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Narrowed By:Uses: Arranging+ Characteristics: Showy
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Achillea millefolium

Achillea millefolium


(Yarrow)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rhizomic, mat-forming and aggressive perennial frows to 2 feet tall and wide with ferny, finely-textured, green foliage. Flowers are produced in flat corymbs in early to late summer.

Achillea millefolium 'Apricot Delight' Achillea millefolium 'Apricot Delight'
('Apricot Delight' yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Apricot Delight' has deep reddish apricot blooms that then mature to a pale salmon, and they harmonize well with other colors. 'Apricot Delight' has a long blooming season (from early to late summer, with deadheading). This cultivar is smaller than most yarrows, and the blooms make nice cut flowers. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #121

Achillea 'Moonshine' Achillea 'Moonshine'
(Yarrow)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This popular gray-leaved yarrow has 18-inch-tall yellow flower heads that last for several weeks in late summer.

Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta' Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta'
(Yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Flat-topped corymbs of small, daisy-like flowers in colors of salmon-peach to yellow-orange are borne simultaneously on one plant up to 2 feet tall and wide. Flowers are complemented by silvery-green, finely-textured foliage.

no image available Acidanthera bicolor var. murielae
(Abyssinian gladiolus, Sword lily)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each flowering stem of this bulb produces eight to twelve flowers that open consecutively over a period of three to four weeks. The flowers are fragrant, white, and starry, and have a conspicuous red/maroon center. Its linear, sword-shaped, 2- to 3-foot-tall leaves resemble those of Gladiolus, but are more slender and graceful.

Alcea rosea annua 'Spring Celebrities Purple' Alcea rosea annua 'Spring Celebrities Purple'
(Dwarf Purple Hollyhock)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hollyhock is a multi-use plant that can be grown as a cut flower, used in large containers, or planted in the landscape. These big semi- to fully-double blooms reach 3 inches wide. Considered a first-year blooming biennial or short-lived perennial.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.
 

Alchemilla mollis Alchemilla mollis
(Lady's mantle)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has lobed, densely hairy, chartreuse foliage that is crimped at the edges. Soft, frothy, yellow-green foliage hovers above the plant from early summer through autumn.

Allium christophii Allium christophii
(Stars of Persia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulbous perennial produces ribbed stems and strap-shaped, gray-green basal leaves that decline as its flowers form. In early summer, it bears umbels that are 10 to 12 inches in diameter, and contain up to 100 star-shaped fuchsia flowers with a metallic sheen.

Allium moly and cvs. Allium moly and cvs.
(Golden garlic, Lily leek)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

For long-lasting bright yellow flowers that sparkle in midsummer, try Allium moly. It is robust, hardy, and an excellent cut flower, naturalizing and increasing happily in the sun in most garden soils. The cultivar 'Jeannine' flowers earlier and produces larger umbels on sturdier stems.

Alstroemeria 'Casablanca' Alstroemeria 'Casablanca'
(Peruvian lily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Casablanca' Peruvian lily is the closest to white that this genus has gotten as of yet. Inside its amaryllis-shaped white flowers, reddish dashes on a yellow wash and a pale pink throat add interest. 'Casablanca' is also taller than most other Alstroemerias. They make great cut flowers and are frequently used by florists; they also add a tropical feel to beds and borders. Roots are very brittle and care should be taken when planting.

Amaranthus cruentus Amaranthus cruentus
(Prince's feather, Purple amaranth, Red amaranth)
(1 user review)

Amaranthus cruentus makes a striking statement in beds or borders. Growing to 6 feet in height, it bears somewhat fuzzy-looking spires of purplish red flowers in summer, followed by seed heads that can be red, purple, or yellow. It is native to tropical regions of North and South America, and is one of three Amaranthus species cultivated for their grain.

Anemone × hybrida 'Alice' Anemone × hybrida 'Alice'
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful, pale pink, semi-double-flowered anemone reaches 2 to 3 feet high. The Anemone × hybrida plants are commonly referred to as Japanese hybrids. They're the result of a cross between A. hupehensis var. japonica and A. vitifolia, a tender Himalayan species with grapeleaf-like foliage and white flowers.

Anethum graveolens Anethum graveolens
(Dill)
(1 user review)

As an herb, A. graveolens is commonly grown for the culinary attributes of its leaves and seeds. Its distinctive foliage texture and flower color and form make this plant a nice companion in a mixed border. It provides a valuable food source for butterfly larvae and attracts beneficial insects also.

Angelica gigas Angelica gigas
(Angelica)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showstopper produces conspicuous, red-purple leaf sheaths with dense, purple domed flowerheads.

Antennaria neodioica Antennaria neodioica
(Northern pussy toes, Cat feet, Everlasting, Ladies' tobacco)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous, mat-forming perennial produces everlasting flowers. It is a native prairie plant that has stem and leaf bottoms covered with white hairs and whitish flower heads that form in dense clusters. Male and female flowers are produced on separate plants.

Anthemis tinctoria Anthemis tinctoria
(Golden marguerite, Oxeye chamomile)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial produces many weeks of daisy-like flowers in summer. It is great in borders and works well as a cut flower.

Anthericum saundersiae Anthericum saundersiae
(Grass lily, Weeping anthericum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant's foot-tall clumps produce white lily-like flowers on thin, arching stems. It blooms from late spring into fall; blooms are followed by attractive brown capsular fruits. Its foliage is narrow, linear, and dark-green.

Antirrhinum majus Antirrhinum majus
(Snapdragons)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces upright racemes of two-lipped flowers with spreading, rounded lobes in a vast arrray of warm colors. It flowers profusely summer through autumn.

Aster macrophyllus Aster macrophyllus
(Bigleaf aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This striking, richly-textured, deciduous ground cover has heart-shaped leaves that turn mauve in autumn. Purple, blue, or white flowers appear in late summer to early fall.

Astilbe chinensis 'Maggie Daley' Astilbe chinensis 'Maggie Daley'
('Maggie Daley' astilbe)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In late spring, lavender-pink flowers rise above this plant’s lacy, fernlike foliage, which forms an airy network beneath. The blooms appear a bit later than typical for other astilbes, and they extend later into summer. ‘Maggie Daley’ is moderately drought tolerant once established. Pair it with Japanese painted fern (Athyrium niponicum var. pictum, Zones 5–8) for a beautiful combination. And deer and rabbit resistance is the pièce de résistance! -Kielian DeWitt, Fine Gardening #147 (Octover 2012), page 76

Astrantia major Astrantia major
(Masterwort)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Masterwort produces many small, ivory flowers that are flushed pink and bloom continuously throughout the summer and fall, wafting a sweet scent. Like Queen Anne’s lace, each masterwort blossom is an umbel of tiny flowers, framed by a collar of papery bracts.

no image available Baptisia 'Chocolate Chip'
(Chocolate Chip false indigo)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial produces milk chocolate-colored flowering buds that open in spring with golden yellow petals over blue-green foliage.

Baptisia australis Baptisia australis
(blue false indigo, Plains false indigo)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

False blue indigo's spikes of clear blue flowers in late spring can nearly carry a border by themselves. They also make great cut flowers. Large, inflated nearly black seed pods set in after flowering, giving this plant another interesting element. It is low maintenance and will look great in any natural or informal setting.

Bellis perennis Bellis perennis
(English daisy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

English daisy bears stems topped with a single white, daisy-like flower. The flowers are tinged maroon and yellow; but cultivars are available with single, semi-double, or double button flowers in shades of white, pink, salmon, and ruby. The plant's smooth, spoon-shaped leaves form neat rosettes. This carpeting perennial is often grown as a biennial. Its many cultivars are used for bedding out or container displays.

Boltonia asteroides Boltonia asteroides
(False chamomile)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Boltonias are vigorous perennials grown for their sprays of aster-like flowers, which appear above clean, gray-green foliage. Their vigorous nature makes them suitable for naturalizing. They are also great in the border (and for cutting), but will benefit from frequent dividing to keep in bounds, and may be cut back in late spring for more compact plants.

Boltonia asteroides 'Snowbank' Boltonia asteroides 'Snowbank'
(False chamomile)
(1 user review)

Boltonias are vigorous perennials grown for their sprays of aster-like flowers, which appear above clean, gray-green foliage. Their vigorous nature makes them suitable for naturalizing. They are also great in the border (and for cutting), but will benefit from frequent dividing to keep in bounds, and may be cut back in late spring for more compact plants. 'Snowbank' produces masses of white flowers in late summer.

Bouteloua gracilis Bouteloua gracilis
(Blue grama, Signal-arm grass, Mosquito grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Blue grama is a perennial grass from the Americas bearing unusually bent and flattened inflorescences. Being native to open grasslands, they are drought tolerant and at home in meadows. They provide the garden with shades of tan that persist throughout winter. 

Bouteloua gracilis 'Hachita' Bouteloua gracilis 'Hachita'
('Hachita' Blue Grama Grass)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Hachita' has narrow, blue-green leaves that form dense mounds. In summer, elongated seedheads add visual interest. This tough, drought-tolerant grass thrives in sand or clay soil with full-sun exposure. It needs a setting with good drainage, as it won't thrive in wet conditions. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Browallia americana Browallia americana
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces distinct, 2-inch blossoms primarily in rich blue (but also in shades of purple and white), with dark eyes smudged white. It is suitable for sun and partial shade.

Buddleia 'Lochinch' Buddleia 'Lochinch'
(Butterfly bush, Summer lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterfly bushes are carefree deciduous shrubs that are reliably fragrant and easy to grow. Butterflies swarm to their blooms all summer long. 'Lochinch' has extremely fragrant lilac-blue flowers with orange eyes. It is a cross between B. davidii and B. fallowiana. Its arching, mounded habit typically reaches 3 to 5 feet in one season, but can grow much taller in the deep South. The 8-  to 12-inch-long flower spikes begin in late summer and bloom until frost, starting a little later than the B. davidii cultivars.

Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight' Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight'
(Butterfly bush, Summer lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterfly bushes are carefree deciduous shrubs that are reliably fragrant and easy to grow. Butterflies swarm to their blooms all summer long. 'Black Knight' has deep purple-blue, almost black, flowers in elongated clusters on arching branches to 10 feet tall if not cut back, and half that size if cut back. The blooms come from early summer to first frost. The foliage is willow-like and grayish green.

Calluna vulgaris 'Spring Torch' Calluna vulgaris 'Spring Torch'
(Scotch heather, Ling)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Spring Torch' gets its name from the vibrant color of its new growth in spring. The mid-green leaves are tipped in shades of cream, orange, and red. Later in the summer, mauve-pink flower spikes cover the plant and last into the fall. As cold weather sets in, leaves acquire bronze or purple tones, adding further interest. This small, mounding evergreen shrub makes a good groundcover or rock garden plant. Bees love it. Different cultivars are beautiful woven together in the garden to form a colorful tapestry.

Camassia leichtlinii ssp. suksdorfii 'Blue Danube' Camassia leichtlinii ssp. suksdorfii 'Blue Danube'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Spikes of violet, star-shaped flowers top stems reaching from 2 to 4 feet in late spring. The species is native to western Oregon. 'Blue Danube' would be beautiful in a border, meadow, or containers. Camassia make good cut flowers.

Campanula 'Elizabeth' Campanula 'Elizabeth'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Starting in early summer and continuing until fall, 'Elizabeth' puts forth abundant purple-flushed, pale pink bells with dark speckles on the inside. Flowers are 2 to 3 inches long and lightly scented. The toothed leaves are bright green. This low-maintenance, hardy perennial retains its evergreen foliage through winter.

By late fall, as the older crowns die out, new rosettes of leaves appear at the ends of underground rhizomes, giving the illusion that the plants have moved. This is not a desirable trait in formal beds, but it's an asset in naturalized plantings. 'Elizabeth' does well under deciduous trees and shrubs, in cottage and rock gardens, and along paths that leat into the woods. -Ruth Rogers Clausen, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #121

Canna × generalis Canna × generalis
(Indian shot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cannas bear broad, smooth paddle-like leaves reminiscent of banana plants. The oversize leaves make it easy to create dramatic combinations with other, more finely textured plants. Each stout, fleshy stem is topped with attractive spires of brightly colored flowers. Cultivars vary widely in height, foliage, and bloom.

Celosia cristata 'Century' Celosia cristata 'Century'
(Plumed celosia)
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The flowers of this celosia cluster together in great numbers and look like silky, feathery plumes in vivid hues of yellow, red, magenta, or apricot. The plumes rise above the foliage on 2-foot-tall stalks, which wave their flags of color in the breeze from July to frost.

Centaurea cineraria 'Colchester White' Centaurea cineraria 'Colchester White'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Best used as a foliage plant, this plant's intricately cut, frosty-silver leaves produce a large, elegant arching mound. It also bears pale lavender-blue pin-cushion flowers on lanky 30-inch stems in late spring.

Centaurea cyanus Centaurea cyanus
(Bachelor's buttons, Bluebottle, Cornflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bachelor's buttons bear charming and prolific flowers in hues of blue, pink, lavender, white, and maroon. Those with a true blue color are especially welcome in the garden as that color is rare in nature. Each disc-shaped flower is about 1.5 inches across, with ragged petals radiating out from the center.

Centaurea macrocephala Centaurea macrocephala
(Giant knapweed, Yellow hardhead)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, robust perennial has unusual ramrod-stiff flower stems that bloom from early summer through late summer. Its fat, rusty buds open into large, deep yellow thistle flowers the size of a small fist. Easy to cut and dry for arrangements. This plant has big, coarse leaves that call for strong companions.

Ceratotheca triloba Ceratotheca triloba
(South African foxglove)
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A rare and graceful beauty, this plant is not a true foxglove, but its flowers are similarly shaped and hang in clusters. They come in shades of white and pink with pale violet stripes highlighting the inner throats. This plant’s soft coloring brings the delicacy typical of spring-blooming plants into the summer garden. The gray-green foliage has a distinctly nutty fragrance and is deer resistant. As a large-scale plant, South African foxglove holds its own when planted among shrubs and is best complemented by plants with deep purple foliage. It also makes a good cutting flower.

Chasmanthium latifolium Chasmanthium latifolium
(Northern sea oats, Spangle grass, Wild oats)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Northern sea oats is a loosely tufted, clump-forming grass with lance-shaped, arching mid-green foliage that turns yellow in winter. Summer brings highly decorative oat-like panicles of flat, green flowerheads that shimmer and rustle in the wind, aging to bronze by late summer.

Chrysanthemum morifolium Chrysanthemum morifolium
(Hardy garden mum)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There would be few cut flowers blooming in October were it not for hardy garden mums. Their clusters of flowerheads show over a long period and are available in many colors, including red, orange, yellow, white, and lavender.

Consolida ajacis Consolida ajacis
(Larkspur)
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Feathery, almost fern-like leaves are mid- to dark green. In summer, larkspur bears delphinium-like open to densely packed spikes to 24 inches tall of pink, white, or violet-blue double flowers.

Convallaria majalis Convallaria majalis
(Lily of the Valley, May bells)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lily of the valley's bell-shaped, sweetly scented flowers bloom in early spring. It likes partial to full shade and is perfect for a woodland garden. It may not be the best choice for your beds and borders because it tends to spread, but it is a perfect ground cover if you have a large shady spot under some trees.

