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Browse Plants

Narrowed By:Uses: Beds and Borders + Height: 3 - 6 ft.
Displaying 1 - 289 of 289 listings   1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15View All Sort By: Sort
Abelia × grandiflora 'Confetti' Abelia × grandiflora 'Confetti'
(Variegated glossy abelia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Confetti' offers finely textured medium green foliage variegated with creamy white and pink. Pale pink tubular flowers appear in late summer or fall. This rounded, semi-evergreen shrub grows to about 3 feet tall and 4 feet wide.

Abeliophyllum distichum Abeliophyllum distichum
(White forsythia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous shrub is related to the forsythia, but differs in that it has white (rather than yellow) flowers that open in early spring before true forsythia. It is a member of the olive family (Oleaceae). In early spring, before the new leaves form, purplish buds all along the grey naked branches open into small white four-petaled, almond-scented flowers with yellow stamens. After flowering, green, glossy abelia-like leaves appear.

no image available Acalypha wilkesiana
(Copperleaf, Jacob's coat)
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This spreading shrub is grown for its multi-colored, toothed, oval leaves. Use it as a houseplant or as an annual or container plant outdoors where it is not hardy. Flowers are small, green or pinkish, and generally not noteworthy. 

Acalypha wilkesiana ‘Tricolor’ Acalypha wilkesiana ‘Tricolor’
(Copperleaf, Firedragon, Jacob's coat, Match-me-if-you-can)
(1 user review)

This spreading shrub from tropical and subtropical regions can reach 6 feet tall. It is grown as a houseplant or as an annual outdoors where it's not hardy. Its oval leaves are splashed with red, green, and yellow and its long, fuzzy flowers are borne periodically throughout the year, although they are somewhat hidden. Acalypha wilkesiana 'Tricolor' can be grown in a warm greenhouse, in a border, or as a specimen or hedging plant (especially in warm areas).

Acanthus mollis Acanthus mollis
(Bear's breeches)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Acanthus mollis is prized for its bold clumps of shiny green leaves topped with striking, 3-foot-tall spires of white flowers which are clasped by showy purple bracts. This is a great plant for an eye-catching structural element in a part-shade border.

Acanthus mollis 'Tasmanian Angel' Acanthus mollis 'Tasmanian Angel'
(Bear's breeches)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

With their white margins and mottling, the jagged leaves of 'Tasmanian Angel' are a real showshopper, and in late summer, 3-foot-tall, pink-and-cream flower stalks heighten the effect. The variegation may be less pronounced as the leaves age, but the plant still draws the eye. Use it as a multiseason container specimen or as a bedding plant. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #119

Actaea racemosa Actaea racemosa
(Black cohosh, Black snakeroot, Bugbane)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Actaea racemosa is a native woodland perennial with white, somewhat fuzzy flowers in midsummer that wave above astilbe-like, deeply cut foliage. The flowers can be unpleasantly scented, thus the name "bugbane." Formerly in the genus Cimicifuga, this plant is great for use in a woodland garden or moist border.

Actaea simplex Actaea simplex
(Autumn bugbane, Autumn snakeroot)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping woodland perennial with deep green foliage up to 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide bears spikes of  fragrant white flowers 1 to 2 feet long in fall. Cultivars exist with varying leaf colors and forms.

Actaea simplex 'Brunette' Actaea simplex 'Brunette'
(Baneberry, Snakeroot)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This chocolate-leaved cultivar up to 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide bears compact spikes of white flowers in late summer. This plant may languish in very warm temperatures. The flowers remain ornamental for three to four weeks.

Actaea simplex ‘Hillside Black Beauty’ Actaea simplex ‘Hillside Black Beauty’
(Bugbane, Autumn snakeroot, black cohosh)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Unlike other bugbanes, 'Hillside Black Beauty' offers deep purple-black foliage. From late spring to late summer, its dark hue makes a wonderful backdrop for colorful foliage and flowering shade plants. In fall, fragrant, cream-colored flowers appear on tall, wandlike stems. An added plus: this plant is deer resistant. --Michael Ruggiero, Regional Picks: Mid-Atlantic, Fine Gardening issue #127

Agastache 'Desert Sunrise' Agastache 'Desert Sunrise'
(Hummingbird mint)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hummingbird mint boasts large spikes of reddish-pink tubular flowers with an orange tint over a long season in summer and early fall. The whole plant is aromatic. Grow in a bed, border, rock garden, or xeric garden.

Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’ Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an erect, bushy perennial with scented gray-green leaves. Its raspberry-red flowers grow on loose, foot-long spikes from midsummer to late fall. The flower spikes have a long bloom period and attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and other insects.  

Agastache foeniculum Agastache foeniculum
(Anise hyssop)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A classic plant for both herb gardens and borders, anise hyssop is composed of erect branches of mint-and-licorice-scented, medium green leaves ending in fuzzy spikes of small lavender flowers. The plant grows to 3 to 5 feet tall and 1 foot wide and reseeds freely. The flowers are edible and are charming crumbled into salads. The flowers are highly attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

Allium 'Globemaster' Allium 'Globemaster'
(Ornamental onion)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Allium 'Globemaster' is a true showstopper, growing to about 32 inches tall. Very large, majestic purple spheres up to 8 inches across bear numerous star-shaped, deep lilac flowers in May and June.

Allium giganteum Allium giganteum
(Ornamental onion)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In summer, this plant bears large rounded flower heads up to 4 inches across with a multitude of star-shaped lilac-pink flowers.

Amaranthus cruentus Amaranthus cruentus
(Prince's feather, Purple amaranth, Red amaranth)
(1 user review)

Amaranthus cruentus makes a striking statement in beds or borders. Growing to 6 feet in height, it bears somewhat fuzzy-looking spires of purplish red flowers in summer, followed by seed heads that can be red, purple, or yellow. It is native to tropical regions of North and South America, and is one of three Amaranthus species cultivated for their grain.

Amaranthus tricolor and cvs. Amaranthus tricolor and cvs.
(Chinese spinach, Tampala, Joseph's coat)
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This hardy annual has vibrant, ornamental red, yellow, and green foliage that lends a tropical effect to the garden. Small flowers, borne from summer to early autumn, are inconspicuous in comparison to the effect of the foliage. Cultivars feature yellow and maroon-shaded leaves, but the species still offers the showiest foliage.

Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent' Amelanchier alnifolia 'Regent'
('Regent' serviceberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A compact shrub form of serviceberry, 'Regent' produces finely toothed, rounded leaves that are bluish on top and gray-green on the bottom. In fall, they change to vibrant yellow and red. Spring finds the shrub sporting white flowers in upright clusters that give way to fruit in June. Birds as well as humans appreciate the tasty berries, which make great jellies and jams and are more abundant in full sun. This plant is native to the Great Plains and tolerates harsh, dry, or alkaline conditions when mature.

Andropogon zizanioides Andropogon zizanioides
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful ornamental grass has upright, glossy green foliage and interesting, animated leaf tips that resemble party favors. Evergreen to 25°F, these plants gain reddish purple hues in the fall and winter. This plant is extremely adaptable—it thrives in desert and damp conditions, it is used for erosion control, and it works well in containers or as a screen. It looks especially beautiful when backlit by the sun.

Anemone × hybrida 'Honorine Jobert' Anemone × hybrida 'Honorine Jobert'
(Japanese anemone)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tall, woody-based perennial is distinguished by its elegant flowers. This cultivar displays the purity of a single, white, open-faced flower with a delicate center ring of golden yellow stamens. Every moment of floral development from bud to seed brings satisfying interest.

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica Anemone hupehensis var. japonica
(Japanese anemone)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Japanese anemones are slightly taller than the species, sometimes growing to 4 feet. The creamy pink flowers with yellow centers rise above the foliage on branched stems from midsummer to autumn. This perennial is beautiful in the woodland garden or border and planted in masses, although they can become weedy in some areas.

