Bee balm

Monarda didyma

Monarda didyma 'Marshall's Delight'
Photo/Illustration: 
Michelle Gervais
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Bee balm (Monarda didyma)
moe-NAR-dah DID-ih-mah
Genus:  Monarda
Bee balm, a clump-forming perennial, bears minty-scented scarlet, pink, or purple flowers in midsummer on branching, square stems. Leaves are aromatic as well. This native of eastern North America attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Likes wet soil. U.S. native. Good plant for a wildlife garden.
Care:  Grow in moderately fertile, moist but well-drained soil.
Propagation:  Divide clumps in spring. Root basal cuttings in spring.
Problems:  Powdery mildew, rust, and leaf spot.

Overview

Height
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Spread
1 ft. to 3 ft.
Growth Pace
Moderate Grower
Light
Full Sun to Part Shade
Moisture
Medium Moisture
Maintenance
Low
Characteristics
Attracts Butterflies,
Attracts Hummingbirds,
Native,
Showy Flowers
Bloom Time
Late Summer,
Summer
Flower Color
Pink Flower
Uses
Beds and Borders
Seasonal Interest
Summer Interest
Type
Perennials

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