maple
Acer platanoides and cvs.
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Red maple
Acer rubrum
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Red maple
Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’
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'Caddo' Florida maple
Acer saccharum 'Caddo'
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Golden Full Moon Maple
Acer shirasawanum 'Aureum'
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'Jordan' full moon maple
Acer shirasawanum 'Jordan'
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Moonrise™ full moon maple
Acer shirasawanum 'Munn 001'
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Three-flower maple
Acer triflorum
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Shantung maple
Acer truncatum