Genus: Coleus

Solenostemon

Photo/Illustration: 
Jennifer Benner
Coleus (Solenostemon)
sol-en-oh-STEM-on
Lamiaceae
Commonly known as coleus, this genus is grown mainly for its colorful foliage, which may be orange, red, yellow, green, purple, pink, cream, or many combinations of colors. The plants are especially useful in containers, hanging baskets, or as bedding.
Noteworthy characteristics:  Dynamic foliage that holds its own or can be combined with annuals and perennials in the border or in containers.
Care:  Moist but well-drained soil rich in organic matter. Coleus need a sheltered location in full sun or part shade and ample water in dry weather. Pinch off shoots and flower stalks to encourage good form and to avoid detracting from the foliage. Indoors, grow in a soil-based potting mix in bright filtered to moderate light. Water freely and fertilize every 2 weeks during active growth. In winter, keep just moist, and repot in spring. Alternatively, repropogate to produce the strongest growing plants.
Propagation: 

In early spring, sow seed on the surface of the soil and sprout at 72-75°F. In late spring, summer, and autumn, root softwood cuttings.

Problems: 

Mealybugs, scale insects, and whiteflies under glass.

Species, varieties and clutivars for genus Solenostemon

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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Aurora'
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Religious Radish'
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'Sedona' coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Sedona'
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'Alligator Tears' coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides Colorblaze® 'Alligator Tears'™
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Amazon’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Candy Store’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Dark Star’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Fishnet Stockings’
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'Florida Sun' coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Florida Sun'
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Little Twister’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Mariposa’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Meandering Linda’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘New Hurricane’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Orange King’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Red Trailing Queen’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Ruby Ruffles’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Swallowtail’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Trailing Bleeding Heart’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Trailing Salamander’
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Coleus
Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Vulcan’