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Browse Plants

Narrowed By:Uses: Container, Roadside
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no image available Acalypha wilkesiana
(Copperleaf, Jacob's coat)
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This spreading shrub is grown for its multi-colored, toothed, oval leaves. Use it as a houseplant or as an annual or container plant outdoors where it is not hardy. Flowers are small, green or pinkish, and generally not noteworthy. 

Acanthus mollis 'Tasmanian Angel' Acanthus mollis 'Tasmanian Angel'
(Bear's breeches)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With their white margins and mottling, the jagged leaves of 'Tasmanian Angel' are a real showshopper, and in late summer, 3-foot-tall, pink-and-cream flower stalks heighten the effect. The variegation may be less pronounced as the leaves age, but the plant still draws the eye. Use it as a multiseason container specimen or as a bedding plant. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #119

Acer palmatum 'Amber Ghost' Acer palmatum 'Amber Ghost'
('Amber Ghost' Japanese maple)
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'Amber Ghost' offers unique color in the maples. In spring, it is first bright pink, changing to a melon, pink-orange color. In summer it is a warm soft amber with a distinct green vein. Fall brings bright red and orange. 'Amber Ghost' is a wide, upright tree, excellent for either container or landscape if you want a series of stunning colors to bring into the garden.

Acer palmatum 'Oshu Shidare' Acer palmatum 'Oshu Shidare'
('Oshu Shidare' Japanese maple) Be the first to rate this plant
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Japanese maple has long-lobed, deeply divided leaves that are cherry red in the spring, a perfect contrast to the pea green bark. In summer the foliage changes slowly from red to green and back to red in fall. The habit is wide spreading with pendulous branches providing movement in the least of wind. Though slow to mature, it is an easy tree to grow and a striking beauty.

Acer palmatum 'Olson’s Frosted Strawberry' Acer palmatum 'Olson’s Frosted Strawberry'
('Olson’s Frosted Strawberry' Japanese maple)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The foliage is bright strawberry red at first emergence, and slowly pink suffuses each leaf along the vein as the spring progresses. Graceful deeply divided leaves with serrated edges gently curve at the tips. In its mature form, this tree will most likely have wide spreading with cascading branches (Because this is a new cultivar and Japanese maples can be very slow growing, accurate information about this tree’s maturity can be difficult to come by) . This cultivar is a seedling from ‘Aka shigitatsu sawa’.

Acer palmatum var. dissectum Acer palmatum var. dissectum
(Japanese maple, Threadleaf Japanese maple)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This round, mound-forming, deciduous Japanese maple has many qualities that make it an excellent garden plant, including a sculptural form, deeply cut foliage, arching shoots, and golden autumn color. The reddish purple flowers are tiny but attractive up close. They are followed by winged fruit. Threadleaf Japanese maple makes a beautiful specimen in small gardens and can be grown in large containers or used for bonsai.

Acer platanoides and cvs. Acer platanoides and cvs.
(Norway maple)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous maple has large, broadly ovate, dark green leaves that turn yellow or red in autumn. It is invasive in some areas.

Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’ Acer rubrum ‘Red Sunset’
(Red maple, Scarlet maple)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a rounded to open-crown deciduous tree up to 70 feet tall and 30 feet wide with early, brilliant red fall coloring.

Acer shirasawanum 'Munn 001' Acer shirasawanum 'Munn 001'
(Moonrise™ full moon maple)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tree offers many reasons to get excited:bright red spring foliage, wonderful chartreuse summer color, a vigorous growth habit, and an increased sun tolerance.  It has a big, beautiful open form, similar to Aureum.

Achillea 'Moonshine' Achillea 'Moonshine'
(Yarrow)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This popular gray-leaved yarrow has 18-inch-tall yellow flower heads that last for several weeks in late summer.

Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta' Achillea millefolium 'Terracotta'
(Yarrow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Flat-topped corymbs of small, daisy-like flowers in colors of salmon-peach to yellow-orange are borne simultaneously on one plant up to 2 feet tall and wide. Flowers are complemented by silvery-green, finely-textured foliage.

no image available Acidanthera bicolor var. murielae
(Abyssinian gladiolus, Sword lily)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each flowering stem of this bulb produces eight to twelve flowers that open consecutively over a period of three to four weeks. The flowers are fragrant, white, and starry, and have a conspicuous red/maroon center. Its linear, sword-shaped, 2- to 3-foot-tall leaves resemble those of Gladiolus, but are more slender and graceful.

Adiantum venustum Adiantum venustum
(Himalayan maidenhair fern)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Elegant, lacy foliage on black stems makes this maidenhair fern a standout, even among others in the genus. In addition, when new fronds emerge in late winter or early spring, they are bright bronze-pink. Only about a foot high, Himalayan maidenhair ferns can spread by creeping rhizomes to form a sizeable colony. They also make eye-catching indoor plants and pair well with orchids.

no image available Aesculus pavia
(Red buckeye)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This conical shrub to small tree has palmate leaves and bears red (sometimes yellow-marked) flowers in 6-inch panicles in summer, followed by smooth-skinned fruit. The flowers attract hummingbirds.

Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’ Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Agastache ‘Summer Breeze’ produces hundreds of 1.5-inch-long translucent, tubular blossoms. The flowers are painted in luscious sunset shades and appear from late spring to frost. In hot weather, peach, champagne, and soft pink are its colors, while in cooler months the flowers darken to pale copper and medium rose. It forms an open, airy, 2- to 3-foot-tall clump, and the upper third of each stem bears a long succession of hummingbird-attracting blooms.

Agastache aurantiaca 'Just Peachy' Agastache aurantiaca 'Just Peachy'
('Just Peachy' hummingbird mint, 'Just Peachy' hyssop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A cultivar discovered at High Country Gardens in Santa Fe, New Mexico, this aromatic, water-wise perennial grows to 30 inches tall and 18 inches wide and features fine, mint-scented, gray-green leaves and spikes of tubular flowers in shades of  soft pink and peach from summer to early fall. The plant is hugely attractive to hummingbirds, hence its common name. It is resistant to heat and drought, and can be used in both mixed borders and containers.

Agastache cana Agastache cana
(Texas hummingbird mint, Mosquito plant, Wild hyssop)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a 36-inch-tall hyssop with showy rose-pink flower spikes in late summer and fall and licorice-mint scented foliage. It is native to New Mexico and western Texas and attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Grow in a border, herb garden, rock garden, or butterfly garden. Rubbing the foliage on skin reportedly repels mosquitoes.

Agastache foeniculum 'Golden Jubilee' Agastache foeniculum 'Golden Jubilee'
(Anise hyssop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Anise hyssop has subtle but eye-catching chartreuse foliage. Its powder-blue, long-lasting flowers contrast nicely with its leaves.

Agastache rupestris Agastache rupestris
(Sunset hyssop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

True to its name, sunset hyssop encapsulates a Western sunset in its flowers: bronze with hints of orange and yellow, and streaks of magenta and pink along the margins. More and more flowers emerge as summer progresses. The plant blooms heavily in August, and continues into autumn.

Agave 'Sharkskin' Agave 'Sharkskin'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Thick, succulent grayish green leaves tipped with spines make this 3-foot-tall and wide agave a striking addition to a xeric bed or desert garden. Although its color is muted, its architectural form can't be overlooked.

Agave americana Agave americana
(American aloe, Century plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has a rosette of broad sword-like, succulent, gray-green leaves. It provides a statuesque presence for sunny dry sites and under glass. It's also a classic plant for urns, thanks to the architectural splendor of its simple form.

Agave parryi Agave parryi
(Mescal)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has a dense rosette of fleshy blue-gray leaves and produces tall, cream-colored flowers tinged with red or pink in summer.

Ageratum houstonianum Ageratum houstonianum
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There are many cultivars available of this fast-growing annual. They are best used as bedding, edging, or container plants. Panicles of blue, pink, purple, or white flowerheads arise from oval, downy leaves in midsummer and continue until frost. They have a soft, fuzzy appearance and attract butterflies.

Ageratum houstonianum 'Blue Danube' Ageratum houstonianum 'Blue Danube'
('Blue Danube' ageratum, 'Blue Danube' floss flower)
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This early, compact bloomer grows to only about 6 or 7 inches tall. With its icy blue-purple flowers, it works well when planted tightly along the foreground of a bed. Its color blends easily with most other hues and textures. -Julia Jones, Designing with annueals, Fine Gardening issue #120

no image available Ajania pacifica 'Yellow Splash'
(Pacific chrysanthemum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-mounding perennial has lobed, silver-edged foliage and small yellow flowerheads in autumn.

Ajuga reptans 'Black Scallop' Ajuga reptans 'Black Scallop'
('Black Scallop' bugleweed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Black foliage and spiky blue flowers (which appear in early summer) make a dramatic contrast. 'Black Scallop' thrives in full sun, which intensifies the black color. In full sun, the plant produces numerous runners, which should be thinned to prevent crown rot. In large plantings, you can run a rotary mower with a bagger attachment over the patch to control crowding and keep the foliage fresh. In mixed container plantings, the spilling habit of the plant makes it a standout choice. -Ron Smith, Regional Picks: Upper Plains, Fine Gardening issue #120

Alcea rosea Alcea rosea
(Hollyhock)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tall, upright perennial has single flowers of various colors that grow along a spike. It blooms in early summer and midsummer.

Alcea rosea annua 'Spring Celebrities Purple' Alcea rosea annua 'Spring Celebrities Purple'
(Dwarf Purple Hollyhock)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hollyhock is a multi-use plant that can be grown as a cut flower, used in large containers, or planted in the landscape. These big semi- to fully-double blooms reach 3 inches wide. Considered a first-year blooming biennial or short-lived perennial.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.
 

Alocasia 'Portodora' Alocasia 'Portodora'
('Portodora' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Portodora’ produces big, ribbed, upward-pointing leaves that look like lettuce-edged fans. This plant adds instant drama.

Alocasia micholitziana 'Frydek' Alocasia micholitziana 'Frydek'
(Elephant's ear)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Satiny deep green to black leaves and glowing white veins on 18-inch-long leaves make this elephant's ear great in containers, in a shady border, at the edge of a pond, or as a houseplant. It also has pale stalks with purplish banding. 'Frydek' is very tolerant of a range of soil pH, heat, humidity, and heavy soil. It can even take about a half day of sunlight.

Aloe cameronii Aloe cameronii
(Red aloe)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Aloe is best known as a medicinal plant (Aloe vera, Zones 10-11), but there are many beautiful aloes as well. Most have amazing winter flowers, and some, have interesting foliage color. Red aloe  has color that varies from green to a deep, red wine hue, depending on sun and water. and, over time, will form beautiful red-purple mounds with orange flowers. It is easily propagated from cuttings. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Aloe polyphylla Aloe polyphylla
(Spiral aloe)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The spine-tipped leaves of this aloe grow in a beautiful spiral; mature plants have five rows of leaves growing either clockwise or counterclockwise. It is very hardy, but will rarely flower. A native of Lesotho, Africa, it is extremely endangered due to overcollecting.

Alstroemeria 'Casablanca' Alstroemeria 'Casablanca'
(Peruvian lily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Casablanca' Peruvian lily is the closest to white that this genus has gotten as of yet. Inside its amaryllis-shaped white flowers, reddish dashes on a yellow wash and a pale pink throat add interest. 'Casablanca' is also taller than most other Alstroemerias. They make great cut flowers and are frequently used by florists; they also add a tropical feel to beds and borders. Roots are very brittle and care should be taken when planting.

Alternanthera dentata 'Purple Knight' Alternanthera dentata 'Purple Knight'
(Calico plant, Joy weed)
(1 user review)

This dark-leaved, tropical foliage plant loves heat, and is useful spreading through a bed, border, or in a container where its deep purple leaves can contrast with brightly colored flowers or foliage. Alternanthera are native to tropical and sub-tropical areas of Central and South America. Their flowers are generally an afterthought. This plant works well for edging, as an annual groundcover, or in a formal knot garden.

Alternanthera ficoidea 'Red Threads' Alternanthera ficoidea 'Red Threads'
(Joseph's coat, Parrot leaf)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A. ficoidea ‘Red Threads’ is a slender-leaved perennial selection that doesn't wander, forming a textured carpet in shades of deep burgundy. A single plant makes a mound about 8 inches tall and 14 inches wide. It blooms on and off all year, but you may never notice. The small, pale flower buttons are held in the leaf axils, where they are nearly indistinguishable from the foliage unless you're paying close attention. Use 'Red Threads' at the base of taller plants in the border to provide vibrant color echoes or contrasts. Grow as a warm-season annual in cooler climates, mass the plants in beds, or use in a formal knot garden as the Victorians did.

Alternanthera ficoidea 'Yellow Form' Alternanthera ficoidea 'Yellow Form'
(Joseph's coat, Parrot leaf)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Yellow Form' Alternanthera is an easy-to-grow, tropical plant with a fast-spreading habit and pointed, chartreuse-yellow leaves. It forms a mat of color from spring's frost-free date to fall's first frost. Like others of this genus, it makes a great edging, bedding, or container plant. In formal landscapes, it can be used in a knot garden. It looks great with dark-leaved plants.

Amaranthus tricolor and cvs. Amaranthus tricolor and cvs.
(Chinese spinach, Tampala, Joseph's coat)
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This hardy annual has vibrant, ornamental red, yellow, and green foliage that lends a tropical effect to the garden. Small flowers, borne from summer to early autumn, are inconspicuous in comparison to the effect of the foliage. Cultivars feature yellow and maroon-shaded leaves, but the species still offers the showiest foliage.

Anagallis monellii Anagallis monellii
(Blue pimpernel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In summer, this colorful groundcover makes a 9-inch mound of saucer-shaped, deep blue flowers on long stalks.

Andropogon zizanioides Andropogon zizanioides
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful ornamental grass has upright, glossy green foliage and interesting, animated leaf tips that resemble party favors. Evergreen to 25°F, these plants gain reddish purple hues in the fall and winter. This plant is extremely adaptable—it thrives in desert and damp conditions, it is used for erosion control, and it works well in containers or as a screen. It looks especially beautiful when backlit by the sun.

Angelonia angustifolia Angelonia angustifolia
(Angelonia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Upright, low perennial with deep mauve to violet two-lipped flowers blooming all summer. Angelonia are superlative container plants, and can also be grown as bedding annuals.

Anthericum saundersiae Anthericum saundersiae
(Grass lily, Weeping anthericum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant's foot-tall clumps produce white lily-like flowers on thin, arching stems. It blooms from late spring into fall; blooms are followed by attractive brown capsular fruits. Its foliage is narrow, linear, and dark-green.

Anthriscus sylvestris 'Ravenswing' Anthriscus sylvestris 'Ravenswing'
(Ravenswing)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the bronze-purple form of the common Queen Anne's lace. It produces beautiful, highly fringed, lacy foliage in a dusky purple.

Antirrhinum majus Antirrhinum majus
(Snapdragons)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces upright racemes of two-lipped flowers with spreading, rounded lobes in a vast arrray of warm colors. It flowers profusely summer through autumn.

no image available Aralia racemosa
(Spikenard)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a vigorous grower. Its beautiful dark fruits, which arrive after the flowers, bring an abundance of birds.

Aronia arbutifolia Aronia arbutifolia
(Red chokeberry)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Fragrant white flowers in spring, red fall foliage, and persistent berries for winter interest make Aronia a valuable plant in all seasons.

Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima' Aronia arbutifolia 'Brilliantissima'
(Red chokeberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an erect shrub with lustrous dark green leaves that turn scarlet in autumn. It produces numerous white flowers tinged with pink, and abundant showy red berries that persist into winter (birds dislike the taste).

Artemisia schmidtiana Artemisia schmidtiana
(Silvermound)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces a 12-inch-high, symmetrical mound of silver-green, silky-hairy leaves. They make this plant a nice counterpoint to very colorful plants.

Asarum shuttleworthii Asarum shuttleworthii
(Evergreen wild ginger)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This wild ginger is an evergreen groundcover with heart-shaped, shiny leaves that are often marbled. Its interesting brown-purple flowers hide beneath the foliage.

Aspidistra elatior Aspidistra elatior
(Cast-iron plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an ovate, glossy-leaved plant usually grown as a houseplant. In early summer, it produces fleshy, bell-shaped, cream colored flowers with maroon interiors.

Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies' Aster oblongifolius 'October Skies'
(October skies aster)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'October Skies' is a dwarf aster that is low to the ground and mounding. It flowers in the fall when most other plants have finished for the season, covering itself with hundreds of dark sky-blue flowers.

Astilboides tabularis Astilboides tabularis
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unique species bears large, rounded leaves that resemble lily pads and seem to defy gravity.

Athyrium niponicum var. pictum 'Burgundy Lace' Athyrium niponicum var. pictum 'Burgundy Lace'
('Burgundy Lace' Japanese painted fern)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Burgundy Lace' is a real showstopper in shady borders and containers, with its silvery purple-bronze fronds. The low-growing clumps are a good choice for edging pathways, and the plant looks terrific when planted in groups. 'Burgundy Lace' grows best in humus-rich, moist soil but will also adapt to conditions that are less than ideal. -Chris Kelley, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Aucuba japonica 'Variegata' Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
(Gold-dust plant)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The dense, glossy foliage of this evergreen plant is splattered with yellow. Gold-dust plant can be planted near nearby tree roots, and it responds well to pruning. Combine it with yellow-blooming or variegated plants for appealing color harmonies. -Debra Lee Baldwin, Regional Picks: Southern California, Fine Gardening issue #127

Aucuba japonica Aucuba japonica
(Japanese laurel)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Aucuba are grown for their bold foliage, autumn fruit, and adaptability to shade, dry soil, pollution, and coastal conditions. A. japonica is a rounded, evergreen shrub with small, reddish purple flowers in spring, and red berries (on female plants) in fall. It grows to about 10 feet tall and wide. 'Crotonifolia' has leaves that look like they were speckled with yellow paint. 'Gold Dust' is female with heavy yellow speckling. 'Mr. Goldstrike' is male, more upright, and has gold-splashed leaves. Use as a hedge or specimen, in a container outdoors, or as an imposing houseplant.

Begonia 'Cowardly Lion' Begonia 'Cowardly Lion'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Unlike many other shade garden plants with their cool blue colors, 'Cowardly Lion' rex begonia offers rich warm tones. Chocolate-colored leaf veins veil the golden leaves, which become darker with age and make a fine counterpoint to yellow-based foliage plants. -Rita Randolph, Rex begonias, Fine Gardening issue #120

Begonia 'Escargot' Begonia 'Escargot'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Escargot' takes its name from the snail-like curl pattern at the base of the leaf. The foliage is striking enough to stand on its own but it's a good mixer, too. Use it with other foliage plants and brightly colored blooms. This is an extremely popular Rex hybrid begonia. -Rita Randolph, Rex begonias, Fine Gardening issue #120

Begonia 'Fireworks' Begonia 'Fireworks'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Like other Rex begonias, 'Fireworks' is noteworthy for the coloration of its foliage. Its silvery leaves are edged in purple and have a black burst of fireworks in the center. Use it in a container or shady garden, or grow it as a houseplant. -Rita Randolph, Rex begonias, Fine Gardening issue #120

Begonia 'Green Gold' Begonia 'Green Gold'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The leaves of 'Green Gold' are predominantly silver with deep green veining. New leaves are edged in burgundy. The silver color brightens up shady areas.  'Green Gold' grows vigorously and harmonizes well with other shade plants. -Rita Randolph, Rex begonias, Fine Gardening issue #120

Begonia 'Marmaduke' Begonia 'Marmaduke'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Marmaduke' Rex begonia sports chocolate-colored speckles across golden leaves. The earth tones of 'Marmaduke' go well with solid-colored foliage plants and yellow or rusty-hued blooms. -Rita Randolph, Rex begonias, Fine Gardening issue #120

Begonia 'River Nile' Begonia 'River Nile'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Unlike other Rex begonias, 'River Nile' isn't flashy. Its charm comes from the leaves, which are green and ruffled, with a deep bronze edging. -Rita Randolph, Rex begonias, Fine Gardening issue #120

Begonia 'Stained Glass' Begonia 'Stained Glass'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Stained Glass' is simply stunning. Ruby red leaves are rimmed in pewter with dark veining at the center and a rosy underside. This Rex begonia goes well with pink plants or flowers. -Rita Randolph, Rex begonias, Fine Gardening issue #120

Begonia grandis ssp. evansiana Begonia grandis ssp. evansiana
(Hardy begonia)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tuberous begonia bears green heart-shaped foliage with red veining and claret-stained undersides that steal the show when backlit. Pendent clusters of slightly fragrant, satiny pink or white blossoms open from midsummer until frost. It makes a good perennial companion for ferns and hostas.

Bellis perennis Bellis perennis
(English daisy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

English daisy bears stems topped with a single white, daisy-like flower. The flowers are tinged maroon and yellow; but cultivars are available with single, semi-double, or double button flowers in shades of white, pink, salmon, and ruby. The plant's smooth, spoon-shaped leaves form neat rosettes. This carpeting perennial is often grown as a biennial. Its many cultivars are used for bedding out or container displays.

Beta vulgaris 'Bull's Blood' Beta vulgaris 'Bull's Blood'
(Beet)
(1 user review)

This heirloom beet from 1840 is primarily grown for its tender, sweet, deep red-burgundy foliage, but the beets are tasty when harvested at the 2- to 3-inch size. The glossy leaves reach 18 inches high. Though it is edible, it is often grown as an ornamental, and its dark leaves contrast nicely with many garden plants.

Beta vulgaris 'Ruby Red' Beta vulgaris 'Ruby Red'
(Swiss chard)
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This is a sweet Swiss chard with beautiful candy-apple-red stalks and dark green, crinkly leaves with touches of red. Both the leaves and the stalks are very ornamental and 'Ruby Red' is great in a vegetable or cottage garden, or in an ornamental bed or border. It is especially attractive when grown with plants whose colors call attention to the red coloring. Although related to beets, the root is inedible, but the leafy greens are valued for their mild flavor and high nutritional value.

