Canada hemlock

Tsuga canadensis

Photo/Illustration: 
Courtesy of Bailey Nurseries
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Canada hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)
SOO-gah kan-ah-DEN-sis
Genus:  Tsuga
This North American native grows to 70 feet tall, with a broadly pyramidal outline. It has deeply furrowed bark, small, oval cones, and slightly drooping branchlets with finely textured needles. It is suitable to a wide variety of uses, such as hedging or screening, and group or specimen plantings. It has given rise to a number of notable cultivars.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Most hemlocks are native to forests of Southeastern Asia and North America. They can tolerate a considerable amount of shade, particularly when young. 
Care:  Grow in moist, but well-drained (acidic to slightly alkaline) soil in full sun to full shade. Prune hedges in late summer or early fall. They are notably at risk of infestation by woolly adelgids, scale, and mites.
Propagation:  Sow seed in a cold frame in spring; root semi-ripe cuttings in late summer or early fall.
Problems:  Botrytis (gray mold), rust, needle blights, butt rot, snow blight, weevils, mites, aphids, woolly adelgid, scale.

Overview

Height
Over 30 ft.
Spread
Over 30 ft.
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Part Shade to Full Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Interesting Bark,
Native,
Showy Foliage,
Showy Seed Heads
Foliage Color
Evergreen
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Hedge,
Naturalizing,
Screening,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point
Style
Shade,
Woodland Garden
Seasonal Interest
Summer Interest
Tolerance
Frost Tolerant
Type
Trees

Related Plants to Tsuga canadensis

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Sargent's weeping hemlock
Tsuga canadensis 'Pendula'
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Red maple
Acer rubrum
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Eastern white pine
Pinus strobus 'Fastigiata'
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Red maple
Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’