Anemone hupehensis var. japonica 'Bressingham Glow' Anemone hupehensis var. japonica 'Bressingham Glow'
(Japanese anemone)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Japanese anemones are slightly taller than the species, sometimes growing to 4 feet. The deep rose-pink semi-double flowers with yellow centers rise above the foliage on branched stems from midsummer to autumn. This perennial is beautiful in the woodland garden or border and planted in masses, although they can become weedy in some areas.

Angelica gigas Angelica gigas
(Angelica)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showstopper produces conspicuous, red-purple leaf sheaths with dense, purple domed flowerheads.

Angelica pachycarpa Angelica pachycarpa
(Angelica)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Angelica is a striking ornamental biennial or short-lived perennial with jade green, glossy, bold leaves and large umbels of white flowers. It makes a unique statement in the garden.

Artemisia ludoviciana Artemisia ludoviciana
(Western mugwort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a high-drama native. Its gracious, high-impact, powdery-white shrubby mounded foliage grows to 4 feet tall.

Aruncus dioicus Aruncus dioicus
(Goatsbeard, Goat's beard)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Goat's beard is a perennial native to eastern North America and parts of Europe and Siberia. It is grown for its tall stature (up to 6 feet) and showy, cream-colored plumes of flowers in summer. The effect is that of a giant astilbe. Plants with male flowers produce showier and more erect plumes than plants with female flowers, whose plumes are more pendent and less creamy-white. Grow in a woodland garden or moist border, or at waterside.

Aster dumosus Aster dumosus
(New York aster, Michaelmas daisy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a short-growing aster with lilac-blue flowers and creeping rootstocks. Many cultivars exist. It can be used on steep slopes for erosion control.

Aster novae-angliae Aster novae-angliae
(New England aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Strong, almost woody, stems bear large sprays (to 10 inches) of violet-purple flowers.

Astilboides tabularis Astilboides tabularis
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unique species bears large, rounded leaves that resemble lily pads and seem to defy gravity.

Baptisia × variicolor Twilite Prairieblues™ Baptisia × variicolor Twilite Prairieblues™
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This amazing baptisia is a cross between B. australis, the most common blue variety, and B. sphaerocarpa, a plant with yellow bloomer. The result is pea-like violet-purple flowers with dramatic yellow keels. It is long-lived, tough, and drought resistant, but it may take three or four gardening seasons to establish itself. Twilite Prairieblues™ blooms in late spring or early summer, When not in bloom, the plant remains attractive because of the lovely blue-green color of its trifoliate leaves, especially in spring. This plant is tall and will look good at the back of a border. -Stephanie Cohen, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #120

Baptisia australis Baptisia australis
(blue false indigo, Plains false indigo)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

False blue indigo's spikes of clear blue flowers in late spring can nearly carry a border by themselves. They also make great cut flowers. Large, inflated nearly black seed pods set in after flowering, giving this plant another interesting element. It is low maintenance and will look great in any natural or informal setting.

Boltonia asteroides Boltonia asteroides
(False chamomile)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Boltonias are vigorous perennials grown for their sprays of aster-like flowers, which appear above clean, gray-green foliage. Their vigorous nature makes them suitable for naturalizing. They are also great in the border (and for cutting), but will benefit from frequent dividing to keep in bounds, and may be cut back in late spring for more compact plants.

Boltonia asteroides 'Snowbank' Boltonia asteroides 'Snowbank'
(False chamomile)
(1 user review)

Boltonias are vigorous perennials grown for their sprays of aster-like flowers, which appear above clean, gray-green foliage. Their vigorous nature makes them suitable for naturalizing. They are also great in the border (and for cutting), but will benefit from frequent dividing to keep in bounds, and may be cut back in late spring for more compact plants. 'Snowbank' produces masses of white flowers in late summer.

Buxus sempervirens 'Green Mountain' Buxus sempervirens 'Green Mountain'
(Boxwood)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, oval, dark green boxwood grows to about 3 feet high and wide. It flowers in spring, but it is grown for its handsome foliage. Use as hedging or topiary, or in a border.

no image available Cacalia atriplicifolia
(Pale Indian plantain)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The heart-shaped leaves of this perennial may stretch to 12 inches across. In mid- to late summer, showy white flower umbels add to this plant’s drama.

Calamagrostis × acutiflora 'Karl Foerster' Calamagrostis × acutiflora 'Karl Foerster'
(Karl Foerster's Feather Reed Grass)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Versatile, attractive and care-free ornamental grass with wheat-like appearance. Slender, upright, deep-green, lustrous foliage becomes effective by early spring and lasts all the way until winter. A cool season grass, 'Karl Foester' is upright and clump forming, with purplish-green, feathery plumes to 6'. It distinctively blooms in early summer rather than fall and must have winter chill to bloom. Long lived -- 25 years or more. -Santa Rosa Gardens

Callicarpa dichotoma Callicarpa dichotoma
(Purple beautyberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grown for its rows of lilac-violet, round, glossy, tiny fruit, purple beautyberry is a small, deciduous shrub native to China, Korea, and Japan. Its long, arching branches often touch the ground, giving it an elegant shape. The small pink flowers in summer are followed by the small fruits that ripen in September and last through October. It has good yellow fall color as well.

Camassia leichtlinii ssp. suksdorfii 'Blue Danube' Camassia leichtlinii ssp. suksdorfii 'Blue Danube'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Spikes of violet, star-shaped flowers top stems reaching from 2 to 4 feet in late spring. The species is native to western Oregon. 'Blue Danube' would be beautiful in a border, meadow, or containers. Camassia make good cut flowers.

Canna 'Centenaire de Rozain-Bourcharlat' Canna 'Centenaire de Rozain-Bourcharlat'
(Indian shot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3-foot-tall canna from the 1920s has impossibly deep, pure-rose flowers recalling orchids and leis. It's an old French variety.

Canna 'Erebus' Canna 'Erebus'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each of this plant's stunning lance-shaped leaves is the softest gray-green, edged subtly with a cream-colored pinstripe. These luminous 5-foot-tall plants are crowned with spires of delicate pink flowers with just a blush of salmon.

Canna 'Madame Paul Caseneuve' Canna 'Madame Paul Caseneuve'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A great canna to start with if you're convinced you hate them is 'Madame Paul Caseneuve', from 1902. The pearly-bronze leaves and almost purple stems of this 3- to 5-foot-tall antique beauty are the perfect foil for its elegant, sensual flowers of soft pink shading to peach and apricot.

Canna 'Sémaphore' Canna 'Sémaphore'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Growing to 6 or 7 feet, 'Sémaphore' features slender, dark-bronze leaves topped by spikes of narrow-petaled flowers of an unusual glowing color that's not quite yellow and not quite orange; perhaps flickering tongues of flame would be the best description. It is a Victorian classic from 1895.

Canna ‘Phasion’ Canna ‘Phasion’
(Tropicanna® canna)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous 5- to 6-foot plant sports fascinating foliage colors. Spring leaves emerge an intense purple and are soon striped with green, yellow, pink, and red. Vivid orange flowers appear in summer on this quick multiplier.

Canna × generalis Canna × generalis
(Indian shot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cannas bear broad, smooth paddle-like leaves reminiscent of banana plants. The oversize leaves make it easy to create dramatic combinations with other, more finely textured plants. Each stout, fleshy stem is topped with attractive spires of brightly colored flowers. Cultivars vary widely in height, foliage, and bloom.