Brachycome 'Blue Zephyr' Brachycome 'Blue Zephyr'
(Swan River daisy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Swan River daisy's lacy foliage and small but profuse blue-purple flowers have a long season of impact in the garden. Its compact, bushy shape, pretty fragrant flowers, and gray-green leaves make it attractive from planting time through frost. It flowers so heavily that the foliage is often obscured. 'Blue Zephyr' has especially fine foliage and only reaches about a foot high. It is excellent in hanging baskets, window boxes, or other containers, or at the front of a bed or border.

Brassica oleracea Brassica oleracea
(Ornamental cabbage, Ornamental kale)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rosettes of cabbage foliage are grown as annuals for fall and winter interest. Color intensifies in cooler temperatures (below 50°F). Good for bedding and containers.

Breynia disticha 'Roseo-picta' Breynia disticha 'Roseo-picta'
(Snow bush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The white- and pink-mottled leaves of 'Roseo-picta' make it appear as if the plant has been snowed upon, even though it is a tropical plant. It is an evergreen shrub growing to 3 feet or more with pink and red stems in zigzagged formation. Native to Pacific islands, it is grown as an indoor plant or perennial, or as an annual in cooler climates. The tiny flowers go generally unnoticed. Do not allow the soil to dry out, as leaf drop will occur.

Brugmansia 'Charles Grimaldi' Brugmansia 'Charles Grimaldi'
(Gold angels' trumpets)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Foot-long blossoms are nocturnally fragrant, and pour out from narrow calyces of light yellow, to terminate in fluted, reflexed openings the hues of golden summer squash.

Brugmansia suaveolens Brugmansia suaveolens
(Angels' trumpet)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Few plants evoke tropicalia quite like the Brugmansias, with their voluminous tubular flowers that drip from imposing shrubs or small trees. They look fantastic in containers or plunged into a border, and the dramatic display persists from late spring until autumn. In cooler climates, they may be brought under glass or cut back and held dormant in a cool basement.  All parts are highly toxic if ingested.

Brugmansia suaveolens 'Pink Delight' Brugmansia suaveolens 'Pink Delight'
(Angels' trumpet)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Foot-long, rich pink blossoms are nocturnally fragrant and pour out from narrow calyces to terminate in wide, flared openings.

Brunnera macrophylla 'Looking Glass' Brunnera macrophylla 'Looking Glass'
(Siberian bugloss)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This brunnera cultivar has a silvery, heart-shaped leaves that are mostly everygreen. Delicate blue flowers emerge in spring. Drought tolerant once established, ‘Looking Glass’ brunnera requires little watering and is fairly resistant to pests. This cultivar grows to a little more than a foot tall and almost as wide. Use it in a woodland or shade garden, in a container, or at waterside. -Sylvia Matlock, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Buxus sempervirens 'Green Mountain' Buxus sempervirens 'Green Mountain'
(Boxwood)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, oval, dark green boxwood grows to about 3 feet high and wide. It flowers in spring, but it is grown for its handsome foliage. Use as hedging or topiary, or in a border.

Caladium bicolor 'Freida Hemple' Caladium bicolor 'Freida Hemple'
(Angel wings, Elephant's ears, Heart of Jesus, Mother-in-law plant)
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C. bicolor is a tuberous-rooted perennial of garden origin often grown in containers, as annuals, and as indoor plants. The large, heart-shaped leaves of 'Freida Hemple' caladium are edged in bright green and have bold red centers. Caladiums are excellent choices to add color, texture, and form to shady areas.

Caladium bicolor 'White Queen' Caladium bicolor 'White Queen'
(Angel wings, Elephant's ears, Heart of Jesus, Mother-in-law plant)
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A tuberous-rooted perennial most often grown as an annual or a houseplant, 'White Queen' has large frosted-looking white leaves that have green margins and bright red veins that "bleed". A great plant for full shade, it can also be grown in sun if provided with consistently moist soil. Greenish-white flower spathes appear in spring and are followed by white berries, but the foliage is the main show. Its arrow-shaped leaves light up a dark spot and work well as bedding or in containers. It can also be grown as a houseplant and tubers can be overwintered indoors.

Calamagrostis × acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' Calamagrostis × acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'
(Karl Foerster's Feather Reed Grass)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Versatile, attractive and care-free ornamental grass with wheat-like appearance. Slender, upright, deep-green, lustrous foliage becomes effective by early spring and lasts all the way until winter. A cool season grass, 'Karl Foester' is upright and clump forming, with purplish-green, feathery plumes to 6'. It distinctively blooms in early summer rather than fall and must have winter chill to bloom. Long lived -- 25 years or more. -Santa Rosa Gardens

Calamintha grandiflora 'Variegata' Calamintha grandiflora 'Variegata'
(Calamint)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A well-behaved perennial from the mint family (Lamiaceae), variegated calamint has pale-green, oval leaves with strong white marbling. It sends up a wealth of clear-pink tubular flowers that muster an army of bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds from mid- to late summer. It’s eye-catching both in and out of bloom and has a wonderful minty fragrance all season long.

Calendula officinalis Calendula officinalis
(Pot marigold)
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Pot marigolds bloom most of the summer, but are intolerant of intense heat and may die out during periods of hot humid weather. Their branching stems are covered with simple, alternate leaves and they produce large flowers in different hues of yellow and orange in the summer.

Calibrachoa 'Callie Rose Star’ Calibrachoa 'Callie Rose Star’
(Callie Rose Star)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose-and-cream Calibrachoa is one of a kind. The unique markings on the petals and the plant's mounding habit make it a standout in hanging baskets and containers.

Calibrachoa 'Superbells Tequila Sunrise' Calibrachoa 'Superbells Tequila Sunrise'
(Millon bells, Trailing petunia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Calibrachoa is a relatively new genus of flowering plants. The first cultivars weren't released until 1992. This cultivar's self-cleaning, petunia-like flowers are painted in a sunny mix of orange, red, and yellow. It is an easy-to-grow, trailing perennial, often used as an annual in hanging baskets, window boxes, and other containers.

Calibrachoa Superbells® Dreamsicle Calibrachoa Superbells® Dreamsicle
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Calibrachoas are great alternatives to petunias. Superbells® Dreamsicle is cloaked with larger-than-usual, yellow-throated apricot-orange flowers. It can create a carpet of color or cascade beautifully from a container.

Canna 'Centenaire de Rozain-Bourcharlat' Canna 'Centenaire de Rozain-Bourcharlat'
(Indian shot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3-foot-tall canna from the 1920s has impossibly deep, pure-rose flowers recalling orchids and leis. It's an old French variety.

Canna 'Erebus' Canna 'Erebus'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each of this plant's stunning lance-shaped leaves is the softest gray-green, edged subtly with a cream-colored pinstripe. These luminous 5-foot-tall plants are crowned with spires of delicate pink flowers with just a blush of salmon.

Canna 'Madame Paul Caseneuve' Canna 'Madame Paul Caseneuve'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A great canna to start with if you're convinced you hate them is 'Madame Paul Caseneuve', from 1902. The pearly-bronze leaves and almost purple stems of this 3- to 5-foot-tall antique beauty are the perfect foil for its elegant, sensual flowers of soft pink shading to peach and apricot.

Canna 'Sémaphore' Canna 'Sémaphore'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Growing to 6 or 7 feet, 'Sémaphore' features slender, dark-bronze leaves topped by spikes of narrow-petaled flowers of an unusual glowing color that's not quite yellow and not quite orange; perhaps flickering tongues of flame would be the best description. It is a Victorian classic from 1895.

Canna ‘Phasion’ Canna ‘Phasion’
(Tropicanna® canna)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous 5- to 6-foot plant sports fascinating foliage colors. Spring leaves emerge an intense purple and are soon striped with green, yellow, pink, and red. Vivid orange flowers appear in summer on this quick multiplier.

Canna × generalis Canna × generalis
(Indian shot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cannas bear broad, smooth paddle-like leaves reminiscent of banana plants. The oversize leaves make it easy to create dramatic combinations with other, more finely textured plants. Each stout, fleshy stem is topped with attractive spires of brightly colored flowers. Cultivars vary widely in height, foliage, and bloom.

Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl' Capsicum annuum 'Black Pearl'
(Ornamental pepper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pepper boasts the most dramatically deep purple-black leaves and fruit imaginable. The vigorous, bushy plants grow to 18 inches tall and almost as wide. Flowers are lilac, and dark black peppers emerge in fall.

Carex buchananii Carex buchananii
(Leatherleaf sedge)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Two-foot-tall, stiff, orange-brown blades curve at the end like a shepherd’s staff. Burnished red-bronze foliage, which fades to flax at the tips, gives off a warm glow when backlit by the sun.

Carex plantaginea Carex plantaginea
(Seersucker sedge)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Seersucker sedge is an evergreen, spreading sedge with narrow brown-black flowers on 8-inch stems in spring. Its wide, puckered foliage is shiny and bright green, reaching over a foot long. This sedge is native to rich woods of the eastern U.S. and makes a nice edger or accent plant.

Carpobrotus edulis Carpobrotus edulis
(Iceplant, Hottentot fig, Kaffir fig)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This ground-hugging succulent perennial roots at the nodes, has a creeping habit, and often forms deep mats covering large areas. It produces abundant yellow daisy-like flowers that open at noon and turn pink later in the day.

Catharanthus roseus 'Peach' Catharanthus roseus 'Peach'
(Madagascar periwinkle, Old maid)
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A tender perennial native to Madagascar, most often grown as an annual, Catharanthus roseus has attractive, glossy foliage and a bushy form that is covered by phlox-like flowers from summer to first frost. It is a very popular bedding plant and works in containers as well. Many cultivars are vividly colored, but 'Peach' has subtle pale pink-peach flowers with a darker eye.

Catharanthus roseus Cora™ series Catharanthus roseus Cora™ series
(Cora™ periwinkle, Cora™ vinca)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The disease-resistant Cora™ series of periwinkles comes in a range of flower colors—from white to lavender to burgundy—and looks great until the first fall frost.

Celosia cristata 'Century' Celosia cristata 'Century'
(Plumed celosia)
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The flowers of this celosia cluster together in great numbers and look like silky, feathery plumes in vivid hues of yellow, red, magenta, or apricot. The plumes rise above the foliage on 2-foot-tall stalks, which wave their flags of color in the breeze from July to frost.

Centaurea cineraria 'Colchester White' Centaurea cineraria 'Colchester White'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Best used as a foliage plant, this plant's intricately cut, frosty-silver leaves produce a large, elegant arching mound. It also bears pale lavender-blue pin-cushion flowers on lanky 30-inch stems in late spring.

Centaurea cyanus Centaurea cyanus
(Bachelor's buttons, Bluebottle, Cornflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bachelor's buttons bear charming and prolific flowers in hues of blue, pink, lavender, white, and maroon. Those with a true blue color are especially welcome in the garden as that color is rare in nature. Each disc-shaped flower is about 1.5 inches across, with ragged petals radiating out from the center.

Cerastium tomentosum Cerastium tomentosum
(Snow-in-summer)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Snow-in-summer is great for rock gardens and dry areas, and also works well as a container plant. Plant it on a stone wall for a cascading effect. Snow-in-summer needs room to perform. A single plant can carpet an area as wide as a yard across. After the flowers fade, the silver/grey foliage shines on in contrast to more predictable shades of green.

Cerinthe major ‘Purpurascens’ Cerinthe major ‘Purpurascens’
(Blue shrimp plant)
(1 user review)

Though subtly colored, Cerinthe major ‘Purpurascens’ draws comment wherever it inserts itself. The steely purple bracts and leathery gray foliage of this annual seem extraterrestrial poking up among more conventional herbaceous plants. It is an annual from the Mediterranean region with leaves like a eucalyptus and flowers like a purple euphorbia. This plant produces large black seeds that drop to the ground in late summer and germinate in fall to start the cycle all over again if growing conditions are right.

Cestrum 'Orange Peel' Cestrum 'Orange Peel'
('Orange Peel' cestrum)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A wonderful hybrid derived from Cestrum diurnum and C. nocturnum, 'Orange Peel' is a veritable living bouquet of pure orange blossoms that, in warmer climates, begin with the first mild days in spring and last until the first hard frost. The tubular flowers have no fragrance during the day, but as soon as the sun sets, a sweet scent lingers in the air. In Zones 8 and warmer, 'Orange Peel' will be a deciduous shrub 6 feet tall and wide. In Zone 7, it will act as a die-back perennial and easily reach 3 to 5 feet tall and wide during the growing season. In colder zones, it makes an incredible summer-blooming annual.

no image available Choisya ternata 'Sundance'
(Mexican orange blossom)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Sundance' Mexican orange blossom is an evergreen, compact shrub with white, fragrant flowers borne in late spring, and again in late summer and autumn. Groups of three little leaflets give the young yellow-green foliage a pleasing pattern, while the waxy, glossy texture adds a luminous quality.

Cissus discolor Cissus discolor
(Rex begonia vine)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Having the striking leaves of a Rex begonia and a vining growth habit, Cissus discolor is excellent in a container and can be trained onto a form. Its oval- to heart-shaped leaves are dark green with frosty silver patterns, while the undersides are red. The vine generally stays to 1 to 3 feet in containers. It may also be used on trellises or arbors.

Cistus albidus Cistus albidus
(Rock rose, Sun rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an evergreen, bushy shrub native to southwestern Europe and North Africa. Rock roses are useful in a shrub border, on a hillside, or in containers. Cistus albidus bears vibrant lilac-pink flowers in summer. Although each flower lasts only one day, they are produced in great numbers on plants that are 3 feet tall and wide.

Clematis 'Princess Diana' Clematis 'Princess Diana'
(Princess Diana clematis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Princess Diana' is a steady bloomer from midsummer into early fall. Its compact habit makes it a good choice for large containers, but it will be just as happy in your perennial border.

 

Information provided by Brushwood Nursery


 

Clematis integrifolia Mongolian Bells™ Clematis integrifolia Mongolian Bells™
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Clematis integrifolia is no longer only blue. This selection produces progeny with pink, white, and lavender blooms from midspring until late summer. The flowers are followed by attractive seed heads in fall. It has a compact, herbaceous form and grows to just 10 to 14 inches tall.

Clematis macropetala Clematis macropetala
(Downy clematis)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Downy clematis is a hardy, deciduous early bloomer that can flourish in Zone 4. The species will climb to 10 feet with a little support, and it has bell-shaped, purple-blue, almost columbine-like flowers about 1 to 2 inches, sometimes up to 4 inches in diameter, that mature to fluffy, pinkish seed heads. Blooms appear in spring and early summer, sometimes followed by a second flush in late summer to early autumn

Colocasia affinis var. jenningsii Colocasia affinis var. jenningsii
(Dwarf elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This little elephant ear has velvety dark leaves with prominent green veins and a large silvery central blotch. It reaches about 2 feet high.

Colocasia esculenta Colocasia esculenta
(Taro)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A large, showy, marginal aquatic plant with heart-shaped, dark green leaves, taro can reach 5 feet tall and is often grown as a summer annual. Use it in a container or near water.

Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic' Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic'
(Elephant ear, Cocoyam, Dasheen, Taro)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rising to about 36 inches, the elephant ear's deep-purple stalks suspend luxurious leaves of the same color. When the leaves’ undersides are dusted with chalky-looking bloom, they have an intriguing, almost gray look. This plant does well in a bog or even in the margins of a water garden, as well as in average garden soil.

Colocasia esculenta 'Coffee Cups' Colocasia esculenta 'Coffee Cups'
('Coffee Cups' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Coffee Cups' is an unusual and relatively recent introduction. It has nearly black stems and  cup-shaped leaves. 'Coffee Cups' is a vigorous grower, and, with a height of 6 feet, it's a good choice for the back part of a border. -Andy Cabe, Regional Picks: Southeast, Fine Gardening issue #120

Colocasia esculenta 'Elena' Colocasia esculenta 'Elena'
('Elena' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bright green leaves add light and impact any place 'Elena' sets its roots.

Colocasia esculenta 'Fontanesii' Colocasia esculenta 'Fontanesii'
(Black stem elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This chic, black-stemmed elephant’s ear packs looks great in containers, beds, and borders. It also makes a wild addition to floral arrangements.

Colocasia esculenta 'Heart of the Jungle' Colocasia esculenta 'Heart of the Jungle'
('Heart of the Jungle' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A demure egg-shell finish and a dark purple underpinning make the foliage of 'Heart of the Jungle' special.

Colocasia esculenta 'Hilo Bay' Colocasia esculenta 'Hilo Bay'
('Hilo Bay' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The foliage of ‘Hilo Bay’ looks almost like crinkled taffeta hanging off black stems. Planted en masse, this selection makes an elegant yet whimsical statement.

Colocasia esculenta 'Illustris' Colocasia esculenta 'Illustris'
('Illustris' elephant's ear, Imperial taro)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The heart-shaped leaves of 'Illustris' are huge, and their dark highlights are stunning. This elephant ear is a lover of moist shade, but does best with a little dappled sunlight. It will tolerate boggy conditions. -Julia Jones, Fine Gardening issue #120

Colocasia esculenta 'Rhubarb' Colocasia esculenta 'Rhubarb'
('Rhubarb' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Kitchen garden rhubarb doesn't hold a candle to 'Rhubarb' elephant's ear, at least not in an ornamental sense.

Cordyline hybrida var. JURred 'Festival™ Burgundy' Cordyline hybrida var. JURred 'Festival™ Burgundy'
(Festival™ Burgundy corydaline)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This basal branching cordyline combines the rugged easy-care attributes of its cordyline cousins with an unusual mix of shiny dark color, compact bushy form, short stems and cascading grass-like leaves.

Coreopsis hybrid 'Route 66' Coreopsis hybrid 'Route 66'
(Threadleaf coreopsis)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Route 66' features big, bold, bicolor blooms. A rich ring of burgundy surrounding the flower center bleeds out to the very tips of the yellow petals. Narrow, deep-green foliage forms vigorous, uniform clumps.

Coreopsis lanceolata Coreopsis lanceolata
(Lance-leaved coreopsis)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Solitary yellow petals with toothed edges and flat, yellow centers open from early to late summer. Native to the central and southern U.S.

Coreopsis rosea 'Sweet Dreams' Coreopsis rosea 'Sweet Dreams'
(Tickseed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The bicolored, white-tipped and raspberry-centered blooms are large (1 to 1.5 inches across) and long lasting. Flowers cover the mound of grassy foliage for weeks in summer and early fall. This hybrid does not produce seed.

Correa 'Dusky Bells' Correa 'Dusky Bells'
(Australian fuchsia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading ground cover flowers from fall into spring. Its tubular, dusky pink flowers attract hummingbirds, and its deep green leaves release a citrus scent when crushed. Tolerant of dry conditions, frost-hardy 'Dusky Bells' correa should be tip-pruned regularly to promote new growth and improve flowering. Healthy specimens can live up to 50 years or more.

Cortaderia selloana 'Gold Band' Cortaderia selloana 'Gold Band'
('Gold Band' pampas grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, drought-tolerant grass is one of the best pampas grasses you could grow. It has the showy, late-summer plumes common to this group, but they grow straight up, not willy-nilly like many other varieties; they eventually stand 4 to 6 feet above the foliage. Even better news is that this cultivar does not set seed, so it is noninvasive. The foliage features distinct golden edges, which, for a grass, usually menas that it loves shade or moisture. But 'Gold Band' tolerates heat and drought, making it great for large containers, and it can handle coastal conditions, too.

Cosmos atrosanguineus Cosmos atrosanguineus
(Chocolate cosmos, Black cosmos)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A chocolate scented flower! Dark red-brown, sometimes almost black, velvety flowers on long, slender, reddish brown stems bloom from early summer to autumn. Chocolate cosmos is a tuberous-rooted, tender perennial native to Mexico that can be overwintered indoors where not hardy. Grow in a border or in containers where the flowers can be appreciated up close. They also make good cut flowers.

Crocosmia 'Lucifer' Crocosmia 'Lucifer'
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Abundant eye-catching, brillliantly red, tubular flowers appear in midsummer atop bold, slightly arching, sparsely branched 3-foot-tall stems. Crocosmia's mid-green leaves are pleated and swordlike.

Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora Crocosmia × crocosmiiflora
(Montbretia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Montbretia looks like a small gladiolus until it blooms in late summer, when abundant sprays of orange, gold, or yellow star-shaped flowers are held by gracefully thin, arching, zigzag stems rising from a cluster of pale green, sword-shaped leaves.

Crocus vernus Crocus vernus
(Dutch crocus)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dutch crocus is one of the hardiest, if not the hardiest, crocus species readily available to home gardeners. A true harbinger of spring, it can be planted in borders, rock gardens, and even lawns. After flowering, the foliage must be left intact until it withers, which may cause lawn-mower anxiety in some gardeners. Often sold as "mixed crocus," cultivars of this species are typically white, lilac, or purple and white striped.

Cuphea llavea Flamenco Samba™ Cuphea llavea Flamenco Samba™
(Bat-faced cuphea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bold-colored cuphea is a compact, mounding subshrub covered with dark-centered, cherry red blooms centered with a deep purple throat and slightly ruffled petal edges. Flowers are larger than those of the species. This sun-loving plant can reach up to 3 feet in height and width.

Cuphea llavea Totally Tempted™ Cuphea llavea Totally Tempted™
(Totally Tempted™ cuphea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Totally Tempted™ cuphea has nonstop, bright red summer flowers that don't need deadheading. It doesn't mind summer heat and has a more compact habit than most cultivars in this species, growing to just a foot tall and a little wider.

no image available Cuphea micropetala
(Cigar plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tireless bloomer is best known for its small, tubular flowers, each colored in vivid orange hues and tipped with white, like the ash on a glowing cigar. Each plant creates a mass of slender branches with lance-shaped, mid-green leaves. At the tip of the branches are fireworks bursts of unusual cigarlike flowers, each 1-1/4 inches long and softly hairy. Though the flowers look orangey, they are actually colored red and shaded with green-yellow.

no image available Cyathea australis
(Australian tree fern, Rough tree fern)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Australian tree fern has dark green fronds that can reach 12 feet long. Its stem elongates into a trunk-like structure, giving the plant the appearance of a palm tree. Humidity is essential to growing this plant well. Use it as a specimen plant, in a container, or in a greenhouse.

