Genus: Coneflower

Echinacea

Photo/Illustration: 
Michelle Gervais
Coneflower (Echinacea)
eh-kih-NAY-shah
Asteraceae
Echinacea are native meadow perennials with daisy-like flowers in shades of pink, purple, or white with prominent, cone-shaped, brownish-yellow to orange central disks.
Noteworthy characteristics:  Erect, hairy stems with bristly dark green leaves. Solitary flowerheads in various colors with distinctive raised central cone. Medicinal. Attracts butterflies, bees, and birds in winter if cones are left on plant.
Care:  Grow in deep, well-drained soil in full sun. Coneflowers do not require high fertility. Cut back stems to promote more flowering and reduce excessive self-seeding. Deadheading prolongs flowering.
Propagation: 

Sow seed at 55°F in spring. Divide clumps in spring every 3 to 4 years. Take root cuttings from autumn to early winter.

Problems: 

Leaf miners, powdery mildew, bacterial spots, and gray mold. Vine weevils may feed on roots.

Species, varieties and clutivars for genus Echinacea

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Coneflower
Echinacea 'Art's Pride'
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Coneflower
Echinacea 'Harvest Moon'
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Coneflower
Echinacea 'Sundown'
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Coneflower
Echinacea 'Sunrise'
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Coneflower
Echinacea 'Sunset'
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Coneflower
Echinacea 'Twilight'
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Coneflower
Echinacea angustifolia
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Purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
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Purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea
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'Fragrant Angel' coneflower
Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel'
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Purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Knee High'
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Purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'
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Purple coneflower
Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’
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White coneflower
Echinacea purpurea ‘White Swan'
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Tennessee coneflower
Echinacea tennesseensis 'Rocky Top'