Canna var. “MACtro’ Canna var. “MACtro’
(Canna Tropicanna Gold )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tropicanna Gold is perhaps the showiest of all of the variegated cannas and one of the best for hot, humid, sunny southern gardens. Favored for its bright green and yellow variegated foliage and deep tangerine flowers, Tropicanna Gold will grow at the edge of ponds in shallow water as well as in normal garden conditions. It is adaptable to heat and humidity. Protect in the northern part of its range, or lift tubers in fall where not hardy and store over winter.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'First Choice' Caryopteris × clandonensis 'First Choice'
(Blue beard, Blue-mist shrub)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'First Choice' is ideal for a mixed or shrub border. It's an attractive woody shrub with dark green leaves, dark purplish blue flowers, and a compact habit. Misty blue flowers appear in late summer and early autumn.This plant is relatively drought tolerant and very heat tolerant. The shrub expands as branches that touch the ground form their own roots and may self-seed.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Longwood Blue' Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Longwood Blue'
(Blue beard, blue-mist shrub)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Longwood Blue' is ideal for a mixed or shrub border. It's an attractive woody shrub up to 3 feet tall and 5 feet wide with silvery leaves and violet-blue flowers.. The flowers appear along the stems in late summer and early autumn.This plant is relatively drought tolerant and very heat tolerant. The shrub expands as branches that touch the ground form their own roots and may self-seed.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Worcester Gold' Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Worcester Gold'
(Blue beard, Blue-mist shrub)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Worcester Gold' is an attractive, mounding, woody shrub with warm yellow to chartreuse foliage and lavender-blue flowers in late summer and early autumn. The flowers are fragrant and attractive to bees and butterflies. The foliage is also aromatic. It is ideal for a mixed or shrub border.

Ceanothus americanus Ceanothus americanus
(Mountain sweet, New Jersey tea, Redroot, Wild snowball)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mountain sweet is a low-growing, broad, compact, deciduous shrub. Dark-green leaves are irregularly toothed, 2 to 3 inches long, and softly hairy or nearly hairless beneath. This plant bears profuse white flowers in 1- to 2-inch-long terminal clusters.

Cephalotaxus harringtonii 'Prostrata' Cephalotaxus harringtonii 'Prostrata'
(Plum yew)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This slow-growing dwarf conifer has a wide, rounded crown and narrowly furrowed, partially peeling bark. Needles, 1 to 1.5 inches long, are arranged on V-shaped ranks on each shoot.

Ceratotheca triloba Ceratotheca triloba
(South African foxglove)
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A rare and graceful beauty, this plant is not a true foxglove, but its flowers are similarly shaped and hang in clusters. They come in shades of white and pink with pale violet stripes highlighting the inner throats. This plant’s soft coloring brings the delicacy typical of spring-blooming plants into the summer garden. The gray-green foliage has a distinctly nutty fragrance and is deer resistant. As a large-scale plant, South African foxglove holds its own when planted among shrubs and is best complemented by plants with deep purple foliage. It also makes a good cutting flower.

Cestrum 'Orange Peel' Cestrum 'Orange Peel'
('Orange Peel' cestrum)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A wonderful hybrid derived from Cestrum diurnum and C. nocturnum, 'Orange Peel' is a veritable living bouquet of pure orange blossoms that, in warmer climates, begin with the first mild days in spring and last until the first hard frost. The tubular flowers have no fragrance during the day, but as soon as the sun sets, a sweet scent lingers in the air. In Zones 8 and warmer, 'Orange Peel' will be a deciduous shrub 6 feet tall and wide. In Zone 7, it will act as a die-back perennial and easily reach 3 to 5 feet tall and wide during the growing season. In colder zones, it makes an incredible summer-blooming annual.

Chaenomeles × superba ‘Texas Scarlet’ Chaenomeles × superba ‘Texas Scarlet’
(Flowering quince)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One look at ‘Texas Scarlet’ flowering quince in bloom and most gardeners are instantly sold. Though the display only lasts a week or two in early spring, the sight of the tomato-red flowers is unforgettable. During the rest of the season, ‘Texas Scarlet’ remains a wave of glossy green leaves that reaches 2 to 3 feet tall in the toughest of conditions.

no image available Choisya ternata 'Sundance'
(Mexican orange blossom)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Sundance' Mexican orange blossom is an evergreen, compact shrub with white, fragrant flowers borne in late spring, and again in late summer and autumn. Groups of three little leaflets give the young yellow-green foliage a pleasing pattern, while the waxy, glossy texture adds a luminous quality.

no image available Clethra alnifolia 'Pink Spire'
(Summersweet, Sweet Pepperbush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Very fragrant, light pink bottlebrush flowers grace this native shrub in late summer and early fall, attracting butterflies and other insects and perfuming the garden for weeks. Plant it in beds or borders, in a woodland or shade garden, or at waterside. It also has nice fall color.

Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice' Clethra alnifolia 'Ruby Spice'
(summersweet, sweet pepperbush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This summersweet is a sport of C. alnifolia 'Pink Spires'. Its fragrant, bottlebrush flowers are a darker pink; they attract butterflies, bees, and other insects in late summer and early fall. 'Ruby Spice' grows to about 4 to 6 feet tall and almost as wide, making this shrub suitable for a bed or border, a woodland or shade garden, or a waterside planting. Its yellow fall color extends the season of interest.

Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles'
(Sweet pepperbush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Sixteen Candles’ summersweet is a newer cultivar of a popular native shrub. This compact selection reaches 3 to 5 feet tall. In summer, ‘Sixteen Candles’ is topped with aromatic, erect, butterfly-enticing white blooms for 4 to 6 weeks. In fall, the leaves turn an attractive yellow.

Colocasia esculenta Colocasia esculenta
(Taro)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A large, showy, marginal aquatic plant with heart-shaped, dark green leaves, taro can reach 5 feet tall and is often grown as a summer annual. Use it in a container or near water.

Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic' Colocasia esculenta 'Black Magic'
(Elephant ear, Cocoyam, Dasheen, Taro)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rising to about 36 inches, the elephant ear's deep-purple stalks suspend luxurious leaves of the same color. When the leaves’ undersides are dusted with chalky-looking bloom, they have an intriguing, almost gray look. This plant does well in a bog or even in the margins of a water garden, as well as in average garden soil.

Colocasia esculenta 'Coffee Cups' Colocasia esculenta 'Coffee Cups'
('Coffee Cups' elephant's ear)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Coffee Cups' is an unusual and relatively recent introduction. It has nearly black stems and  cup-shaped leaves. 'Coffee Cups' is a vigorous grower, and, with a height of 6 feet, it's a good choice for the back part of a border. -Andy Cabe, Regional Picks: Southeast, Fine Gardening issue #120

Colocasia esculenta 'Illustris' Colocasia esculenta 'Illustris'
('Illustris' elephant's ear, Imperial taro)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The heart-shaped leaves of 'Illustris' are huge, and their dark highlights are stunning. This elephant ear is a lover of moist shade, but does best with a little dappled sunlight. It will tolerate boggy conditions. -Julia Jones, Fine Gardening issue #120

Cornus stolonifera Cornus stolonifera
(Red osier dogwood)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Red osier dogwood is a deciduous shrub with a rounded, spreading form. Opposite leaves with rounded bases are ovate to lance-shaped and dark green, turning a dull red, purple-red, or orange in autumn. Clusters of white flowers appear in late May to early June, followed by white to pale blue fruit. Green stems turn reddish or purple-red from late summer into early fall, becoming brighter in winter.

Cortaderia selloana ‘Pumila” Cortaderia selloana ‘Pumila”
(Pampas grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf cultivar has mid-green leaves and densely tufted plumes atop tall, upright stalks and arching mid-green leaves. Masses of silvery yellow plumes appear in late summer.

Corydalis ‘Blackberry Wine’ Corydalis ‘Blackberry Wine’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Stunning, fragrant pinkish-purple flowers bloom in spring and then sporadically through fall. The ferny foliage can reach as high as 3 feet and looks great around hostas and other shade garden plants. 