Cyclamen hederifolium Cyclamen hederifolium
(Baby cyclamen)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A fine plant for fall, this cyclamen's frequently scented, mottled flowers emerge directly from the soil, followed by a carpet of patterned, mid- to dark green leaves attractively variegated with patterns in white or silver. It often blooms for up to two months. Each small pink or white flower has swept-back petals resembling a dove in flight, marked with maroon at the mouth. It makes a good foliage display all winter after the flowers have faded.

Cynara cardunculus Cynara cardunculus
(Cardoon)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cardoon is an architectural splendor with bold texture, thanks to its large, prickly, almost dagger-shaped gray-green arching leaves and a statuesque, vase-shaped frame. It is topped with round, purple, thistlelike flowers in midsummer. Cardoon can reach up to 5 feet tall and 4 feet wide.

Cyperus papyrus King Tut® Cyperus papyrus King Tut®
(King Tut® papyrus)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This exotic-looking beauty has a fantastic bold form and strong appeal. Its pendulous leaves sit on tall, upright stems. King Tut® is a rapid grower that makes an impressive centerpiece in the landscape. It likes wet places like water gardens or waterside and is perfect for containers without drainage holes. This papyrus is easy to grow and untroubled by pests or diseases.

no image available Cyrtomium falcatum
(Japanese holly fern)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Spreading, glossy, dark green fronds reach a length of 8 to 24 inches. This fern has holly-like pinnae and sori scattered over the underside of the pinnae.

Cyrtomium fortunei Cyrtomium fortunei
(Japanese holly fern)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Usually found in moist, rocky areas or woodland in central and eastern Asia, this evergreen fern is deciduous in colder climates. Fronds may be cut to the ground in spring if damaged by dry winter winds. The distinctive fronds make great accents among groundcovers, or in drifts with perennials, shrubs, and trees.

Cytisus scoparius Cytisus scoparius
(Scotch broom)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Scotch broom is an upright, deciduous shrub with slender, arching shoots. In late spring, it produces abundant yellow flowers in axillary clusters.

no image available Dahlia 'Figaro'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Figaro' is a dwarf "landscape" dahlia with semi-double flowers in shades of red, pink, orange, yellow, and white. It works well as bedding and in containers, and blooms from planting time until frost.  

Dahlia 'Gallery Art Deco' Dahlia 'Gallery Art Deco'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Gallery Art Deco' is a little taller than the other plants in the Gallery series. It grows to a height of 2 feet and bears 4- to 5-inch-wide peach/apricot blooms. Petals are outlined in burgundy. 'Gallery Art Deco' provides lots of large flowers for a long time, and it is a perfect choice for containers. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Kaiser Wilhelm' Dahlia 'Kaiser Wilhelm'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Of the maybe 10,000 named dahlias introduced in the 1800s—when dahlias ranked right up there with roses in popularity—only three survive. One of them is 'Kaiser Wilhelm', introduced in 1892. Its 3-inch flowers have neatly curled petals of soft custard-yellow brushed with burgundy, and a green button eye just like that of an old rose. The plant can grow to 5 feet.

Dahlia 'Mystic Illusion' Dahlia 'Mystic Illusion'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new dahlia has gorgeous, bright yellow blooms that pop against its rich, dark purple (nearly black) foliage. 'Mystic Illusion' is well branched and makes a strong statement in beds, borders, and containers.

Datura metel Datura metel
(Downy thorn apple, Devil's trumpet, Horn of plenty)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Datura metel grows 3 to 4 feet tall with large dark green leaves that have a bad smell. However, the large trumpet-shaped flowers have a sweet fragrance that spreads throughout the garden in the morning and evening. Flowers may be single or double and range from white and yellow to pink and purple.

no image available Delosperma 'John Proffit'
(Ice plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Covering itself with glowing fuchsia daisy-like flowers with many narrow petals, 'John Proffit' makes a beautiful groundcover or container plant. The succulent foliage looks like it has small pieces of ice on it (hence the name "ice plant') and is evergreen in warmer climates. Growing to only a few inches tall, it can spread almost 2 feet wide. It blooms from late spring to early fall.  

Delosperma cooperi Delosperma cooperi
(Ice plant)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Summer-long bloom and a tough constitution make the mat-forming ice plant a perfect groundcover. Two-inch magenta blossoms with white anthers are produced in midsummer and late summer.

Deschampsia cespitosa 'Northern Lights' Deschampsia cespitosa 'Northern Lights'
(Tufted hair grass, Tussock grass)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A tuft of thin grassy foliage with gray and gold variegation distinguishes this cultivar. Early summer brings 3-foot-tall, airy plumes of tiny flowers that look beautiful when backlit by the sun. As fall approaches, the foliage turns golden with pink-coral tips. This grass even grows well in shadier sites. Plant in a border, woodland garden, or shaded rock garden.

Dianthus 'Neon Star' Dianthus 'Neon Star'
(Carnation, Pink)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid has a compact, mounding habit, with silvery-blue foliage and fluorescent pink toothed flowers, which continue blooming with deadheading.

Dianthus barbatus 'Summer Sundae' Dianthus barbatus 'Summer Sundae'
(Sweet William)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Summer Sundae' Sweet William is a nice mix of red, pink, and white flowers held in rounded groups at the tops of stems. Plants bloom from late spring to early summer. The flowers are lightly fragrant. Use in a cottage garden or border, or in containers. It flowers the first year from seed.

Dianthus chinensis ‘Ideal Crimson' Dianthus chinensis ‘Ideal Crimson'
(China pink, India pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Fringed flowers in shades of bright red with white centers open without fragrance in summer. 

Diascia barberae Diascia barberae
(Twinspur)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This softly textured tender perennial (or annual) produces delicate, loose spires in summer and fall. Diascia is at home spilling onto a walkway or filling in between more structured plants. 

Dicentra 'King of Hearts' Dicentra 'King of Hearts'
(Bleeding heart)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'King of Hearts' has bright rose-pink, heart-shaped flowers in clusters over blue-green parsley-like foliage. It offers the garden a long blooming season, plump flowers, and rich colors.

no image available Dicentra scandens 'Athens Yellow'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bright yellow heart-shaped flowers bloom in April or May; bloom continues off and on throughout the season. This climbing perennial can reach 3 feet high and wide. The species is native to the Himalayas.

Dicentra spectabilis 'Gold Heart' Dicentra spectabilis 'Gold Heart'
(Bleeding heart, Lyre flower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden yellow foliage emerges from the ground in early spring and is soon accompanied by rosy-pink broken hearts that open in succession for nearly a month as the stems elongate.

Dichondra argentea 'Silver Falls' Dichondra argentea 'Silver Falls'
(Kidney weed, Silver nickel vine, Silver pony's foot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Long silvery stems, sometimes reaching 4 feet or more, bear silvery, small leaves. Use this striking plant as a groundcover or in containers.

Draba aizoides Draba aizoides
(Yellow whitlow grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Yellow whitlow grass is a small, semi-evergreen perennial perfect for growing in a trough, rock wall, or xeric bed. It grows to only 4 inches high and twice as wide. This delightful, drought-tolerant miniature has spiny rosettes of lustrous green leaves through the winter and cheerful yellow flowers in early spring.

Duranta erecta Duranta erecta
(Golden dewdrop, Pigeon berry, Sky flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tropical shrub or small tree may be grown in a mixed or shrub border; in colder climates, it does well in a temperate greenhouse. Flowers in shades of sky-blue, lilac, purple, or white blossom gracefully along arching branches in summer; they are followed by spherical, yellow fruit.

Dyckia fosteriana 'Cherry Cola' Dyckia fosteriana 'Cherry Cola'
('Cherry Cola' dyckia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Cherry Cola' , a relatively new cultivar, features deep, dark burgundy foliage and small but sharp teeth (handle with care!). In summer, orange blossoms appear, and hummingbirds love them. Like other Dyckias, this plant tolerates extreme heat and is perfect for hot, dry locations. -Jeff Moore, Regional Picks: Southwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Epimedium grandiflorum cvs. Epimedium grandiflorum cvs.
(Longspur barrenwort, Bishop's hat)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Longspur barrenwort is a clump-forming, deciduous, rhizomatous perennial. Leaves, light green and flushed bronze when young, are heart-shaped with spiny margins. Four-petaled white, yellow, pink, or purple flowers, hanging in clusters, appear in mid- and late spring.

Epimedium stellulatum 'Wudang Star' Epimedium stellulatum 'Wudang Star'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Wudang Star' is a clump-forming, evergreen perennial with spiny, glossy foliage. New leaves emerge with bronzy pink edges before turning green in summer. Loose spikes of star-shaped white flowers, borne in spring, have prominent yellow stamens.

Erigeron karvinskianus Erigeron karvinskianus
(Fleabane)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Profusion' fleabane is a carpeting, rhizomatous, woody-based perennial with lax, branching stems and abundant yellow-centered white flowers in summer. Blossoms fade to pink and purple. Foliage is hairy and grayish green. Excellent in containers.

Eschscholzia californica Eschscholzia californica
(California poppy)
(1 user review)

California poppies grow to about 12 inches tall, and their pretty foliage is ferny, like carrot tops. They come in a variety of colors, from the standard golden orange, to yellow, cream, and red. Grow them in a border or rock garden.

no image available Eschscholzia californica 'Rose Chiffon'
(Rose chiffon)
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California poppies grow to about 12 inches tall, and their pretty foliage is ferny, like carrot tops. This cultivar has soft rose colored, double blooms with yellow centers.

no image available Eucomis bicolor
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species boasts maroon-speckled stems and green flowers with maroon margins. The flowers occur on thick, solitary stalks bearing bottle-brush-like wands of tightly-clung florets, which are crowned by tufts of green bracts. As the common name implies, these unusual and magnificent inflorescences are reminiscent of pineapples.

no image available Eucomis comosa
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species boasts stems and undersides of leaves with maroon spotting, and white flowers tinged with maroon. The flowers form on 24-inch-long, thick stalks bearing bottle-brush-like wands of tightly-clung florets, which are crowned by tufts of green bracts. As the common name implies, these unusual and magnificent inflorescences are reminiscent of pineapples.

Eucomis comosa 'Oakhurst' Eucomis comosa 'Oakhurst'
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulbous perennial has striking reddish purple, strap-like leaves and foot-long purple flowers that resemble pineapples in late summer. Grow in a sunny border, container, or greenhouse. Plants used outdoors may be overwintered in a frost-free location. The species is native to South Africa.

Eucomis comosa 'Sparkling Burgundy' Eucomis comosa 'Sparkling Burgundy'
(Pineapple lily, Pineapple flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding cultivar boasts dark burgundy leaves that slowly change to olive green, and then revert back dramatically as the flowers fade. The flowers form on 20- to 30-inch stalks bearing bottle-brush-like wands of tight, smokey pink florets, which are crowned by tufts of purple bracts. As the common name implies, these unusual and magnificent inflorescences are reminiscent of pineapples.

Eupatorium 'Phantom' Eupatorium 'Phantom'
('Phantom' Joe Pye weed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Phantom' Joe Pye weed is an excellent 3-foot-tall perennial that was bred especially for smaller gardens and mixed containers. Plants have dark green, whorled foliage and handsome lavender to purple flower heads in late summer and fall. The blooms are darker when night temperatures are cool. Joe Pye weed attracts butterflies and other insects.

Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe' Eupatorium dubium 'Little Joe'
(Joe Pye weed)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Little Joe' is a dwarf cultivar of a species of our native Joe Pye weed. It can reach 3 or 4 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide, and it has the familiar large domes of lavender-pink flowers that attract lots of butterflies in late summer and early fall. Its smaller size makes it a better fit in moist borders, beds, meadows, or roadside plantings.

Euphorbia 'Black Bird' Euphorbia 'Black Bird'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With velvety foliage that darkens to near black in full sun, 'Black Bird' euphorbia looks good in perennial borders and is especially striking in containers. Flowers open above bright, lime green bracts on red stems that form a compact vase shape. -Pat McKernan, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Euphorbia 'Diamond Frost' Euphorbia 'Diamond Frost'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid produces masses of pure white bracts above finely textured, apple green foliage. It adds stunning texture and color to a border in partial shade.

no image available Euphorbia 'Helena’s Blush™'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hybrid has petite green-and-cream variegated foliage with a hint of pink on the undersides. It produces chartreuse and apple green bicolored bracts on airy stems.

Euphorbia antisyphilitica Euphorbia antisyphilitica
(Candelilla)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Candelilla forms an upright clump of slender, waxy gray-green stems. Inconspicuous leaves appear on new growth but quickly drop with the first dry spell. Tiny flowers of cream and rosy pink periodically hug the upper portion of the stems throughout the warm season, particularly in response to rain. Candelilla is perfect for narrow planting strips because its stems grow straight up in tight bundles.

no image available Euphorbia characias
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, evergreen shrub has stunning texture and form. Its gray-green leaves and woolly, purple-tinged stems form billowy, 4-foot long branches. From early spring to early summer, it produces giant cylindrical bract clusters in yellow-green with purple-black nectar glands, and creates a specimen that looks otherworldly.

Euphorbia inneuphdia

Euphorbia inneuphdia


(Diamond Frost® euphorbia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Diamond Frost euphorbia is an absolute workhorse in the garden, blooming almost the entire planting season and with no deadheading needed. Don't let its delicate appearance fool you - it's exceptionally resistant to both heat and frost.

no image available Euphorbia tirucalli
(Pencil tree, Finger tree)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unusual looking plant has many succulent, pencil-like branches. The leaves are small and short-lived, and the flowers are insignificant. Euphorbia tirucalli can grow to almost 30 feet in the wild, but it can be used as a smaller specimen or container plant in the garden. It is hardy only in Zone 11.

Farfugium japonicum 'Aureomaculatum' Farfugium japonicum 'Aureomaculatum'
(Farfugium)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Green-and-yellow mottled, shiny, kidney-shaped leaves distinguish this evergreen perennial native to streamsides and seashores in East Asia. The large, leathery leaves can reach a foot across. The yellow flowers bloom in fall and winter, but they are small and secondary to the foliage. Farfugium are nice at waterside, as a groundcover, in a border, or in containers.

no image available Farfugium japonicum 'Crispatum'
(Farfugium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen foliage plant has large, leathery leaves and daisy-like yellow flowers. It looks great in the border or in containers. 

Fatsia japonica Fatsia japonica
(Paperplant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Japanese fatsia has very large, hand-shaped glossy leaves that glow in the shade. New leaves fan out on stiff stems all along the ringed trunks. The flower clusters of older fatsias attract bees. -Nellie Neal, Regional Picks: Southeast, Fine Gardening issue #127

Festuca glauca 'Elijah Blue' Festuca glauca 'Elijah Blue'
(Blue fescue, Gray fescue)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These compact tufts of 8-inch-long powder-blue leaves are well suited for edging and naturalizing in the rock garden. 

no image available Ficus lyrata
(Fiddle-leaf fig)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, paddle-shaped leaves with prominent veins make this tree a standout in containers outdoors or as a houseplant. Native to topical regions of western and central Africa, fiddle-leaf fig has leathery, glossy, evergreen leaves and round fruit. In the wild, it can reach 100 feet tall and almost as wide, but its size is easily controlled in containers. It was a popular houseplant in the 1950s and 60s.

Forsythia spp. and cvs. Forsythia spp. and cvs.
(Forsythia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Its blaze of yellow flowers is surely one of the first harbingers of spring. Forsythia are widely recognized for their utility in a shrub border, a bank, or for hedging, and their light to deep yellow, four-petaled flowers.

Fritillaria imperialis Fritillaria imperialis
(Crown imperial)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species draws much attention with its striking gaiety of color and form. Its large, bell-shaped flowers in shades of orange, yellow, and red dangle from tufts of shiny green leaf bracts. Sitting atop sturdy, 3-foot stalks, the flowers make a surprising and regal statement in the late spring garden.

Fuchsia 'Coralle' Fuchsia 'Coralle'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Coralle' is an upright fuchsia with vivid red-orange pendent flowers and velvety dark green leaves with maroon undersides.

Fuchsia 'Gartenmeister Bonstedt' Fuchsia 'Gartenmeister Bonstedt'
(Fuchsia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar boasts single, long-tubed, brick red flowers and dark bronze-red leaves and stems.

Fuchsia magellanica 'Riccartonii' Fuchsia magellanica 'Riccartonii'
(Fuchsia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has dark green leaves with a faint bronze sheen. Its narrow, dangling, red and purple flowers bloom throughout the season.

no image available Fuchsia Shadow Dancer™ Ginger
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A bushy, compact fuchsia, Shadow Dancer™ Ginger has pale pink and white flowers that dangle gracefully out of pots, baskets, or window boxes. The blooms attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Hardy in Zones 9-11, it can be grown as an annual.

Gardenia augusta 'MADGA 1' Gardenia augusta 'MADGA 1'
(Heaven Scent® gardenia )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This gardenia cultivar features a very tight, upright form that is perfect for smaller gardens. It also boasts increased cold tolerance while maintaining the lustrous dark green foliage and abundant fragrant blooms you’ve come to expect from this genus.

Gaura lindheimeri Gaura lindheimeri
(Wand flower, White gaura, Butterfly gaura)
(6 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American wildflower is a bushy, clump-forming, vase-shaped perennial with lance-shaped or spoon-shaped, toothed leaves on slender, wand-like stems. Leaves may be occasionally spotted with maroon. Loose panicles of 4-petaled white flowers open only a few at a time and fade slowly to pink, blooming from late spring to early autumn.

Geranium 'Ann Folkard' Geranium 'Ann Folkard'
(Geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This superb plant exhibits dark-eyed magenta flowers that are set off by chartreuse leaves. Even better, though, is the way it weaves its way through neighboring plants, creating fabulous plant combinations with little effort.

Geranium pratense 'Dark Reiter' Geranium pratense 'Dark Reiter'
('Dark Reiter' geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Dark Reiter', a fairly new cultivar, has a short mounded habit and dissected dark leaves. Bright lilac-blue blossoms appear in spring, and trimming the plant back after flowering encourages more blooms in fall and helps maintain its neat habit. 'Dark Reiter' is slow growing, making it perfect for a rock garden. Like many other geraniums, it does not appeal to deer. Pair silver-toned foliage plants with 'Dark Reiter' for a stunning effect. -Teresa Smith, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #120

Geranium pratense 'Midnight Reiter' Geranium pratense 'Midnight Reiter'
(Meadow cranesbill)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Deeply cut plum-purple leaves emerge in spring and stay true to color throughout the season. Lavender-blue flowers bloom beginning in late spring. 'Midnight Reiter' grows to only about 6 or 8 inches tall and twice as wide. More shade causes the foliage to be greener.

Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo biloba
(Maidenhair tree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the oldest tree species on the planet, ginkgo grows only about a foot a year, reaching 50 to 80 feet. Female trees set fleshy fruit that smell unpleasant as they decay; they contain edible nuts.

Heliopsis helianthoides Heliopsis helianthoides
(False sunflower, Ox eye, Woodland sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial bears striking, sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn.

no image available Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights'
(False sunflower, Ox eye)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Summer Nights' has a clumping form, sturdy wine-purple stems, and bronze-tinted leaves. It bears striking deep golden-orange blooms with orange-red centers from June until August.

Heliotropium arborescens 'Marine' Heliotropium arborescens 'Marine'
(Heliotrope, Cherry pie)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Marine' heliotrope has a compact form with broadly oval to lance-shaped, wrinkled leaves tinged with purple. In summer, it bears a profusion of fragrant deep violet-blue flowerheads up to 6 inches across.

Heliotropium arborescens cvs. Heliotropium arborescens cvs.
(Heliotrope, Cherry pie)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heliotrope has a compact form with broadly oval to lance-shaped, wrinkled leaves tinged with purple. In summer, it bears a profusion of deep violet-blue or lavender-blue flowerheads up to 6 inches across. Cultivars vary in height as well as bloom fragrance and color.

Helleborus x ballardiae 'HGC Pink Frost' Helleborus x ballardiae 'HGC Pink Frost'
('HGC Pink Frost' hellebore)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘HGC Pink Frost’ is part of a new series of hellebores that, for the Midwest, bloom very early, some as early as January; this cultivar blooms a bit later, usually in March. The bud count is high, with buds coming out in February all along the plant stem. They start out a deep burgundy but open to soft pink, then age to earthy rose shades. Flowers rise above the foliage, so they are never hidden, and they face outward, creating maximum interest. -Irvin Etienne, Fine Gardening issue 147, page 72

Hemerocallis 'Armani' Hemerocallis 'Armani'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret' Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Baby Fresh' Hemerocallis 'Baby Fresh'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Banana Boat' Hemerocallis 'Banana Boat'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Beauty to Behold' Hemerocallis 'Beauty to Behold'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Becky Lynn' Hemerocallis 'Becky Lynn'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Blackeyed Stella' Hemerocallis 'Blackeyed Stella'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Catalyst' Hemerocallis 'Catalyst'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Charles Johnston' Hemerocallis 'Charles Johnston'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Chorus Line' Hemerocallis 'Chorus Line'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Condilla' Hemerocallis 'Condilla'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Cool Jazz' Hemerocallis 'Cool Jazz'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Crystal Cupid' Hemerocallis 'Crystal Cupid'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Dixie Hummingbird' Hemerocallis 'Dixie Hummingbird'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Elijah' Hemerocallis 'Elijah'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Elizabeth's Magic' Hemerocallis 'Elizabeth's Magic'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'English Witch' Hemerocallis 'English Witch'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop' Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Forsyth Lemon Drop' is lovely and cheerful daylily cultivar.

Hemerocallis 'Frances Fay' Hemerocallis 'Frances Fay'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This floriforous daylily is a melony yellow.

Hemerocallis 'Froufrou' Hemerocallis 'Froufrou'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Froufrou' gets its name from its small, ruffled yellow petals.

Hemerocallis 'Garden Portrait' Hemerocallis 'Garden Portrait'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has pale yellow, spider-like blooms and no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Girl Scout' Hemerocallis 'Girl Scout'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Girl Scout' has large, bright yellow flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns' Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns'
(Daylily)
(15 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pale-yellow-flowered daylily distinguishes itself with its profuse bloom and compact size (only 16 inches tall), making it good for containers and the borders. It is an early season bloomer with circular flowers that open in late afternoon and last through the night.

