Genus: Lords and ladies

Arum

Photo/Illustration: 
Colleen Fitzpatrick
Lords and ladies (Arum)
AIR-um
Araceae
Arum are spring-flowering, tuberous perennials with attractively marked, arrow- or heart-shaped leaves. The flowers are small but are enclosed in large spathes. They may have a sweet or unpleasant fragrance. Spikes of red or orange berries appear after the flowers. The genus contains about 26 species from a range of partially shaded habitats in Europe, Africa, and Asia. Arum are useful in shrub borders, in the greenhouse, or in flower arrangements.
Noteworthy characteristics:  Attractive leaves, large spathes of flowers, spikes of berries. All parts may cause severed discomfort if ingested. Contact with the sap may irritate skin.
Care:  In the garden, grow in a sheletered area in well-drained, organically rich soil in full sun or part shade. Indoors, grow in full or filtered light and provide ample water during the growing season. Keep almost dry when dormant.
Propagation: 

Divide after flowering, or sow seed in autumn in a cold frame after removing the pulp from the berries, which may be caustic.

Problems: 

Infrequent.

Species, varieties and clutivars for genus Arum

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Italian arum
Arum italicum