Corydalis scouleri Corydalis scouleri
(Scouler's fumeroot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has tiers of lacy foliage that form broad clumps, 3 feet high by 3 feet wide. Its hot pink flowers bloom from May to July.

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sea Shells' Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sea Shells'
(1 user review)

This unique annual produces quilled blossoms of hollow, tube-shaped petals that radiate from the center in shades of white, pink, or carmine red. The flowers, which bloom all summer long, sometimes have bicolored interior and exterior tubes. 

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sensation Series' Cosmos bipinnatus 'Sensation Series'
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This series of annuals produces extra large, cup-shaped blossoms to 3-1/2 inches across in shades of white or pink all summer long. 

Cosmos bipinnatus cvs. Cosmos bipinnatus cvs.
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Cosmos are branching annuals with ferny foliage and pink, crimson, or white flowers that work well in the back of a border. Although introduced in 1799, cosmos did not beome popular for the garden or as the subject of breeding efforts until the early 1900s. The rest is now history. The variety 'Sensation' won the All-American Selection Award of Merit in 1936 for its clear colors of pink and white, on early-blooming, 3- to 4-foot-tall plants. 'Purity' is the glistening white form of cosmos in the 'Sensation' series. 'Sea Shells' has quilled florets. The Sonata Series cultivars are dwarf plants only growing to about a foot or two tall.

Cynara cardunculus Cynara cardunculus
(Cardoon)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Cardoon is an architectural splendor with bold texture, thanks to its large, prickly, almost dagger-shaped gray-green arching leaves and a statuesque, vase-shaped frame. It is topped with round, purple, thistlelike flowers in midsummer. Cardoon can reach up to 5 feet tall and 4 feet wide.

Cytisus scoparius Cytisus scoparius
(Scotch broom)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Scotch broom is an upright, deciduous shrub with slender, arching shoots. In late spring, it produces abundant yellow flowers in axillary clusters.

Dahlia 'Bed Head' Dahlia 'Bed Head'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Bed Head'  is a tall plant with 4-inch-wide salmon-colored blooms with an unusually tangled appearance. It flowers less abundantly than many other dahlias, but is striking nonetheless. 'Bed Head' is a lush grower that benefits from strong staking. Plant it at the back of the border, and show it off as a cut flower in a vase. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Bodacious' Dahlia 'Bodacious'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Bodacious' lives up to its name, with brilliant color and blooms that are supersized in both height and diameter. Heavy-headed 'Bodacious' requires beefy stakes. The rich color and ruffled effect of the loosely arranged petals make it stunning as a cut flower. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'David Howard' Dahlia 'David Howard'
(Dahlia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'David Howard' is large and vigorous dahlia with fine color. Apricot blooms contrasts nicely with the dark foliage and with dark-colored companion plants. It pairs well both with hot colors such as red and orange and cool blues and purples. A tall grower, it requires staking and looks best in the middle or back of a border. Perhaps best of all, it blooms continually without deadheading. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Hissy Fitz' Dahlia 'Hissy Fitz'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Hissy Fitz' isn't a fussy plant, in spite of its amusing name. Its prolific and strong clear yellow blossoms  look like pompoms, thanks to the small incisions at the tip of each petal. Of medium height, 'Hissy Fitz' is a sturdy grower and not hard to stake. It's a fine addition to the sunny border. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Jersey Beauty' Dahlia 'Jersey Beauty'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The 20th century's most celebrated dahlia is 'Jersey Beauty'. This towering, 4- to 6-foot-tall 1920s classic will produce so many lively, true-pink, classic dahlia flowers that you can cut all you want and still have a great garden display. This selection is exceptionally vigorous and beautiful.

Dahlia 'Kaiser Wilhelm' Dahlia 'Kaiser Wilhelm'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Of the maybe 10,000 named dahlias introduced in the 1800s—when dahlias ranked right up there with roses in popularity—only three survive. One of them is 'Kaiser Wilhelm', introduced in 1892. Its 3-inch flowers have neatly curled petals of soft custard-yellow brushed with burgundy, and a green button eye just like that of an old rose. The plant can grow to 5 feet.

Dahlia 'Kidd's Climax' Dahlia 'Kidd's Climax'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The pink-and-cream dinner-plate-sized 'Kidd's Climax' of 1947 has 10-inch flowers atop 4-foot-tall plants.

Dahlia 'Myrtle's Folly' Dahlia 'Myrtle's Folly'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

If you like the combination of peach and pink, you'll love 'Myrtle's Folly', whose narrow, twisted petals of deep pink and light orange  mature to reveal a yellow center. Perhaps too ungainly to use as a border plant, 'Myrtle's Folly' will provide a reliable supply of flowers that look perfect in a vase. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Pooh' Dahlia 'Pooh'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A charming choice, 'Pooh' has orange-red petals with gold and lemon-colored petal-like sepals. Plant this dahlia toward the back in a border, where its small flowers on tall stalks will be sure to stand out. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Dahlia 'Zorro' Dahlia 'Zorro'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

For a change of pace, 'Zorro' looks fantastic floating stemless in a bowl of water. The ruffled petals accentuate the dark red hue. Staking is a must to prevent the stems from flopping beneath the weight of its huge and heavy blooms. Pinch back the young shoots to promote branching and sturdier stalks. 'Zorro' consistently produces quality tubers for division and, as such, is the perfect cultivar to start (or sustain) a dahlia collection. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Daphne × burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie' Daphne × burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This celebrated hybrid is notable for its green leaves with golden-yellow margins that fade to cream. Its deep-pink buds open to pale, pink-white blossoms in early spring and give off a sweet fragrance.

Daphne × transatlantica 'Summer Ice' Daphne × transatlantica 'Summer Ice'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rounded shrub has leaves with white margins, and pale pink star-shaped flowers that bloom in the spring, fall, and sometimes in between.  The blossoms release an intoxicating fragrance. 

no image available Daphne odora
(Winter daphne)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen species produces rose-purple buds that open to white and are intensely and exotically fragrant. The blooms (from mid-winter to early spring) are followed by red fruit and dark-green, glossy leaves.  

Daphne odora 'Marginata' Daphne odora 'Marginata'
(Winter daphne)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This winter daphne has yellow-margined leaves and rosy-pink flower buds that open to white. Fragrant flowers bloom in winter and early spring. Reaching 4 feet tall and wide, 'Marginata' is beautiful against a wall or near a patio or deck where its fragrance can be appreciated. Or grow in a shade garden where its variegated leaves really shine. Daphne odora is evergreen and has a rounded form. It is native to China and Japan.

Darmera peltata Darmera peltata
(Indian rhubarb, Umbrella plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Darmera's flower stalks emerge from the ground on naked stems in spring, and are followed by cupped, rounded but indented leaves up to 24 inches across. The foliage forms a lovely, vase-like clump, 4 feet tall and 3 feet wide. The flower clusters are composed of many 5-petaled, starry, pink or white florets with conspicuous stamens. This native of the western U.S. is found growing along woodland stream banks, and helps to add a tropical look to temperate gardens. Darmera makes a distinct and long-lasting foliage statement in moist conditions, and exhibits autumn color also. 

Datura metel Datura metel
(Downy thorn apple, Devil's trumpet, Horn of plenty)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Datura metel grows 3 to 4 feet tall with large dark green leaves that have a bad smell. However, the large trumpet-shaped flowers have a sweet fragrance that spreads throughout the garden in the morning and evening. Flowers may be single or double and range from white and yellow to pink and purple.