Hemerocallis 'Jan's Twister' Hemerocallis 'Jan's Twister'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Jan's Twister' has large, light coral, spiderlike flowers and no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Jungle Fever' Hemerocallis 'Jungle Fever'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red daylily with a yellow center.

Hemerocallis 'Just Plum Happy' Hemerocallis 'Just Plum Happy'
('Just Plum Happy' daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This everblooming daylily is a member of the Happy Ever Appster(R) family of daylilies. All Happy Ever Appster daylilies are offspring of the popular 'Happy Returns' daylily and were developed by Dr. Darrel Apps, famous daylily hybridizer. 'Just Plum Happy' flaunts 6-inch-wide, bright rose-pink blooms with purple centers on stems 12 to 16 inches tall from June to frost above a clump of deep green, strappy leaves 18 to 24 inches wide.

Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter' Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Peach daylily with yellow accents.

Hemerocallis 'Kindly Light' Hemerocallis 'Kindly Light'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Kindly Light' has large, yellow-green, spider-like flowers but no fragrance.

Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro' Hemerocallis 'Stella de Oro'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bright yellow flowered daylily has a long blooming period, producing ruffled flowers over four or five months. Each flower opens for one day. It is a vigorous grower that may be the most widely grown daylily.

Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison' Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has large, pale creamy pink flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Yum Yum' Hemerocallis 'Yum Yum'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Yum Yum' has miniature red flowers.

Heptacodium miconioides Heptacodium miconioides
(Seven-son flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The tiered branches of this fast-growing species are covered with white blossoms for over a month, starting in late summer. The flowers fade to reveal fuchsia calyxes that persist well into autumn. The pale, peeling bark can be exposed by pruning the lower branches of the interior. Although the form of the species is variable (single or multi-stemmed), it can usually be pruned into an elegant vase-shaped specimen, or maintained as a shrub.

Hesperaloe parviflora Hesperaloe parviflora
(Red yucca)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A clump-forming succulent, red yucca has arching, leathery, linear foliage rising to between 2 and 3 feet tall. Dark olive-green leaves with no thorns or spines are sparsely covered with fibrous strands along the margins. Deep coral pink flowers with golden yellow throats crowd the length of the stalks that reach three feet or more. Foliage has a reddish bronze hue during winter's chill for year-round interest.

Heuchera 'Amethyst Myst' Heuchera 'Amethyst Myst'
('Amethyst Mist' heuchera)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera has burgundy leaves splashed with silver and grows up to 16 inches tall and 18 inches wide. Pink flowers emerge in spring and rise to 26 inches tall. This plant performs well in both garden beds and in containers, where it makes a wonderful filler plant.

Heuchera 'Blackberry Jam' Heuchera 'Blackberry Jam'
('Blackberry Jam' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera, sold as Dolce® Blackcurrant in the U.S., has purple and silver leaves veined with black and grows up to 16 inches tall and 20 inches wide. While it flowers in early summer, it is grown primarily for its dramatic foliage and performs well in both garden beds and containers.

Heuchera 'Caramel' Heuchera 'Caramel'
('Caramel' heuchera)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heuchera 'Caramel' has H. villosa parentage, so it's more tolerant of heat and humidity that other heacheras. It has glowing, apricot-hued foliage that grows up to 12 inches tall and 20 inches wide. Pink flowers appear in spring. This plant performs well in both garden beds and containers, or as a groundcover when planted en masse. It may be evergreen on warmer climates.

Heuchera 'Cherries Jubilee' Heuchera 'Cherries Jubilee'
('Cherries Jubilee' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact heuchera has dark greenish silver leaves with crimson undersides. The plant grows up to 8 inches tall and 16 inches wide and sports soft red flowers in spring.

Heuchera 'Crème Brûlée' Heuchera 'Crème Brûlée'
('Crème Brûlée' heuchera)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera cultivar has peachy-bronze leaves and spires of red flowers in late spring and early summer. It grows up to 16 inches tall and 20 inches wide. 'Crème Brûlée' performs well in both garden beds and in containers, where it mingles well with a multitude of plants. This cultivar is very tolerant of heat and sun.

Heuchera 'Geisha's Fan' Heuchera 'Geisha's Fan'
('Geisha's Fan' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera has dusky purple leaves with charcoal veins, overlaid with silver between the veins. The plant grows up to 16 inches tall and wide. Pale pink flowers appear in spring. Great in garden beds and in container plantings.

Heuchera 'Green Spice' Heuchera 'Green Spice'
(Coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This coral bells cultivar has silvery leaves with vivid purple veins and spires of white flowers in late spring and early summer. 'Green Spice' grows to less than a foot tall and a little wider; the wiry flowering stems rise two feet or so above the foliage. Leaves have an orangey hue in fall.

Heuchera 'Lime Rickey' Heuchera 'Lime Rickey'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Ruffled bright green leaves—first chartreuse and then lime green— and spires of white flowers distinguish this vigorous coral bells cultivar. It is eye-catching in a container, in a rock garden, as edging, or as groundcover.

Heuchera 'Midnight Rose' Heuchera 'Midnight Rose'
('Midnight Rose' heuchera, 'Midnight Rose' coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Midnight Rose' is a striking heuchera with burgundy leaves heavily splashed with hot pink. The plant grows to 10 inches tall and 16 inches wide and produces small flowers in spring, though this plant is grown primarily for its foliage. Grow it in garden beds, as an edger, or in containers, where it will blend well with a multitude of other plants.

Heuchera 'Silver Scrolls' Heuchera 'Silver Scrolls'
('Silver Scrolls' heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heucheras make excellent foliage plants for sun to part shade gardens. Most flowers are not as impressive as the foliage, but they do add a second level of interest. 'Silver Scrolls' heuchera's leaves are burgundy overlaid with silver and withstand even hot summers, unlike many other silver plants. It grows up to 2 feet tall and 1 foot wide.

Heuchera 'Velvet Night' Heuchera 'Velvet Night'
(coral bells)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heuchera cultivar has very dark (almost black) plum or purplish leaves and greenish white, bell-shaped flowers in late spring and early summer.

Heuchera ‘TNHEU042’ Heuchera ‘TNHEU042’
(Dolce® Key Lime Pie coral bells)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In the past decade or so, dozens of new Heuchera cultivars have appeared sporting many combinations of foliage color. While all are delightful foliage plants, the lighter-colored varieties seem best adapted to shade. The most popular of these is Dolce® Key Lime Pie. With its bright gold–chartreuse leaves, this gem of a plant will light up a dark, shady area. -Tom Nelson, Regional Picks: Northern California, Fine Gardening issue #127

Heuchera Dolce® Licorice Heuchera Dolce® Licorice
(Dolce® Licorice heuchera)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This purple to almost black heuchera adds drama to the shade. The plant grows to 16 inches tall and wide with coralcolored blooms in spring. Grow it in garden beds or containers.

Heuchera villosa 'Autumn Bride' Heuchera villosa 'Autumn Bride'
(Hairy alumroot, Maple leaf alumroot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, fuzzy, gray-green leaves distinguish 'Autumn Bride' from other cultivars of Heuchera villosa. Attractive white flowers bloom in midsummer. This heuchera tolerates full sun but prefers partial shade, especially in the afternoon. -Jane Hutson, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue# 127

no image available Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
(Chinese hibiscus, Hawaiian hibisicus, Rose of China)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rounded, woody, evergreen shrub or small tree has lance-shaped, glossy dark green leaves with toothed margins. It bears 4- to 6-inch blossoms all summer. Solitary, five-petaled flowers 4 inches across range from single to ruffled and double. Colors include yellow, orange, pink, red, and combinations.

Hibiscus trionum Hibiscus trionum
(Flower-of-an-hour)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A seldom-seen annual or short-lived perennial, this easy-to-grow plant performs as the perfect filler in beds and containers. It forms a well-branched compact mound of deeply lobed, dark green leaves, which provide an interesting textural backdrop to its charming, hibiscus-type flowers. The flowers are truly stunning with their cream petals, purple-hued undersides, and deep burgundy centers. While each flower lasts only a single day, the plant blooms profusely all season and produces inflated seedpods. The flowers will not normally open on a cloudy day, but this is a small price to pay for such a gem of a plant.

Himalayacalamus falconeri ‘Damarapa’ Himalayacalamus falconeri ‘Damarapa’
(Noble bamboo)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial bamboo has dense clumps of smooth, olive-green, hollow, glossy culms, stained purple at the nodes, and linear, blue-green leaves to 6 inches long.

Hosta 'Fortunei Albo-marginata' Hosta 'Fortunei Albo-marginata'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bold, large, shield-shaped leaves with a deep green center and creamy-white margins turn white with age. Funnel-shaped mauve flowers borne on leafy scapes 32 inches long appear in midsummer.

Hosta 'Little Aurora' Hosta 'Little Aurora'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A fast grower, 'Little Aurora' has cupped, puckered leaves and a metallic sheen, with soft-lavender flowers from late June into early July.

Hosta 'Patriot' Hosta 'Patriot'
(Hosta)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Patriot' is one of the few hostas that can really take the heat. It's a tough plant with relatively large leaves, and their white edges shine in the shade the shade. In midsummer, lavender flowers appear on tall spikes. -Lou Anella, Regional Picks: Southern Plains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Houttuynia cordata 'Chameleon' Houttuynia cordata 'Chameleon'
(Chameleon plant)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Chameleon plant lives up to its name, with red and yellow variegated heart-shaped green leaves. Its scrambling growth habit may overwhelm its neighboring plants, so grow chameleon plant in a window box or a hanging basket, where its growth can more easily be controlled. -Debra Lee Baldwin, Regional Picks: Southern California, Fine Gardening issue #127

Humulus lupulus 'Aureus' Humulus lupulus 'Aureus'
(Hops)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Aureus' is a fast-growing, twining perennial with roughly hairy shoots and deeply lobed, maple-like leaves in a luminous, clear shade of yellow. Clusters of subtle, fragrant, greenish yellow flowers add texture in summer and mature to pendent, papery, cone-shaped fruits.

Hydrangea macrophylla Hydrangea macrophylla
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Hortensia, Lace-cap hydrangea, Florist's Hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the most widely recognized species of hydrangeas. It boasts a plentiful number of cultivars. The species is divided into two groups: the Hortensias (or "mopheads") have globe-shaped flowers made up of large male flowers, and the Lacecaps have flattened flower heads, with central, female blossoms ringed in larger, male blossoms. 

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mathilda Gutges' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mathilda Gutges'
(Bigleaf hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact shrub bears attractive deep green leaves and large, rounded flower heads of deep pink in neutral soil, and intense violet-blue in acidic soil.

Hydrangeamacrophylla 'Mini Penny™' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mini Penny™'
('Mini Penny™' hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This re-blooming mophead features inflorescences ranging 4-6 inches wide. Their color will be pink or blue depending on aluminum availability in soil. Compact habit with glossy dark green leaves.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nikko Blue' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nikko Blue'
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Florist's hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a well-loved and vigorous cultivar with large, rounded flower heads of a rich, gorgeous blue.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Pia' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Pia'
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Florist's hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Pia' is a dwarf Hortensia (or "mophead"), with globe-shaped flower heads made up of deep rose, 4-inch-wide flowers. 

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Variegata' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Variegata'
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Florist's hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mound-forming shrub has white leaf margins and blue or pink lacecap inflorescences.

Hydrangea serrata Hydrangea serrata
(Mountain hydrangea)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species was formerly grouped with the Lacecap hydrangeas because of its flattened flowerheads that consist of central, small florets surrounded by showy, larger florets. It is similiar to H. macrophylla but is a more compact plant with smaller flowers and leaves.

Hymenocallis narcissiflora Hymenocallis narcissiflora
(Peruvian daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulb blooms in early summer with striking, sweetly-scented white and yellow flowers that appear on leafless stems up to 24 inches tall. Petals curve up to accent a daffodil-like cup, sometimes with green-striped tubes. Peruvian daffodil has long, strap-shaped, arching, dark green leaves.

Impatiens auricoma 'Jungle Gold' Impatiens auricoma 'Jungle Gold'
('Jungle Gold' impatiens)
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Yellow blooms resembling orchids and large, glossy leaves makes 'Jungle Gold' an interesting addition to containers, where it will bloom more profusely than if it were in the ground. It performs well in shade.

Impatiens balsamina and cvs. Impatiens balsamina and cvs.
(Rose-balsam, Touch-me-not)
(1 user review)

This plant has a sparsely branched form and narrow lance-shaped, pale green leaves. Cup-shaped hooded flowers 1-2 inches across, either singly or in clusters, are followed by explosive seed capsules. A variety of colors are available, including rose, lilac, and creamy yellow.

no image available Impatiens walleriana Cajun Series™
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Cajun Series™ impatiens come in various colors, and their rich, saturated tints are a perfect choice for brightening shady borders. These impatiens grow to about a foot tall and bloom from summer to frost. -Julia Jones, Designing with annuals, Fine Gardening issue #120

Impatiens walleriana cvs. Impatiens walleriana cvs.
(Busy Lizzie, Patience plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This subshrubby perennial with light green to red-flushed stems has slightly toothed, scalloped, light to bronze-green or red-flushed leaves to 5 inches long. The showy, flat flowers bloom in white or shades of orange, pink, red, purple, violet, lavender-blue, and bicolors.

Imperata cylindrica and cvs. Imperata cylindrica and cvs.
(Japanese blood grass)
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This small ornamental grass is grown for its smooth, red-flushed leaves. Blooms are tan.

Ipomoea batatas 'Margarita' Ipomoea batatas 'Margarita'
('Margarita' sweet potato vine)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sweet potato vine has lime green leaves that light up in the sunlight and look paler in part shade. 'Margarita' is a real eye-catcher growing over the edge of a wall or creeping along the fringes of a border. -Julia Jones, Designing with Annuals, Fine Gardening issue #120

Ipomoea batatas 'Pink Frost' Ipomoea batatas 'Pink Frost'
('Pink Frost' sweet potato vine)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sweet potato vine is blessed with leaves that are edged in pink. Use it in containers, as a groundcover, or in beds and borders. Growing it with pink-flowered plants calls attention to the variegation.

Isolepis cernua Isolepis cernua
(Fiber-optic grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eye-catching sedge has silvery flower heads on the ends of its stems, making it appear like a tuft of fiber optic threads. It needs moist or wet soil and grows to about a foot tall and wide. Use it at waterside or in a container.

Itea virginica 'Sprich' Itea virginica 'Sprich'
(Little Henry® Virginia sweetspire)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Like the popular 'Henry's Garnet' Virginia sweetspire, Little Henry® has mildly fragrant white blooms in summer and red to orange leaf color in fall, but grows to just 2 to 3 feet tall and 3 feet wide. Use it in massed plantings, mixed borders, and containers. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #121

Kalimeris yomena Kalimeris yomena
(Japanese aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Beautiful variegation brightens the green and grey mottled foliage. A wide creamy-golden margin blends to the edge of the cut-leaf foliage. Its spreading branches mingle softly with its garden neighbors. Blooming in early fall, 12-  to 15-inch stems produce light lavender aster-like flowers with a yellow center.

Kolkwitzia amabilis 'Maradco' Kolkwitzia amabilis 'Maradco'
('Maradco' beautybush)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Anyone who has grown beautybush knows that it puts on a spectacular pink flower display in late spring and then it goes incognito the rest of the year. This new beautybush, however, commonly known as Dream Catcher™, dazzles the eye with unforgettable, golden yellow foliage that turns to a striking golden orange in fall.

Lagerstroemia 'GAMAD I' Lagerstroemia 'GAMAD I'
(Cherry Dazzle® Dwarf Crapemyrtle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact shrub was bred by the noted horticulturist, Dr. Michael Dirr. It was selected not only for its small stature but also for its excellent disease resistance and standout flower color.

Lamium galeobdolon 'Hermann's Pride' Lamium galeobdolon 'Hermann's Pride'
(Deadnettle, yellow archangel )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Hermann's Pride' is small, but bold. Unlike the rampantly creeping variegated yellow lamium (Lamium galeobdolon 'Variegatum'), the lamium cultivar ‘Hermann’s Pride’ is a slow-growing, clump-forming treasure that grows like a small bush, beautiful in foliage (jagged, silvery, and green) and flower (brilliant yellow). Masses of flowers appear in late spring to early summer. While some may have trouble controlling this cultivar, it behaves meekly in harsh climates. -Sue Whetten, Regional Picks: Rocky Mountains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Lamium maculatum 'White Nancy' Lamium maculatum 'White Nancy'
(Spotted deadnettle)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lamium is a genus with many cultivars that are outstanding foliage plants for the shade, most notably ‘White Nancy’. This evergreen ground cover’s beautiful, 1- to 2-inch-wide leaves are silvery white with green edges and have a quilted appearance. Clusters of white flowers appear from spring through summer.

Lamium maculatum 'Pink chablis' Lamium maculatum 'Pink chablis'
(Spotted deadnettles)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Pink Chablis’ has pink flowers above silvery gray leaves edged with dark green. These trailing plants make fine ground covers or cascaders.

Lantana camara 'Pink Caprice' Lantana camara 'Pink Caprice'
('Pink Caprice' lantana)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The pale pink and yellow flowers of this evergreen perennial attract butterflies from late spring to frost. Lantana camara is mostly grown as a summer annual, but can be overwintered in a cool, dark location.

Lathyrus odoratus and cvs. Lathyrus odoratus and cvs.
(Sweet pea)
(1 user review)

This annual climber has winged stems and deliciously fragrant, ruffled blossoms. Many cultivars exist with varying bloom color (solid, mixed, or bicolor), size, and climbing habit.

Lathyrus tingitanus Lathyrus tingitanus
(Tangier pea)
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A vigorous grower, this plant climbs by grasping tendrils, reaching 10 feet high. It has sweet-pea-like flowers and lacy foliage composed of pairs of leaflets.

Lavandula angustifolia Lavandula angustifolia
(English lavender)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

English lavender has silvery gray, aromatic foliage topped in summer with lavender-blue to dark purple flowers on long stems.

Lavandula stoechas Lavandula stoechas
(French lavender)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This early-blooming compact shrub bears intriguing pine-cone-shaped flowers that have dark-purple bracts, or “rabbit ears.” Bloom appears from late spring to summer. The foliage is gray-green.

Lewisia cotyledon Lewisia cotyledon
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lewisia cotyledon is an evergreen perennial of incredible beauty and well-balanced proportions. Fleshy leaves emerge in flat rosettes of spoon-shaped dark green leaves. Funnel-shaped flowers to 1 inch across are borne in compact panicles. The true species has candy-striped pink flowers. Hybrids bloom in shades from white to magenta.

Ligularia dentata 'Britt Marie Crawford' Ligularia dentata 'Britt Marie Crawford'
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early spring, fleshy stems unfurl and are topped by rounded burgundy leaves. By June, this plant looks splendid, with upturned leaves and their rich purple undersides. 'Britt Marie Crawford' may wilt in the hot noonday sun, but soft shade soon revives it. At the start of summer, right golden daisy-like flowers bloom, contrasting boldly with the foliage. -Matt Griswold, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #127

Ligularia tussilaginea 'Gigantea' Ligularia tussilaginea 'Gigantea'
(Giant leopard plant)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen foliage plant has large, rounded, leathery leaves and daisy-like yellow flowers. It looks great in the border or in containers.

Lilium 'Casa Blanca' Lilium 'Casa Blanca'
('Casa Blanca' Oriental lily)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists and for weddings, 'Casa Blanca' lily has large, pure white, scented flowers.

Lilium 'Star Gazer' Lilium 'Star Gazer'
(Lily)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists, 'Star Gazer' lily has bright crimson flowers with purple spots and dark edges. These lilies grow to about 3 feet tall, so they generally don't need staking.

Lilium formosanum Lilium formosanum
(Formosa lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late August through early October, this lily bears eight or more 10-inch-long, deliciously scented, pristine-white trumpets (sometimes blushed pink on the outside) upon each stem. After the flowers fade, the stalks turn upward, opening elegantly as the seeds ripen and the pods dry to form a weather-resistant candelabra to adorn the winter garden or to use in dried arrangements

Lobelia Techno® Blue Lobelia Techno® Blue
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Unlike most trailing lobelias, this cultivar does not falter in hot temperatures. Techno® Blue is covered in intense, cobalt blue flowers. Its semitrailing, mounding habit is a great addition to containers and hanging baskets.

Loropetalum chinense 'Chang Nian Hong' Loropetalum chinense 'Chang Nian Hong'
(Ever Red® Loropetalum )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new, compact loropetalum has the reddest blooms of all cultivars. Dark burgundy foliage retains its color throughout the year. Great for specimen planting, mass plantings and borders.

Lysimachia congestiflora 'Persian Chocolate' Lysimachia congestiflora 'Persian Chocolate'
('Persian Chocolate' moneywort)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A mass of small purple leaves and abundant golden yellow, bell-shaped flowers distinguish this groundcover. It is useful on slopes as well as in containers.

Lysimachia nummularia

Lysimachia nummularia


(Creeping Jenny, Moneywort)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Creeping Jenny is a  low-growing, rampant, evergreen groundcover with rounded leaves. In summer, it produces many cup-shaped, bright yellow flowers.

no image available Magnolia × soulangeana 'Black Tulip'
(Black Tulip magnolia, Saucer magnolia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning hybrid has deep burgundy tulip-shaped flowers that appear in early spring before its 4- to 6-inch-long leaves unfurl. It makes an excellent small specimen tree, growing to 20 feet tall. It can be topped to form a hedge, and works well in large containers.

