Japanese spurge

Pachysandra terminalis

Photo/Illustration: 
Michelle Gervais
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Japanese spurge (Pachysandra terminalis)
pak-ih-SAN-drah ter-min-AL-iss
Genus:  Pachysandra
This plant has leathery, evergreen dark green foliage with slightly indented margins. It reaches about 8 to 10 inches tall and bears tiny white male flowers. It spreads by rhizomes, eventually forming a mat at least 2 inches thick. Cultivars offer more compact form with smaller, finely toothed leaves ('Green Carpet') or glossy dark green leaves ('Green Sheen').
Noteworthy Characteristics:  A native of Japan, it is useful as a groundcover in a shrub border or in mass in the woodland garden. It may escape into lawns or nearby natural areas.
Care:  Grow in any soil, except very dry.
Propagation:  Divide in spring. Root softwood cuttings in early summer.
Problems:  Leaf spot, dieback, and stem rot. May be damaged by slugs and snails.

Overview

Height
6 in. to 12 in.
Growth Habit
Spreads
Growth Pace
Invasive/Aggressive Grower
Light
Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture
Adaptable
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Spring
Flower Color
White Flower
Foliage Color
Evergreen
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Ground Covers
Style
Woodland Garden
Type
Perennials

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Foam flower
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