Delphinium 'Bluebird' Delphinium 'Bluebird'
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Blue Bird' is a Pacific Hybrid delphinium grown as an annual or biennial. Its mid-blue flowers have white centers. The flowers are large but short-lived and bloom on tall stems from early summer to midsummer. Grow at the back of a border or in the middle of an island bed. There is nothing quite like delphiniums in the garden.

no image available Delphinium 'Delft Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Belonging to the Belladonna Group hybrids, this delphinium bears loose, branched spikes of intense blue flowers with soft white edges. It may rebloom if deadheaded. The cultivar name pays homage to the resemblance of the flower color to Delft pottery.

Delphinium elatum Delphinium elatum
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The parent of the regal hybrid Delphiniums, the species has 3- to 4-foot-tall spires of blue, violet, lavender, or white flowers. It usually requires staking.

Dicentra spectabilis Dicentra spectabilis
(Bleeding heart, Lyre flower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A garden favorite for many years, bleeding heart has soft green foliage and 1-inch-long rose pink and white heart-shaped flowers for several weeks in spring. Plants can form clumps 3 feet across and almost as tall. Foliage generally goes dormant in summer, so be sure to choose companion plants carefully so there isn't an empty space left in the garden. Beautiful in a border or woodland garden.

Diervilla sessilifolia 'Butterfly' Diervilla sessilifolia 'Butterfly'
(Southern bush honeysuckle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Southern bush honeysuckle has an attractive thicket-forming habit. Glossy green leaves with tapered tips emerge tinged with bronze and mature to mid-green on reddish stems. Sulfur-yellow flowers in terminal clusters to 3 inches across appear in summer.

no image available Digitalis purpurea 'Pam's Choice'
(Common Foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a biennial or short-lived perennial, which may last longer and rebloom if deadheaded. It sports dramatic blossoms in contrasting colors in spires reaching six feet high in rich soil, but more likely to 3 or 4 feet. 

Dryopteris × australis Dryopteris × australis
(Dixie wood fern)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dramatic fern diplays 4-foot-tall arching fronds that form impressive clumps with age. It is a hybrid of two native ferns and makes a wonderful groundcover.

Dryopteris crassirhizoma Dryopteris crassirhizoma
(Wood fern)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a handsome and lush, semi-evergreen vase-shaped fern with thickly textured leaves that is suitable for specimen treatment. It reaches 3.5 feet tall. Grow in a woodland or moist shade garden.

no image available Echinacea angustifolia
(Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow perennial has daisy-like blossoms in early summer. It bears copper-orange central cones surrounded by short, arching, ray petals in pink or purple-pink, and occasionally white.

Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea
(Purple coneflower)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Because of its carefree performance, this native meadow perennial with daisy-like flowers appropriately inhabits the gardens of many. It blooms from midsummer into early autumn, with prominent, copper-orange central cones surrounded by rose-purple, ray petals (to 5 inches across).

Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel' Echinacea purpurea 'Fragrant Angel'
('Fragrant Angel' coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Coneflowers have much to offer the garden, and now they have fragrance, too. 'Fragrant Angel' has large, sweetly scented flowers made up of two rows of white petals surrounding a greenish orange cone. The plants grow to 40 inches and attract butterflies. Grow them in a border, meadow, cottage garden, or cut flower garden.

Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus' Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'
(Purple coneflower)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native meadow derivative has vibrant, daisy-like flowers that bloom from midsummer into early autumn. Its prominent, dark orange central cones are surrounded by larger (to 7 inches across) and more horizontal, reddish-pink, ray petals than the species.

Edgeworthia chrysantha Edgeworthia chrysantha
(Paper bush)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small shrub from China is noteworthy for its spherical clusters of very fragrant yellow flowers that bloom in winter and early spring.

Elymus arenarius Elymus arenarius
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has densely tufted, spreading clumps of strap-like, flowing foliage. Pale blue-gray leaves arch loosely. In summer, it produces stiff, upright, blue-gray spikes of flowers that turn buff.

Enkianthus perulatus Enkianthus perulatus
(White enkianthus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is perhaps the most refined Enkianthus, bearing dainty, white pendulous bells in May. It forms an elegant, rounded shrub to 6 feet with gracefully tiered branches and produces brilliant scarlet color in autumn.

Ephedra equisetina Ephedra equisetina
(Bluestem joint fir)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A member of the conifer clan, Ephedra equisetina is commonly called bluestem joint fir due to its finely textured blue stems. In spring, it features a conspicuous froth of yellow blooms that are often followed by red berries. It is perfect for naturalized areas since it reliably spreads.

Eupatorium maculatum 'Gateway' Eupatorium maculatum 'Gateway'
('Gateway' Joe Pye weed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of the eastern North American native Joe Pye weed is shorter and bushier than the species. From late summer into fall, its domes of dusky pink flowers attract butterflies and other insects. The seedheads persist well into winter. Grow 'Gateway' in a border, meadow, or cottage garden. It does best in soil that does not dry out.

no image available Eupatorium rugosum
(White snakeroot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eastern U.S. woodland plant has clusters of small, fluffy white flowers topping stiff 3- to 5-foot-tall stems midsummer to frost. 

Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate' Eupatorium rugosum 'Chocolate'
(White snakeroot)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The deliciously colored maroon-brown leaves contrast nicely with neighboring plants through the season. Pure white flowerheads bloom in midsummer and stay open well into autumn.

no image available Euphorbia characias
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, evergreen shrub has stunning texture and form. Its gray-green leaves and woolly, purple-tinged stems form billowy, 4-foot long branches. From early spring to early summer, it produces giant cylindrical bract clusters in yellow-green with purple-black nectar glands, and creates a specimen that looks otherworldly.

Euphorbia palustris Euphorbia palustris
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This robust perennial forms a large shrub that adds a nice textural element to the back of the border. In early spring it produces 6-inch-wide, vivid yellow bracts.

no image available Forsythia × intermedia 'Kolgold'
(Forsythia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Striking, extra-large yellow blooms cover each stem from base to tip in early spring.

Fothergilla gardenii Fothergilla gardenii
(Dwarf fothergilla)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Fragrant, cylindrical inflorescences are made up of long, white filaments, and open before the leaves in spring. In autumn, the foliage shades range from blood red to blazing yellow, and every shade in between.

Galtonia candicans Galtonia candicans
(Summer hyacinth, Spire lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native of South Africa, summer hyacinth sends up spikes of lovely white flowers in late summer amidst dark green, strap-like foliage, when many other perennials are done blooming. The tall spikes are fragrant and especially dramatic planted with darker foliage or flowers.

Gardenia augusta 'MADGA 1' Gardenia augusta 'MADGA 1'
(Heaven Scent® gardenia )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This gardenia cultivar features a very tight, upright form that is perfect for smaller gardens. It also boasts increased cold tolerance while maintaining the lustrous dark green foliage and abundant fragrant blooms you’ve come to expect from this genus.

no image available Gaultheria shallon
(Salal, Shallon)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact, bushy shrub has red shoots and ovate, pointed, glossy dark green leaves. Arching racemes of urn-shaped white flowers tinged with pink appear in late spring and early summer, maturing to fleshy, spherical, purple fruit measuring a half-inch across.

Gaura lindheimeri Gaura lindheimeri
(Wand flower, White gaura, Butterfly gaura)
(6 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American wildflower is a bushy, clump-forming, vase-shaped perennial with lance-shaped or spoon-shaped, toothed leaves on slender, wand-like stems. Leaves may be occasionally spotted with maroon. Loose panicles of 4-petaled white flowers open only a few at a time and fade slowly to pink, blooming from late spring to early autumn.

Gladiolus 'Dauntless' Gladiolus 'Dauntless'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Introduced in 1940, 'Dauntless' grows to 4 feet tall and has pale pink flowers with deep pink/red throats.