Mahonia bealei Mahonia bealei
(Leatherleaf mahonia, Beale's barberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Leatherleaf mahonia  is a thick shrub with a formal feel. Its stiff, green-blue foliage looks something like holly foliage, and in spring, airy clusters of tiny, golden yellow flowers appear. These are followed in fall by inky blue berries. Consider this plant for a a mixed-shrub foundation planting, or use it as a hedge plant. -Nellie Neal, Regional Picks: Southeast, Fine Gardening issue #127

Manihot esculenta'Variegata' Manihot esculenta 'Variegata'
(Variegated tapioca, Cassava)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From May to frost, whatever the temperature, this plant's creamy yellow markings do not fade. It looks good in containers or in garden beds, and you can use it in the foreground or as a focal point in distant plantings. Variegated tapioca attains a height and width of 3 to 4 feet. It is normally grown as an annual, but can be overwintered indoors. -Allan Armitage, Plant picks, Fine Gardening issue #121

Melianthus major Melianthus major
(Honey bush)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Honey bush has attractive, 12- to 20-inch-long pinnate leaves with sharply toothed silver-green leaflets. It bears spike-like racemes of oddly scented brownish crimson to brick-red flowers from late spring to midsummer.

Melinus nerviglumis Melinus nerviglumis
(Ruby grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping, blue-green foliaged grass has amethyst-pink flowers that create fluffy, 8- to 12-inch-long plumes throughout the summer. Eventually, the flowers mature to the color of root beer foam. It is heat and drought tolerant, and it makes a fine annual in colder climates. Excellent drainage will help it thrive in humid summer climates. Not invasive from seed, ruby grass works great grown singly in pots or in groups.

Muhlenbergia capillaris Muhlenbergia capillaris
(Muhly grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In autumn, this unique specimen creates a spectacular, billowy inflorescence of massed, vibrant pink, airy flowers on 4-foot stems. It is noted for its tolerance to poorly drained soil. It is possibly hardy to Zone 6 with protection.

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
(Lindheimer's muhly)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful warm-season grass produces attractive, pale purplish-gray plumes in autumn and goes dormant in the cold season. It forms a neat, upright clump with fine blue-gray foliage.

Musa zebrina Musa zebrina
(Blood banana)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An oversize tender perennial, blood banana has large, fleshy, rubberlike leaves with dark markings. The foliage is green with random reddish purple blotches. On mature plants, orange or red flowers develop into inedible orange fruits. -Julia Jones, Designing with annuals, Fine Gardening issue #120

Muscari armeniacum Muscari armeniacum
(Grape Hyacinth)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. They are particularly spectacular when allowed to naturalize, whether under trees, along a pathway, tucked into ground covers, or in a bed.

Muscari armeniacum 'Blue Spike' Muscari armeniacum 'Blue Spike'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These double-flowered grape hyacinths are a good candidate for beds and borders because they increase only by division. They also bloom longer than those that hasten through spring eager to set seed. April-flowering 'Blue Spike' has the largest inflorescence of the species, with fully double flax-blue fluffy heads (each pedicel carries multiple individual flowers instead of one) and narrow, linear leaves.

Muscari armeniacum 'Fantasy Creation' Muscari armeniacum 'Fantasy Creation'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These double-flowered grape hyacinths are a good candidate for beds and borders because they increase only by division. They also bloom longer than those that hasten through spring eager to set seed. 'Fantasy Creation', a sport of 'Blue Spike', has a large pyramidal raceme resembling broccoli. Its blue flowers gradually turn purple, then green, fading toward yellow. It doesn't wilt and rarely sets seed, making it useful for dried flower arrangements.

Muscari armeniacum 'Saffier' Muscari armeniacum 'Saffier'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. 'Saffier' is a good candidate for beds and borders because it increases only by division. Its strong, rigid flower stalks start celery-green and mature to robust medium-blue blossoms with distinct pale-green lips at the mouth of each floret. The constricted openings prevent access to pollinating insects, resulting in blooms that last a full month and making them excellent cut flowers.

Muscari aucheri 'Blue magic' Muscari aucheri 'Blue magic'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. They are particularly spectacular when allowed to naturalize, whether under trees, along a pathway, tucked into ground covers, or in a bed. 'Blue Magic' has a true-blue hue and is great for forcing.

Muscari azureum Muscari azureum
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. They are particularly spectacular when allowed to naturalize, whether under trees, along a pathway, tucked into ground covers, or in a bed. This species blooms early, in March in some areas. It has sky-blue frilled bells with indigo stripes. Although the blossoms aren't long-lived, they self-sow freely, providing more flowers to enjoy the following year.

Muscari comosum 'Plumosum' Muscari comosum 'Plumosum'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. This species, also known as the feather hyacinth, has slender airy filaments and resembles a red-violet plume. It's completely unlike its grapy cousins in color and form, and makes a good, 10-inch cut flower. The bulbs themselves have a distinct pink color and produce toothlike bulblets that grow to flowering size in just one season.

Muscari latifolium Muscari latifolium
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From fleshy leaves arise bell-shaped, purplish blue, sometimes almost black, flowers. Flower heads appear two-toned due to paler crowns, which are sterile flowers. Grape hyacinth is good for naturalizing in gardens or lawns, for forcing or growing in container displays, and for rock gardens.

Muscari neglectum 'Valerie Finnis' Muscari neglectum 'Valerie Finnis'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This graph hyacinth is a tall, brilliant powder-blue showstopper that shows beautifully with pink-cupped daffodils. Its namesake, Valerie Finnis, was a famous British plantswoman and photographer. Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. They are particularly spectacular when allowed to naturalize, whether under trees, along a pathway, tucked into ground covers, or in a bed.

Muscari paradoxum Muscari paradoxum
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The flowers of this grape hyacinth are stunning, reaching 8 to 12 inches tall. The blossoms burst in April and May, with yellow-rimmed opaque blue-black skirts tapering to a perfect conical shape, which is set off by glaucous deep green foliage. Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them.

Myosotis sylvatica Myosotis sylvatica
(Forget-me-not)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived perennial or biennial has ovate to lance-shaped, velvety gray-green leaves to 4.5 inches long. Myriad saucer-shaped blue or white flowers with yellow eyes are borne in clusters from spring to early summer.

Myrica pensylvanica Myrica pensylvanica
(Northern bayberry, Bayberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American coastal native exhibits quiet beauty and an easy-going habit. It grows to 10 feet tall, and spreads slowly to form colonies with glossy, semi-evergreen aromatic leaves.  It looks equally at home as a hedge, in an herb garden, or in a natural meadow.

Narcissus 'Avalanche' Narcissus 'Avalanche'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tazetta-type daffodils, including the paperwhites that can be forced into bloom indoors during the winter, are also fragrant. ‘Avalanche’ has a cluster of 10 to 20 tiny flowers, creating almost an entire bouquet on one stem. Its flowers, with white petals and pale-yellow cups, have a wonderful musky-sweet fragrance. Since it is hardy to Zone 6, it can be enjoyed in many gardens. It shows off even more when combined with plants like Tulipa ‘Pink Impression’, Ornithogalum balansae, and pansies.

Narcissus 'Bethlehem' Narcissus 'Bethlehem'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 4 to 5 weeks after planting. It produces 10 to 15 creamy-white flowers with pale-yellow centers on compact stems 8 to 10 inches tall, and exudes a mild, sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Ceylon' Narcissus 'Ceylon'
(Large-Cupped Daffodil)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daffodil has large, long-lasting flowers that are a deep, sunny yellow with orange cups. Plant these in large groups for a specular mid-season show. Great for forcing indoors.

Narcissus 'Chinese Sacred Lily' Narcissus 'Chinese Sacred Lily'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 5 weeks after planting.  Each 14- to 16-inch stem brings forth 5 to 10 white flowers with golden-yellow centers exuding a delicate fragrance. It may require staking.

Narcissus 'Cragford' Narcissus 'Cragford'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 8 to 10 weeks after planting.  It produces mildly musk-scented, white flowers with orange centers on stems 12 to 14 inches tall.

Narcissus 'Dickcissel' Narcissus 'Dickcissel'
(Jonquilla Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This miniature daffodil opens in very late spring. Its cup changes from yellow to white after the flowers open.

Narcissus 'Galilee' Narcissus 'Galilee'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 4 weeks after planting. It produces 10 to 15 white flowers per stem (12 to 14 inches tall) and exudes a musky fragrance.

Narcissus 'Grand Soleil d'Or' Narcissus 'Grand Soleil d'Or'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 6 to 10 weeks after planting.  It produces 10 to 20 bright-yellow flowers with orange centers on stems 12 to 14 inches tall, and exudes a marvelously sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Hawera' Narcissus 'Hawera'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Triandrus-type daffodils usually have one or two nodding flowers per stem and are noted for their wonderful, often fruity, fragrance. N. ‘Hawera’ (pre-1950, Zones 3–8) is a miniature triandrus-type daffodil with many elfin, pale-yellow nodding bells per stem, each with a demitasse-shaped cup surrounded by swept-back petals. This adaptable daffodil can grow in dry areas, in pots, in full sun, and in partial shade. It contrasts nicely with Muscari armeniacum and is exquisite with hellebores.

Narcissus 'Intrigue' Narcissus 'Intrigue'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The newly opened blossoms of N. ‘Intrigue’ (1970, Zones 3–9) are a soft chartreuse-yellow. As they mature, however, the flowers become a luminous white and attract a lot of attention, especially when planted with a blood-red tulip like ‘Hollandia’. When combined with another soft-colored flower, like Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Lady Derby’, it creates a peaceful scene. An American-bred jonquilla-type daffodil with several flowers per stem, ‘Intrigue’ also has a wonderful fragrance. 

no image available Narcissus 'Israel'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 5 weeks after planting. Each 16- to 20-inch stem brings forth 15 to 20 large, creamy-yellow flowers with pale-yellow centers. Its mild fragrance is sweet and musky.

Narcissus 'Jack Snipe' Narcissus 'Jack Snipe'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Generally speaking, daffodils perform best in full sun and well-drained soil, in areas where there is a fair amount of rainfall in the fall and spring and where the summer is relatively dry. However, cyclamineus-type daffodils seem to tolerate at least partial shade and more moisture than others do. Narcissus ‘Jack Snipe’ (pre-1951, Zones 3–8) is a charming example of this type of daffodil. Its white petals are swept back, as if it were standing in front of a fan, and its medium-length, buttercup-yellow trumpet (or nose) sticks straight out at a 90 degree angle from the stem.  ‘Jack Snipe’ is an intermediate-size daffodil, standing only 8 to 10 inches tall, and is perfect for a rock garden or the front of a flower border. This whole division of daffodils is becoming more popular not only because it tolerates some shade but also because the shape of the flower is so handsome.

no image available Narcissus 'Jerusalem'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 4 weeks after planting. It produces very large, white flowers on stems 16 to 20 inches tall, and exudes a mildly sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Nazareth' Narcissus 'Nazareth'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 weeks after planting. It produces creamy white flowers with yellow centers on compact stems 12 to 14 inches tall, and exudes a mildly sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Quail' Narcissus 'Quail'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Jonquilla-type daffodils produce dark-green, narrow, often reedlike leaves, which are relatively easy to hide in the border while they mature, and there is usually more than one sweetly fragrant flower per stem. Golden-yellow, sweetly fragrant, and a wonderful perennial, ‘Quail’ creates a special color echo with the golden center of the small tulip Tulipa bakeri ‘Lilac Wonder’.

Narcissus 'Tahiti' Narcissus 'Tahiti'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Although some people don’t consider double or peonylike daffodils classics, many double hybrids have been in existence for a long time. N. ‘Tahiti’ (1956, Zones 3–8) has a soft-yellow flower with bright reddish-orange interior ruffles is reminiscent of a blossom from the tropics. ‘Tahiti’ stands up straight under its own weight, even on windy days. Its coloration is eye-catching, so it makes a big impact in the garden.

Narcissus 'Accent' Narcissus 'Accent'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Narcissus ‘Accent’ has white petals and a funnel-shaped, salmon-pink cup whose color stays true.

Narcissus 'Rijnveld’s Early Sensation' Narcissus 'Rijnveld’s Early Sensation'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Narcissus ‘Rijnveld’s Early Sensation’ is a classic yellow trumpet-type daffodil and one of the earliest blooming. It can tolerate cold, snowy weather and it has a long blooming period. 'Rijnveld's Early Sensation' combines nicely with early crocuses and dwarf irises.

Narcissus 'Serola' Narcissus 'Serola'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Brightly colored, large-cupped, and reliable, Narcissus 'Serola' has vivid orange and yellow flowers that make it the perfect choice for roadside plantings, for gardens viewed from a distance, and for hot-colored garden schemes. It shows up even better with contrasting colors like the bright, beet-red Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Woodstock’, or as a color echo with Tulipa ‘American Dream’.

Narcissus bulbocodium var. conspicuus Narcissus bulbocodium var. conspicuus
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The species daffodil N. bulbocodium var. conspicuus (Zones 3–9) has been around so long that no one can actually put a date on it. Its look is unusual: It does have six golden petals, but they are tiny, twisted, and often difficult to see. Its prominent rounded cup gives rise to its nickname, hoop petticoats. It prefers acidic soil and when happy, will reseed, blooming like buttercups in groups. Only 4 to 6 inches tall, it naturalizes itself in many areas.

Narcissus jonquilla Narcissus jonquilla
(Wild jonquil, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Division 10 Bulbocodium species blooms late in the season, bearing up to 5 fragrant and nodding golden-yellow flowers. It has cylindrical, dark-green stems to 12 inches. It is good for naturalizing, and prefers neutral to alkaline soil.

no image available Narcissus papyraceus
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Tazetta/Division 10 daffodil is a species well-suited to forcing. It produces white clusters of up to 10 half-inch-wide blooms, which are strongly scented.

Narcissus papyraceus 'Ziva' Narcissus papyraceus 'Ziva'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender Paperwhite is well-suited to forcing. It blooms in only two or three weeks from planting, bearing pure-white, musk-scented flowers atop 16 to 18 inch tall stems.

Nepeta Little Trudy™ Nepeta Little Trudy™
(Catmint)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new compact catmint, with the cultivar name 'Psfike', only reaches 8 to 10 inches tall and 12 to 16 inches wide, the perfect size for containers, bed edges, or other small nooks and crannies. It features the same silvery foliage and summer lavender blooms that we know and love, and thrives in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil in Zones 4 to 9.

Nephrolepis exaltata 'Rita's Gold™' Nephrolepis exaltata 'Rita's Gold™'
(Boston fern)
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Slightly more compact than classic Boston ferns, this golden-leaved selection features striking chartreuse fronds that prefer shade but will tolerate intermittent sun. It shimmers from a distance and blends beautifully with impatiens, begonias, and caladiums in mixed containers. Introduced in 2006.

Nerium oleander Nerium oleander
(Oleander, Rose bay)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Oleander is a tall, upright to spreading shrub with lance-shaped, deep green to grayish green leaves. Clusteres of up to 80 pink, red, or white flowers appear in summer. Numerous cultivars are available, varying in bloom color, fragrance, and size, as well as shrub size and leaf variegation.

Nicotiana alata 'Lime Green' Nicotiana alata 'Lime Green'
(Flowering tobacco)
(2 user reviews)

The yellow-green trumpet-shaped flowers of 'Lime Green' flowering tobacco mix well with many other colors in the garden. Growing to 2 or 3 feet tall, this annual's flowers attract hummingbirds and are fragrant at night.

Nicotiana glauca Nicotiana glauca
(Tree tobacco)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tree tobacco bears fleshy, almost succulent, saucer-sized leaves colored a lovely silvery blue. This tender perennial can be easily grown from seed as an annual and, in a single season, makes the incredible leap from a dust mote of seed to a skyscraping specimen 10 or more feet tall. Plants are a little rangy, but plenty of pinching helps keep tree tobacco at a size suited to a more modest perennial border. The plant bears yellow flowers if given a long enough growing season.

Nicotiana langsdorffii Nicotiana langsdorffii
(Tobacco)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Broad, deep-green leaves nearly a foot long and panicles of flowers the color of a Granny Smith apple make this Nicotiana a great companion for many other garden plants. It looks especially handsome with dark-foliaged trees or shrubs like purple smoke bush (Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’) or ‘Diabolo’ ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Diabolo’). It is also good with grasses. N. langsdorffii comes into its own as a moderator wherever colors clash. That chameleon-like quality makes this nicotiana’s propensity to self-sow most welcome; no matter where its progeny appear, they look great.

Nolina nelsonii Nolina nelsonii
(Blue beargrass tree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This yucca-like Mexican plant has bold bluish leaves to 3 feet long that have tiny serrations on the edges. It makes a stunning accent in the garden or in a container. It is hardy to 10°F and extremely drought tolerant. Thousands of tiny white flowers bloom on a 4-foot stalk on mature clumps.

Ocimum × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo' Ocimum × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo'
('Pesto Perpetuo' basil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Pesto Perpetuo' basil not only produces copious amounts of leaves for cooking but also is easy on the eye. It has creamy white variegated leaves and a columnar habit. It does not flower, so nothing will detract from the foliage.

Ocimum basilicum Ocimum basilicum
(Basil, Sweet basil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The herb of kings combines superbly with roses. Different cultivars vary in leaf shape, scent, and color, from green to deep purple, with blue, white, burgundy, or pink flowers.

no image available Olea europaea 'Little Ollie'
(Olive)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf, non-fruiting olive cultivar is an evergreen tree reaching 4 to 6 feet high and wide. It has attractive dark green leaves.

Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens' Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens'
(Black mondo grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Black mondo grass has straplike, shiny black foliage and grows in little tufts. The grasslike foliage looks good with  chartreuse foliage, variegated woodland plants, and with its own flowers, which bloom in midsummer. Young leaves start out with a greenish hue that soon turns to black. The flowers are bell shaped and can be pink, pale violet, or white, and are followed by fleshy black seeds that may remain on the plant all winter. This perennial is evergreen in mild winters or in the warmer portions of its range. It looks stunning in a shady container planting. -Lou Anella, Regional Picks: Southern Plains, Fine Gardening issue #127

Origanum vulgare 'Aureum’ Origanum vulgare 'Aureum’
(Golden oregano)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden oregano is a robust creeper with tiny, rounded leaves 1/2 to 1 inch wide. Small, pink or lavender to purple flowers stand out above the foliage in early to late summer.

Osteospermum Crescendo™ Primrose Osteospermum Crescendo™ Primrose
(Crescendo™ Primrose African daisy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This African daisy blooms nonstop from early June through October, even in extreme heat. It has an attractive mounding form and is an ideal candidate for pots and baskets. Its daisy flowers are pale yellow with maroon centers.

Othonna capensis Othonna capensis
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen, perennial succulent has pudgy, swollen, deep green stems which resemble a pickle, similar to those of the iceplant. Flowers begin as pearl-sized, pale mauve capsules sitting atop succulent 1-inch-high foliage, then open to reveal half-inch-long, yellow daisylike flowers. Blooms appear from mid-spring into fall.

Oxalis triangularis Oxalis triangularis
(Love plant, Purple shamrock)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Purple shamrock's pretty foliage and dainty flowers make it a good choice for containers, borders, or indoors.

Oxalis vulcanicola 'Zinfandel' Oxalis vulcanicola 'Zinfandel'
(Volcanic sorrel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The old-fashioned shamrock house­plant is now high fashion. Several introductions from Proven Winners push this group to the fore for its elegant foliage; abundant, delicate flowers; and vigor. Only 6 to 10 inches high with a spread to 12 inches, this plant’s tiny, ¾-inch-wide, bronze-colored leaf clusters and bright yellow flowers are massed on trailing stems that spill over the sides of shaded window boxes and containers.

Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Fire' Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Fire'
(‘Prairie Fire’ red switchgrass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Prairie Fire' is a distinctly red form of switchgrass. Blue-green spring foliage turns shades of deep red by early summer and butter yellow in late fall. The grass persists into winter. 'Prairie Fire' has a fibrous root system that grows to more than 10 feet deep, making it drought tolerant. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Panicum virgatum 'Ruby Ribbons' Panicum virgatum 'Ruby Ribbons'
(Switch Grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Panicum Ruby Ribbons’ soft blue-green foliage emerges in the spring on upright, clumping plants. The foliage takes on a wine-red color in early summer, which intensifies as the season progresses. Flower heads appear in late summer, followed by ornamental seed heads, which, if left uncut, provide long-lasting winter interest.

Papaver nudicaule Papaver nudicaule
(Iceland poppy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Iceland poppy is a short-lived perennial usually grown as a cool-weather annual, or biennial. From hairy tufts of linear blue-green foliage rise wiry stems bearing a pendant bud. The single (occasionally double) short-lived flowers unwrinkle their petals into a wide-spreading saucer shape 3 inches across.

Passiflora caerulea Passiflora caerulea
(Blue passion flower)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces 3- to 4-inch-diameter, slightly scented flowers sporadically during summer, increasing in late summer through autumn. Intricate blossoms have an outer ruffle of petals and sepals; an inner disc of filaments composed of rings of blue, white and purple; and a central “antenna.” Deeply lobed dark green leaves cover stems that grasp supports with tendrils. Blue passion flower can reach 10 feet tall in one season. The ovoid, orange-yellow fruit is edible.

Pelargonium 'Crystal Palace Gem' Pelargonium 'Crystal Palace Gem'
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'Crystal Palace Gem' was first introduced in 1869 and has been a star in the garden ever since. It was named for Joseph Paxton's elaborate glass house designed in 1851 for London's Great Exhibition in Hyde Park. Like its namesake, the plant is showy, with its round chartreuse leaves with a midgreen center and its salmon-red flowers. 'Crystal Palace Gem' looks good from spring until frost. -Marty Wingate, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #120

Pelargonium ‘Attar of Roses’ Pelargonium ‘Attar of Roses’
(Geranium, Scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rose-scented leaves and clusters of pale pink flowers adorn this trailing geranium. Grow in a location where the foliage can be touched and, thus, the scent released.

Pelargonium ‘Lady Scarborough’ Pelargonium ‘Lady Scarborough’
(Geranium, Scented geranium, Strawberry-scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Lady Scarborough’ is blessed with strawberry-scented, crinkled-edge leaves and pale pink flowers with dark markings. It works well in a hanging basket if left unpruned.

Pelargonium ‘Pungent Peppermint’ Pelargonium ‘Pungent Peppermint’
(Geranium, Scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This trailing plant has peppermint-scented, deeply cut leaves and mauve flowers.

Pelargonium ‘Roger’s Delight’ Pelargonium ‘Roger’s Delight’
(Geranium, Scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Trailing ‘Roger’s Delight’ has lemon-scented leaves and large red upper petals and paler lower petals.

