Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia hirta http://www.whiteflowerfarm.comRudbeckia hirta 'Toto'Photo/Illustration: Courtesy of White Flower Farm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) rud-BEK-ee-ah HER-tah Synonyms: R. gloriosa Genus: Rudbeckia This biennial or short-lived perennial has given rise to numerous cultivars which are often grown as annuals. From summer into early autumn, it bears daisy-like blossoms (to 3 inches across) with light or deep yellow rays and brownish-purple centers. The flowers are a staple in late summer bouquets. Noteworthy Characteristics: Rudbeckias hail from the moist meadows and dappled woods of North America. They are suitable for mixed borders, meadows, native gardens, open woods, and large annual displays. Care: Grow in average, slightly heavy but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. Propagation: Sow seeds of annuals and biennials in spring; sow perennial seeds in a cold frame in early spring, or divide plants in spring or fall. Problems: Aphids, powdery mildew, smut, rust, Ramularia and Septoria leaf spots, snails, slugs. Overview Height 1 ft. to 3 ft. Spread 1 ft. to 3 ft. Growth Habit Clumps Growth Pace Fast Grower Light Full Sun to Part Shade Moisture Medium Moisture Maintenance Low Characteristics Attracts Song Birds, Attracts Butterflies, Native, Self Seeds, Showy Flowers, Showy Seed Heads Bloom Time Early Fall, Late Summer, Summer Flower Color Brown, Salmon, Red, Yellow Uses Beds and Borders, Cut Flower, Hedge, Meadow Garden, Naturalizing, Roadside, Suitable as Annual Style Cottage Garden Seasonal Interest Summer Interest Type Perennials Related Plants to Rudbeckia hirta 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Orange Coneflower Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Knee High' 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Purple coneflower Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus' View the discussion thread.