Coreopsis auriculata Coreopsis auriculata
(Eared coreopsis)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large golden-yellow blossoms are borne in late spring and midsummer on top of stems reaching almost 3 feet high. Native to the southeastern U.S.

no image available Coreopsis grandiflora
(Large-flowered tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As the name implies, this species bears large, daisy-like blossoms (2.5 inches across) of golden yellow rays and darker yellow centers. It blooms from late spring to late summer and is native to the central and southeastern U.S.

Coreopsis grandiflora 'Baby Sun' Coreopsis grandiflora 'Baby Sun'
(Tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A multitude of 2-inch, golden-yellow daisy flowers sits atop thready foliage from late spring to late summer if deadheaded promptly. This clump-forming perennial is native to the central and southeastern U.S. It is sometimes grown as an annual. It makes a beautiful cut flower, and its casual habit makes it valuable in cottage gardens, borders, containers, and meadows.

Coreopsis grandiflora 'Sunray' Coreopsis grandiflora 'Sunray'
(coreopsis, 'Sunray' tickseed)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Sunray' coreopsis has double to semi-double yellow flowers that begin blooming in late spring and continue throughout the summer. The species is native to the central and southeastern U.S. Flowers are good for cutting. Use in beds and borders or in containers.

Coreopsis lanceolata Coreopsis lanceolata
(Lance-leaved coreopsis)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Solitary yellow petals with toothed edges and flat, yellow centers open from early to late summer. Native to the central and southern U.S.

Coreopsis rosea Coreopsis rosea
(Tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant bears a profusion of lavender-pink flowers with yellow centers from mid-summer to early autumn. This perennial has finely textured leaves that give it an airy appearance.

Coreopsis rosea 'Sweet Dreams' Coreopsis rosea 'Sweet Dreams'
(Tickseed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The bicolored, white-tipped and raspberry-centered blooms are large (1 to 1.5 inches across) and long lasting. Flowers cover the mound of grassy foliage for weeks in summer and early fall. This hybrid does not produce seed.

no image available Cortaderia selloana
(Pampas grass)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning grass has 1- to 3-foot-long, densely tufted plumes atop tall, upright stalks and arching mid-green leaves. Plumes come in white, cream, or beige-pink and appear in late summer.

Cortaderia selloana 'Gold Band' Cortaderia selloana 'Gold Band'
('Gold Band' pampas grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, drought-tolerant grass is one of the best pampas grasses you could grow. It has the showy, late-summer plumes common to this group, but they grow straight up, not willy-nilly like many other varieties; they eventually stand 4 to 6 feet above the foliage. Even better news is that this cultivar does not set seed, so it is noninvasive. The foliage features distinct golden edges, which, for a grass, usually menas that it loves shade or moisture. But 'Gold Band' tolerates heat and drought, making it great for large containers, and it can handle coastal conditions, too.

Cortaderia selloana ‘Pumila” Cortaderia selloana ‘Pumila”
(Pampas grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf cultivar has mid-green leaves and densely tufted plumes atop tall, upright stalks and arching mid-green leaves. Masses of silvery yellow plumes appear in late summer.

Corydalis elata Corydalis elata
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant, blue-flowered species is more vigorous and heat tolerant than the blue cultivars. It blooms from late spring to early summer, and its foliage persists throughout the season with adequate moisture.

Cosmos atrosanguineus Cosmos atrosanguineus
(Chocolate cosmos, Black cosmos)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A chocolate scented flower! Dark red-brown, sometimes almost black, velvety flowers on long, slender, reddish brown stems bloom from early summer to autumn. Chocolate cosmos is a tuberous-rooted, tender perennial native to Mexico that can be overwintered indoors where not hardy. Grow in a border or in containers where the flowers can be appreciated up close. They also make good cut flowers.

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sea Shells' Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sea Shells'
(1 user review)

This unique annual produces quilled blossoms of hollow, tube-shaped petals that radiate from the center in shades of white, pink, or carmine red. The flowers, which bloom all summer long, sometimes have bicolored interior and exterior tubes. 

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sensation Series' Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sensation Series'
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This series of annuals produces extra large, cup-shaped blossoms to 3-1/2 inches across in shades of white or pink all summer long. 

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sonata Dwarf Mix' Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sonata Dwarf Mix'
(1 user review)

This series produces compact plants 1 foot tall and about as wide with large blossoms in pure white and many shades of pink. These season-long performers make fine edging plants.

Cosmos bipinnatus cvs. Cosmos bipinnatus cvs.
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Cosmos are branching annuals with ferny foliage and pink, crimson, or white flowers that work well in the back of a border. Although introduced in 1799, cosmos did not beome popular for the garden or as the subject of breeding efforts until the early 1900s. The rest is now history. The variety 'Sensation' won the All-American Selection Award of Merit in 1936 for its clear colors of pink and white, on early-blooming, 3- to 4-foot-tall plants. 'Purity' is the glistening white form of cosmos in the 'Sensation' series. 'Sea Shells' has quilled florets. The Sonata Series cultivars are dwarf plants only growing to about a foot or two tall.

Crocosmia 'Lucifer' Crocosmia 'Lucifer'
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Abundant eye-catching, brillliantly red, tubular flowers appear in midsummer atop bold, slightly arching, sparsely branched 3-foot-tall stems. Crocosmia's mid-green leaves are pleated and swordlike.

Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora
(Montbretia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Montbretia looks like a small gladiolus until it blooms in late summer, when abundant sprays of orange, gold, or yellow star-shaped flowers are held by gracefully thin, arching, zigzag stems rising from a cluster of pale green, sword-shaped leaves.

Cynara cardunculus Cynara cardunculus
(Cardoon)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cardoon is an architectural splendor with bold texture, thanks to its large, prickly, almost dagger-shaped gray-green arching leaves and a statuesque, vase-shaped frame. It is topped with round, purple, thistlelike flowers in midsummer. Cardoon can reach up to 5 feet tall and 4 feet wide.

Dahlia 'Bashful' Dahlia 'Bashful'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Bashful' is a reliable and prolific bloomer. The blooms (purplish petals surrounding a golden center) have a velvety feel that draws bees and butterflies. As dahlias go, 'Bashful' is not a tall plant, so it's best to place it near the front of a bed. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Bed Head' Dahlia 'Bed Head'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Bed Head'  is a tall plant with 4-inch-wide salmon-colored blooms with an unusually tangled appearance. It flowers less abundantly than many other dahlias, but is striking nonetheless. 'Bed Head' is a lush grower that benefits from strong staking. Plant it at the back of the border, and show it off as a cut flower in a vase. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff' Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff'
(Dahlia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With its deep purple-black leaves and brilliant summer blooms, 'Bishop of Llandaff' is a fine addition to the sunny bed or border. The 4- to 6-inch-round red-petaled flowers have deep purple and yellow centers, which are set off nicely by the plant's dark foliage. Use this long-stemmed cultivar in cut-flower arrangements. -Gerald Gibbens, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue#120

Dahlia 'Bodacious' Dahlia 'Bodacious'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Bodacious' lives up to its name, with brilliant color and blooms that are supersized in both height and diameter. Heavy-headed 'Bodacious' requires beefy stakes. The rich color and ruffled effect of the loosely arranged petals make it stunning as a cut flower. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'David Howard' Dahlia 'David Howard'
(Dahlia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'David Howard' is large and vigorous dahlia with fine color. Apricot blooms contrasts nicely with the dark foliage and with dark-colored companion plants. It pairs well both with hot colors such as red and orange and cool blues and purples. A tall grower, it requires staking and looks best in the middle or back of a border. Perhaps best of all, it blooms continually without deadheading. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

no image available Dahlia 'Figaro'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Figaro' is a dwarf "landscape" dahlia with semi-double flowers in shades of red, pink, orange, yellow, and white. It works well as bedding and in containers, and blooms from planting time until frost.  

Dahlia 'Hissy Fitz' Dahlia 'Hissy Fitz'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Hissy Fitz' isn't a fussy plant, in spite of its amusing name. Its prolific and strong clear yellow blossoms  look like pompoms, thanks to the small incisions at the tip of each petal. Of medium height, 'Hissy Fitz' is a sturdy grower and not hard to stake. It's a fine addition to the sunny border. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Honka' Dahlia 'Honka'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Honka' has a simple, cheerful charm. Its eight-petaled, star-shaped flowers are lightly scented (not many dahlias are fragrant). 'Honka' brings a subtle presence to the late-summer border. Sturdy stems support the flowers above the plant and look good in the front of the border alongside taller perennials with a backdrop of dark foliage. No staking is required. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Jersey Beauty' Dahlia 'Jersey Beauty'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 20th century's most celebrated dahlia is 'Jersey Beauty'. This towering, 4- to 6-foot-tall 1920s classic will produce so many lively, true-pink, classic dahlia flowers that you can cut all you want and still have a great garden display. This selection is exceptionally vigorous and beautiful.

Dahlia 'Kaiser Wilhelm' Dahlia 'Kaiser Wilhelm'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Of the maybe 10,000 named dahlias introduced in the 1800s—when dahlias ranked right up there with roses in popularity—only three survive. One of them is 'Kaiser Wilhelm', introduced in 1892. Its 3-inch flowers have neatly curled petals of soft custard-yellow brushed with burgundy, and a green button eye just like that of an old rose. The plant can grow to 5 feet.

Dahlia 'Kidd's Climax' Dahlia 'Kidd's Climax'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The pink-and-cream dinner-plate-sized 'Kidd's Climax' of 1947 has 10-inch flowers atop 4-foot-tall plants.

Dahlia 'Myrtle's Folly' Dahlia 'Myrtle's Folly'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

If you like the combination of peach and pink, you'll love 'Myrtle's Folly', whose narrow, twisted petals of deep pink and light orange  mature to reveal a yellow center. Perhaps too ungainly to use as a border plant, 'Myrtle's Folly' will provide a reliable supply of flowers that look perfect in a vase. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Mystic Illusion' Dahlia 'Mystic Illusion'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new dahlia has gorgeous, bright yellow blooms that pop against its rich, dark purple (nearly black) foliage. 'Mystic Illusion' is well branched and makes a strong statement in beds, borders, and containers.

Dahlia 'Pooh' Dahlia 'Pooh'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A charming choice, 'Pooh' has orange-red petals with gold and lemon-colored petal-like sepals. Plant this dahlia toward the back in a border, where its small flowers on tall stalks will be sure to stand out. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Zorro' Dahlia 'Zorro'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

For a change of pace, 'Zorro' looks fantastic floating stemless in a bowl of water. The ruffled petals accentuate the dark red hue. Staking is a must to prevent the stems from flopping beneath the weight of its huge and heavy blooms. Pinch back the young shoots to promote branching and sturdier stalks. 'Zorro' consistently produces quality tubers for division and, as such, is the perfect cultivar to start (or sustain) a dahlia collection. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

no image available Delphinium 'Delft Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Belonging to the Belladonna Group hybrids, this delphinium bears loose, branched spikes of intense blue flowers with soft white edges. It may rebloom if deadheaded. The cultivar name pays homage to the resemblance of the flower color to Delft pottery.

Delphinium elatum Delphinium elatum
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The parent of the regal hybrid Delphiniums, the species has 3- to 4-foot-tall spires of blue, violet, lavender, or white flowers. It usually requires staking.

Deschampsia cespitosa 'Northern Lights' Deschampsia cespitosa 'Northern Lights'
(Tufted hair grass, Tussock grass)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A tuft of thin grassy foliage with gray and gold variegation distinguishes this cultivar. Early summer brings 3-foot-tall, airy plumes of tiny flowers that look beautiful when backlit by the sun. As fall approaches, the foliage turns golden with pink-coral tips. This grass even grows well in shadier sites. Plant in a border, woodland garden, or shaded rock garden.

Dianthus 'Bath's Pink' Dianthus 'Bath's Pink'
(Cheddar pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dianthus 'Bath's Pink' is a stunning, wide-spreading ground cover with grassy, blue-green foliage and pink flowers. Use it to edge a bed or grow it in your rock garden for a splash of cool color. To keep its blooms going, be sure to deadhead.

Dianthus 'Neon Star' Dianthus 'Neon Star'
(Carnation, Pink)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid has a compact, mounding habit, with silvery-blue foliage and fluorescent pink toothed flowers, which continue blooming with deadheading.

Dianthus × allwoodii Dianthus × allwoodii
(Allwood hybrids)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These modern hybrids bear salmon-pink blossoms ('Doris' has scarlet in the center) and bloom freely with moderate fragrance.

Dianthus barbatus Dianthus barbatus
(Sweet William)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These short-lived perennials or biennials are charming plants, and are worth their weight in gold in the cottage border. After flowering, the attractive foliage holds the space well.

Dianthus barbatus 'Summer Sundae' Dianthus barbatus 'Summer Sundae'
(Sweet William)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Summer Sundae' Sweet William is a nice mix of red, pink, and white flowers held in rounded groups at the tops of stems. Plants bloom from late spring to early summer. The flowers are lightly fragrant. Use in a cottage garden or border, or in containers. It flowers the first year from seed.

Dianthus chinensis ‘Ideal Crimson' Dianthus chinensis ‘Ideal Crimson'
(China pink, India pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Fringed flowers in shades of bright red with white centers open without fragrance in summer. 

Dianthus deltoides Dianthus deltoides
(Maiden pink)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming species with dark green leaves is one of the easiest to grow.  Blossoms range from white to red and are usually single and without fragrance. Use as bedding or in rock gardens.

Dianthus deltoides 'Arctic Fire' Dianthus deltoides 'Arctic Fire'
(Maiden pink)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming species with narrow, dark green leaves is one of the easiest to grow. Blossoms with red eyes open in early summer and may rebloom if sheared back after flowering.

Digitalis obscura Digitalis obscura
(Sunset foxglove, Willow-leaved foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This foxglove has long-lasting flowers in seductive shades of burnt umber. Its glossy, linear leaves are evergreen in mild climates, but turn brown in colder climates.

no image available Digitalis purpurea 'Pam's Choice'
(Common Foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a biennial or short-lived perennial, which may last longer and rebloom if deadheaded. It sports dramatic blossoms in contrasting colors in spires reaching six feet high in rich soil, but more likely to 3 or 4 feet. 

Echinacea 'Art's Pride' Echinacea 'Art's Pride'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cross of E. purpurea 'Alba' and E. paradoxa bears narrow coppery-orange ray petals and prominent deep brown central cones. The fragrant blooms open from early to late summer with sporadic later bloom. It has semi-glossy leaves and grows 2 to 3 feet tall.

Echinacea 'Harvest Moon' Echinacea 'Harvest Moon'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant, earthy-gold petals and golden orange central cones. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

Echinacea 'Sundown' Echinacea 'Sundown'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant, russet-orange petals and reddish-brown central cones. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

Echinacea 'Sunrise' Echinacea 'Sunrise'
(Coneflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant, pale citron petals and green-maturing-to-copper central cones. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

Echinacea 'Sunset' Echinacea 'Sunset'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant, vibrant salmon-orange petals and brown central cones. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

Echinacea 'Twilight' Echinacea 'Twilight'
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the exceptional Big Sky™ series (E. paradoxa crossed with E. purpurea), bearing fragrant rose-colored petals and stunning red central cones on 24-inch plants. These hybrids have all inherited the large green leaves, strong branching stems, wide flower petals, and profuse blooming tendencies of E. purpurea.

no image available Echinacea angustifolia
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow perennial has daisy-like blossoms in early summer. It bears copper-orange central cones surrounded by short, arching, ray petals in pink or purple-pink, and occasionally white.

Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea
(Purple coneflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Because of its carefree performance, this native meadow perennial with daisy-like flowers appropriately inhabits the gardens of many. It blooms from midsummer into early autumn, with prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by rose-purple, ray petals (to 5 inches across).

Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel' Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel'
('Fragrant Angel' coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Coneflowers have much to offer the garden, and now they have fragrance, too. 'Fragrant Angel' has large, sweetly scented flowers made up of two rows of white petals surrounding a greenish orange cone. The plants grow to 40 inches and attract butterflies. Grow them in a border, meadow, cottage garden, or cut flower garden.

Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Knee High' Echinacea purpurea 'Kim's Knee High'
(Purple coneflower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative is a compact version of the species. It blooms from midsummer into early autumn, with prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by drooping, rose- or purple-pink ray petals. It will reach 24 inches if not cut back.

Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus' Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'
(Purple coneflower)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative has vibrant, daisy-like flowers that bloom from midsummer into early autumn. Its prominent, dark orange central cones are surrounded by larger (to 7 inches across) and more horizontal, reddish-pink, ray petals than the species.

Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’ Echinacea purpurea ‘Bright Star’
(Purple coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative with daisy-like flowers blooms from early summer into early autumn. 'Bright Star' has prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by red-purple ray petals (to 5 inches across), and grows to less than 3 feet tall.

Echinacea purpurea ‘White Swan' Echinacea purpurea ‘White Swan'
(White coneflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of a native meadow coneflower has white, daisy-like flowers from early summer into early autumn. Its prominent, coppery-green, central cones are surrounded by large white ray petals that reach 4.5 inches long.

Echinacea tennesseensis 'Rocky Top' Echinacea tennesseensis 'Rocky Top'
(Tennessee coneflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 'Rocky Top' hybrid offers the garden an abundance of pastel pink coneflowers with greenish-black cones on plants 2 to 3 feet tall and 1 foot wide. Interestingly, the flowers follow the sun like sunflowers and the petals sometimes curl upward slightly. Use this compact coneflower in borders, meadows, or as cut and dried flowers. E. tennesseensis was thought to be extinct in the 1960s, but was rediscovered and is now widely available as a garden plant.

Echinops ritro Echinops ritro
(Small globe thistle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact species has cobweb-like, woolly foliage. The unique spherical flowerheads appear steely blue before maturing to a brighter blue. The late summer flowers add charm of form and texture to a mixed border.

Emilia coccinea Emilia coccinea
(Tassel flower, Flora's paintbrush)
(1 user review)

A captivating little plant for the front of the border, tassel flower produces small, scarlet-orange pompons which, when viewed from a distance, seem like they’re floating in air. The flowers cluster at the top of wiry stems that rise from a basal rosette of blue-green leaves. Plants occasionally self-sow when sited in a good location. With its small habit, tassel flower lends itself well to container gardens and fresh-cut flower arrangements, adding an element of whimsy. Its delicate and airy nature looks best with bold-leaved or showy plants in the background, creating a see-through effect. To magnify their magic, mass several plants together.

Eremurus robustus Eremurus robustus
(Foxtail lily, Desert candle)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces very tall spires of pale pink flowers with yellow stamens atop leafless stems that puncture vertical space with unmatched elegance.

Erigeron karvinskianus Erigeron karvinskianus
(Fleabane)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Profusion' fleabane is a carpeting, rhizomatous, woody-based perennial with lax, branching stems and abundant yellow-centered white flowers in summer. Blossoms fade to pink and purple. Foliage is hairy and grayish green. Excellent in containers.

Forsythia ‘Courtasol’ Forsythia ‘Courtasol’
(Forsythia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Like other cultivars of this genus, 'Courtasol' is as tough as nails. The biggest difference from the rest, however, lies in its form. The stems reach to only 18 inches tall before arching down to the ground and running along to yield a 5-foot-wide spread. Its grapefruit yellow flowers appear in early spring.

no image available Forsythia × intermedia 'Kolgold'
(Forsythia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Striking, extra-large yellow blooms cover each stem from base to tip in early spring.

Forsythia spp. and cvs. Forsythia spp. and cvs.
(Forsythia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Its blaze of yellow flowers is surely one of the first harbingers of spring. Forsythia are widely recognized for their utility in a shrub border, a bank, or for hedging, and their light to deep yellow, four-petaled flowers.

Fritillaria imperialis Fritillaria imperialis
(Crown imperial)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species draws much attention with its striking gaiety of color and form. Its large, bell-shaped flowers in shades of orange, yellow, and red dangle from tufts of shiny green leaf bracts. Sitting atop sturdy, 3-foot stalks, the flowers make a surprising and regal statement in the late spring garden.

Gaillardia pulchella Gaillardia pulchella
(Blanket flower, Indian blanket)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Blanket flower is a bushy annual that produces red or yellow (or red and yellow) flowers over a long season. The blooms are daisy-shaped with a dark purple central disk. Growing to about 18 inches tall, this native of central and southern U.S. and Mexico is nice in a meadow, cut flower garden, border, or rock garden.

Galtonia candicans Galtonia candicans
(Summer hyacinth, Spire lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native of South Africa, summer hyacinth sends up spikes of lovely white flowers in late summer amidst dark green, strap-like foliage, when many other perennials are done blooming. The tall spikes are fragrant and especially dramatic planted with darker foliage or flowers.

Gardenia augusta 'MADGA 1' Gardenia augusta 'MADGA 1'
(Heaven Scent® gardenia )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This gardenia cultivar features a very tight, upright form that is perfect for smaller gardens. It also boasts increased cold tolerance while maintaining the lustrous dark green foliage and abundant fragrant blooms you’ve come to expect from this genus.

Gaura lindheimeri Gaura lindheimeri
(Wand flower, White gaura, Butterfly gaura)
(6 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American wildflower is a bushy, clump-forming, vase-shaped perennial with lance-shaped or spoon-shaped, toothed leaves on slender, wand-like stems. Leaves may be occasionally spotted with maroon. Loose panicles of 4-petaled white flowers open only a few at a time and fade slowly to pink, blooming from late spring to early autumn.

Gladiolus 'Atom' Gladiolus 'Atom'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A glad for people who would normally never grow them, 'Atom' is about half the size of regular varieties, growing to at most 3 feet tall. This 1946 classic blends easily into perennial borders, and it won't get lost because its flowers are blazing red cooled by a thin, silvery edge.

Gladiolus 'Carolina Primrose' Gladiolus 'Carolina Primrose'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3-foot-tall, small-flowered perennial glad was originally collected from an abandoned home site in North Carolina. Pure yellow with a wildflowery grace, it seems to be a form of a wild South African glad introduced about 1900 as Gladiolus primulinus.

Gladiolus 'Dauntless' Gladiolus 'Dauntless'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Introduced in 1940, 'Dauntless' grows to 4 feet tall and has pale pink flowers with deep pink/red throats.

Gladiolus 'Fidelio' Gladiolus 'Fidelio'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3- to 4-foot-tall glad has luminous deep purplish-rose flowers. It dates from 1959 and is called 'Fidelio' after Beethoven's joyous opera.

no image available Gladiolus communis ssp. byzantinus
(Byzantine gladiolus)
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These vigorous perennials have linear leaves to 24 inches long. Spikes of up to 20 funnel-shaped, marked, deep magenta flowers appear in spring.

Gomphrena globosa 'Purple' Gomphrena globosa 'Purple'
(Globe amaranth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A bushy, hairy-leaved annual, globe amaranth bears round purple flower bracts on thick stems in summer and early fall. This plant is useful as summer bedding or in a border or cutting garden. It is fairly drought tolerant and very heat tolerant. It grows to about 2 feet tall.

Gomphrena haageana 'Strawberry Fields' Gomphrena haageana 'Strawberry Fields'
(Gomphrena)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An upright, bushy annual with flowers (actually bracts) that resemble bright red strawberries with tiny yellow "seeds." Flowers are produced from summer to early fall and are great for cutting and drying. Leaves are hairy. Gomphrena is fairly drought tolerant and very heat tolerant. Use as bedding, in a border, or in a cut flower garden.

Grevillea 'Moonlight' Grevillea 'Moonlight'
('Moonlight' grevillea)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning shrub blooms all year in some climates. A fast grower, its large, moonlight-colored flowers and finely divided, gray foliage are a must for any southern-temperate garden. Frost and drought tolerant once established, it attracts bees and hummingbirds and makes an excellent screening shrub.

Helenium ‘Butterpat’ Helenium ‘Butterpat’
(Sneezeweed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sneezeweed is a clump-forming perennial with sturdy, branching stems and mid-green leaves. In August and September, masses of 2-inch, daisy-like yellow flowers are borne in large, loose terminal clusters on leafy 4- to 5-foot tall stems.

Helianthus angustifolius Helianthus angustifolius
(Swamp sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A profusion of golden yellow flowers appears for two to three weeks starting in early autumn. Daisy-like flowerheads are 3 inches across with 15 to 20 yellow ray florets radiating from a flat-topped purple or dark brown cone. The entire plant looks like a giant flame, drawing the attention of gardeners and many species of butterflies, bees, and other nectar feeders.

Helianthus annuus and cvs. Helianthus annuus and cvs.
(Sunflower)
(1 user review)

Sunflowers are some of the easiest plants to start from seed. They are available in numerous cultivars which span the range of heights, flower colors, and form.

Helianthus debilis Helianthus debilis
(Branching sunflower)
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These branching plants with thick stems and glossy mid-green leaves grow 5 to 6 feet tall. Slightly nodding flowerheads 2.5 inches or more across appear in summer. Bright yellow ray florets are sometimes flushed with red or purple-red disk florets.

Helianthus grosse-serratus Helianthus grosse-serratus
(Sawtooth sunflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sawtooth sunflower's abundant yellow daisy flowers bloom from late summer well into fall. The dark green, narrow leaves have a leathery gloss. A well-behaved plant, sawtooth sunflower forms a thick, slowly expanding clump. It can reach 10 feet and taller, depending on conditions.

Heliopsis helianthoides Heliopsis helianthoides
(False sunflower, Ox eye, Woodland sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial bears striking, sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn.

no image available Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights'
(False sunflower, Ox eye)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Summer Nights' has a clumping form, sturdy wine-purple stems, and bronze-tinted leaves. It bears striking deep golden-orange blooms with orange-red centers from June until August.

Helleborus odorus 'Double Queen' Helleborus odorus 'Double Queen'
(Lenten rose, hellebore)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hellebores begin blooming in mid-winter in a range of colors, adding much needed color very early in the season. They bloom when the temperature is below freezing, even amidst the snow. Protect from cold winter winds, especially when not insulated by snow, to avoid damaged foliage. Avoid ingestion of all plant parts and contact with the sap.

Heuchera 'Amber Waves’ Heuchera 'Amber Waves’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bright lime green foliage and perky rose-colored flowers in spring make this plant a great selection. It turns a nice orange in autumn.

Heuchera 'Pink Lipstick' Heuchera 'Pink Lipstick'
(coral bells, coral flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heuchera make excellent foliage plants for sun to part shade gardens. With its burgundy stems and pale pink flowers, 'Pink Lipstick' provides great color to a border.

Heuchera 'Velvet Night' Heuchera 'Velvet Night'
(coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera cultivar has very dark (almost black) plum or purplish leaves and greenish white, bell-shaped flowers in late spring and early summer.

no image available Heuchera americana
(Coral flower, Coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rosettes of evergreen, leathery, heart-shaped leaves emerge marbled and veined with brown, maturing to deep green with copper-green shading. In summer, spikes of tiny greenish white flowers are held aloft on stalks up to 3 feet tall. Use coral bells in a border, rock garden, native plant garden, woodland,  or shade garden, or as edging or groundcover.

Heuchera micrantha var. diversifolia 'Palace Purple' Heuchera micrantha var. diversifolia 'Palace Purple'
(Coral flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Clump-forming perennial features a mound of maple, or ivy-like, long-petioled leaves (3-5" wide) which are an attractive deep purple above and beet red beneath. Foliage color may fade to a bronze green in hot summers. Tiny, pinkish white, bell-shaped flowers in open, airy panicles are borne on slender, wiry, dark red stems extending well above the mound of leaves typically to a height of 15-24" in late spring to early summer. Attracts hummingbirds to the garden! They look especially good used around the edge of a border. -Santa Rosa Gardens

Heuchera X brizoides 'June Bride' Heuchera X brizoides 'June Bride'
(Heuchera, coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid heuchera has lobed, dark-green leaves and big panicles of large white flowers in late spring and early summer. It grows up to 30 inches tall and 18 inches wide. The flowers are suitable for cutting and the foliage is somewhat evergreen.

Humulus lupulus 'Aureus' Humulus lupulus 'Aureus'
(Hops)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Aureus' is a fast-growing, twining perennial with roughly hairy shoots and deeply lobed, maple-like leaves in a luminous, clear shade of yellow. Clusters of subtle, fragrant, greenish yellow flowers add texture in summer and mature to pendent, papery, cone-shaped fruits.

Hydrangea arborescens Hydrangea arborescens
(Smooth hydrangea, Wild hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Creamy, six-inch flower heads form flattened spheres above heart-shaped leaves from June through frost.

Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle' Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle'
(Smooth hydrangea)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Exceptional and enormous creamy flowerheads up to one foot across form billowy, flattened spheres that withstand the rain well. Leaves are large and downy.

Hydrangea arborescens ‘Grandiflora' Hydrangea arborescens ‘Grandiflora'
(Hills-of-snow hydrangea, Smooth hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hydrangea arborescens is a southeastern U.S. native shrub with a rounded habit to 5 feet tall and domes of creamy white flowers over a long period beginning in early summer. The cultivar 'Grandiflora' has larger, showier flowerheads than the species. They grow to 6 to 8 inches across.  

Hydrangea macrophylla Hydrangea macrophylla
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Hortensia, Lace-cap hydrangea, Florist's Hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the most widely recognized species of hydrangeas. It boasts a plentiful number of cultivars. The species is divided into two groups: the Hortensias (or "mopheads") have globe-shaped flowers made up of large male flowers, and the Lacecaps have flattened flower heads, with central, female blossoms ringed in larger, male blossoms. 

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mathilda Gutges' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mathilda Gutges'
(Bigleaf hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact shrub bears attractive deep green leaves and large, rounded flower heads of deep pink in neutral soil, and intense violet-blue in acidic soil.

Hydrangeamacrophylla 'Mini Penny™' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mini Penny™'
('Mini Penny™' hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This re-blooming mophead features inflorescences ranging 4-6 inches wide. Their color will be pink or blue depending on aluminum availability in soil. Compact habit with glossy dark green leaves.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nikko Blue' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nikko Blue'
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Florist's hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a well-loved and vigorous cultivar with large, rounded flower heads of a rich, gorgeous blue.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Pia' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Pia'
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Florist's hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Pia' is a dwarf Hortensia (or "mophead"), with globe-shaped flower heads made up of deep rose, 4-inch-wide flowers. 

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Variegata' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Variegata'
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Florist's hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mound-forming shrub has white leaf margins and blue or pink lacecap inflorescences.

Hydrangea paniculata Hydrangea paniculata
(Panicle hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces gracefully arching branches and pyramidal clusters of white, then pink-tinged to dusky purple blossoms.