Pelargonium crispum Pelargonium crispum
(Geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a lemon-scented, shrubby, upright pelargonium with pale pink flowers and crinkled leaves.

Pelargonium crispum ‘Variegatum’ Pelargonium crispum ‘Variegatum’
(Geranium, Scented geranium, Variegated lemon-scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lemon-scented, shrubby, upright pelargonium has cream-margined leaves.

no image available Pelargonium sidoides
(Kalwerbossie geranium , Silverleaf geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This exemplary species has felted, gray, crinkled leaves. Over a long period, it exhibits sprays of butterfly-shaped, rich wine-red flowers, which contrast dramatically with the foliage. Its small stature makes it a perfect candidate for a container or a walkway edge. It has been used medicinally for the treatment of various infections, including bronchitis. It is a native of Africa.

Pelargonium tomentosum Pelargonium tomentosum
(Mint-scented geranium, Peppermint geranium)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The velvety leaves of this choice species are pale green with long, silky hairs. The angora-like feel of the foliage is matched by its heavenly aroma of fresh mint. It bears clusters of dainty white blossoms in spring, but remains an exceptional foliage plant throughout the year.

Pennisetum 'Fireworks' Pennisetum 'Fireworks'
(Variegated purple fountain grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pennisetum 'Fireworks' is the first variegated purple fountain grass. The midvein, of the typical burgundy color, is flanked by hot pink margins.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.

 

Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty' Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty'
(Pearl millet)
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This cultivar of pearl millet has wide, deep purple foliage and stems. It forms a 5-foot-high specimen with tight cylindrical flowers of purple-brown seeds—a favorite of many birds. This plant makes a stunning container specimen. In the mixed border, its foliage contrasts nicely with other plants.

Pennisetum messiacum Pennisetum messiacum
(Bunny tails)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual grass produces deep pink flowers that resemble rabbits' tails. Flowers persist throughout the season. It forms a tidy, evergreen clump, 2 feet high and 3 feet wide.

Pennisetum setaceum 'Fireworks' Pennisetum setaceum 'Fireworks'
(Variegated Purple Fountain Grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A refreshing new look to an old time favorite ornamental grass! Pennisetum ‘Fireworks’ is the first variegated purple fountain grass. The midvein is the typical burgundy color and is flanked by hot pink margins. Produces beautiful red-burgundy foxtail flowers. Great accent plant and excellent in containers. -Santa Rosa Gardens

Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum' Pennisetum setaceum 'Rubrum'
(Purple fountain grass, Red fountain grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tropical annual produces mounds of narrow burgundy-red foliage and purple plumes to 1 foot long. It is invaluable for containers and stunning, annual foliage color in a border. It rarely sets seed.

Penstemon Phoenix™ Red Penstemon Phoenix™ Red
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This penstemon cultivar has huge red flowers with white throats on upright spikes. The plants bloom all summer, even more so when given a weekly dose of liquid fertilizer. Hardy in Zones 9 and above, Phoenix™ Red is usually grown as an annual.

Pentas lanceolata 'New Look Red' Pentas lanceolata 'New Look Red'
(Egyptian star cluster, Star cluster)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red star-shaped flowers with small white centers bloom atop erect stems from spring to autumn. This evergreen perennial or subshrub is often grown as a summer annual. It generally stays under 2 feet tall in the garden, but the species can reach over 6 feet tall in the wild. Grow in a bed or border, or in containers.

Petunia integrifolia Petunia integrifolia
(Surfinia petunia, Wild petunia, Violet-flowered petunia)
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This easy, fast-growing annual cascades 3 feet or more from window boxes or hanging baskets. It's a prolific bloomer, with nonstop, violet flowers approximately 1.5 inches wide blanketing the foliage. Plants bloom from May through the first frost.

PetuniaSweetunia® Soft Pink Morning Petunia Sweetunia® Soft Pink Morning
(Sweetunia® Soft Pink Morning petunia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spectacular selection shines brightly in the most brutal of circumstances. Month after month, this petunia spills oodles of white- and yellow-throated, pink-rimmed blooms elegantly over bed edges.

Phlox subulata Phlox subulata
(Moss phlox)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Moss phlox is a dense ground cover blanketed with notch-petaled flowers in April and May. Blooms can be muddy hot pink, bright rose, and magenta, while other cultivars include white, soft lavender-blue, clear pale pink to deep pink, clear scarlet, and lavender, some with a darker or lighter eye. Evergreen foliage is narrow, short, and stiff. Darker-flowered forms have dark-green leaves or red-tinged leaves that darken to burgundy in winter.

no image available Phormium 'Amazing Red'
('Amazing Red' New Zealand Flax)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This New Zealand flax has dark reddish brown leaves that form a neat clump less than 2 feet tall and about as wide. It makes a great container plant.

no image available Phygelius × rectus 'Moonraker'
('Moonraker' Cape fuchsia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pale yellow, four-inch-long flowers dangle all around the stems of this evergreen, fuchsia look-alike. Given a long enough growing season, it can reach 5 feet tall and as wide. Where not hardy, grow it as a tender perennial.

Phyllostachys nigra Phyllostachys nigra
(Black bamboo)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping bamboo is native to eastern and central China and can reach 15 feet tall and almost as wide. After two or three years, slender green culms turn a lustrous black. The foliage is abundant and dark green, making a stunning combination with the stems. Grow as screening, in large containers, or in a woodland setting where the stems can be appreciated.

Picea sitchensis 'Papoose' Picea sitchensis 'Papoose'
(Dwarf Sitka spruce, 'Papoose' spruce)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a dwarf conifer with a rounded form. Juvenile needles grow like miniature puffballs on the tips of stubby, round branches and age to a silvery blue on one side and green on the other.

Pieris japonica Pieris japonica
(Lily-of-the-valley bush, Japanese pieris, Japanese andromeda)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This neat, rounded shrub has given rise to many noteworthy cultivars. It grows to 12 feet tall and 10 feet wide, producing drooping clusters of delicate white blossoms in winter and spring. Use this shrub in a woodland, rock garden, container, or as a foundation plant.

no image available Pieris japonica 'Dorothy Wyckoff'
(Dorothy Wyckoff andromeda, Lily-of-the-valley bush, Japanese pieris, Japanese andromeda)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact, rounded shrub produces reddish-purple buds that first open as soft-pink then mature to white. It grows to about 5 feet high and wide, making it a superb specimen for a container or small garden.

Pilea involucrata Pilea involucrata
(Friendship plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Friendship plant—easily propagated and given to friends, hence the common name—is native to Central and South America. It has richly textured, bronzy leaves and makes a nice addition to containers where it can be appreciated up close. The flowers are not particularly noteworthy.

Plectranthus ‘Mona Lavender’ Plectranthus ‘Mona Lavender’
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Plectranthus cultivars are popular foliage plants, but some gardeners grow them for their blooms, and one of the best bloomers is 'Mona Lavender'. This cultivar has abundant lavender-purple flowers that complement the dark green leaves (with purple undersides and stems). These plants thrive in light to deep shade. -Tom Nelson, Regional Picks: Northern California, Fine Gardening issue #127 

Plectranthus amboinicus Plectranthus amboinicus
(Mexican mint, Indian borage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Prized largely for its foliage, this spreading evergreen perennial is grown as an annual or under glass.

Plectranthus argentatus Plectranthus argentatus
(Silver spurflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grown mainly for its velvety gray succulent leaves, this Australian native shrub can reach 3 feet high and wide.

Plectranthus forsteri 'Green on Green' Plectranthus forsteri 'Green on Green'
(Swedish ivy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As the name implies, this plectranthus has green leaves with lime green edges. Some of the leaves are entirely lime green. It looks great mingling around the feet of perennials, shrubs, and annuals.

Plectranthus purpuratus Plectranthus purpuratus
(Purple Swedish ivy, Vick's plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Soft, fuzzy, purple-tinged leaves make this Plectranthus a good companion plant in containers.

Pleioblastus viridistriatus Pleioblastus viridistriatus
(Golden bamboo, Kamuro-zasa )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bamboo has showy variegated leaves of green and gold in an irregular pattern of stripes. It is a running bamboo, making it good for naturalizing and filling in or for hedging, but it may need to be controlled by underground barriers. It grows to about 5 feet high.

Plumbago auriculata Plumbago auriculata
(Cape leadwort, Cape plumbago)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen shrub, native to South Africa, has long, skinny stems and phlox-like pale blue flowers. It can be used as a shrub, climber, pot plant, or groundcover.

Podophyllum 'Kaleidoscope' Podophyllum 'Kaleidoscope'
(Hybrid mayapple, Asian mayapple)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As the cultivar name suggests, the leaves of ‘Kaleidoscope’ have distinctive markings, which can range in color from silver to light green to nearly black. Maroon flowers bloom in early summer. This plant is mostly evergreen. The plant's growth habit is umbrella-like. -Sylvia Matlock, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Polemonium caeruleum 'Brise d'Anjou' Polemonium caeruleum 'Brise d'Anjou'
(Variegated Jacob’s ladder, Greek valerian)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dramatic cultivar has bright green leaves that are richly edged with cream. It bears lavender-blue blossoms in spring, and grows from 1.5 to 2 feet tall.

no image available Polemonium reptans 'Stairway to Heaven'
(Greek valerian, Jacob’s ladder)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variegated cultivar offers white-edged leaves with pink tints on a compact plant to 1.5 feet tall. It bears light lavender-blue bell-shaped blossoms in spring.

Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers' Pulmonaria 'Silver Shimmers'
('Silver Shimmers' lungwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eye-catching perennial has silver-plated leaves with speckled margins. Its blooms are among the largest of all lungworts, beginning as pink buds and opening in early spring to display platinum blue flowers.

This plant will eventually form a decent-sized mound that resembles a mountain of liquid silver. It's perfect in a woodland border and makes a great ground cover and container plant. In mild winters, its leaves may stay evergreen.

Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-low’ Rhus aromatica ‘Gro-low’
(Fragrant sumac)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous shrub hugs the ground (to 2 feet tall) and spreads out to 8 feet, making it an excellent choice for stablizing a bank or smothering weeds. It has small yellow flowers, hairy red fruits, and glossy leaves that change to gorgeous orange-red in autumn. 

Ricinus communis 'Carmencita' Ricinus communis 'Carmencita'
(Castor bean)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Carmencita' castor bean is a shrub, usually grown as an annual, that grows to 6 to 10 feet and is well branched, with dark bronze-red foliage and bright red female flowers. Grow in a cool greenhouse or use as a specimen foliage plant in the summer outdoors.

Rosa 'Black Jade' Rosa 'Black Jade'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A miniature, upright rose with glossy, dark green leaves and very dark red flowers from spring to fall, 'Black Jade' reaches only about 2 feet tall. It is good for growing in containers, rock gardens, and other small areas, or at the front of beds and borders.

Rosa 'Charles Albanel' Rosa 'Charles Albanel'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading rose grows to only 2 feet tall, making it an ideal groundcover for a steep bank or roadside. It produces fragrant, double, deep-pink blossoms from spring to fall.  

Rosa 'Darcey Bussell' (Ausdecorum) Rosa 'Darcey Bussell' (Ausdecorum)
(Darcey Bussell rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose, with its short, bushy growth, is an excellent shrub for the front of the border or for planting in formal rose beds. It will make an excellent plant for a large pot.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses 

Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant' Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant'
(Tea rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This scented rose was reputed to be a favorite of Teddy Roosevelt. It has beautifully formed, double rosy-pink blossoms. It blooms all season long and grows to 5 feet high and wide.

Rosa var. NOA97400A 'Flower Carpet® Amber' Rosa var. NOA97400A 'Flower Carpet® Amber'
(Flower Carpet® Amber)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a mass explosion of amber blooms.  One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

Rosa var. NOA83100B 'Flower Carpet® Scarlet' Rosa var. NOA83100B 'Flower Carpet® Scarlet'
(Flower Carpet® Scarlet)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a masses of scarlet red blooms from late spring thru fall. One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™ Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™
(Easy Does It™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Floribunda rose was the 2010 All-America Rose Selections winner. It has abundant ruffled blooms in shades of mango, peach and apricot -- and has a fruity fragrance. More important is its disease resistance.

no image available Rosa 'Secret'
(Hybrid tea rose, Large-flowered rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This intensely fragrant rose has high-centered, double blossoms of creamy pink edged with deeper pink. It blooms in summer and into fall, and grows to 5 feet high and 2 feet wide. 

no image available Rosa 'St. Patrick'
(Hybrid tea rose, Large-flowered rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This double-flowered rose has yellow blossoms with green outer petals. The flowers are perfectly formed and are excellent for cutting. It blooms in summer and into fall, and grows to 5 feet high and 3 feet wide. 

Rosa var. NOA168098F 'Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme' Rosa var. NOA168098F 'Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme'
(Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a mass explosion of vivid pink blooms all summer long.  One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus' Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'
(Creeping rosemary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardy, fast-growing evergreen shrub, creeping rosemary has a prostrate habit and attractive flowers and fragrance. Dark green leaves, to 2 inches long, are rich in aromatic oils and commonly used as a culinary herb. This plant is loved for its strong pinelike flavor and fragrance.

Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem' Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem'
(Rosemary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy, fast-growing evergreen shrub has an upright, rounded form and attractive flowers. Shiny green, needlelike leaves are aromatic. It bears small blue flowers in early spring and is loved for its strong, pinelike flavor and fragrance.

Rubus pentalobus Rubus pentalobus
(Creeping raspberry)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This prostrate evergreen species produces a mass of richly textured leaves, making it an attractive groundcover for formal areas, rock gardens, or woodland beds. The leaves are thick, neatly rounded and formed, with bronzy undersides and autumn color that persists through the winter. In summer, it bears white flowers, which are sometimes followed by red fruits.

no image available Rubus strigosus
(American red raspberry, Grayleaf red raspberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native species flowers in summer, producing edible fruits and leaves suitable for making tea. It naturalizes in thickets, and grows well in wild areas in full sun or dappled shade.

Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm' Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm'
(Orange Coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large flowers consisting of brassy orange-yellow rays surrounding brown cones are what make this plant so popular. It blooms for 7 or 8 weeks beginning in midsummer. The flowers top 18- to 30-inch-tall plants that will readily self sow in cultivated soils. 

Rudbeckia hirta Rudbeckia hirta
(Black-eyed Susan, Gloriosa daisy, Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial has given rise to numerous cultivars which are often grown as annuals. From summer into early autumn, it bears daisy-like blossoms (to 3 inches across) with light or deep yellow rays and brownish-purple centers. The flowers are a staple in late summer bouquets.

Rudbeckia maxima Rudbeckia maxima
(Giant coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice species makes a strong vertical statement with its large, smooth, sea-green leaves and towering stems to 6 feet tall. It bears short, yellow ray florets with giant, upright cones at the center. It prefers average soil with good drainage, and is excellent in native or wild plantings.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa Rudbeckia subtomentosa
(Sweet coneflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dignified U.S. native species has downy leaves and bears clusters of luminous clear-yellow flowers with reddish-brown center cones. It blooms for over a month starting in mid- to late-summer.

Ruellia brittoniana 'Purple Showers' Ruellia brittoniana 'Purple Showers'
(Mexican petunia, Common ruellia, Wild petunia)
(7 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This three-foot-tall evergreen shrub bears many tubular, blue or purple, petunia-like flowers on dark stems over a long period. Each flower lasts for just one day. It is a fast grower that may self-seed aggressively. Use in a border, container, or at waterside. Can be grown as an annual in cooler areas.

Ruellia elegans Ruellia elegans
(Thai ruellia, Brazilian petunia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has open-faced coral-red blossoms from late spring until fall. 

Sabal minor Sabal minor
(Dwarf palmetto, Scrub palmetto)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has deeply divided, fan-shaped leaves of blue-green to 3 feet across. It bears ivory blossoms on 6-foot-long panicles in summer. It may be shoot-hardy to Zone 6 with a deep layer of mulch. 

no image available Salpiglossis sinuata and cvs.
(Painted tongues)
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Long, narrow leaves grow in rosettes near the ground. Flower stems shoot upward to 2 feet with 3-inch-wide, petunia-like, purple, blue, or scarlet flowers marked with broad veins of gold. Cultivars include 'Splash,' 'Bolero,' and the more compact-growing 'Casino'.

Salvia 'Indigo Spires' Salvia 'Indigo Spires'
('Indigo Spires' sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Indigo Spires' sage is a vigorous hybrid prized for its 12- to 15-inch-long, twisting spikes of dark violet flowers. It is a non-stop bloomer from early summer through fall. Blooming can be further encouraged by pinching stem tips early in the growing season and deadheading the spikes once they fade. 'Indigo Spires' quickly grows to 4 feet high, and can be grown as an annual where not hardy.  

no image available Salvia 'Mystic Spires Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Throughout the summer, 'Mystic Spires Blue' produces long stalks of dark blue flowers, which continue to reward in abundance when deadheaded. Refresh tired plants in midsummer by cutting them back by half. This cultivar makes an excellent bedding or container plant.

Salvia canariensis Salvia canariensis
(Canary Island sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived, tender perennial shrub native to the Canary Islands off the African coast sends up 6-foot white-furred stems cloaked with long, felted, arrow-shaped leaves and topped, summer to frost, with plumes of purplish violet flowers clasped by red-tipped calyxes. It grows up to 4 feet wide.

Salvia chamaedryoides Salvia chamaedryoides
(Germander sage, Mexican blue sage)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice species boasts narrow, downy sage-green leaves and true sky-blue blossoms from summer to fall. It has woody stems and forms a beautiful specimen 12 inches tall by 18 inches wide.

Salvia coccinea Salvia coccinea
(Texas sage, Hummingbird sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright tender perennial provides rich color for annual bedding schemes where it is not hardy. Its deep red flowers are borne on 2- to 2.5- foot, open spikes from summer to autumn. Plants grow to about a foot wide and bear hairy, oval to heart-shaped leaves. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them.

Salvia discolor Salvia discolor
(Andean silver-leaf sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender perennial from Peru is highly unusual for its dramatic, purple-black flowers and pistachio-green calyces. The flowers appear from late summer to early fall. The drama is heighted by its contrasting silvery leaves and stems, which are densely cloaked in woolly, white hairs. Plants grow to about 18 inches tall and 12 inches wide. This specimen looks great tumbling over the edge of a container.

Salvia farinacea Salvia farinacea
(Mealycup sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial forms a shrubby upright clump 2 feet tall by 1 foot wide, with white mealy stems and glossy green leaves. It bears deep, lavender-blue flowers on tall spikes from early summer to frost. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia farinacea 'Victoria' Salvia farinacea 'Victoria'
(Mealycup sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact perennial forms a bush less than 1.5eet tall by 1 foot wide, with indigo stems and glossy green leaves. It bears deep, navy blue flowers on medium spikes from early summer to frost.

Salvia greggii Salvia greggii
(Autumn sage)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native of Texas and Mexico has a woody base and can form a dwarf, evergreen shrub, 1 foot tall by 1 foot wide. It has small, leathery leaves and bears bright flowers in shades of pink, purple, or yellow from early summer to frost.

Salvia mexicana 'Limelight' Salvia mexicana 'Limelight'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unusual tender perennial displays an electric color combination when its vibrant purple-blue flowers open from bright chartreuse calyces.  Fortunately, glossy, bright green leaves hold their own until the show gets started in August (and continues until frost). It forms a tall bush, 6 feet tall by 6 feet wide, which is great for the back of the border. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia microphylla var. neurepia Salvia microphylla var. neurepia
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native of the American Southwest and Mexico forms an evergreen shrub or shrubby perennial with dark, glossy leaves that are small (but slightly larger than most microphyllas) and softly toothed. It blooms off and on all summer, and again, more vigorously, in late summer and autumn, in blossoms of cherry-red. Its attractive foliage cloaks the plant to the ground, so it is well suited to the front of the border. It can grow to 4 feet tall and twice as wide.

Salvia officinalis Salvia officinalis
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this classic, evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. It forms a 2.5-foot-tall by 3-foot-wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten' Salvia officinalis 'Berggarten'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. S. 'Berggarten' is more compact than the species, forming a 2-foot tall by 3-foot wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up purple flower spikes. It boasts attractively rounded leaves and, like the species, has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but not wet winter conditions.

Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens' Salvia officinalis 'Purpurascens'
(Common sage, Culinary sage, Purple sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cooks and gardeners alike are indebted to this evergreen perennial for the unique, pungent flavor and aroma that its gray-green leaves produce. This cultivar has leaves suffused with steely-gray purple. It forms a 1.5-foot-tall and wide bush with woody stems that may be trimmed back to newly emerging growth or strong stems in spring. In early to mid-summer, it sends up lavender-purple flower spikes; it has both ornamental and culinary qualities in an herb garden. It tolerates alkaline soils, but cannot survive wet winter conditions.

Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain' Salvia verticillata 'Purple Rain'
(Lilac sage)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Throughout the summer, this cultivar produces multiple flower spikes in irresistible shades of smoky purple. At about 20 inches tall and half as wide, the plant flowers abundantly, inviting you to make bouquets and to keep up with the deadheading. 

Sambucus canadensis Sambucus canadensis
(American elder, Elderberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A familiar native shrub, American elderberry is commonly seen along streambanks and roadsides and in moist woodlands and thickets throughout eastern North America. It has pinnate leaves with toothed leaflets and small white flowers borne in large flattened clusters in summer. Purple-black, round fruit comes next, attracting wildlife to the garden. Elderberries typically grow to about 12 feet high, but they tolerate pruning to a smaller size. Fruit is edible when cooked.

