Black elder

Sambucus nigra 'Madonna'

Photo/Illustration: 
Mark Schofield
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Black elder (Sambucus nigra 'Madonna')
sam-BOO-kus NY-grah
Genus:  Sambucus
This choice specimen livens up the garden all season long with its stunning leaves of green splashed with gold. It bears flattened, creamy white flowers that mature into glossy black fruit. It grows more slowly than most elderberries. It makes an attractive specimen.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Sambucus is suitable for mixed or shrub borders, or for naturalizing in wild areas. The fruits of this genus have culinary attributes when cooked, but can cause illness if eaten raw, or if the poisonous seeds are consumed.
Care:  Grow in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade; this cultivar benefits from afternoon shade. Sambucus may be pruned minimally to maintain a healthy framework, but it benefits from hard pruning to restrict its size. If desired, cut back annually to within 2 or 3 buds from a permanent framework.
Propagation:  Sow seed in a cold frame in the fall; take softwood cuttings in early summer and hardwood cuttings in winter.
Problems:  Powdery mildew, canker, dieback, rust, fungal leaf spots, borers, virus diseases.

Overview

Height
6 ft. to 10 ft.
Spread
6 ft. to 10 ft.
Growth Pace
Slow Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Attracts Birds,
Attracts Butterflies,
Fragrant Flowers,
Showy Flowers,
Showy Foliage,
Showy Fruit
Bloom Time
Summer
Flower Color
White Flower
Foliage Color
Variegated Foliage
Uses
Beds and Borders,
Flowering Tree,
Hedge,
Poisonous,
Specimen Plant/Focal Point
Style
Cottage Garden
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Shrubs

Related Plants to Sambucus nigra 'Madonna'

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Black elder
Sambucus nigra 'Marginata'
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Hedgehog rose
Rosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
European red elder
Sambucus racemosa ‘Sutherland Gold’
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10
  • 11
Hedgehog rose
Rosa rugosa var. alba