Gladiolus 'Fidelio' Gladiolus 'Fidelio'
(Gladiolus)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 3- to 4-foot-tall glad has luminous deep purplish-rose flowers. It dates from 1959 and is called 'Fidelio' after Beethoven's joyous opera.

Hamelia patens Hamelia patens
(Mexican fire bush, Scarlet bush, Firecracker shrub)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A tropical tree by design, the Mexican fire bush freezes to the ground in winter in Zones 8-11, but grows up to 5 feet tall by summer's end. The erect, branched, woody stems bear simple copper-toned leaves with small orange flowers bunched along the tips. It loves the heat, and the more you can give it, the more vigorous it will be.

Helianthus angustifolius Helianthus angustifolius
(Swamp sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A profusion of golden yellow flowers appears for two to three weeks starting in early autumn. Daisy-like flowerheads are 3 inches across with 15 to 20 yellow ray florets radiating from a flat-topped purple or dark brown cone. The entire plant looks like a giant flame, drawing the attention of gardeners and many species of butterflies, bees, and other nectar feeders.

Helianthus debilis Helianthus debilis
(Branching sunflower)
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These branching plants with thick stems and glossy mid-green leaves grow 5 to 6 feet tall. Slightly nodding flowerheads 2.5 inches or more across appear in summer. Bright yellow ray florets are sometimes flushed with red or purple-red disk florets.

Helictotrichon sempervirens Helictotrichon sempervirens
(Blue oat grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dramatic powder blue foliage and spiky architecture are hallmarks of this plant. The leaves resemble rigid, tapering pieces of steel blue linguine collected in a porcupine-like dome.

Heliopsis helianthoides Heliopsis helianthoides
(False sunflower, Ox eye, Woodland sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial bears striking, sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn.

no image available Heliopsis helianthoides 'Summer Nights'
(False sunflower, Ox eye)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Summer Nights' has a clumping form, sturdy wine-purple stems, and bronze-tinted leaves. It bears striking deep golden-orange blooms with orange-red centers from June until August.

Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret' Hemerocallis 'Autumn Minaret'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Daylilies are classic, extremely popular garden plants. They feature long, arching, strappy leaves and long stems of generally 6-petaled flowers, though double flowers are popular as well. Each flower lasts only one day, hence the plant’s common name. Daylilies come in a wide range of colors, from cream and cheery yellow to peach, orange, fiery red, deep burgundy, pink, and purple. Some have contrasting throats and "eye-zones." Daylilies are ideal for a mixed herbaceous perennial border.

Hibiscus 'Kopper King' Hibiscus 'Kopper King'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardy hibiscus, 'Kopper King' has leaves that are a coppery red on top and orange-red underneath. Large (10 to 12 inches across) ruffly white to pale pink flowers bloom from midsummer to mid-fall if you deadhead. 'Kopper King' dies back to the ground in autumn and is late to break dormancy in the spring. It should be interplanted with spring bulbs and overplanted with winter annuals; that way you'll get color year round without disturbing the hibiscus. -Pat McKernan, Regional Picks: Lower Plains, Fine Gardening issue #120

Hosta 'Aspen Gold' Hosta 'Aspen Gold'
(Hosta)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Perfectly round, puckered, bright-gold leaves have a pattern resembling seersucker fabric. Pale-lavender flowers appear in early summer.

Hosta 'Sum and Substance' Hosta 'Sum and Substance'
(Hosta)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A botanical giant, 'Sum and Substance' averages 30 inches tall by 60 inches wide, sometimes more. Upright, heart-shaped, flat leaves have a glossy chartreuse hue that changes to gold when exposed to more light. Near-white lilac blooms borne on leaning scapes 36 inches long appear from late July through mid-August.

Hydrangea arborescens Hydrangea arborescens
(Smooth hydrangea, Wild hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Creamy, six-inch flower heads form flattened spheres above heart-shaped leaves from June through frost.

Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle' Hydrangea arborescens 'Annabelle'
(Smooth hydrangea)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Exceptional and enormous creamy flowerheads up to one foot across form billowy, flattened spheres that withstand the rain well. Leaves are large and downy.

Hydrangea arborescens ‘Grandiflora' Hydrangea arborescens ‘Grandiflora'
(Hills-of-snow hydrangea, Smooth hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hydrangea arborescens is a southeastern U.S. native shrub with a rounded habit to 5 feet tall and domes of creamy white flowers over a long period beginning in early summer. The cultivar 'Grandiflora' has larger, showier flowerheads than the species. They grow to 6 to 8 inches across.  

Hydrangea macrophylla Hydrangea macrophylla
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Hortensia, Lace-cap hydrangea, Florist's Hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the most widely recognized species of hydrangeas. It boasts a plentiful number of cultivars. The species is divided into two groups: the Hortensias (or "mopheads") have globe-shaped flowers made up of large male flowers, and the Lacecaps have flattened flower heads, with central, female blossoms ringed in larger, male blossoms. 

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mathilda Gutges' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mathilda Gutges'
(Bigleaf hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact shrub bears attractive deep green leaves and large, rounded flower heads of deep pink in neutral soil, and intense violet-blue in acidic soil.

Hydrangeamacrophylla 'Mini Penny™' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Mini Penny™'
('Mini Penny™' hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This re-blooming mophead features inflorescences ranging 4-6 inches wide. Their color will be pink or blue depending on aluminum availability in soil. Compact habit with glossy dark green leaves.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nikko Blue' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Nikko Blue'
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Florist's hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a well-loved and vigorous cultivar with large, rounded flower heads of a rich, gorgeous blue.

Hydrangea macrophylla 'Variegata' Hydrangea macrophylla 'Variegata'
(Bigleaf hydrangea, Florist's hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mound-forming shrub has white leaf margins and blue or pink lacecap inflorescences.

Hydrangea quercifolia 'Little Honey' Hydrangea quercifolia 'Little Honey'
('Little Honey' oakleaf hydrangea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Oakleaf hydrangeas are already one of my favorite shrubs: They are tough and reliable; have great foliage, flowers, and fall color; and provide stems of dried flowers in winter. Just when I thought they could not get any better, chartreuse-foliaged ‘Little Honey’ came along. Creamy white flowers appear in summer, then dry on the plant for months of show. ‘Little Honey’ rarely requires pruning, besides some thinning or shaping. To brighten the shade even more, plant hot pink or orange flowers and bright purple-foliaged tropicals nearby. -Irvin Etienne, Fine Gardening #147 (October 2012), page 72

Hydrangea serrata Hydrangea serrata
(Mountain hydrangea)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species was formerly grouped with the Lacecap hydrangeas because of its flattened flowerheads that consist of central, small florets surrounded by showy, larger florets. It is similiar to H. macrophylla but is a more compact plant with smaller flowers and leaves.

Hypericum frondosum ‘Sunburst’ Hypericum frondosum ‘Sunburst’
(St. John's wort)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a small, upright, mounded, deciduous shrub with attractive, flaking reddish-brown bark on mature stems and striking, linear to oblong blue green leaves. Midsummer to early autumn, this plant bears golden yellow flowers with striking, bushy center stamens. Reddish-brown fruit capsules ripen in September and persist well into the winter. St. John's wort excels in the Midwest.

Imperata cylindrica and cvs. Imperata cylindrica and cvs.
(Japanese blood grass)
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This small ornamental grass is grown for its smooth, red-flushed leaves. Blooms are tan.

Ipomoea × multifida Ipomoea × multifida
(Cardinal climber)
(1 user review)

Cardinal climber is a twining annual with deeply lobed mid-green leaves and 1-inch crimson blooms with white throats appearing in summer.

Iris 'Rip City' Iris 'Rip City'
(Tall bearded iris)
(4 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tall bearded iris tolerates dappled shade, but full sun promotes maximum flowering of deep red blooms. Spring or fall is the time to deadhead and cut the foliage back. This perennial makes a wonderful backdrop to spring bulbs. ‘Rip City’ is just one of hundreds of cultivars of tall bearded iris.

