Indian cress

Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India'

Photo/Illustration: 
Melissa Lucas
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Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India')
troe-pay-OH-lum MAY-jus
Genus:  Tropaeolum
This old-fashioned cultivar has a mounding habit and grows to a foot tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears double, deep scarlet flowers. The rounded leaves and five-petaled flowers are edible.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  These annuals are native to South America. They are suitable for garden edges, herb gardens, covering banks, hanging baskets, and other containers.
Care:  Provide moist, well-drained soil in full sun. T. majus flowers best when grown in lean soil.
Propagation:  Sow seeds indoors in early spring, or in situ in mid-spring.
Problems:  Caterpillars, flea beetles, black aphids, slugs, whiteflies, viruses.

Overview

Height
6 in. to 12 in.
Spread
6 in. to 12 in.
Growth Pace
Fast Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Attracts Butterflies,
Fragrant Flowers,
Self Seeds,
Showy Flowers,
Showy Foliage
Bloom Time
Fall,
Summer
Flower Color
Red Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Container,
Cut Flower,
Ground Covers,
Suitable as Annual
Style
Cottage Garden,
Herb Garden
Seasonal Interest
Summer Interest
Type
Annuals

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