Japanese holly fern

Cyrtomium falcatum

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Japanese holly fern (Cyrtomium falcatum)
sir-TOE-mee-um fal-KAY-tum
Synonyms:  Phanerophlebia falcata
Genus:  Cyrtomium
Spreading, glossy, dark green fronds reach a length of 8 to 24 inches. This fern has holly-like pinnae and sori scattered over the underside of the pinnae.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Usually found in moist, rocky areas or woodland in central and eastern Asia, this evergreen fern is deciduous in colder climates. Its distinctive fronds liven up a shady border or a rock garden. It also makes a handsome houseplant.
Care:  Grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. Where marginally hardy, plant in the shelter of a rock and mulch the crown with straw in winter.
Propagation:  Sow spores in late summer. May also be grown from rooted bulbils collected from the base.
Problems:  Common: fungal spots, root rot, and scale insects.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread
3 ft. to 6 ft.
Light
Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Showy Foliage
Foliage Color
Evergreen
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Container,
Indoor Plant
Style
Rock Garden,
Woodland Garden
Type
Fern

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