Iris pallida 'Variegata' Iris pallida 'Variegata'
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An iris with foliage as showy as its flowers, 'Variegata' has bright green leaves striped with yellow and beautiful soft blue flowers with yellow beards. This bearded iris reaches four feet high and spreads indefinitely. Use to edge a border or grow at waterside.  

Iris pseudacorus and cvs. Iris pseudacorus and cvs.
(Yellow flag)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Yellow flag is a vigorous Laevigata iris with ribbed, sword-shaped gray-green leaves. It grows to 3 to 4 feet high. Over 60 cultivars exist, including ‘Beuron’, with evenly yellow flowers; ‘Ecru’, with its off-white blooms; ‘Fresh Cream’, with lovely, pale-yellow flowers marked with red-violet signals; a variegated type, ‘Variegata’; ‘Donau’, a bright-yellow flower adorned with a brown signal that looks like stitchery; and nearly sterile ‘Holden Clough’, with deep-yellow blooms and reddish purple veining.

Iris spuria Iris spuria
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beardless iris is one of the tallest growing. It is available in a wide range of flower colors and blooms from late spring to mid-summer. These irises are tall like Japanese irises but have upright flowers and bloom later than the tall bearded ones.

no image available Iris virginica
(Southern blue flag)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lavender-pink or white flowers up to 4 inches in diameter have purple veins and yellow throats. Sword-shaped medium green leaves can top 6 feet tall when grown in shallow water.

Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet' Itea virginica 'Henry's Garnet'
('Henry's Garnet' Virginia sweetspire)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Henry's Garnet' Virginia sweetspire is a very dependable, showy plant. It is an arching, 3- to 5-foot-tall shrub that holds its leaves well into fall, allowing the maroon, yellow, and orange tones to develop and reveal themselves over time. Virginia sweetspire also produces an early-summer show, featuring slender, drooping racemes of white flowers that attract all sorts of pollinating insects. Its suckering, slowly spreading, 6-foot-wide habit makes it a good choice for slopes and mass plantings.

Kirengeshoma palmata Kirengeshoma palmata
(Yellow wax-bells)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy, clump-forming perennial bears pendulous, shuttlecock-shaped soft-yellow blossoms in late August and early September. The plant has attractive, glossy, 4- to 8-inch-long, maple-leaf-shaped leaves.

Lagerstroemia 'GAMAD I' Lagerstroemia 'GAMAD I'
(Cherry Dazzle® Dwarf Crapemyrtle)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact shrub was bred by the noted horticulturist, Dr. Michael Dirr. It was selected not only for its small stature but also for its excellent disease resistance and standout flower color.

Lathyrus tingitanus Lathyrus tingitanus
(Tangier pea)
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A vigorous grower, this plant climbs by grasping tendrils, reaching 10 feet high. It has sweet-pea-like flowers and lacy foliage composed of pairs of leaflets.

Leucanthemum × superbum 'Becky' Leucanthemum × superbum 'Becky'
('Becky' shasta daisy)
(8 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Shasta daisy cultivar has especially large white flowers with yellow centers held on 3- to 4-foot-tall, strong stems that don't need staking. It also blooms later than most of the other cultivars. It originated in a Southern garden, but it is very adaptable to other climates. The masses of crisp, bright blooms are a mainstay of the summer border.

Leucophyllum frutescens Leucophyllum frutescens
(Silver leaf, Texas sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Silver leaf is a flowering evergreen shrub with arching branches and woolly, silvery gray leaves. In summer, it bears solitary, bell-shaped rose-purple flowers an inch across.

Leucothoe axillaris Leucothoe axillaris
(Coast leucothoe)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This slow-growing weeping evergreen shrub has a low and wide form and oval, leathery, toothed dark green leaves. It makes a good substitute for boxwoods. Clusters of urn-shaped white flowers resembling heather appear from spring to early summer. Coast leucothoe is native to the eastern U.S. It thrives on slopes near water but not in water, on a dry slope without irrigation.

Liatris aspera Liatris aspera
(Rough gayfeather, Rough blazing star)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tuberous perennial has dense clusters of linear, rough leaves borne in basal tufts to 16 inches long. Dense spikes, up to 18 inches long, of button-like lavender-purple flowerheads are borne in late summer and early autumn. Blooms open from the top of the inflorescences downward.

Liatrus spicata Liatrus spicata
(Blazing star, gayfeather)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy herbaceous perennial has grass-like, strappy leaves and 3- to 5-foot-tall spikes of purple-pink flowers in late summer and early fall. Native to the eastern and southern United States, this tough perennial prefers reliably moist soil but will tolerate drought. It provides a bold, vertical element to mixed borders and attracts bees and butterflies. It has been observed to be resistant to deer browsing and self-sows freely. The flowers are suitable for cutting.

Lilium 'Casa Blanca' Lilium 'Casa Blanca'
('Casa Blanca' Oriental lily)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists and for weddings, 'Casa Blanca' lily has large, pure white, scented flowers.

Lilium 'Miss Lucy' Lilium 'Miss Lucy'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The first true double-flowering Oriental lily, this plant has delicate pinkish white blooms that open in July and August. They are as stunning in the mixed border as they are in the vase. Each bloom has 18 beautiful petals, making it unique among Oriental lilies.

Lilium 'Star Gazer' Lilium 'Star Gazer'
(Lily)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists, 'Star Gazer' lily has bright crimson flowers with purple spots and dark edges. These lilies grow to about 3 feet tall, so they generally don't need staking.

no image available Lilium candidum
(Madonna lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

One of the oldest garden flowers, the madonna lily has bright green hosta-like basal rosettes appearing in winter and shallow-rooted bulbs that give it a distinctive appearance. In late spring, it thrusts up leafy torches topped with pristine scented blossoms in a raceme of 5 to 10 trumpet-shaped flowers.

Lilium formosanum Lilium formosanum
(Formosa lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late August through early October, this lily bears eight or more 10-inch-long, deliciously scented, pristine-white trumpets (sometimes blushed pink on the outside) upon each stem. After the flowers fade, the stalks turn upward, opening elegantly as the seeds ripen and the pods dry to form a weather-resistant candelabra to adorn the winter garden or to use in dried arrangements

no image available Lilium henryi × Lilium speciosum var. rubrum
(Orienpet lily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The brilliant blooms of these hybrid lilies boast the fragrance of Oriental lilies and the vitality and large size of trumpet lilies but with “hybrid vigor”—more strength and disease resistance and a higher tolerance of extreme cold as well as hot and humid conditions than their parents. Plants can reach a height of up to 8 feet and are covered with an abundance of blooms from July to mid-August, when many lilies have already faded. Scores of hybrids are available with varying blooming time, fragrance, form, and color, including 'Anastasia', 'Catherine the Great', 'Scheherazade', and the ever-popular 'Leslie Woodriff'.

Loropetalum chinense f. rubrum 'Ruby' Loropetalum chinense f. rubrum 'Ruby'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen bushy shrub has fragrant, spider-like pink flowers borne in cymes in late winter or early spring. The oval leaves are burgundy colored.

Loropetalum chinense 'Chang Nian Hong' Loropetalum chinense 'Chang Nian Hong'
(Ever Red® Loropetalum )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new, compact loropetalum has the reddest blooms of all cultivars. Dark burgundy foliage retains its color throughout the year. Great for specimen planting, mass plantings and borders.

Lysimachia ciliata 'Firecracker' Lysimachia ciliata 'Firecracker'
(Hairy loosestrife)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Hairy loosestrife has dark burgundy- to chocolate-colored foliage that spreads to form large clumps but is generally not invasive. In midsummer, clusters of small yellow star-shaped flowers contrast with the leaves. It grows to 4 feet high and 2 feet wide and is good in a moist border, at a pond margin, or in a wild garden.