Hydrangea paniculata 'Grandiflora' Hydrangea paniculata 'Grandiflora'
(Peegee hydrangea, Panicle hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, sometimes giant white flower heads reaching 6 to 18 inches long turn pinkish with age. 'Grandiflora' is a fast-growing shrub that can reach 25 feet tall. Hydrangea paniculata is one of the most cold-hardy species. It may be grown as a single-stemmed tree specimen or as a multi-stemmed shrub. 

Hydrangea paniculata 'Limelight' Hydrangea paniculata 'Limelight'
('Limelight' panicle hydrangea)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety of the popular panicle hydrangea boasts very large, lime green blooms in mid-summer that turn pink in fall. A deciduous shrub, it grows to 8 feet tall and 6 feet wide with large, mid-green leaves. The blooms make good cut and/or dried flowers, but can be left on the plant for winter interest.

Hydrangea paniculata 'Tardiva' Hydrangea paniculata 'Tardiva'
(Panicle hydrangea)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Tardiva' is a late-flowering (early to late autumn) cultivar with loosely-packed, sharply pointed white flower heads that turn purplish-pink with age. It is a vigorous, fast growing deciduous shrub that reaches 8 to 12 feet tall.

Hydrangea paniculata ‘Unique’ Hydrangea paniculata ‘Unique’
(Panicle hydrangea)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Unique' bears 8-inch-long white flower heads that fade to pinkish white. It is similar to, but more vigorous than, Hydrangea paniculata 'Grandiflora'. The cultivar name refers to the shape of the flower heads; they are broad at the base and rounded at the tip.  

Hydrangea quercifolia 'Little Honey' Hydrangea quercifolia 'Little Honey'
('Little Honey' oakleaf hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Oakleaf hydrangeas are already one of my favorite shrubs: They are tough and reliable; have great foliage, flowers, and fall color; and provide stems of dried flowers in winter. Just when I thought they could not get any better, chartreuse-foliaged ‘Little Honey’ came along. Creamy white flowers appear in summer, then dry on the plant for months of show. ‘Little Honey’ rarely requires pruning, besides some thinning or shaping. To brighten the shade even more, plant hot pink or orange flowers and bright purple-foliaged tropicals nearby. -Irvin Etienne, Fine Gardening #147 (October 2012), page 72

Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snow Queen’ Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snow Queen’
(Oakleaf hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar produces 8-inch-long, conical flower heads from early summer on. It is as notable for its distinct, deeply lobed leaves as for its reliably showy, creamy blooms. The foliage produces outstanding fall color and the flowers take on purplish-pink hues when dried.

Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snowflake’ Hydrangea quercifolia ‘Snowflake’
(Oakleaf hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has large flowerheads of intricate double blossoms layered on top of one another. It is as notable for its distinct, deeply lobed leaves as for its reliably showy, creamy blooms. The foliage produces outstanding fall color, and the flowers take on purplish-pink hues as they dry. 

Hydrangea serrata Hydrangea serrata
(Mountain hydrangea)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species was formerly grouped with the Lacecap hydrangeas because of its flattened flowerheads that consist of central, small florets surrounded by showy, larger florets. It is similiar to H. macrophylla but is a more compact plant with smaller flowers and leaves.

Iris brevicaulis Iris brevicaulis
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pretty little blue-violet iris with yellow and white falls is native to the central U.S. Its early summer flowers are somewhat hidden among the foliage, as the stems are shorter than the leaves. In the wild, it grows in damp areas. In the garden, it appreciates a moist soil, especially in hot climates. Grow it where its flowers can be seen, such as at the front of a border, in a woodland, or at waterside.

Iris cristata Iris cristata
(Crested iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Spectacular, but fleeting, stemless blooms have blue-lilac petals, each with a white patch and a yellow or orange crest on each fall. Crested iris blooms in May. Dagger-shaped leaves 5 to 6 inches tall form an attractive, cool green carpet of stiff leaves. ‘Alba’ is a white-flowered variety.

Iris pseudacorus and cvs. Iris pseudacorus and cvs.
(Yellow flag)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Yellow flag is a vigorous Laevigata iris with ribbed, sword-shaped gray-green leaves. It grows to 3 to 4 feet high. Over 60 cultivars exist, including ‘Beuron’, with evenly yellow flowers; ‘Ecru’, with its off-white blooms; ‘Fresh Cream’, with lovely, pale-yellow flowers marked with red-violet signals; a variegated type, ‘Variegata’; ‘Donau’, a bright-yellow flower adorned with a brown signal that looks like stitchery; and nearly sterile ‘Holden Clough’, with deep-yellow blooms and reddish purple veining.

Iris sibirica Iris sibirica
(Siberian iris)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Attractive, grass-like leaves to 18 inches long are topped by showy flowers in a wide range of colors. Flowers unfurl in May and bloom well into June. Cultivars include ‘Caesar’s Brother’, with rich purple flowers; ‘Eric the Red’, a bright violet-pink Siberian; and ‘Chilled Wine’, a garnet iris suffused with blue.

Iris spuria Iris spuria
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beardless iris is one of the tallest growing. It is available in a wide range of flower colors and blooms from late spring to mid-summer. These irises are tall like Japanese irises but have upright flowers and bloom later than the tall bearded ones.

no image available Iris virginica
(Southern blue flag)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lavender-pink or white flowers up to 4 inches in diameter have purple veins and yellow throats. Sword-shaped medium green leaves can top 6 feet tall when grown in shallow water.

Kalimeris yomena Kalimeris yomena
(Japanese aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Beautiful variegation brightens the green and grey mottled foliage. A wide creamy-golden margin blends to the edge of the cut-leaf foliage. Its spreading branches mingle softly with its garden neighbors. Blooming in early fall, 12-  to 15-inch stems produce light lavender aster-like flowers with a yellow center.

Lathyrus odoratus and cvs. Lathyrus odoratus and cvs.
(Sweet pea)
(1 user review)

This annual climber has winged stems and deliciously fragrant, ruffled blossoms. Many cultivars exist with varying bloom color (solid, mixed, or bicolor), size, and climbing habit.

Lavandula × intermedia 'Grosso' Lavandula × intermedia 'Grosso'
('Grosso' lavender)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy lavender stands out for its unusually large, dark blue-purple flowers, silvery green foliage, and heavy fragrance. It is often used in perfumes. Growing to 30 inches tall and nearly as wide, 'Grosso'  has very long flower spikes and blooms from midsummer into autumn. It is especially attractive as an edging.

Lavandula angustifolia 'Violet Intrigue' Lavandula angustifolia 'Violet Intrigue'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Violet Intrigue' exhibits the typical handsome gray foliage of good lavenders, but its form and flowers are particularly noteworthy. Each stem is strongly upright, and requires no staking, and the blooms are a deep violet that remains vibrant even when temperatures rise. Other than occasional deadheading, no additional maintenance chores are required.

Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia
(English lavender)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

English lavender has silvery gray, aromatic foliage topped in summer with lavender-blue to dark purple flowers on long stems.

Lavandula stoechas Lavandula stoechas
(French lavender)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This early-blooming compact shrub bears intriguing pine-cone-shaped flowers that have dark-purple bracts, or “rabbit ears.” Bloom appears from late spring to summer. The foliage is gray-green.

Liatris aspera Liatris aspera
(Rough gayfeather, Rough blazing star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tuberous perennial has dense clusters of linear, rough leaves borne in basal tufts to 16 inches long. Dense spikes, up to 18 inches long, of button-like lavender-purple flowerheads are borne in late summer and early autumn. Blooms open from the top of the inflorescences downward.

Liatrus spicata Liatrus spicata
(Blazing star, gayfeather)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy herbaceous perennial has grass-like, strappy leaves and 3- to 5-foot-tall spikes of purple-pink flowers in late summer and early fall. Native to the eastern and southern United States, this tough perennial prefers reliably moist soil but will tolerate drought. It provides a bold, vertical element to mixed borders and attracts bees and butterflies. It has been observed to be resistant to deer browsing and self-sows freely. The flowers are suitable for cutting.

Liatris spicata 'Kobold' Liatris spicata 'Kobold'
(Blazing star, Gayfeather)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of a U.S. prairie plant offers the garden spikes of purple, fuzzy-looking flowers that open from the top down on plants up to 2 feet tall and 18 inches wide. The show starts in late summer and attracts butterflies and bees. Grow it in a moist meadow or border. The flowers are also beautiful in a vase.

Ligularia dentata 'Britt Marie Crawford' Ligularia dentata 'Britt Marie Crawford'
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early spring, fleshy stems unfurl and are topped by rounded burgundy leaves. By June, this plant looks splendid, with upturned leaves and their rich purple undersides. 'Britt Marie Crawford' may wilt in the hot noonday sun, but soft shade soon revives it. At the start of summer, right golden daisy-like flowers bloom, contrasting boldly with the foliage. -Matt Griswold, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #127

Lilium 'Casa Blanca' Lilium 'Casa Blanca'
('Casa Blanca' Oriental lily)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists and for weddings, 'Casa Blanca' lily has large, pure white, scented flowers.

Lilium 'Miss Lucy' Lilium 'Miss Lucy'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The first true double-flowering Oriental lily, this plant has delicate pinkish white blooms that open in July and August. They are as stunning in the mixed border as they are in the vase. Each bloom has 18 beautiful petals, making it unique among Oriental lilies.

Lilium 'Star Gazer' Lilium 'Star Gazer'
(Lily)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists, 'Star Gazer' lily has bright crimson flowers with purple spots and dark edges. These lilies grow to about 3 feet tall, so they generally don't need staking.

no image available Lilium candidum
(Madonna lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the oldest garden flowers, the madonna lily has bright green hosta-like basal rosettes appearing in winter and shallow-rooted bulbs that give it a distinctive appearance. In late spring, it thrusts up leafy torches topped with pristine scented blossoms in a raceme of 5 to 10 trumpet-shaped flowers.

Lilium formosanum Lilium formosanum
(Formosa lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late August through early October, this lily bears eight or more 10-inch-long, deliciously scented, pristine-white trumpets (sometimes blushed pink on the outside) upon each stem. After the flowers fade, the stalks turn upward, opening elegantly as the seeds ripen and the pods dry to form a weather-resistant candelabra to adorn the winter garden or to use in dried arrangements

no image available Lilium henryi × Lilium speciosum var. rubrum
(Orienpet lily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The brilliant blooms of these hybrid lilies boast the fragrance of Oriental lilies and the vitality and large size of trumpet lilies but with “hybrid vigor”—more strength and disease resistance and a higher tolerance of extreme cold as well as hot and humid conditions than their parents. Plants can reach a height of up to 8 feet and are covered with an abundance of blooms from July to mid-August, when many lilies have already faded. Scores of hybrids are available with varying blooming time, fragrance, form, and color, including 'Anastasia', 'Catherine the Great', 'Scheherazade', and the ever-popular 'Leslie Woodriff'.

Limonium latifolium Limonium latifolium
(Sea lavender)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sea lavender is a rosette-forming perennial with mid- to dark-green leaves to 12 inches long, occasionally to 24 inches. Deep lavender-blue flowers are borne in panicles made of spikelets on wiry stems.

Loropetalum chinense 'Chang Nian Hong' Loropetalum chinense 'Chang Nian Hong'
(Ever Red® Loropetalum )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new, compact loropetalum has the reddest blooms of all cultivars. Dark burgundy foliage retains its color throughout the year. Great for specimen planting, mass plantings and borders.

Lunaria annua Lunaria annua
(Money plant, Honesty, Silver dollars)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Showy sprays of pretty purple or white flowers in spring are followed by papery, flat seedpods that look like silver dollars. Flowers may attract butterflies.

no image available Luzula nivea
(Snowy woodrush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading evergreen perennial has clumps of grass-like deep green basal leaves. Tiny, brilliant white flowers borne in tight clusters appear in early summer and midsummer.

Lysimachia ephemerum Lysimachia ephemerum
(Loosestrife, Silver loosestrife)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This herbaceous perennial forms clumps of gray-green leaves from which arise slender racemes of small white flowers with mauve-colored veins, making for an almost gray appearance. It makes an interesting cut flower, and the plant is not invasive like other loosestrifes.

Magnolia × loebneri ‘Merrill’ Magnolia × loebneri ‘Merrill’
(Loebner magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, erect tree grows from 20 to 30 feet tall and has star-shaped flowers with 15 broad white petals blushed with pink. The blossoms are fragrant and appear before the leaves in early to mid-spring.

Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus' Miscanthus sinensis 'Variegatus'
(Variegated Japanese silver grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Variegated Japanese silver grass is a boon in any garden where fine texture, a gentle color scheme, and a bit of swaying in the wind are welcome. This grass can be used as a focal point, an anchor plant, or even as a privacy screen.

Miscanthus sinensis ‘Gracillimus’ Miscanthus sinensis ‘Gracillimus’
(Eulalia grass, Maiden grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This elegantly shaped grass has narrow leaves with white mid-ribs and a vase-like form to 6 feet tall. It shows bronze autumn color and can stand throughout winter to provide architectural interest. Tassel-like inflorescences appear in fall and can be used as cut or dried flowers.

Miscanthus sinensis ‘Morning Light’ Miscanthus sinensis ‘Morning Light’
(Eulalia grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful grass has an "inner light" that emanates from the white midribs of its fine-textured leaf blades and the threads of white around their edges. A graceful shape usually between 5 and 6 feet tall, ‘Morning Light’, turns golden in November and fades to beige in winter.

Muhlenbergia capillaris Muhlenbergia capillaris
(Muhly grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In autumn, this unique specimen creates a spectacular, billowy inflorescence of massed, vibrant pink, airy flowers on 4-foot stems. It is noted for its tolerance to poorly drained soil. It is possibly hardy to Zone 6 with protection.

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
(Lindheimer's muhly)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful warm-season grass produces attractive, pale purplish-gray plumes in autumn and goes dormant in the cold season. It forms a neat, upright clump with fine blue-gray foliage.

Muscari armeniacum 'Blue Spike' Muscari armeniacum 'Blue Spike'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These double-flowered grape hyacinths are a good candidate for beds and borders because they increase only by division. They also bloom longer than those that hasten through spring eager to set seed. April-flowering 'Blue Spike' has the largest inflorescence of the species, with fully double flax-blue fluffy heads (each pedicel carries multiple individual flowers instead of one) and narrow, linear leaves.

Muscari armeniacum 'Fantasy Creation' Muscari armeniacum 'Fantasy Creation'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These double-flowered grape hyacinths are a good candidate for beds and borders because they increase only by division. They also bloom longer than those that hasten through spring eager to set seed. 'Fantasy Creation', a sport of 'Blue Spike', has a large pyramidal raceme resembling broccoli. Its blue flowers gradually turn purple, then green, fading toward yellow. It doesn't wilt and rarely sets seed, making it useful for dried flower arrangements.

Muscari armeniacum 'Saffier' Muscari armeniacum 'Saffier'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. 'Saffier' is a good candidate for beds and borders because it increases only by division. Its strong, rigid flower stalks start celery-green and mature to robust medium-blue blossoms with distinct pale-green lips at the mouth of each floret. The constricted openings prevent access to pollinating insects, resulting in blooms that last a full month and making them excellent cut flowers.

Muscari comosum 'Plumosum' Muscari comosum 'Plumosum'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. This species, also known as the feather hyacinth, has slender airy filaments and resembles a red-violet plume. It's completely unlike its grapy cousins in color and form, and makes a good, 10-inch cut flower. The bulbs themselves have a distinct pink color and produce toothlike bulblets that grow to flowering size in just one season.

