Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta ‘Indian Summer’ http://www.bluestoneperennials.comPhoto/Illustration: Courtesy of Bluestone Perennials 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta ‘Indian Summer’) rud-BEK-ee-ah HER-tah Synonyms: R. gloriosa Genus: Rudbeckia 'Indian Summer' is a standout among a sea of Black-eyed Susans because of its extra-large, golden yellow flowerheads. It will bloom from early summer until first frost. Use it in borders, cottage gardens, meadows, or for naturalizing. Butterflies are drawn to it. The species is native to the central U.S. Noteworthy Characteristics: Long bloom time. Large flowerheads to 9 inches wide. May be short-lived; often grown as an annual. Care: Grow in full sun and well-drained soil that is consistently moist. Deadhead regularly. Propagation: Start seeds indoors in spring or direct sow in the garden after the frost-free date. May be short-lived, but plants will self-sow. Problems: Fairly trouble-free, but watch for aphids, powdery mildew, smut, and leaf spots. Also, slugs and snails may eat young plants. May be invasive. Overview Height 1 ft. to 3 ft. Spread 6 in. to 12 in. Growth Pace Moderate Grower Light Full Sun Only Moisture Medium Moisture Maintenance Moderate Characteristics Attracts Butterflies, Attracts Song Birds, Native, Showy Flowers Bloom Time Early Fall, Early Summer, Late Summer, Summer Flower Color Primrose Yellow Uses Beds and Borders, Cut Flower, Suitable as Annual Style Cottage Garden Seasonal Interest Summer Interest Type Perennials Rudbeckia hirta ‘Indian Summer’View the discussion thread.