Sambucus nigra Sambucus nigra
(Black elder, European elder, Elderberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Black elder forms an upright and bushy, but somewhat coarse, shrub with toothed green leaves. It bears scented, flattened clusters of white flowers in early summer, which mature into glossy black fruit. It has given rise to many cultivars with notable foliage. Sambucus is a good choice for a quick growing shrub and is suitable for mixed or shrub borders or for naturalizing in wild areas. Birds love the fruits of this genus, which have culinary attributes when cooked, but can cause illness if eaten raw, or if the poisonous seeds are consumed. Contact with leaves may irritate skin.

no image available Sanvitalia procumbens
(Creeping zinnia)
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Virtually covered in yellow, daisy-type flowers throughout summer, creeping zinnia makes a cheerful addition to any garden. Plants are mat-forming with bright green foliage. Easy to grow and tolerant of heat and drought, creeping zinnia is a generous bloomer that doesn’t need deadheading. It makes a wonderful ground cover and looks great planted among rocks or along pathways. It’s an excellent filler and spiller for containers, and it combines nicely with just about any summer-blooming plant

Scabiosa ‘Butterfly Blue' Scabiosa ‘Butterfly Blue'
(Pincushion flower)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Scabiosa cultivar is a compact perennial with gray-green leaves and a long bloom period featuring pretty lavender-blue flowers that look like pincushions surrounded by frilly petals. It's nice when used as edging or in large groups in borders or rock gardens.

Scaevola aemula Scaevola aemula
(Fairy fan-flower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heat and drought tolerant plant is an evergreen perennial, often grown as an annual. It has spoon-shaped leaves and fan-shaped bluish flowers.

Schizachyrium scoparium Schizachyrium scoparium
(Little bluestem, Prairie beard grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Little bluestem is a tidy, finely textured clumping grass with a blue-green summer color. Its silvery seed heads rise to a height of nearly 2 feet in late summer and are at their best when backlit in the morning or afternoon sun. In fall, the grass turns a rosy rust color that lasts all winter.

Sedum cauticola Sedum cauticola
(Stonecrop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Japanese native is perfect for the rock garden. It is a compact species with blue-green foliage and pink stems, and bears purplish-red flowers in fall. Sedum cauticola grows to about 3 inches tall and a foot wide.

Sedum rupestre Sedum rupestre
(Rocky stonecrop, Stone orpine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a vigorous, mat-forming evergreen species with small gray-green leaves and terminal clusters of star-shaped, vibrant yellow flowers in summer. The drooping buds face upward when they open. It grows to 4 inches tall and 2 feet across.

Sedum rupestre 'Angelina' Sedum rupestre 'Angelina'
(Stone orpine)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, mat-forming, evergreen species has electric golden-yellow foliage that holds its color through the heat of summer. The foliage tips sometimes develop an orangey hue. In June and July, 'Angelina' has terminal clusters of star-shaped, vibrant yellow flowers. The drooping buds face upward when they open and the plant can grow to 6 inches tall and 12 inches wide. It is superlative as a groundcover, spilling over rock walls, and in containers. It also makes an excellent accent for plants with dark foliage.

Sedum sieboldii Sedum sieboldii
(October Daphne, Stonecrop)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely mound-like species splays out from the center like a miniature fountain. It has half-inch rosy flowers in fall and blue-green leaves with matching rosy margins. Frosty temperatures bring out pink in the leaves. Sedum sieboldii grows to 4 inches tall and about twice as wide.

Sedum telephium 'Matrona' Sedum telephium 'Matrona'
(Stonecrop)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice cultivar boasts domed clusters of starry, pale-pink flowers with dark-tipped stamens. The foliage is medium blue-green, overlaid by tints of burgundy and stormy gray. The rich red stems reach up to 3 feet tall.

Sempervivum 'Black' Sempervivum 'Black'
('Black' hens & chicks)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hens & chicks are always a welcome sight, and this exciting 'Black' variety is a newer take on the old favorite.

Sesleria autumnalis Sesleria autumnalis
(Autumn moor grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cool-season grass begins the season with bright green blades. In late summer and early fall, it produces silvery inflorescences which complement its golden-hued autumn foliage and persist throughout the winter.

Setcreasea pallida 'Purple Heart' Setcreasea pallida 'Purple Heart'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Purple Heart' is a trailing, tender perennial with purple stems and violet-purple leaves that produces pink flowers in summer. This plant is mainly grown for its foliage (leaves can reach 7 inches in length); best color is achieved in bright sunlight and a dry, cramped root zone. It is excellent as a groundcover or in containers or hanging baskets. It grows 8-12 inches tall and 16 inches wide.

Sisyrinchium graminoides Sisyrinchium graminoides
(Blue-eyed grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump forming, semi-evergreen, grass-like perennial blooms in summer, with a long succession of yellow-centered blue flowers. It grows to 20 inches high and 6 inches wide, and self-sows easily.

no image available Sisyrinchium striatum
(Satin flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early summer, these grass-like perennials produce multiple spikes of small, pale yellow blooms with dark yellow centers and faint purple stripes. The flowers rise above gray-green foliage. Native to open woods, meadows, and prairies of South America, these adaptable wildflowers tolerate a wide range of conditions and naturalize easily. The summer blossoms each open for just one day with the morning sun and close at dusk. Rarely do the blooms open on cloudy days. Plants grow to 3 feet tall and 10 inches wide.

Solenostemon scutellarioides Solenostemon scutellarioides
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in Zone 11. The variously shaped leaves of these popular bedding plants typically combine several colors, such as chartreuse, rust red, cream, and purple-black. Some cultivars sport almost all of these colors combined. The darker the red in the leaf, the more sun the plant will tolerate. Coleus blooms in summer, but the blue to white nettle-like flowers are unremarkable and tend to detract visually from the impact of the foliage. -Debra Lee Baldwin, Regional Picks: Southern California, Fine Gardening issue #127

Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Aurora' Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Aurora'
(Coleus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This coleus has medium, scalloped, pale pinkish green and medium green leaves with raspberry undersides.

Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Religious Radish' Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Religious Radish'
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This adaptable coleus will grow in sun or shade. Its reddish pink and burgundy-black leaves are large and pointed. Use 'Religious Radish' in a container or as bedding.  

Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Sedona' Solenostemon scutellarioides 'Sedona'
('Sedona' coleus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Sedona' coleus has leaves blessed with shades of pink and orange, giving the plant a bronzy appearance.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Amazon’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Amazon’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An excellent chartreuse selection, 'Amazon' has ruffly leaves that glow after dusk. It doesn't burn or streak in hot summer sun and has strong stems. Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in Zone 11. They are easy to grow, reliable plants known for their colorful foliage that comes in many color combinations and mixes well with other garden plants.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Candy Store’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Candy Store’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Candy Store' is a different kind of pink coleus. Blocks of raspberry-pink, sour apple, grape, and cream enliven the leaves and make this plant a real eye-catcher. It has a nice rounded shape, strong stems, and thick foliage.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Dark Star’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Dark Star’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The simple, indigo-purple leaves of mid-size ‘Dark Star’ draw all eyes to its inky depths. Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in Zone 11. They are easy to grow, reliable plants known for their colorful foliage that comes in many color combinations and mixes well with other garden plants. 'Dark Star' contrasts well with white flowers or silver foliage, or it can be used to emphasize the blueness of certain flowers.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Fishnet Stockings’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Fishnet Stockings’
(Coleus, Painted nettle, Flame nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A tall, upright coleus, 'Fishnet Stockings' has inky black lines throughout its vivid lime green leaves, tracing the pattern of every vein. The leaves are neatly notched along the edges, which are also outlined in black. Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in Zone 11. They are easy to grow, reliable plants known for their colorful foliage that comes in many color combinations and mixes well with other garden plants. Blue to white nettle-like flowers bloom in racemes in summer, but are not showy and tend to visually detract from the attractiveness of the plants.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Little Twister’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Little Twister’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A mid-size coleus, perfect for filling gaps, 'Little Twister' has crimped, fingery leaves that emerge inky purple, then gradually change to predominantly yellow with lime edges and purple veins. Its 20-inch-long, deep purple stems and compact growth make ‘Little Twister’ a fabulous component of mixed containers.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Mariposa’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Mariposa’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Mariposa' is a big, upright, very striking coleus with 6- to 8-inch-long leaves that drape downward, allowing a clear view of their magnificent crimson-pink color. A single plant makes an imposing specimen. Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in Zone 11.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Meandering Linda’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Meandering Linda’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Meandering Linda’, a close cousin of  Solenostemon ‘Red Trailing Queen’, grows 16 inches tall and bears crinkly, chocolate-purple leaves banded in rich raspberry-pink, with touches of cream along the edges. It makes a scrumptious duo with anything silver, especially the elegant silver-white foliage of dusty miller (Centaurea cineraria ‘Colchester White’, Zones 7–11). ‘Meandering Linda’ appears to be a sport of ‘Red Trailing Queen’, and if planted in less than half-day sun, it sometimes reverts to its plain burgundy form.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘New Hurricane’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘New Hurricane’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘New Hurricane’ has fiery red-and-yellow foliage, as intricately cut as paper snowflakes. As a mid-size (25 inches tall) coleus, it is good for filling gaps, but its appearance makes it much more than just a filler.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Orange King’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Orange King’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Orange King’ exemplifies one of the loveliest characteristics of coleus, the ability to glow like stained glass when struck by sunlight. Its leaves radiate warm orange on a sunny day. Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in Zone 11. They are easy to grow, reliable plants known for their colorful foliage that comes in many color combinations and mixes well with other garden plants.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Red Trailing Queen’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Red Trailing Queen’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As basic as a black dress, 15-inch-tall ‘Red Trailing Queen’ bedecks herself from leaf to stem in regal burgundy. Her simple oval leaf shape and straightforward color complement most shades, except blue and true purple. The subtle strength of the coleus’s burgundy foliage strikes a balance with soft pinks or pale yellows as well as bright fuchsias or bold oranges.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Ruby Ruffles’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Ruby Ruffles’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Ruby Ruffles’ has frilly, fingery foliage with ruby centers and chartreuse edges. It is a relatively compact trailer. Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in Zone 11. They are easy to grow, reliable plants known for their colorful foliage. Blue to white nettle-like flowers bloom in racemes in summer, but are not showy and tend to visually detract from the attractiveness of the plants.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Swallowtail’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Swallowtail’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Swallowtail’ puts on a fantastic display of texture and color. Its rippled and deeply scalloped leaves are a remarkable lemon yellow, with a lettuce-green and wine-red river flowing through the center of each one. It grows to 24 inches tall.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Trailing Bleeding Heart’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Trailing Bleeding Heart’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 14-inch-tall cultivar ‘Trailing Bleeding Heart’ has hot fuchsia-pink leaves ringed with purple and a band of lime green.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Trailing Salamander’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Trailing Salamander’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Trailing Salamander’, which grows 14 inches tall, has oval, near-black leaves edged in bright lime. Its neutral color scheme makes it a choice filler for containers. It looks good with almost anything. Coleus are tender tropicals that are generally grown as annuals because they are hardy only in Zone 11. They are easy to grow, reliable plants. Blue to white nettle-like flowers bloom in racemes in summer, but are not showy and tend to visually detract from the attractiveness of the plants.

Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Vulcan’ Solenostemon scutellarioides ‘Vulcan’
(Coleus, Flame nettle, Painted nettle)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

26-inch-tall ‘Vulcan’ has a complex color scheme: crimson with an undercurrent of reddish rose, enhanced by brushes of black that heighten the richness of its crimped, puckered leaves. A defining edge of lemon yellow causes the leaves to stand out from one another instead of blurring into a solid mass of color. ‘Vulcan’ makes such a dramatic statement that a single plant can carry a scene for the entire season. Use it to brighten a dull stretch of spring-blooming plants when the main show is over, or combine ‘Vulcan’ with asters and mums that don't contribute much to the garden until late summer.

no image available Solidago caesia
(Goldenrod, Wreath goldenrod, Blue-stemmed goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early autumn, this species produces elegant, wand-shaped flowerheads atop wiry stems with blue-green, linear leaves. It is found in open woods and along woodland edges, and prefers some shade. It responds well to rich soil, but can tolerate dry soil also. 

Solidago cutleri 'Goldrush' Solidago cutleri 'Goldrush'
(Goldenrod, Alpine goldenrod, Cutler's alpine goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Goldrush' heralds the coming of fall with masses of tiny, yellow flowers for four weeks in August and September. Its compact size—about a foot tall—makes it a great candidate for a rock garden or border edge.

Solidago flexicaulis Solidago flexicaulis
(Goldenrod, Zigzag goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species is aptly named for its distinctive crooked stems that bend back and forth at 45° angles between nodes. It bears starry, medium-yellow flowers atop 1- to 3-foot tall stems. 

Solidago juncea Solidago juncea
(Goldenrod, Early goldenrod, Yellow top)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the first goldenrod to bloom, featuring bright yellow, plume-like panicles in midsummer. It has dark green leaves along reddish stems, which form a vase-shaped clump when mature. 

Solidago nemoralis Solidago nemoralis
(Goldenrod, Gray goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the smallest species of goldenrod, topping out at only 4 to 6 inches high in poor soils, and 2 feet high in fertile soils. It is considered a garden-worthy species, with gray-green leaves that form clumps and languid, one-sided yellow plumes. It is tolerant of both sandy and clay soils.

Solidago rigida Solidago rigida
(Goldenrod, Stiff goldenrod)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely goldenrod has velvety leaves that are gray-green in summer and dusky rose in autumn. It has broad, flattened clusters of rich yellow flowers, which create a striking display on stems 2 to 5 feet tall.

no image available Solidago rugosa
(Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has open, tree-shaped flower clusters that radiate out like a fountain. It has given rise to S. rugosa 'Fireworks'.  It can grow to 7 feet tall and blooms in mid- to late autumn.  

Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks' Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'
(Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod)
(30 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eye-catching cultivar has flower clusters that radiate out in all directions and resemble streaming yellow fireworks. Its form is truly unique and enchanting. It reliably provides end-of-season color in blazing shades of yellow. It grows to 5 feet tall and provides good structure in the garden all year.

no image available Solidago speciosa
(Goldenrod, Showy goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden-worthy species has dramatic, bright yellow flowers that are arranged into erect, pointed clusters. It has deep reddish stems that grow to 3 feet tall. It blooms in late summer and early autumn.

Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece' Solidago sphacelata 'Golden Fleece'
(Goldenrod, Creeping goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding cultivar forms a neat, 1-foot tall groundcover. It has dense, branched panicles that splay upward and outward whimsically, resembling a mass of elegantly bunched bouquets. 

Sphaeralcea ambigua Sphaeralcea ambigua
(Desert mallow, Globe mallow)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This shrubby, woolly perennial is native to the warmest, dry regions of the US and Mexico. Its large, rose-like salmon-colored flowers appear in loose clusters from spring to frost. It grows to 3 feet tall and almost as wide, and can bloom nearly year-round in warm regions.

Sporobolus heterolepsis Sporobolus heterolepsis
(Prairie dropseed)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The finely textured, green leaves of this slow-growing, clump-forming perennial turn golden yellow in autumn. It bears cloudy panicles of fragrant, pale-pink to tawny flowers 5 to 10 inches long in late summer, reaching 3 feet tall.

Sprekelia formosissima Sprekelia formosissima
(Aztec lily, Jacobean lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulbous perennial has clumps of strap-shaped, mid-green leaves. Each stem, less than 1 foot tall, bears a solitary scarlet to deep crimson flower in late spring or early summer; established clumps may bloom again later in the summer.

Stachys byzantina and cvs. Stachys byzantina and cvs.
(Lamb's ears, Woolly betony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mat-forming perennial has rosettes of furry, silvery-gray leaves to 4 inches long. In summer, it bears gray spikes tipped with tiny, pink-purple or violet flowers. This plant crowds out weeds. 'Silver Carpet' is a non-flowering cultivar. 'Big Ears' has 8- to 12-inch-long, grayish-white felted, mid-green leaves.

Stachys byzantina 'Silky Fleece' Stachys byzantina 'Silky Fleece'
(Lambs' ears)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new cultivar of a treasured favorite is as cute as a button. With leaves about the size of a dime, 'Silky Fleece' has the same great soft, silky texture and silver color as other lambs' ears, just in a smaller package, growing to about 10 inches tall and wide. Lilac-plum flower spikes rise above the foliage from mid- to late summer. Grow it as edging, in containers, or in rock gardens.

Stipa tenuissima Stipa tenuissima
(Mexican feather grass)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

No other grass exhibits quite the refinement of texture as this species. Its bright green foliage resembles delicate filaments that arise in elegant, vase-like clumps and spill outward like a soft fountain. All summer it bears a profusion of feathery panicles, which mature from foamy-green to blonde. It is native to the Americas.

Strobilanthes dyerianus Strobilanthes dyerianus
(Persian shield)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A soft-stemmed shrub grown for its extraordinary foliage, Persian shield has thick, quilted purple leaves to 6 inches long splashed with iridescent pewter or silver. In autumn, it bears delicate funnel-shaped violet flowers in an eye-catching spike formation.

no image available Symphytum 'Hidcote Blue'
(Hidcote comfrey)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This prolific cultivar has dark green foliage and bears nodding blue flowers from mauve buds. It grows to a compact height of 18 inches tall. It may become invasive and difficult to eradicate once established.

Symphytum × uplandicum 'Axminster Gold' Symphytum × uplandicum 'Axminster Gold'
(Russian comfrey)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This notably beautiful plant produces huge, elongated banana-shaped leaves, which are arfully edged in luminescent yellow. The rosette sits at 18 inches tall, and in early summer the plant bears clusters of mauve-pink bells atop stems that are 4 to 5 feet tall.

Syringa 'Bailina' Syringa 'Bailina'
(Thumbelina lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From the Fairytail series of dwarf lilacs, this petite cultivar bears single, light pink flowers in mid- to late season. It has a rounded, compact habit, 6 feet high by 5 feet wide. It shows good resistance to powdery mildew.

no image available Syringa × chinensis
(Chinese lilac, Rouen lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant hybrid (S. persica × S. vulgaris) has slightly nodding, 6-inch-long clusters of lilac-purple flowers. It forms a spreading shrub, 15 feet tall and wide.

Syringa × chinensis 'Lilac Sunday' Syringa × chinensis 'Lilac Sunday'
(Chinese lilac, Rouen lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant hybrid (S. persica × S. vulgaris) produces slightly nodding light-purple flower clusters to 6 inches long in midseason. It forms a spreading shrub, 12 feet tall and wide, and shows good disease resistance.

Syringa × hyacinthiflora 'Mount Baker' Syringa × hyacinthiflora 'Mount Baker'
(Lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This early flowering hybrid produces fragrant, single white flowers. It forms a shrub 8 feet high by 10 feet wide, and exhibits autumn coloring. This hybrid and its offspring show some disease resistance.

Syringa × prestoniae 'Miss Canada' Syringa × prestoniae 'Miss Canada'
(Preston lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy, late-flowering hybrid bears perfumed rose-pink buds opening to pink flowers. It forms a shrub 10 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa pubescens Syringa pubescens
(Lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has an untraditional, spicy fragrance, and it is one of the most strongly scented lilacs. In midseason, it bears single, white-throated, pale purple flowers that open to white. It forms a shrub 10 feet high by 10 feet wide.

Syringa pubescens ssp. microphylla 'Superba' Syringa pubescens ssp. microphylla 'Superba'
(Littleleaf lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant cultivar bears single rose-pink flowers in midseason, which often rebloom in late summer or autumn. It forms a shrub 6 feet high by 10 feet wide. 

no image available Syringa pubescens subsp. patula 'Miss Kim'
(Manchurian lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This strongly fragrant cultivar bears single light purple flowers in mid- to late season, and it exhibits maroon autumn foliage. It forms a compact shrub 8 feet high by 8 feet wide. 

Syringa vulgaris 'Henri Robert' Syringa vulgaris 'Henri Robert'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has double bluish-purple flowers that open from violet buds in midseason. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Krasavitsa Moskvy' Syringa vulgaris 'Krasavitsa Moskvy'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has double opalescent pink flower buds that open to white in midseason. The flowers are very fragrant. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose' Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unique cultivar bears slightly fragrant, creamy yellowish blossoms in midseason. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation' Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In midseason this unique cultivar bears slightly fragrant, single purple blossoms with distinct white margins. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Talinum paniculatum Talinum paniculatum
(Fameflower, Jewels of Opar)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tuberous-rooted tender perennial is related to portulaca, but has fleshy green leaves and delicate, wiry flower stalks. Stalks have a fine, see-through texture. Minute hot pink flowers are followed by carmine-colored seed pods that are showier than the flowers. The variety 'Kingwood Gold' has chartreuse foliage. Plants can grow to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

Tetrapanax papyrifer Tetrapanax papyrifer
(Rice-paper plant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large—to 20 inches across—almost rounded, lobed leaves colored a downy gray-tinged green contrast beautifully with almost any companion plant. This thicket-forming, sparsely branched, evergreen shrub, which behaves like an herbaceous perennial in Zones 6 and 7, produces thick, leafy shoots topped by white flowers borne on branching stems to 20 inches long in fall.

no image available Thalictrum delavayi
(Yunnan meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From mid-summer to early autumn, this Thalictrum species has clusters of large, fluffy-looking flowers with lilac to white petals and pale yellow stamens atop wiry, purple-tinted stems and delicately textured foliage. Plants grow to 4 feet tall and half as wide.

Thalictrum kiusianum Thalictrum kiusianum
(Dwarf meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden gem forms a 6-inch-high mat of dainty, ferny foliage, and is perfect for a trough or a lightly shaded nook in a rock garden. In early summer, it produces a profusion of lavender blossoms which appear just above the leaves.

no image available Thuja occidentalis 'Bobazam'
(American arborvitae, Eastern arborvitae, White cedar)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen shrub with finely textured sage green foliage forms a perfect, 3-foot-diameter, slow-growing globe, hence its name, Mr. Bowling Ball®.

Thunbergia alata Thunbergia alata
(Black-eyed Susan vine)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender perennial climber is evergreen in Zones 10 and warmer. Cheerful, 1.5-inch flowers in shades of orange and yellow cover this fast-growing vine. The blossoms have a simple form: 5 petals surrounding a brownish purple center. Where grown as an annual, plants can reach 8 feet; when grown as a perennial, 20 feet.

Thymophylla tenuiloba Thymophylla tenuiloba
(Dahlberg daisy, Golden fleece, Shooting star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant annual is covered with delicate, daisy-like yellow blossoms in July and August. It is best grown as a groundcover, between paving stones, or in a rock garden. It has needle-like, almost ferny leaves and grows to 1 foot tall and wide.