Muscari latifolium Muscari latifolium
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From fleshy leaves arise bell-shaped, purplish blue, sometimes almost black, flowers. Flower heads appear two-toned due to paler crowns, which are sterile flowers. Grape hyacinth is good for naturalizing in gardens or lawns, for forcing or growing in container displays, and for rock gardens.

Narcissus 'Avalanche' Narcissus 'Avalanche'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tazetta-type daffodils, including the paperwhites that can be forced into bloom indoors during the winter, are also fragrant. ‘Avalanche’ has a cluster of 10 to 20 tiny flowers, creating almost an entire bouquet on one stem. Its flowers, with white petals and pale-yellow cups, have a wonderful musky-sweet fragrance. Since it is hardy to Zone 6, it can be enjoyed in many gardens. It shows off even more when combined with plants like Tulipa ‘Pink Impression’, Ornithogalum balansae, and pansies.

Narcissus 'Baby Moon’ Narcissus 'Baby Moon’
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Jonquilla-type daffodils produce dark-green, narrow, often reedlike leaves, which are relatively easy to hide in the border while they mature, and there is usually more than one sweetly fragrant flower per stem. Probably the most fragrant of all, especially considering the size of the flowers, is N. ‘Baby Moon’, a precious, golden-yellow miniature daffodil.

Narcissus 'Bethlehem' Narcissus 'Bethlehem'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 4 to 5 weeks after planting. It produces 10 to 15 creamy-white flowers with pale-yellow centers on compact stems 8 to 10 inches tall, and exudes a mild, sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Ceylon' Narcissus 'Ceylon'
(Large-Cupped Daffodil)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daffodil has large, long-lasting flowers that are a deep, sunny yellow with orange cups. Plant these in large groups for a specular mid-season show. Great for forcing indoors.

Narcissus 'Chinese Sacred Lily' Narcissus 'Chinese Sacred Lily'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 5 weeks after planting.  Each 14- to 16-inch stem brings forth 5 to 10 white flowers with golden-yellow centers exuding a delicate fragrance. It may require staking.

Narcissus 'Cragford' Narcissus 'Cragford'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 8 to 10 weeks after planting.  It produces mildly musk-scented, white flowers with orange centers on stems 12 to 14 inches tall.

Narcissus 'Dickcissel' Narcissus 'Dickcissel'
(Jonquilla Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This miniature daffodil opens in very late spring. Its cup changes from yellow to white after the flowers open.

Narcissus 'Galilee' Narcissus 'Galilee'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 4 weeks after planting. It produces 10 to 15 white flowers per stem (12 to 14 inches tall) and exudes a musky fragrance.

Narcissus 'Grand Soleil d'Or' Narcissus 'Grand Soleil d'Or'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 6 to 10 weeks after planting.  It produces 10 to 20 bright-yellow flowers with orange centers on stems 12 to 14 inches tall, and exudes a marvelously sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Hawera' Narcissus 'Hawera'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Triandrus-type daffodils usually have one or two nodding flowers per stem and are noted for their wonderful, often fruity, fragrance. N. ‘Hawera’ (pre-1950, Zones 3–8) is a miniature triandrus-type daffodil with many elfin, pale-yellow nodding bells per stem, each with a demitasse-shaped cup surrounded by swept-back petals. This adaptable daffodil can grow in dry areas, in pots, in full sun, and in partial shade. It contrasts nicely with Muscari armeniacum and is exquisite with hellebores.

Narcissus 'Intrigue' Narcissus 'Intrigue'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The newly opened blossoms of N. ‘Intrigue’ (1970, Zones 3–9) are a soft chartreuse-yellow. As they mature, however, the flowers become a luminous white and attract a lot of attention, especially when planted with a blood-red tulip like ‘Hollandia’. When combined with another soft-colored flower, like Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Lady Derby’, it creates a peaceful scene. An American-bred jonquilla-type daffodil with several flowers per stem, ‘Intrigue’ also has a wonderful fragrance. 

no image available Narcissus 'Israel'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 5 weeks after planting. Each 16- to 20-inch stem brings forth 15 to 20 large, creamy-yellow flowers with pale-yellow centers. Its mild fragrance is sweet and musky.

Narcissus 'Jack Snipe' Narcissus 'Jack Snipe'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Generally speaking, daffodils perform best in full sun and well-drained soil, in areas where there is a fair amount of rainfall in the fall and spring and where the summer is relatively dry. However, cyclamineus-type daffodils seem to tolerate at least partial shade and more moisture than others do. Narcissus ‘Jack Snipe’ (pre-1951, Zones 3–8) is a charming example of this type of daffodil. Its white petals are swept back, as if it were standing in front of a fan, and its medium-length, buttercup-yellow trumpet (or nose) sticks straight out at a 90 degree angle from the stem.  ‘Jack Snipe’ is an intermediate-size daffodil, standing only 8 to 10 inches tall, and is perfect for a rock garden or the front of a flower border. This whole division of daffodils is becoming more popular not only because it tolerates some shade but also because the shape of the flower is so handsome.

no image available Narcissus 'Jerusalem'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 4 weeks after planting. It produces very large, white flowers on stems 16 to 20 inches tall, and exudes a mildly sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Nazareth' Narcissus 'Nazareth'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 weeks after planting. It produces creamy white flowers with yellow centers on compact stems 12 to 14 inches tall, and exudes a mildly sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Quail' Narcissus 'Quail'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Jonquilla-type daffodils produce dark-green, narrow, often reedlike leaves, which are relatively easy to hide in the border while they mature, and there is usually more than one sweetly fragrant flower per stem. Golden-yellow, sweetly fragrant, and a wonderful perennial, ‘Quail’ creates a special color echo with the golden center of the small tulip Tulipa bakeri ‘Lilac Wonder’.

Narcissus 'Tahiti' Narcissus 'Tahiti'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Although some people don’t consider double or peonylike daffodils classics, many double hybrids have been in existence for a long time. N. ‘Tahiti’ (1956, Zones 3–8) has a soft-yellow flower with bright reddish-orange interior ruffles is reminiscent of a blossom from the tropics. ‘Tahiti’ stands up straight under its own weight, even on windy days. Its coloration is eye-catching, so it makes a big impact in the garden.

Narcissus 'Accent' Narcissus 'Accent'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Narcissus ‘Accent’ has white petals and a funnel-shaped, salmon-pink cup whose color stays true.

Narcissus 'Rijnveld’s Early Sensation' Narcissus 'Rijnveld’s Early Sensation'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Narcissus ‘Rijnveld’s Early Sensation’ is a classic yellow trumpet-type daffodil and one of the earliest blooming. It can tolerate cold, snowy weather and it has a long blooming period. 'Rijnveld's Early Sensation' combines nicely with early crocuses and dwarf irises.

Narcissus 'Serola' Narcissus 'Serola'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Brightly colored, large-cupped, and reliable, Narcissus 'Serola' has vivid orange and yellow flowers that make it the perfect choice for roadside plantings, for gardens viewed from a distance, and for hot-colored garden schemes. It shows up even better with contrasting colors like the bright, beet-red Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Woodstock’, or as a color echo with Tulipa ‘American Dream’.

Narcissus bulbocodium var. conspicuus Narcissus bulbocodium var. conspicuus
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The species daffodil N. bulbocodium var. conspicuus (Zones 3–9) has been around so long that no one can actually put a date on it. Its look is unusual: It does have six golden petals, but they are tiny, twisted, and often difficult to see. Its prominent rounded cup gives rise to its nickname, hoop petticoats. It prefers acidic soil and when happy, will reseed, blooming like buttercups in groups. Only 4 to 6 inches tall, it naturalizes itself in many areas.

Narcissus jonquilla Narcissus jonquilla
(Wild jonquil, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Division 10 Bulbocodium species blooms late in the season, bearing up to 5 fragrant and nodding golden-yellow flowers. It has cylindrical, dark-green stems to 12 inches. It is good for naturalizing, and prefers neutral to alkaline soil.

no image available Narcissus papyraceus
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Tazetta/Division 10 daffodil is a species well-suited to forcing. It produces white clusters of up to 10 half-inch-wide blooms, which are strongly scented.

Narcissus papyraceus 'Ziva' Narcissus papyraceus 'Ziva'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender Paperwhite is well-suited to forcing. It blooms in only two or three weeks from planting, bearing pure-white, musk-scented flowers atop 16 to 18 inch tall stems.

Nicotiana alata 'Lime Green' Nicotiana alata 'Lime Green'
(Flowering tobacco)
(2 user reviews)

The yellow-green trumpet-shaped flowers of 'Lime Green' flowering tobacco mix well with many other colors in the garden. Growing to 2 or 3 feet tall, this annual's flowers attract hummingbirds and are fragrant at night.

Nigella damascena and cvs. Nigella damascena and cvs.
(Love-in-a-mist, Devil-in-a-bush)
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Love-in-a-mist-bears delicate flowers 1.5 inches across in various shades of blue and white, surrounded by finely divided foliage. Blooms appear mainly in May and June, and sporadically throughout the summer, followed by attractive 1-inch-wide green seedpods that change to cream and burgundy over time.

no image available Nigella hispanica
(Spanish love-in-a-mist)
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This easy-going annual has 2- to 3-inch-wide blue flowers with black centers and wine-colored stamens, along with light green ferny foliage. Striking chalice-shaped seedpods form on sturdy stems and are green when they emerge, turning tan as they harden.

Paeonia lactiflora Paeonia lactiflora
(Common garden peony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning herbaceous woodland peony has upright red-mottled stems and dark green leaves that are elliptic or lance-shaped with rough margins. It bears usually solitary, single creamy white to pale pink blossoms that are cup-shaped and elegant. The blooms measure 3 to 4 inches across and have pale yellow stamens. Like all peonies, the flowers are with us for too short a time. They are followed by beautiful seedpods.

no image available Paeonia obovata var. alba
(Japanese forest peony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a beautiful addition to the garden from early spring until autumn. Red shoots with a crystalline dusting emerge in early April, followed by 5-inch-long, egg-shaped leaves that mature to a dark, reddish green. Each 18-inch stem bears a 2-inch-wide, chalice-like, single pure-white flower with yellow anthers and purple filaments. Mature seedpods open to reveal metallic-blue pea-sized fertile seeds and holly-berry red unfertilized seeds.

Panicum virgatum 'Ruby Ribbons' Panicum virgatum 'Ruby Ribbons'
(Switch Grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Panicum Ruby Ribbons’ soft blue-green foliage emerges in the spring on upright, clumping plants. The foliage takes on a wine-red color in early summer, which intensifies as the season progresses. Flower heads appear in late summer, followed by ornamental seed heads, which, if left uncut, provide long-lasting winter interest.

Papaver orientale 'Flamenco Dancer' Papaver orientale 'Flamenco Dancer'
(Poppy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 4- to 6-inch-wide blooms of 'Flamenco Dancer' poppy stand out in late spring and early summer with their true red color and fanciful fringes. It is a sport of the popular 'Turkenlouis'. After the flowers fade, this perennial will go dormant, so plant it near neighbors that will fill the vacancy.

Papaver rhoeas Papaver rhoeas
(Corn poppy, Field poppy, Flanders poppy)
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In summer, beautiful brilliant red flowers top the branching stems with downy leaves of this 3-foot-tall poppy.

Parthenium integrifolium Parthenium integrifolium
(Wild quinine, American feverfew)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Wild quinine bears lustrous foliage and long-lasting white flowers throughout the season, even in heat and drought. It is native to moist prairies, low meadows, and open woods from Massachusetts and Minnesota, south to Georgia and Arkansas.

Pennisetum alopecuroides Pennisetum alopecuroides
(Fountain grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces 2- to 5-foot-tall mounds of narrow green foliage and bottle brush-like silvery-pink to purple flowers, both of which mature to shades of brown. It is the parent of numerous cultivars with notable flowers that range from purple to gray/black. It and some of its cultivars self-sow plentifully in warm climates. It is marginally hardy in Zone 5.

Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty' Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty'
(Pearl millet)
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This cultivar of pearl millet has wide, deep purple foliage and stems. It forms a 5-foot-high specimen with tight cylindrical flowers of purple-brown seeds—a favorite of many birds. This plant makes a stunning container specimen. In the mixed border, its foliage contrasts nicely with other plants.

Pennisetum messiacum Pennisetum messiacum
(Bunny tails)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual grass produces deep pink flowers that resemble rabbits' tails. Flowers persist throughout the season. It forms a tidy, evergreen clump, 2 feet high and 3 feet wide.

no image available Pennisetum messiacum 'Red Buttons'
(Red bunny tails, Fountain grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual produces deep reddish-black flowers that resemble rabbits' tails. Flowers persist throughout the season. This plant forms an evergreen clump of green foliage with burgundy highlights, 2 feet high and 3 feet wide.

Pennisetum setaceum 'Fireworks' Pennisetum setaceum 'Fireworks'
(Variegated Purple Fountain Grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A refreshing new look to an old time favorite ornamental grass! Pennisetum ‘Fireworks’ is the first variegated purple fountain grass. The midvein is the typical burgundy color and is flanked by hot pink margins. Produces beautiful red-burgundy foxtail flowers. Great accent plant and excellent in containers. -Santa Rosa Gardens

Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum' Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum'
(Purple fountain grass, Red fountain grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tropical annual produces mounds of narrow burgundy-red foliage and purple plumes to 1 foot long. It is invaluable for containers and stunning, annual foliage color in a border. It rarely sets seed.

no image available Pennisetum spathiolatum
(Slender veldt grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Native to South Africa, this non-invasive evergreen species produces showy pink flowers in spring, which are held 2 to 3 feet above the foliage on stiff, wiry stalks.

Penstemon digitalis Penstemon digitalis
(Foxglove penstemon, Beard tongue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous perennial bears elegant clusters of pure white flowers marked with purple or pale violet from early to late summer. Semi-evergreen basal rosettes and deciduous or semi-evergreen stems are also often marked reddish purple.

Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria amplexicaulis
(Bistort, Mountain fleece)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, but noninvasive perennial flowers from early summer into autumn with bright red, purple, or white blossoms. The narrow blossoms are up to 4 inches long, and are held on long stalks above pointed, slightly puckered leaves. It grows to 4 feet high and wide.

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Firetail' Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Firetail'
(Bistort, Mountain fleece)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous but noninvasive perennial flowers from early summer into autumn with crimson blossoms to 6 inches long. Its leaves are dark green, arrow-shaped, and slightly puckered. It grows to 4 feet high and wide.

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon' Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon'
(Blue phlox, Wild sweet William, Woodland phlox)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of the popular blue phlox has round, full flowers with overlapping petals. It is noteworthy for its particularly rich blue-violet color. Use it in rock gardens or alpine houses, in a dry wall, or as edging.

no image available Phlox divaricata and cvs.
(Blue phlox, Wild sweet William, Woodland phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading, semi-evergreen perennial has hairy leaves and lavender-blue to pale violet and white flowers borne in open clusters in early spring. Flowers can have notched or unnotched petal lobes. Cultivars include ‘Clouds of Perfume’ with light lavender-blue flowers; ‘Eco Texas Purple’ (dark purple with a violet eye); ‘Fuller’s White’ (white); and ‘London Grove’ (lavender-blue flowers).

no image available Phlox maculata
(Meadow phlox, Wild sweet William)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, herbaceous perennial has slender, hairy stems reaching 1.5 to 3 feet tall, with clusters of lavender-rose, lilac-pink, or white flowers. The stems often have burgundy spots on them. Blooms appear in early summer and midsummer.

