Autumn olive

Elaeagnus umbellata

Photo/Illustration: 
Michelle Gervais
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Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata)
el-ee-AG-nus um-bell-AY-tah
Genus:  Elaeagnus
Autumn olive is a vigorous, deciduous shrub with pale yellow-white bell-shaped flowers to a half-inch long borne in late spring and early summer. Its silvery fruit turns red in fall and attracts birds. Wavy-margined leaves are silvery when they emerge and mature to bright green above.
Noteworthy Characteristics:  Invasive in the Mid-Atlantic region; spreads by birds eating the fruit and distributing the seeds.
Care:  Grow in fertile soil in full sun.
Propagation:  Semi-ripe cuttings in midsummer.
Problems:  Occurring frequently: cankers, dagger nematode, dieback, rust, fungal leaf spots, and root rot.

Overview

Height
10 ft. to 15 ft.
Spread
10 ft. to 15 ft.
Growth Habit
Spreads
Growth Pace
Invasive/Aggressive Grower
Light
Full Sun Only
Moisture
Dry to Medium
Maintenance
Moderate
Characteristics
Self Seeds,
Showy Fruit
Bloom Time
Early Summer,
Late Spring,
Spring,
Summer
Flower Color
White,
Yellow
Uses
Beds and Borders
Seasonal Interest
Spring Interest
Type
Shrubs

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