Thymus 'Pink Ripple' Thymus 'Pink Ripple'
(Thyme)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early- to mid-summer, this mat-forming thyme erupts with masses of 6-inch-high spikes covered with pink flowers. The light green, tiny foliage, hugging the ground in mats, has a pleasing lemon fragrance when crushed. This plant shines when spilling over stone walls or between the cracks in paving stones, where passersby can tread on the leaves and release the lemony scent.

Thymus × citriodorus 'Argenteus' Thymus × citriodorus 'Argenteus'
(Silver thyme, Lemon-scented thyme)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is an elegant addition to an herb or ornamental garden. It has lemon-scented green leaves edged in silver and produces lilac flowers in early summer.

no image available Thymus polytrichus subsp. britannicus
(Mother of thyme, Thyme)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This thyme grows to 6 inches tall, with fuzzy stems and tiny, rounded, fuzzy blue-green leaves. In summer, it produces clusters of very small white to lilac-pink flowers. Plants spread to about 9 inches wide. The leaves are aromatic but the strength of their scent varies according to the plant's site and the time of year. 

Thymus pseudolanuginosus Thymus pseudolanuginosus
(Woolly thyme)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Woolly thyme—the wooliest of all thymes—forms a dense ground-covering mat of tiny, densely hairy leaves. The foliage has barely any fragrance and is unsuitable for culinary use. In summer, tiny pink tubular flowers appear. Plants grow to only one inch or so in height and spread to about a foot across.

Thymus serphyllum 'Annie Hall' Thymus serphyllum 'Annie Hall'
(Mother of thyme, Wild thyme, Serpolet)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Annie Hall' forms a prostrate mat with small, narrow leaves and is covered with pale purple-pink flowers in late spring. Plants can grow to 10 inches tall and 18 inches wide.

Thymus serpyllum 'Pink Chintz' Thymus serpyllum 'Pink Chintz'
(Mother of thyme, Wild thyme, Serpolet)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the first thymes to flower each year, this charming and reliable cultivar bursts into bloom in early spring with unique salmon-pink flowers. Its fuzzy olive-green foliage forms a mat 1 to 2 inches tall and 18 inches wide. It is one of the most tolerant of thymes of dry conditions, but grows robustly with plenty of water.

Tilia americana Tilia americana
(American linden, Basswood)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous tree with dense foliage and a stately habit produces hanging clusters of fragrant yellow flowers in mid-summer. It grows in a broadly columnar shape and has dark green leaves that are glossy underneath. Basswood makes a good specimen or street tree, although it doesn't tolerate pollution. It can grow as tall as 80 feet with a width of 50 feet. It attracts bees; basswood honey is a sought-after gourmet food.

Tolmiea menziesii ‘Taff’s Gold’ Tolmiea menziesii ‘Taff’s Gold’
(Piggyback plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With its mottled cream/green foliage, 'Taff's Gold' can brighten any dark garden area. This western-native ground cover forms plantlets form at the base of the older leaves—hence its common name “piggyback plant.” This plant needs little or no water, except in lengthy periods of drought. Piggyback plant looks good in hanging baskets and containers. -Sylvia Matlock, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Torenia 'SUNrenilabu' Torenia 'SUNrenilabu'
(Summer Wave® Blue wishbone flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact plant produces abundant blue, tubular, two-lipped flowers from planting time until frost. It is excellent in containers and as bedding.

Torenia fournieri Torenia fournieri
(Wishbone flower, Bluewings)
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Wishbone flower is a small, bushy annual that is especially valuable because it blooms abundantly in shady conditions. The species has lilac-blue flowers with deep purple lower lips and a yellow-blotched throat. Cultivars are available in many colors including pink, rose, white, and burgundy. It's a great choice for edging and containers. Container plants may be brought indoors for winter bloom.

Torenia Golden Moon™ Torenia Golden Moon™
(Golden Moon™ wishbone flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden Moon™ brightens up gardens with unique, saturated gold-and-maroon blooms. This vigorous, low-growing introduction is loaded with flowers all season long. It is beautiful in a container.

Trachelium caeruleum Trachelium caeruleum
(Blue throatwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species bears dome-shaped flower heads several inches across that are crowded with tiny, tubular amethyst or white flowers that look somewhat like the blooms of an allium. It has lance-shaped, toothed leaves in hues of cordovan purple or deep green brushed with plum highlights. It blooms over a long season. Though it is a perennial, blue throatwort performs wonderfully as an annual and blooms summer to fall. Plants grow to about 3 feet tall and wide.

Trachycarpus fortunei Trachycarpus fortunei
(Chinese windmill palm, Chusan palm)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the hardiest palms, Chinese windmill palm has single stems with large, 4-foot-wide fans of sword-like leaves. It produces large plumes of yellow flowers in early summer; the flowers of female plants transform into bluish-black fruits. Chinese windmill palms may be shoot-hardy to Zone 6 if protected with 10 inches of mulch. With their rich fans and handsome habits, they make attractive specimens for formal outdoor spaces. These evergreen palms are native to the mountains and temperate regions of subtropical Asia. Plants can grow to 20 feet tall and 8 feet wide.

Tradescantia zebrina Tradescantia zebrina
(Wandering Jew)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This trailing perennial is grown for its foliage. Fleshy leaves have two silvery stripes and purple undersides. Flowers bloom intermittently throughout the year. Wandering Jew, a common houseplant, is native to Southern Mexico.

no image available Tropaeolum majus 'Alaska Mix'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 10-12 inches tall. In summer and early fall, it bears deep red and orange blossoms, which are offset by rounded leaves with white variegation. The leaves and flowers are edible. 

Tropaeolum majus 'Dwarf Cherry Rose' Tropaeolum majus 'Dwarf Cherry Rose'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 12 inches tall and about as wide. In summer and fall, it bears cherry-red flowers. These annuals are native to South America. They are suitable for garden edges, herb gardens, covering banks, hanging baskets, and other containers.

Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India' Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar has a mounding habit and grows to a foot tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears double, deep scarlet flowers. The rounded leaves and five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Jewel of Africa' Tropaeolum majus 'Jewel of Africa'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
(2 user reviews)

This climbing, old-fashioned cultivar grows to 8 feet tall. In summer and fall, it bears flowers of maroon, yellow, cream, and orange, and in-between shades of peach, apricot, salmon, and scarlet. The leaves are marbled with white variegation. The leaves and flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Mahogany Jewel' Tropaeolum majus 'Mahogany Jewel'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 12-18 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears mahogany red, single to semi-double flowers. The rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Milk Maid' Tropaeolum majus 'Milk Maid'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows to 12 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears pale yellow blossoms. The rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

no image available Tropaeolum majus 'Peach Melba'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 9-12 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall it bears creamy-yellow blossoms with orange blotches. The rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Strawberries and Cream' Tropaeolum majus 'Strawberries and Cream'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows to 12 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears creamy-yellow blossoms with red blotches. Both the rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Vanilla Berry' Tropaeolum majus 'Vanilla Berry'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This cultivar of the old-fashioned species has a mounding habit and grows to 12 inches tall. It bears cream blossoms with strawberry blotches. 

Tropaeolum majus 'Vesuvius' Tropaeolum majus 'Vesuvius'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar has a mounded habit and grows to 12 inches tall and about as wide. In summer and fall, it bears blossoms of tangerine to deep salmon. Both the rounded leaves and spurred flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Whirlybird Mix' Tropaeolum majus 'Whirlybird Mix'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
(1 user review)

This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows up to 18 inches tall and a foot wide. From summer to frost, it bears blossoms in shades of yellow, red, and orange which are held clear above the foliage.

no image available Tropaeolum peregrinum
(Canary creeper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual or perennial climber grows vigorously, yet does not strangle its host. Its edible leaves are deeply divided like the fingers of a hand, and its bright yellow flowers are outrageously formed: The larger, upper petals are deeply fringed and look like tiny birds' wings; the smaller, lower petals are spurred. It blooms in summer and autumn and can climb up to 12 feet.

no image available Tropaeolum speciosum
(Flame nasturtium, Scottish flame flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender perennial climber has edible, hand-shaped leaves and crimson red flowers in summer and fall which are uniquely textured. Their softly squared petals are held apart from each other at the flower's mouth and the rear tapers to long spurs. The blooms yield blue fruits. Flame nasturtium climbs up to 10 feet.

Tulipa 'Carnaval de Nice' Tulipa 'Carnaval de Nice'
(Tulip)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

For later-blooming flowers with ornamental foliage, try Tulipa 'Carnaval de Nice'. It has grayish green foliage finely outlined in white and fragrant white-and-burgundy-feathered blooms. Its flower patterns and height are variable (ranging from 16 to 20 inches tall) but always eye-catching.

no image available Tulipa 'Esperanto'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa 'Esperanto' has white-bordered leaves, but it is unique with its long-lasting deep rose red and dark green streaked flowers, which stand 10 to 12 inches tall.

Tulipa 'Garant' Tulipa 'Garant'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa 'Garant' has striking yellow-framed leaves that are even more prominent when its 16- to 18-inch-tall sunny yellow flowers appear in midspring. Uniformity of color makes this an elegant, charismatic tulip in beds and borders.

Tulipa 'New Design' Tulipa 'New Design'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa ‘New Design’ (1974) has pink-bordered leaves and silvery pink, 14- to 20-inch-tall blooms flushed yellow with pale fuchsia tips. This bulb is easygoing and long-lived.

Tulipa 'Silverstream' Tulipa 'Silverstream'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Reaching 20 to 24 inches tall, Tulipa 'Silverstream' has chartreuse and yellow flowers suffused with red-and-rose markings that create a watercolor effect. The foliage has distinct cream-colored edging. Grouping these in a garden with a pastel palette would have driven Monet viridian with envy.

no image available Tulipa batalinii 'Bright Gem'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This named variety of the species has soft sulfur-yellow flowers up to 3 inches across. The spring blossoms sit 4-6 inches high, surrounded by wavy-edged, gray-green foliage that reaches 8-10 inches tall. Species tulips prefer sharp drainage and plenty of room to grow. Most do well in rock gardens, small displays, and containers.

Tulipa greigii 'Calypso' Tulipa greigii 'Calypso'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 12-inch-tall Tulipa 'Calypso' (1992) is known for being reliably perennial. It has decorative stippled leaves and large orange-red flowers rimmed with primrose and a black base.

Tulipa greigii 'Oratorio' Tulipa greigii 'Oratorio'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Known for being reliably perennial, Tulipa ‘Oratorio’ (introduced in 1952) blooms in midspring and has splayed, flashy maroon-mottled leaves. It is a standout in the garden from the moment the exquisite heavily striped leaves emerge. Its dazzling 14- to 16-inch-tall coral pink flowers are an added bonus.

Tulipa greigii 'Red Riding Hood' Tulipa greigii 'Red Riding Hood'
(Tulip)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tulipa 'Red Riding Hood' (introduced in 1953) is a true beauty, with flowers that are scarlet red inside, carmine outside, and black at the base. They float above richly striped foliage on 10- to 12-inch tall stems.

Tulipa praestans 'Unicum' Tulipa praestans 'Unicum'
(Tulip)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bunch tulip has multiple orange-red flowers that bloom in spring above green leaves edged in creamy white. A species tulip, it is more likely to bloom in subsequent years. It reaches less than a foot tall and is stunning planted en masse.

no image available Veitchia montgomeryana
(Montgomery palm)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tropical palm grows to 35 feet tall and has stiff, feathery-textured fronds. In summer, it bears yellow flowers followed by fruit that ripens to bright red. It tolerates both alkaline soil and coastal conditions well.

Verbascum 'Sugar Plum' Verbascum 'Sugar Plum'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf mullein is just 15 inches tall but it packs a big floral punch. In early spring, violet-purple flowers with dark purple anthers emerge unfazed by late frosts and continue into the summer.

Verbascum bombyciferum Verbascum bombyciferum
(Mullein, Nettle-leafed mullein, Turkish mullein)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial has evergreen woolly leaves like silvery flannel that make sensuous-looking rosettes in the first year. In mid- to late summer of its second year, large sulfur-yellow blossoms open from the bottom up on flower stalks that reach up to 6 feet high. Blooming continues for many weeks. Verbascum bombyciferum has naturalized in regions of the U.S.

no image available Verbascum densiflorum
(Dense-flowered mullein, Large-flowered mullein)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived, semi-evergreen perennial forms rosettes of leaves densely covered with grayish-yellow hairs. In summer, its bright-yellow or occasionally white blossoms flower along erect, branching stalks up to 5 feet high. It has naturalized in regions of the U.S.

no image available Verbena canadensis 'Apple Blossom'
(Rose vervain)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-growing perennial produces long-lasting light pink blossoms with dark pink centers. It is an heirloom cultivar of the native species. Verbenas are excellent for annual borders, containers—especially hanging baskets—and some for the mixed herbaceous border.

Verbena speciosa 'Imagination' Verbena speciosa 'Imagination'
(Verbena)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding hybrid blooms from spring until frost and has beautifully dissected foliage. Innumerable clusters of purple blossoms cover this plant and look fantastic cascading over the edges of a hanging basket. Verbenas are excellent for annual borders, containers—especially hanging baskets—and for the mixed herbaceous border.

Veronica longifolia 'Sunny Border Blue' Veronica longifolia 'Sunny Border Blue'
(Speedwell)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fine Veronica was the Perennial Plant of the Year in 1993. From early summer to frost this upright cultivar forms branched spikes (to 7 inches long) of dark violet-blue flowers. It has glossy and crinkled dark green leaves, and grows to less than 2 feet tall. It is a fine choice for adding long-season color to a mixed border.

no image available Veronica pectinata
(Blue woolly speedwell, Woolly speedwell)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dense, mat-forming species has 3-inch-tall evergreen foliage with toothed gray leaves. Its saucer-shaped flowers are deep blue with white eyes, and they bloom from early spring to summer. It is drought tolerant and makes a good groundcover. In garden sites, it needs protection from winter moisture.

no image available Veronica peduncularis 'Georgia Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Georgia Blue' forms beautiful mats of purple-tinged leaves. In spring, this free-flowering groundcover boasts abundant iridescent blue flowers. It grows to about 9 inches high and a foot wide. It is a vigorous and easy-to-grow cultivar.

Veronica umbrosa 'Georgia Blue' Veronica umbrosa 'Georgia Blue'
('Georgia Blue' speedwell)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tough, versatile plant requires little maintenance. 'Georgia Blue' is willing to grow in sunny or shady spots, puts up with excessive rain or drought conditions, and attracts butterflies with a low blanket of sky blue flowers from spring into summer. Small, dark green leaves turn glossy burgundy in winter. Use it in containers or rock walls, or as a companion groundcover to spring bulbs under trees.

Viburnum × burkwoodii 'Conoy' Viburnum × burkwoodii 'Conoy'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small deciduous shrub is covered in early spring with pink buds that burst open to reveal slightly fragrant, showy, flat-topped white flowers. Fleshy red fruit is borne in pendulous bunches in late August, darkening to all-black in October. Leaves fade to a dark maroon in the fall and winter months when planted in colder areas. Plants grow to about 5 feet tall and 8 feet wide. A cross between V. utile and V. × burkwoodii ‘Park Farm Hybrid’, this shrub is excellent as a foundation plant, as a specimen, in mass groupings, in a shrub border, or in containers. Evergreen to Zones 7 and 8.

Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur'
('Winterthur' smooth witherod viburnum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There are some shrubs that will light up the fall garden with both leaf color and fruit. 'Winterthur' viburnum is one of those shrubs. It begins its display in late summer, as clusters of half-inch-diameter fruit begin to blush pink and become more intense over the course of a few weeks until the whole shrub looks bedecked in bubble gum. The fruit quickly change to a deep blueberry blue as the glossy, leathery leaves become infused with maroon and red. 'Winterthur' maintains a compact, 6-foot-round, multistemmed habit that produces abundant fruit and more intense fall color than the species. In late spring, it's covered with small, off-white, slightly fragrant flowers.

Victoria cruziana Victoria cruziana
(Santa Cruz waterlily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This giant waterlily produces massive, floating mid-green lily pads that can reach up to 8 feet across and can support the weight of a small adult. Its leaves are reddish purple and softly hairy on the underside. The ephemeral, pineapple-scented blooms appear in summer, lasting only two nights. The 16-inch flowers are white the first night, turning pink on the second night.

Vinca major 'Variegata' Vinca major 'Variegata'
(Variegated greater periwinkle, Variegated bigleaf periwinkle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Great for brightening up a shady spot, this ground-hugging, evergreen, trailing groundcover has dark green leaves with yellowish-white edges. Its texture is coarser than V. minor. This plant grows to 18 inches and spreads indefinitely. Blue flowers appear in spring. It can be used as an annual in cold climates. It is not quite as hardy as the popular Vinca minor and is not quite as aggressive either.

Vinca minor 'Illumination' Vinca minor 'Illumination'
(Common periwinkle, creeping myrtle)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Like other creeping myrtles, 'Illumination' is a tough evergreen ground cover for shade that will grow in almost any soil. Its hallmark is its bright gold leaves that are edged with a border of irregular green. Periwinkle-blue flowers appear in spring. Use 'Illumination' as a shade ground cover or in hanging baskets. -Tom Nelson, Regional Picks: Northern California, Fine Gardening issue #127

Viola tricolor Viola tricolor
(Heartsease, Johnny-jump-up, Love-in-idleness, Wild pansy)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial is grown for its long season of pansy flowers in shades of purple, blue, yellow, and white. Viola tricolor is pretty in containers, as edging, or as a companion for bulbs. It self-seeds readily.

Wollemia nobilis Wollemia nobilis
(Wollemi pine)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Long thought extinct, the wollemi pine was discovered in 1994 in a remote section of Australia. With only a small grove in existence, a plan was developed to save the tree from extinction by propagating it and selling its offspring. Trials in the U.S. have placed the wollemi pine in Zones 7 to 11. Grow it in full sun. Because this tree has been around since the time of the dinosaurs, it's safe to say it is long-lived. And apparently brontosaurus browsing isn't a problem.

Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’ Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’
(Adam's needle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dramatic architectural plant is one of the most beautiful variegated yuccas on the market. Its sword-shaped leaves bear bold central stripes of bright canary-yellow against a rich celadon edge. In cool weather, margins are tinged pink, and the entire yellow stripe turns rose-colored on many of the leaves, lasting through early spring. Plants grow to 2 feet wide and nearly as tall. Branched clusters of nodding, creamy-white bells open in mid-summer on stout stems that reach 6 feet tall.

Yucca filamentosa ‘Golden Sword’ Yucca filamentosa ‘Golden Sword’
(Adam's needle, Bear grass, Weak-leaf yucca, Golden Sword soapwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This easy to grow evergreen yucca bears dramatic, sword-shaped yellow leaves with a dark green edge. Not as staunchly upright as some yuccas, its leaf tips sometimes droop with age. Its foliage color is best from fall to spring. Plants grow to nearly 2 feet in height and 3 feet in width. In summer, it produces a 6-foot-tall spike covered with nodding, fragrant, white bell-shaped flowers.

Yucca gloriosa Yucca gloriosa
(Mound lily, Spanish dagger)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sculptural plant bears sword-like leaves to 24 inches long in shades of blue- or gray-green and maturing to dark green, with smooth margins. In summer, the plant produces 8-foot spikes of nodding, bell-shaped, fragrant white flowers, sometimes tinged purple, to 2 inches long.

Zantedeschia aethiopica Zantedeschia aethiopica
(White calla lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The most familiar calla, this 3-foot-tall and 2-foot-wide plant has large white flowers—up to 10 inches long—that surround a creamy yellow fingerlike centerpiece. They bloom from late spring to mid-summer. The upright, arrow-shaped leaves are solid green and glossy.

no image available Zauschneria arizonica
(Hardy hummingbird trumpet, Arizona fuchsia, Firechalice, Wild fuchsia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This heat-loving native Southwestern species has gray-green leaves and grows to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Orangey red, tubular blossoms cover the plant in late summer and early fall.

Zephyranthes reginae Zephyranthes reginae
(Rain lily, Rainflower, Valles yellow rain lily, Zephyr lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These Mexican native bulbs actually offer demanding gardeners flowers on demand. They produce strappy foliage to 12 inches tall and clusters of buttery-yellow, starry, crocus-like blossoms two to three days after every rain in summer and early autumn. Or, if it doesn't rain, simply water and fertilize three days prior to your intended display, and the moisture will prompt the flowers to appear, hence the common name, rainflower. These bulbs are widely adaptable to diverse soil conditions, and may be grown in full sun to partial shade, but they prefer some shade.

Zinnia elegans Zinnia elegans
(Zinnia)
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This upright, 30-inch-tall, bushy annual cloaks itself all summer in purple blossoms up to 2 inches across. But more important, it is the forebear of scores of varieties that can be found in almost any place you can buy seeds. There's the Whirligig Series, the California Giants, the Profusion Series, the State Fair Series—the list goes on and on.

no image available Zinnia elegans 'Dreamland Series'
(Bedding zinnia)
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This annual series is comprised of dwarf, compact plants, 10 to 12 inches tall and half as wide. They bloom all summer with fully double blossoms, to 4 inches wide, in apricot, ivory, red, yellow, pink, and many shades in between.

Zinnia grandiflora Zinnia grandiflora
(Prairie zinnia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native perennial wildflower of the American Southwest bears a profusion of bright yellow to golden yellow flowers atop 4-inch high plants that spread to 15 inches wide. They bloom from late summer into fall. 

Zinnia Profusion Series Zinnia Profusion Series
(2 user reviews)

The needlelike leaves of these Profusion Series zinnas lend a soft textural feel that contrasts nicely with the glowing hot colors of the flowers. The vibrant flowers are about 2 inches in diameter, and the plants grow to just 12 to 15 inches tall and wide. Use them en masse in borders and beds, or plant them in containers. -Julia Jones, Designing with annuals, Fine Gardening issue #120

Zizia aurea Zizia aurea
(Golden Alexander, Golden zizia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely native of the eastern U.S. offers delicate, lemon-yellow broccoli-like flowers in late spring to early summer. Flowers last for weeks. Plants grow to about 2 feet tall and half as wide.


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