Phlox paniculata 'David' Phlox paniculata 'David'
(Border phlox, Summer phlox)
(26 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pure white phlox is valuable in the garden because of its abundant, fragrant flowers, its sturdy growth habit, and its resistance to powdery mildew. Growing to about 3 ½ feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide, it blooms from early summer to early fall. It needs a consistently moist soil. Use it in a border or cottage garden. It will glow at dusk.

Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick' Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick'
('John Fanick' garden phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden phlox has striking, bicolor lavender-and-pink flowers beginning in early summer and displays a pleasing compact form. Its slightly waxy leaves hold powdery mildew at bay, and the plant doesn't even flinch in heat, humidity, or drought. 'John Fanick' grows to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Seward' Physocarpus opulifolius 'Seward'
(Summer Wine ninebark)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Many gardeners know ninebark as an undistinguished shrub with ordinary green leaves, white flowers, and fall fruit. But 'Seward,' sold under the trademark name Summer WineTM, has outstanding burgundy leaves and pink flowers that bloom in early summer. This plant is super tough and makes a stunning focal point in a summer border.

Physostegia virginiana Physostegia virginiana
(Obedient plant, False dragonhead)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Obedient plant is a clump-forming native perennial that grows aggressively. From midsummer to early fall, spikes of purple or pink (and sometimes white) flowers rise above sharply toothed leaves to four feet high.

Pieris japonica Pieris japonica
(Lily-of-the-valley bush, Japanese pieris, Japanese andromeda)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This neat, rounded shrub has given rise to many noteworthy cultivars. It grows to 12 feet tall and 10 feet wide, producing drooping clusters of delicate white blossoms in winter and spring. Use this shrub in a woodland, rock garden, container, or as a foundation plant.

no image available Pieris japonica 'Dorothy Wyckoff'
(Dorothy Wyckoff andromeda, Lily-of-the-valley bush, Japanese pieris, Japanese andromeda)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact, rounded shrub produces reddish-purple buds that first open as soft-pink then mature to white. It grows to about 5 feet high and wide, making it a superb specimen for a container or small garden.

Ratibida columnifera Ratibida columnifera
(Mexican hat, Prairie coneflower, Long-head coneflower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial coneflower, sometimes grown as an annual, has a long season of flowers on thin, branching stems. The flowers resemble small hats, with yellow reflexed ray florets and large greenish-brown columnar centers.

Rosa 'Ballerina' Rosa 'Ballerina'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showy rose produces a pastel cloud of small pink flowers with lighter centers. The blossoms are single and shallow-cupped; they occur in large, loose clusters. Blooms hold up better in partial shade. This rose grows from 4 to 6 feet tall and wide, blooming from spring to autumn. 

Rosa 'Basye's Purple' Rosa 'Basye's Purple'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding rose has single, fragrant blossoms of rich cabernet-red. The young foliage emerges chartreuse, while the new stems and small thorns are claret. The flowers are followed by hips the color of ripe grapes, which contrast with the amber autumn foliage. This rose grows up to 8 feet high.

Rosa 'Betty Prior' Rosa 'Betty Prior'
(Floribunda rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces single, carmine-pink, slightly fragrant blooms nonstop from June until frost. It grows 2.5 to 5 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert' Rosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The white of this rose has a purity of color that is without equal. It produces semi-double, very fragrant flowers from spring to fall, which are sometimes followed by orange hips. It grows to 6 feet high and wide.   

no image available Rosa 'Bobby James'
(Hybrid Wichurana rambler)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sweetly scented, rambling rose has glossy leaves and produces large groups of semi-double, creamy-white, 2-inch-wide blossoms in summer. It grows to 30 feet high.

Rosa 'Buff Beauty' Rosa 'Buff Beauty'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose produces generous clusters of double apricot flowers that fade to a soft yellow. It usually grows to 5 feet and taller when trained, making it an ideal candidate for screening or growing up a wall, arch, or trellis. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

Rosa 'Charles Albanel' Rosa 'Charles Albanel'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading rose grows to only 2 feet tall, making it an ideal groundcover for a steep bank or roadside. It produces fragrant, double, deep-pink blossoms from spring to fall.  

Rosa ‘China Doll’ Rosa ‘China Doll’
(Polyantha rose, Sweetheart rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf rose grows to only 18 inches tall, and covers itself all season long with large clusters of lightly scented vibrant pink flowers.

Rosa 'Climbing Pinkie' Rosa 'Climbing Pinkie'
(Polyantha rose, Sweetheart rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose blooms nonstop from June until frost, with vivid pink, semidouble blossoms. It grows 6 to 8 feet high, making it ideal for training up walls, pillars, or other structures.

Rosa 'Cornelia' Rosa 'Cornelia'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This old-fashioned looking rose has a bicolor look with its clustered coral buds and pink double flowers with copper centers. It forms an arching shrub, reaching 5 feet high and wide, and blooms from spring to autumn, with its largest flush in the spring. 

Rosa 'Crepuscule' Rosa 'Crepuscule'
(Noisette rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This climber produces an endless display of fragrant apricot-yellow blossoms. It grows to about 12 feet high and makes the perfect vertical accent in the garden.

Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant' Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant'
(Tea rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This scented rose was reputed to be a favorite of Teddy Roosevelt. It has beautifully formed, double rosy-pink blossoms. It blooms all season long and grows to 5 feet high and wide.

no image available Rosa 'F. J. Grootendorst'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose has large clusters of small, violet-red pompom blossoms with a spicy fragrance. It blooms nonstop throughout the season and grows to 5 feet or more.   

Rosa 'Fair Bianca' Rosa 'Fair Bianca'
(English shrub rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This David Austin rose grows to only 2.5 feet tall. It produces beautifully cupped, double white flowers with petals densely arranged in the center. It is strongly scented.

Rosa var. NOA97400A 'Flower Carpet® Amber' Rosa var. NOA97400A 'Flower Carpet® Amber'
(Flower Carpet® Amber)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a mass explosion of amber blooms.  One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

Rosa var. NOA83100B 'Flower Carpet® Scarlet' Rosa var. NOA83100B 'Flower Carpet® Scarlet'
(Flower Carpet® Scarlet)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a masses of scarlet red blooms from late spring thru fall. One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup' Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice rose has single, gently cupped light-pink flowers that exude an intense, clove-scented perfume. It blooms in spring and sporadically throughout the season, and produces red hips. In autumn, the foliage turns deep maroon, which changes to yellow tinged with coppery highlights. It grows to 3 to 4 feet high and wide.   

Rosa 'Gertrude Jekyll' Rosa 'Gertrude Jekyll'
(English shrub rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose with an influential namesake has beautifully cupped double blossoms of rich pink. It produces arching stems to 5 feet or more and 3 feet wide, making it an ideal candidate for training up a low structure.

Rosa 'Graham Thomas' Rosa 'Graham Thomas'
(English shrub rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This notable rose has quartered-rosette, double blossoms of rich yellow. It produces arching stems to 5 feet or more, making it an ideal candidate for training up a low structure.

Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™ Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™
(Easy Does It™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Floribunda rose was the 2010 All-America Rose Selections winner. It has abundant ruffled blooms in shades of mango, peach and apricot -- and has a fruity fragrance. More important is its disease resistance.

Rosa 'Hotel California' Rosa 'Hotel California'
(Hotel California rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, very full clear yellow blooms.  High centers and long stems make this a wonderful cut rose.

Rosa 'Joseph's Coat Rosa 'Joseph's Coat
(Joseph's Coat rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rich, orange-red buds open to a spray of golden yellow tapering to pinkish orange-red.

 

Information provided by Brushwood Nursery

Rosa 'Lavender Lassie' Rosa 'Lavender Lassie'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose produces semi-double, medium-pink flowers occuring in large clusters. It grows 5 feet tall and up to 8 feet wide, making it ideal for training up a wall, arch, or trellis. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

no image available Rosa 'Little Darling'
(Floribunda rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose produces single salmon-pink blossoms with yellow basal highlights. It blooms nonstop from June until frost and grows 3 to 5 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Maggie' Rosa 'Maggie'
(Bourbon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deeply fragrant rose produces rounded double blossoms of mauve-red in spring and fall. It grows to 6 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Mermaid' Rosa 'Mermaid'
(Climbing large-flowered rose)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This R. bracteata and Hybrid tea cross exhibits many attributes of its parentage. It bears large, single soft-yellow blossoms (to 5 inches across) with a deeper hued center and conspicuous, ruddy-orange stamens. It grows to 20 feet high or wide and blooms continuously, making it a beautiful choice for climbing up walls, fences, or other sturdy structures. It can also be maintained as a shrub.

Rosa 'Mozart' Rosa 'Mozart'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This profuse bloomer produces enormous sprays of small, single pink blooms with white centers and dark reddish-pink edges. While it lacks fragrance, it is disease free, and if left alone, produces orange hips. It grows 5 feet tall and up to 8 feet wide, making it ideal for training up a wall, arch, or trellis. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

no image available Rosa 'Old Blush'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces musky and sweet-scented blossoms of pale to medium pink, which bloom continuously from spring until frost. They are followed by large orange hips. 'Old Blush' grows to about 4 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Prosperity' Rosa 'Prosperity'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces a profusion of rosette-shaped ivory blossoms in large clusters. It forms a densely arching shrub, reaching 8 feet high and 4 feet wide and blooming from spring to autumn. It is ideal as a low climber up a wall, arch, or trellis.

Rosa 'R. K. Witherspoon' Rosa 'R. K. Witherspoon'
(R. K. Witherspoon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Hybrid Tea rose has beautiful champagne white flowers blushed with pink and yellow at the base. Its long stems are perfect for cutting and the blooms emit a strong, sweet fragrance.

no image available Rosa 'Redcoat'
(English shrub rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This David Austin rose produces vibrant, semi-double red blossoms with contrasting yellow stamens all season long. It grows from 2.5 to 5 feet tall.

Rosa 'Rose de Rescht' Rosa 'Rose de Rescht'
(Damask perpetual rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact rose has fragrant, fuschia-red flowers packed with petals that fade to purple as they age. It grows up to 4 feet high and 3 feet wide, and blooms from spring to fall. 

no image available Rosa 'Secret'
(Hybrid tea rose, Large-flowered rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This intensely fragrant rose has high-centered, double blossoms of creamy pink edged with deeper pink. It blooms in summer and into fall, and grows to 5 feet high and 2 feet wide. 

Rosa 'WITharoma' Rosa 'WITharoma'
(Secret's Out!™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Hybrid Tea rose offers creamy white flowers which open to release a sweet rose fragrance. Its compact habit makes it just right for smaller spaces.

Rosa 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' Rosa 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'
(Bourbon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small rose is ideal for the front of the border because its size rarely exceeds 2 feet in height. It produces pale lavender-pink to white, quartered-rosette blossoms with a spicy fragrance. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

no image available Rosa 'St. Patrick'
(Hybrid tea rose, Large-flowered rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This double-flowered rose has yellow blossoms with green outer petals. The flowers are perfectly formed and are excellent for cutting. It blooms in summer and into fall, and grows to 5 feet high and 3 feet wide. 

Rosa 'The Fairy' Rosa 'The Fairy'
(Polyantha rose, Sweetheart rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This well-loved rose blooms nonstop from June until frost, with double, rosette-shaped blossoms of light pink. It grows 2 to 3 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Vanity' Rosa 'Vanity'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces brilliant hot pink blossoms at the tips of wide, arching branches. It forms a loosely branched shrub, reaching 6 feet high and 10 feet wide, and blooms from spring to autumn. It is ideal as a low climber up a wall, arch, or trellis.

Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin' Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'
(Thornless rose, Bourbon rose)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful repeat bloomer tolerates shadier conditions than other roses and poor soils. The fragrance is absolutely wonderful, and the rose is nearly thornless.

 

 

Information provided by Brushwood Nursery

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Rosa chinensis 'Mutabilis' Rosa chinensis 'Mutabilis'
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beauty is prized for the unusual qualities of its flowers, which bloom continuously from spring until frost. The single cupped flowers open a honey-yellow, then they become coppery-pink, then watermelon, and finally a rich mahogany. The foliage is reddish purple, disease-resistant, and is evergreen in warm climates. This rose can be treated as a shrub or trained as a climber, reaching 10 feet high and 6 feet wide.

Rosa var. NOA168098F 'Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme' Rosa var. NOA168098F 'Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme'
(Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a mass explosion of vivid pink blooms all summer long.  One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

Rosa palustris var. scandens Rosa palustris var. scandens
(Swamp rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This graceful and arching variety of our native swamp rose has single rosy-pink blossoms with a mild scent. It retains the disease resistance of its native ancestor, and has the added quality of being thornless. 

no image available Rosa roxburghii f. normalis
(Chestnut rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces single medium pink blossoms with decorative indents at the tips of the petals. It blooms in spring, followed by hips that age to brown. In the winter, its bark peels in shades of brown and beige. It grows 6 to 10 feet high and 6 feet wide.

Rosa rugosa var. alba Rosa rugosa var. alba
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety has single, papery white blossoms that open from light pink buds and have contrasting yellow stamens. The heavily-scented flowers are followed by reddish-orange hips. It grows up to 6 feet high.

Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm' Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm'
(Orange Coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large flowers consisting of brassy orange-yellow rays surrounding brown cones are what make this plant so popular. It blooms for 7 or 8 weeks beginning in midsummer. The flowers top 18- to 30-inch-tall plants that will readily self sow in cultivated soils. 

Rudbeckia hirta Rudbeckia hirta
(Black-eyed Susan, Gloriosa daisy, Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial has given rise to numerous cultivars which are often grown as annuals. From summer into early autumn, it bears daisy-like blossoms (to 3 inches across) with light or deep yellow rays and brownish-purple centers. The flowers are a staple in late summer bouquets.

Rudbeckia hirta ‘Indian Summer’ Rudbeckia hirta ‘Indian Summer’
(Black-eyed Susan, Gloriosa daisy)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Indian Summer' is a standout among a sea of Black-eyed Susans because of its extra-large, golden yellow flowerheads. It will bloom from early summer until first frost. Use it in borders, cottage gardens, meadows, or for naturalizing. Butterflies are drawn to it. The species is native to the central U.S.

Rudbeckia maxima Rudbeckia maxima
(Giant coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice species makes a strong vertical statement with its large, smooth, sea-green leaves and towering stems to 6 feet tall. It bears short, yellow ray florets with giant, upright cones at the center. It prefers average soil with good drainage, and is excellent in native or wild plantings.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa Rudbeckia subtomentosa
(Sweet coneflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dignified U.S. native species has downy leaves and bears clusters of luminous clear-yellow flowers with reddish-brown center cones. It blooms for over a month starting in mid- to late-summer.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers' Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers'
('Henry Eilers' sweet coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The unique, finely quilled, 2-inch-wide flowers are what make 'Henry Eilers' stand out from the rest of the coneflowers. The petals sit separate from one another, forming a brilliant, golden yellow starburst around a dark brownish purple cone. The blooms grow on strong, upright, 4- to 5-foot-tall stems in late summer, and are produced in such abundance that you can cut some for bouquets and you'll never even notice they are missing from the garden. The stems are covered with a soft, hairy down, while the leaves have a pleasing vanilla-and-anise scent.

no image available Rudbeckia triloba
(Brown-eyed Susan, Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial makes a superb, self-sown companion in a mixed border or wild garden. It reaches up to 5 feet tall and exhibits a long-lasting, airy spray of small, daisy-like blossoms in yellow with purple-black centers. The flowers are beautiful in late summer bouquets. 

no image available Saccharum arundinaceum
(Plume grass, Hardy sugar cane)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In late summer, this large, clump-forming species bears huge plumes of delicate pink flower clusters, which eventually fade to silver.

Saccharum ravennae Saccharum ravennae
(Ravenna grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This large, clump-forming grass has linear leaves with central white stripes. In late summer it bears huge, purplish-bronze flower clusters, which eventually fade to silver. It resents high fertility and shows considerable drought tolerance.

Salvia 'Indigo Spires' Salvia 'Indigo Spires'
('Indigo Spires' sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Indigo Spires' sage is a vigorous hybrid prized for its 12- to 15-inch-long, twisting spikes of dark violet flowers. It is a non-stop bloomer from early summer through fall. Blooming can be further encouraged by pinching stem tips early in the growing season and deadheading the spikes once they fade. 'Indigo Spires' quickly grows to 4 feet high, and can be grown as an annual where not hardy.  

Salvia × superba Salvia × superba
(Hybrid sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid of S. nemorosa and S. sylvestris is a drought-tolerant perennial that lends vivid purple-blue hues to the garden from summer to early fall on 1.5- to 3-foot-tall spikes. Deadheading prolongs bloom. The spikes rise from a clump of silvery green leaves that grows to about 2 feet tall and wide.

no image available Salvia × sylvestris 'Blue Hill'
(Meadow sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial bears abundant pure blue flower spikes in early summer and until fall if spent flowers are removed promptly. It forms an erect clump 20 inches tall by 18 inches wide, with wrinkled, softly hairy leaves.

Salvia × sylvestris 'May Night' Salvia × sylvestris 'May Night'
(Meadow sage)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial bears deep violet-blue flower spikes in early summer and then sporadically if spent flowers are removed promptly. It forms an erect clump 2.5 feet tall by 1.5 feet wide, with wrinkled, soft hairy leaves.

Salvia argentea Salvia argentea
(Silver sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial is grown for its massive, downy-silver rosettes of foliage. In its second year, it spawns plumes of white or pinkish flowers with gray calyces in mid- to late summer. The plant has a spiky form, 3 feet tall by 2 feet wide. Locate it where the rosettes can be easily seen.

Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis
(Canary Island sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived, tender perennial shrub native to the Canary Islands off the African coast sends up 6-foot white-furred stems cloaked with long, felted, arrow-shaped leaves and topped, summer to frost, with plumes of purplish violet flowers clasped by red-tipped calyxes. It grows up to 4 feet wide.

no image available Salvia darcyi
(Mexican sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring to fall, this easy-going perennial bears deep orange-red flowers on 3- to 4-foot-tall spikes that rise above a loose, 6-foot-wide mound of heart-shaped, sticky leaves. The native habitat for this brightly colored salvia is a very limited area at an altitude of 9,000 feet in the narrow range of the Mexican Sierra Madre Oriental Mountains.

Salvia farinacea Salvia farinacea
(Mealycup sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial forms a shrubby upright clump 2 feet tall by 1 foot wide, with white mealy stems and glossy green leaves. It bears deep, lavender-blue flowers on tall spikes from early summer to frost. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia farinacea 'Victoria' Salvia farinacea 'Victoria'
(Mealycup sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact perennial forms a bush less than 1.5eet tall by 1 foot wide, with indigo stems and glossy green leaves. It bears deep, navy blue flowers on medium spikes from early summer to frost.

Salvia greggii Salvia greggii
(Autumn sage)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native of Texas and Mexico has a woody base and can form a dwarf, evergreen shrub, 1 foot tall by 1 foot wide. It has small, leathery leaves and bears bright flowers in shades of pink, purple, or yellow from early summer to frost.

Salvia guaranitica Salvia guaranitica
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial produces long spires of large, deep blue flowers from mid-summer to frost. It forms a tall bush 6 feet tall by 2 feet wide that is great for the back of the border. It is drought tolerant because of its unusual, moisture-conserving rhizomes.

Salvia hians Salvia hians
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived perennial from the Himalayas has scented, hairy leaves and forms a small shrub 2 feet tall by 2 feet wide. It bears 1.5-inch-long purplish-blue flowers with white lips (called bee lines) from early to late summer. The flowers are clasped by rusty colored calyxes that accent color of the blooms. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia leucantha Salvia leucantha
(Mexican bush sage)
(8 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This downy, bushy, evergreen subshrub produces white or purple flowers clasped by soft purple calyces from late summer to frost. It grows 3 feet tall by 3 feet wide, and is great for the border. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia mexicana 'Limelight' Salvia mexicana 'Limelight'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unusual tender perennial displays an electric color combination when its vibrant purple-blue flowers open from bright chartreuse calyces.  Fortunately, glossy, bright green leaves hold their own until the show gets started in August (and continues until frost). It forms a tall bush, 6 feet tall by 6 feet wide, which is great for the back of the border. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia microphylla var. neurepia Salvia microphylla var. neurepia
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native of the American Southwest and Mexico forms an evergreen shrub or shrubby perennial with dark, glossy leaves that are small (but slightly larger than most microphyllas) and softly toothed. It blooms off and on all summer, and again, more vigorously, in late summer and autumn, in blossoms of cherry-red. Its attractive foliage cloaks the plant to the ground, so it is well suited to the front of the border. It can grow to 4 feet tall and twice as wide.

no image available Salvia nemorosa
(Sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial produces flower spikes in shades of violet, purple, or white to pink, with purple bracts. It blooms from early summer to autumn; reblooming is most reliable if spent flowers are promptly deadheaded. It has wrinkled leaves and forms an erect clump 3 feet tall by 2 feet wide. This species is most noted for its many S. sylvestris hybrids.

Salvia nemorosa 'Caradonna' Salvia nemorosa 'Caradonna'
(Sage)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This drought-tolerant perennial is noted for its vivid indigo flowers along deep purple-black stems, which gives it a bicolor appearance. It blooms in early summer and then sporadically if spent flowers are deadheaded. It forms an upright clump, with the flower spikes rising to 2 feet in height; its wrinkled, softly hairy leaves form a mound 1 foot high. Plants spread 1 or 2 feet wide. These are some of the showiest plants for containers and mixed borders. Butterflies love them. 

Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this classic, evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. It forms a 2.5-foot-tall by 3-foot-wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten' Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. S. 'Berggarten' is more compact than the species, forming a 2-foot tall by 3-foot wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up purple flower spikes. It boasts attractively rounded leaves and, like the species, has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Icterina' Salvia officinalis 'Icterina'
(Golden variegated sage, Common sage, Culinary sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This charming cultivar has green leaves with irregular yellow margins. It forms a 1.5- to 2-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it occasionally sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens' Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This cultivar has leaves suffused with steely-gray purple. It forms a 1.5-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but cannot survive wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor' Salvia officinalis 'Tricolor'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This cultivar has ornamental value, too—green leaves with white margins which are suffused with pink or purple. It forms a 1- to 1.5-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It is tolerant of alkaline soils, but cannot survive wet winter conditions.

Salvia pratensis Salvia pratensis
(Meadow clary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This woody-stemmed perennial produces sticky spikes of deep violet or, rarely, white to pink flowers. It blooms from early summer to autumn; reblooming is most reliable if spent flowers are deadheaded promptly. It has wrinkled leaves and forms an upright clump 3 feet tall by 1 foot wide. This salvia is most noted for its many hybirds with S. nemerosa.  

Salvia uliginosa Salvia uliginosa
(Bog sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This moisture-loving perennial produces clear blue flowers with white highlights in late summer to mid-autumn. It forms an airy clump to 6 feet tall by 3 feet wide, and is great for the back of a border. It is tolerant of heavy soils.

Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain' Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain'
(Lilac sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Throughout the summer, this cultivar produces multiple flower spikes in irresistible shades of smoky purple. At about 20 inches tall and half as wide, the plant flowers abundantly, inviting you to make bouquets and to keep up with the deadheading. 

Salvia viridis Salvia viridis
(Annual clary sage)
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From spring to summer, this annual produces multiple flower spikes with tiny flowers enclosed in showy bracts in shades of white, pink, or purple and marked with darker veins. Plants grow 18-20 inches tall and about half as wide. They are especially dramatic in large groupings. Salvia viridis is excellent as a long-lasting cut or dried flower.

Scabiosa ‘Butterfly Blue' Scabiosa ‘Butterfly Blue'
(Pincushion flower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Scabiosa cultivar is a compact perennial with gray-green leaves and a long bloom period featuring pretty lavender-blue flowers that look like pincushions surrounded by frilly petals. It's nice when used as edging or in large groups in borders or rock gardens.

Schizachyrium scoparium Schizachyrium scoparium
(Little bluestem, Prairie beard grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Little bluestem is a tidy, finely textured clumping grass with a blue-green summer color. Its silvery seed heads rise to a height of nearly 2 feet in late summer and are at their best when backlit in the morning or afternoon sun. In fall, the grass turns a rosy rust color that lasts all winter.

Sedum 'Postman's Pride' Sedum 'Postman's Pride'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Postman's Pride' sedum is a wonderful dark-foliaged plant for sunny, dry locations. It has a semi-upright habit and produces masses of red to purple flowers from late summer through fall. The flowers attract honeybees and butterflies. Like other sedums, 'Postman's Pride' is useful in rock and xeriscape gardens because, once established, it thrives without irrigation except during severe droughts. Curious about the cultivar name? This plant was discovered by a Belgian postal carrier in his garden. -Ron Smith, Regional Picks: Upper Plains, Fine Gardening issue #120

Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’ Sedum ‘Autumn Joy’
(Stonecrop)
(13 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is as dependable and adaptable as they come. Its flowers bloom from August into November; they open pink and mature to a copper befitting of autumn. It is 2 feet tall and wide, with succulent stems and leaves. 'Autumn Joy' looks great with ornamental grasses.  

Sedum ‘Ruby Glow’ Sedum ‘Ruby Glow’
(Stonecrop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In summer to late summer, this low-growing Sedum has rosy-red flowers atop small, fleshy blue-green leaves with ruddy highlights. Plants grow 8-12 inches tall and 18 inches wide.

Sedum telephium 'Matrona' Sedum telephium 'Matrona'
(Stonecrop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice cultivar boasts domed clusters of starry, pale-pink flowers with dark-tipped stamens. The foliage is medium blue-green, overlaid by tints of burgundy and stormy gray. The rich red stems reach up to 3 feet tall.

Sesleria autumnalis Sesleria autumnalis
(Autumn moor grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cool-season grass begins the season with bright green blades. In late summer and early fall, it produces silvery inflorescences which complement its golden-hued autumn foliage and persist throughout the winter.

no image available Smyrnium perfoliatum
(Perfoliate Alexanders)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spring bloomer produces bright chartreuse floral domes atop bract-like, rounded leaves that are pierced by the flower's stem. This plant's form and color contrast well with spring bulbs. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Let it regenerate itself by self-sowing. It is a biennial or short-lived perennial that makes an excellent cut flower and produces worthy combinations with neighboring shades of maroons and blues. Grow it in large, mixed borders, naturalistic plantings, and open woodlands.

no image available Solidago caesia
(Goldenrod, Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early autumn, this species produces elegant, wand-shaped flowerheads atop wiry stems with blue-green, linear leaves. It is found in open woods and along woodland edges, and prefers some shade. It responds well to rich soil, but can tolerate dry soil also. 

Solidago cutleri 'Goldrush' Solidago cutleri 'Goldrush'
(Goldenrod, Alpine goldenrod, Cutler's alpine goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Goldrush' heralds the coming of fall with masses of tiny, yellow flowers for four weeks in August and September. Its compact size—about a foot tall—makes it a great candidate for a rock garden or border edge.

Solidago flexicaulis Solidago flexicaulis
(Goldenrod, Zigzag goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species is aptly named for its distinctive crooked stems that bend back and forth at 45° angles between nodes. It bears starry, medium-yellow flowers atop 1- to 3-foot tall stems. 

Solidago juncea Solidago juncea
(Goldenrod, Early goldenrod, Yellow top)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the first goldenrod to bloom, featuring bright yellow, plume-like panicles in midsummer. It has dark green leaves along reddish stems, which form a vase-shaped clump when mature. 

Solidago nemoralis Solidago nemoralis
(Goldenrod, Gray goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the smallest species of goldenrod, topping out at only 4 to 6 inches high in poor soils, and 2 feet high in fertile soils. It is considered a garden-worthy species, with gray-green leaves that form clumps and languid, one-sided yellow plumes. It is tolerant of both sandy and clay soils.

Solidago rigida Solidago rigida
(Goldenrod, Stiff goldenrod)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely goldenrod has velvety leaves that are gray-green in summer and dusky rose in autumn. It has broad, flattened clusters of rich yellow flowers, which create a striking display on stems 2 to 5 feet tall.

no image available Solidago rugosa
(Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has open, tree-shaped flower clusters that radiate out like a fountain. It has given rise to S. rugosa 'Fireworks'.  It can grow to 7 feet tall and blooms in mid- to late autumn.  

Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks' Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'
(Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod)
(30 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eye-catching cultivar has flower clusters that radiate out in all directions and resemble streaming yellow fireworks. Its form is truly unique and enchanting. It reliably provides end-of-season color in blazing shades of yellow. It grows to 5 feet tall and provides good structure in the garden all year.

no image available Solidago speciosa
(Goldenrod, Showy goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden-worthy species has dramatic, bright yellow flowers that are arranged into erect, pointed clusters. It has deep reddish stems that grow to 3 feet tall. It blooms in late summer and early autumn.

Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece' Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece'
(Goldenrod, Creeping goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding cultivar forms a neat, 1-foot tall groundcover. It has dense, branched panicles that splay upward and outward whimsically, resembling a mass of elegantly bunched bouquets. 

Spiranthes cernua 'Chadds Ford' Spiranthes cernua 'Chadds Ford'
(Ladies’ tresses)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous, terrestrial orchid has linear, acute leaves 2 to 10 inches long. At summer's end, it produces sweet, vanilla-scented, 1- to 3-foot spires of white flowers that last for weeks and hold up well as cut flowers.

Sporobolus heterolepsis Sporobolus heterolepsis
(Prairie dropseed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The finely textured, green leaves of this slow-growing, clump-forming perennial turn golden yellow in autumn. It bears cloudy panicles of fragrant, pale-pink to tawny flowers 5 to 10 inches long in late summer, reaching 3 feet tall.

no image available Stipa arundinacea
(New Zealand wind grass, Pheasant's tail grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen species makes a handsome specimen with narrow, arching foliage that is streaked orange in summer and becomes orange-brown in winter. Its fine, pendent flower inflorescences open purplish-green in midsummer and have a misty quality.

Stipa gigantea Stipa gigantea
(Giant feather grass, Golden oats)
(1 user review)

This semi-evergreen species makes a stately, stand-alone specimen with narrow, arching foliage and shimmering gold panicles that reach 8 feet tall. The flowers open in June as silvery-purple and mature to shades of wheat.

Stipa tenuissima Stipa tenuissima
(Mexican feather grass)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

No other grass exhibits quite the refinement of texture as this species. Its bright green foliage resembles delicate filaments that arise in elegant, vase-like clumps and spill outward like a soft fountain. All summer it bears a profusion of feathery panicles, which mature from foamy-green to blonde. It is native to the Americas.

Stokesia laevis ‘Peachie’s Pick’ Stokesia laevis ‘Peachie’s Pick’
(Stokes' aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant grows exuberantly and fills out within a season, yet reaches only 18 to 20 inches tall. It bears terminal, cornflower-like, 2- to 3-inch-wide blue flowers held on strong stems. Plants do not splay open in the middle or fall over like the species does.

Syringa 'Bailina' Syringa 'Bailina'
(Thumbelina lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From the Fairytail series of dwarf lilacs, this petite cultivar bears single, light pink flowers in mid- to late season. It has a rounded, compact habit, 6 feet high by 5 feet wide. It shows good resistance to powdery mildew.

no image available Syringa × chinensis
(Chinese lilac, Rouen lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant hybrid (S. persica × S. vulgaris) has slightly nodding, 6-inch-long clusters of lilac-purple flowers. It forms a spreading shrub, 15 feet tall and wide.

Syringa × chinensis 'Lilac Sunday' Syringa × chinensis 'Lilac Sunday'
(Chinese lilac, Rouen lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant hybrid (S. persica × S. vulgaris) produces slightly nodding light-purple flower clusters to 6 inches long in midseason. It forms a spreading shrub, 12 feet tall and wide, and shows good disease resistance.

Syringa × hyacinthiflora 'Mount Baker' Syringa × hyacinthiflora 'Mount Baker'
(Lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This early flowering hybrid produces fragrant, single white flowers. It forms a shrub 8 feet high by 10 feet wide, and exhibits autumn coloring. This hybrid and its offspring show some disease resistance.

Syringa × laciniata Syringa × laciniata
(Cut-leaf lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This graceful hybrid produces fragrant, pale lilac flower clusters up to 4 inches long in late spring. The difference this lilac offers is its airy, finely textured foliage. It forms a spreading shrub 6 feet to 8 feet tall and wide.

Syringa × prestoniae 'Miss Canada' Syringa × prestoniae 'Miss Canada'
(Preston lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy, late-flowering hybrid bears perfumed rose-pink buds opening to pink flowers. It forms a shrub 10 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa pubescens Syringa pubescens
(Lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has an untraditional, spicy fragrance, and it is one of the most strongly scented lilacs. In midseason, it bears single, white-throated, pale purple flowers that open to white. It forms a shrub 10 feet high by 10 feet wide.

Syringa pubescens ssp. microphylla 'Superba' Syringa pubescens ssp. microphylla 'Superba'
(Littleleaf lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant cultivar bears single rose-pink flowers in midseason, which often rebloom in late summer or autumn. It forms a shrub 6 feet high by 10 feet wide. 

no image available Syringa pubescens subsp. patula 'Miss Kim'
(Manchurian lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This strongly fragrant cultivar bears single light purple flowers in mid- to late season, and it exhibits maroon autumn foliage. It forms a compact shrub 8 feet high by 8 feet wide. 

Syringa vulgaris 'Henri Robert' Syringa vulgaris 'Henri Robert'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has double bluish-purple flowers that open from violet buds in midseason. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Krasavitsa Moskvy' Syringa vulgaris 'Krasavitsa Moskvy'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has double opalescent pink flower buds that open to white in midseason. The flowers are very fragrant. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose' Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unique cultivar bears slightly fragrant, creamy yellowish blossoms in midseason. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation' Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In midseason this unique cultivar bears slightly fragrant, single purple blossoms with distinct white margins. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Thalictrum aquilegiifolium Thalictrum aquilegiifolium
(Columbine meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The lacy leaves of this meadow rue look like a columbine's, hence the common and scientific names. But the leaves are actually gray-green and more delicate than its namesake. It bears clusters of long-lasting cottony flowers in shades of lilac, purple, or white in early summer. It is suitable for naturalizing in a meadow or woodland. These perennials grow to about 3 feet tall and half as wide.

no image available Thalictrum delavayi
(Yunnan meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From mid-summer to early autumn, this Thalictrum species has clusters of large, fluffy-looking flowers with lilac to white petals and pale yellow stamens atop wiry, purple-tinted stems and delicately textured foliage. Plants grow to 4 feet tall and half as wide.

no image available Thalictrum delavayi 'Hewitt's Double'
(Yunnan meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has some of the showiest flowers of the meadow rues. From mid-summer to early autumn, it bears tight, pompom-like clusters of lilac-mauve sepals atop wiry, purple tinted stems and delicately textured foliage. Plant toward the back of a border; it may require staking.

no image available Thalictrum flavum ssp. glaucum
(Yellow meadow rue, Dusty meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This classy specimen has beautifully textured, blue-gray foliage. Its summertime pale yellow flowers are petalless and fringed, occurring in clusters atop chalky bluish gray stems. Plant at the back of a border; it may require staking.

Thalictrum minus Thalictrum minus
(Meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial species is one of the most delicate of Thalictrums, with tiny foliage reminiscent of maidenhair ferns. It bears small, nodding, long-lasting flowers of a unique yellowish plum-brown. It grows to about 3 feet tall and wide.

Thalictrum rochebruneanum Thalictrum rochebruneanum
(Meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful specimen has tall, delicate stems punctuated by clusters of columbine-like, bluish gray leaves. In summer, it bears sprays of nodding lavender-pink or white flowers with pale yellow stamens that reach as high as 3 feet. Plants grow to 12 inches wide. Plant at the back of a border; it may require staking.

Thalictrum rochebruneanum 'Lavender Mist' Thalictrum rochebruneanum 'Lavender Mist'
(Meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hauntingly beautiful specimen has blue-green foliage along matte, purple-green, willowy stems. At 5 or more feet in height, it has a dramatic yet delicate garden presence. Its sprays of nodding lilac flowers have pale yellow stamens. Plant at the back of a border; it may require staking.

Thymophylla tenuiloba Thymophylla tenuiloba
(Dahlberg daisy, Golden fleece, Shooting star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant annual is covered with delicate, daisy-like yellow blossoms in July and August. It is best grown as a groundcover, between paving stones, or in a rock garden. It has needle-like, almost ferny leaves and grows to 1 foot tall and wide.

Tithonia rotundifolia 'Torch' Tithonia rotundifolia 'Torch'
(Mexican sunflower)
(1 user review)

'Torch' is a quick-growing annual that produces vivid red or orange-red dahlia-like flowers from mid-summer on. Its leaves are somewhat attractive, being dark green and lobed. Plants can reach up to 6 feet tall and 2 feet wide in just a few months. 

Trachelium caeruleum Trachelium caeruleum
(Blue throatwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species bears dome-shaped flower heads several inches across that are crowded with tiny, tubular amethyst or white flowers that look somewhat like the blooms of an allium. It has lance-shaped, toothed leaves in hues of cordovan purple or deep green brushed with plum highlights. It blooms over a long season. Though it is a perennial, blue throatwort performs wonderfully as an annual and blooms summer to fall. Plants grow to about 3 feet tall and wide.

no image available Tropaeolum majus 'Alaska Mix'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 10-12 inches tall. In summer and early fall, it bears deep red and orange blossoms, which are offset by rounded leaves with white variegation. The leaves and flowers are edible. 

Tropaeolum majus 'Dwarf Cherry Rose' Tropaeolum majus 'Dwarf Cherry Rose'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 12 inches tall and about as wide. In summer and fall, it bears cherry-red flowers. These annuals are native to South America. They are suitable for garden edges, herb gardens, covering banks, hanging baskets, and other containers.

Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India' Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar has a mounding habit and grows to a foot tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears double, deep scarlet flowers. The rounded leaves and five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Jewel of Africa' Tropaeolum majus 'Jewel of Africa'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
(2 user reviews)

This climbing, old-fashioned cultivar grows to 8 feet tall. In summer and fall, it bears flowers of maroon, yellow, cream, and orange, and in-between shades of peach, apricot, salmon, and scarlet. The leaves are marbled with white variegation. The leaves and flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Mahogany Jewel' Tropaeolum majus 'Mahogany Jewel'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 12-18 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears mahogany red, single to semi-double flowers. The rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Milk Maid' Tropaeolum majus 'Milk Maid'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows to 12 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears pale yellow blossoms. The rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

no image available Tropaeolum majus 'Peach Melba'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 9-12 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall it bears creamy-yellow blossoms with orange blotches. The rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Strawberries and Cream' Tropaeolum majus 'Strawberries and Cream'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows to 12 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears creamy-yellow blossoms with red blotches. Both the rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Vanilla Berry' Tropaeolum majus 'Vanilla Berry'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This cultivar of the old-fashioned species has a mounding habit and grows to 12 inches tall. It bears cream blossoms with strawberry blotches. 

Tropaeolum majus 'Vesuvius' Tropaeolum majus 'Vesuvius'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar has a mounded habit and grows to 12 inches tall and about as wide. In summer and fall, it bears blossoms of tangerine to deep salmon. Both the rounded leaves and spurred flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Whirlybird Mix' Tropaeolum majus 'Whirlybird Mix'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
(1 user review)

This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows up to 18 inches tall and a foot wide. From summer to frost, it bears blossoms in shades of yellow, red, and orange which are held clear above the foliage.

no image available Tropaeolum speciosum
(Flame nasturtium, Scottish flame flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender perennial climber has edible, hand-shaped leaves and crimson red flowers in summer and fall which are uniquely textured. Their softly squared petals are held apart from each other at the flower's mouth and the rear tapers to long spurs. The blooms yield blue fruits. Flame nasturtium climbs up to 10 feet.

Tulipa 'Carnaval de Nice' Tulipa 'Carnaval de Nice'
(Tulip)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

For later-blooming flowers with ornamental foliage, try Tulipa 'Carnaval de Nice'. It has grayish green foliage finely outlined in white and fragrant white-and-burgundy-feathered blooms. Its flower patterns and height are variable (ranging from 16 to 20 inches tall) but always eye-catching.

Tulipa 'Charmeur' Tulipa 'Charmeur'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa ‘Charmeur’ features leaves with curled yellow edges and 18-inch-tall white-rimmed dark rosy blooms. The color combination may be a bit garish for some, but it will certainly brighten up container plantings in a drab doorway.

no image available Tulipa 'Esperanto'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa 'Esperanto' has white-bordered leaves, but it is unique with its long-lasting deep rose red and dark green streaked flowers, which stand 10 to 12 inches tall.

Tulipa 'Garant' Tulipa 'Garant'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa 'Garant' has striking yellow-framed leaves that are even more prominent when its 16- to 18-inch-tall sunny yellow flowers appear in midspring. Uniformity of color makes this an elegant, charismatic tulip in beds and borders.

Tulipa 'New Design' Tulipa 'New Design'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa ‘New Design’ (1974) has pink-bordered leaves and silvery pink, 14- to 20-inch-tall blooms flushed yellow with pale fuchsia tips. This bulb is easygoing and long-lived.

Tulipa 'Silverstream' Tulipa 'Silverstream'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Reaching 20 to 24 inches tall, Tulipa 'Silverstream' has chartreuse and yellow flowers suffused with red-and-rose markings that create a watercolor effect. The foliage has distinct cream-colored edging. Grouping these in a garden with a pastel palette would have driven Monet viridian with envy.

no image available Tulipa batalinii 'Bright Gem'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This named variety of the species has soft sulfur-yellow flowers up to 3 inches across. The spring blossoms sit 4-6 inches high, surrounded by wavy-edged, gray-green foliage that reaches 8-10 inches tall. Species tulips prefer sharp drainage and plenty of room to grow. Most do well in rock gardens, small displays, and containers.

Tulipa greigii 'Calypso' Tulipa greigii 'Calypso'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 12-inch-tall Tulipa 'Calypso' (1992) is known for being reliably perennial. It has decorative stippled leaves and large orange-red flowers rimmed with primrose and a black base.

Tulipa greigii 'Oratorio' Tulipa greigii 'Oratorio'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Known for being reliably perennial, Tulipa ‘Oratorio’ (introduced in 1952) blooms in midspring and has splayed, flashy maroon-mottled leaves. It is a standout in the garden from the moment the exquisite heavily striped leaves emerge. Its dazzling 14- to 16-inch-tall coral pink flowers are an added bonus.

Tulipa greigii 'Red Riding Hood' Tulipa greigii 'Red Riding Hood'
(Tulip)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa 'Red Riding Hood' (introduced in 1953) is a true beauty, with flowers that are scarlet red inside, carmine outside, and black at the base. They float above richly striped foliage on 10- to 12-inch tall stems.

Tulipa praestans 'Unicum' Tulipa praestans 'Unicum'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bunch tulip has multiple orange-red flowers that bloom in spring above green leaves edged in creamy white. A species tulip, it is more likely to bloom in subsequent years. It reaches less than a foot tall and is stunning planted en masse.

Verbena bonariensis Verbena bonariensis
(Tall Verbena)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding annual or perennial deserves its popularity. It makes an architectural statement with slender, willowy stems that stand up to 6 feet tall and do not need staking. It then branches out widely near the top where rich lilac-purple flower clusters stand alone, as if they are floating. This Verbena makes a great see-through plant.

Veronica longifolia 'Sunny Border Blue' Veronica longifolia 'Sunny Border Blue'
(Speedwell)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fine Veronica was the Perennial Plant of the Year in 1993. From early summer to frost this upright cultivar forms branched spikes (to 7 inches long) of dark violet-blue flowers. It has glossy and crinkled dark green leaves, and grows to less than 2 feet tall. It is a fine choice for adding long-season color to a mixed border.

Zephyranthes reginae Zephyranthes reginae
(Rain lily, Rainflower, Valles yellow rain lily, Zephyr lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These Mexican native bulbs actually offer demanding gardeners flowers on demand. They produce strappy foliage to 12 inches tall and clusters of buttery-yellow, starry, crocus-like blossoms two to three days after every rain in summer and early autumn. Or, if it doesn't rain, simply water and fertilize three days prior to your intended display, and the moisture will prompt the flowers to appear, hence the common name, rainflower. These bulbs are widely adaptable to diverse soil conditions, and may be grown in full sun to partial shade, but they prefer some shade.

Zinnia elegans Zinnia elegans
(Zinnia)
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This upright, 30-inch-tall, bushy annual cloaks itself all summer in purple blossoms up to 2 inches across. But more important, it is the forebear of scores of varieties that can be found in almost any place you can buy seeds. There's the Whirligig Series, the California Giants, the Profusion Series, the State Fair Series—the list goes on and on.

no image available Zinnia elegans 'Dreamland Series'
(Bedding zinnia)
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This annual series is comprised of dwarf, compact plants, 10 to 12 inches tall and half as wide. They bloom all summer with fully double blossoms, to 4 inches wide, in apricot, ivory, red, yellow, pink, and many shades in between.

Zinnia grandiflora Zinnia grandiflora
(Prairie zinnia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native perennial wildflower of the American Southwest bears a profusion of bright yellow to golden yellow flowers atop 4-inch high plants that spread to 15 inches wide. They bloom from late summer into fall. 

Zizia aurea Zizia aurea
(Golden Alexander, Golden zizia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely native of the eastern U.S. offers delicate, lemon-yellow broccoli-like flowers in late spring to early summer. Flowers last for weeks. Plants grow to about 2 feet tall and half as wide.


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