Lythrum salicaria Lythrum salicaria
(Purple loosestrife)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The showy purple spikes of purple loosestrife are attractive in the garden and along roadsides, but the plant's rampant spread has greatly reduced the ecological value of marshes by displacing native wetland vegetation such as cattails (Typha spp.) that wildlife uses as food or shelter. One mature plant can produce over 2 million seeds a year that are easily transported by the wind or water into wetlands. The seeds easily germinate, and no natural predator holds this plant in check. Even cultivars reported to be sterile can produce highly fertile seed if grown with other cultivars or wild loosestrife.

Mahonia bealei Mahonia bealei
(Leatherleaf mahonia, Beale's barberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Leatherleaf mahonia  is a thick shrub with a formal feel. Its stiff, green-blue foliage looks something like holly foliage, and in spring, airy clusters of tiny, golden yellow flowers appear. These are followed in fall by inky blue berries. Consider this plant for a a mixed-shrub foundation planting, or use it as a hedge plant. -Nellie Neal, Regional Picks: Southeast, Fine Gardening issue #127

Manihot esculenta'Variegata' Manihot esculenta 'Variegata'
(Variegated tapioca, Cassava)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From May to frost, whatever the temperature, this plant's creamy yellow markings do not fade. It looks good in containers or in garden beds, and you can use it in the foreground or as a focal point in distant plantings. Variegated tapioca attains a height and width of 3 to 4 feet. It is normally grown as an annual, but can be overwintered indoors. -Allan Armitage, Plant picks, Fine Gardening issue #121

Molinia caerulea ssp. arundinacea 'Sky Racer' Molinia caerulea ssp. arundinacea 'Sky Racer'
(Tall purple moor grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Skyracer' grows to about 3 feet wide and 2 to 3 feet wide, and in late summer to early fall, sends up delicate panicles to a height of 6 or 7 feet. This finely-textured ornamental grass is great for areas where you need height but don't have space for a wider, heavier plant. It works well in a sunny border but make sure you site it so you can see it closeup. Expect outstanding yellow color in fall.

Muhlenbergia capillaris Muhlenbergia capillaris
(Muhly grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In autumn, this unique specimen creates a spectacular, billowy inflorescence of massed, vibrant pink, airy flowers on 4-foot stems. It is noted for its tolerance to poorly drained soil. It is possibly hardy to Zone 6 with protection.

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri Muhlenbergia lindheimeri
(Lindheimer's muhly)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful warm-season grass produces attractive, pale purplish-gray plumes in autumn and goes dormant in the cold season. It forms a neat, upright clump with fine blue-gray foliage.

Musa zebrina Musa zebrina
(Blood banana)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

An oversize tender perennial, blood banana has large, fleshy, rubberlike leaves with dark markings. The foliage is green with random reddish purple blotches. On mature plants, orange or red flowers develop into inedible orange fruits. -Julia Jones, Designing with annuals, Fine Gardening issue #120

Myrrhis odorata Myrrhis odorata
(Sweet cicely)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This elegant fern-like herb has a mounding form and anise-flavored bright-green leaves. In late spring, it bears compound umbels of star-shaped white flowers, followed by shiny, ridged brown seeds.

no image available Nandina domestica
(Heavenly bamboo)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Yellow-white flowers appear in late spring, followed by prolific berries that ripen from green to bright-red or purple in fall. The elegant foliage turns fiery red in fall. There are low, ground-hugging Nandina varieties; medium-sized shrubs for mid-border; and tall, bushy types for the back of the border.

no image available Nerium oleander ‘Little Red’
('Little Red' oleander)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Little Red' is a dwarf selection of oleander, which is a large evergreen shrub. Its flowers are deep red and bloom all summer long. This plant is tough and drought-tolerant.

Nicotiana alata and cvs. Nicotiana alata and cvs.
(Jasmine tobacco, Flowering tobacco)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short nicotiana bears fragrant, flat, star-like flowers in many colors: crimson, purple, wine, rose, pink, lime green, and white. It is a day-bloomer with uniform size and compact habit. Cultivars vary in height: from 'Domino' (12 inches),  'Nicki' (20 inches), and 'Sensation' (36 inches), up to 'Grandiflora' (48 inches), as well as flower color and foliage. Blooms face upward or horizontally and remain open in full sun.

Nicotiana langsdorffii Nicotiana langsdorffii
(Tobacco)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Broad, deep-green leaves nearly a foot long and panicles of flowers the color of a Granny Smith apple make this Nicotiana a great companion for many other garden plants. It looks especially handsome with dark-foliaged trees or shrubs like purple smoke bush (Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’) or ‘Diabolo’ ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Diabolo’). It is also good with grasses. N. langsdorffii comes into its own as a moderator wherever colors clash. That chameleon-like quality makes this nicotiana’s propensity to self-sow most welcome; no matter where its progeny appear, they look great.

Nicotiana sylvestris Nicotiana sylvestris
(Flowering tobacco)
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This thick-stemmed annual or short-lived perennial reaches 5 to 6 feet tall, forming a large basal rosette of dark green leaves to 36 inches long. Lightly fragrant, long and tubular white flowers dangle in dense clusters from atop the tall stems. This plant starts blooming in late July or August. Flowers close in full sun.

Ocimum × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo' Ocimum × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo'
('Pesto Perpetuo' basil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Pesto Perpetuo' basil not only produces copious amounts of leaves for cooking but also is easy on the eye. It has creamy white variegated leaves and a columnar habit. It does not flower, so nothing will detract from the foliage.

no image available Olea europaea 'Little Ollie'
(Olive)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf, non-fruiting olive cultivar is an evergreen tree reaching 4 to 6 feet high and wide. It has attractive dark green leaves.

no image available Panicum amarum 'Dewey Blue'
(Bitter switchgrass, Switchgrass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A stunning, native dune grass, 'Dewey Blue' is perfect for coastal areas as well as inland gardens. Heat, drought, and humidity won't faze its noticeably graceful habit. This grass has exceptional blue foliage and a vigorous constitution. Airy, light beige flowers emerge in late summer and fall, persisting well into winter for a long season of interest. 'Dewey Blue' grows 4 to 5 feet tall and almost as wide.

Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Fire' Panicum virgatum 'Prairie Fire'
(‘Prairie Fire’ red switchgrass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Prairie Fire' is a distinctly red form of switchgrass. Blue-green spring foliage turns shades of deep red by early summer and butter yellow in late fall. The grass persists into winter. 'Prairie Fire' has a fibrous root system that grows to more than 10 feet deep, making it drought tolerant. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Panicum virgatum 'Ruby Ribbons' Panicum virgatum 'Ruby Ribbons'
(Switch Grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Panicum Ruby Ribbons’ soft blue-green foliage emerges in the spring on upright, clumping plants. The foliage takes on a wine-red color in early summer, which intensifies as the season progresses. Flower heads appear in late summer, followed by ornamental seed heads, which, if left uncut, provide long-lasting winter interest.

Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah' Panicum virgatum 'Shenandoah'
('Shenandoah' red switchgrass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Shenandoah' is truly a plant for all seasons. In early summer, its leaf blades are tipped in red, and by autumn, the entire leaf is a rich burgundy color, topped by pink plumes. In winter, the leaf color fades to beige; the blades persist and offer cover to birds. 'Shenandoah' is a compact selection of an American native prairie grass. -Chris Kelley, Regional Picks: Midwest, Fine Gardening issue #120

Pardanthopsis dichotoma Pardanthopsis dichotoma
(Vesper iris)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The flowers of vesper iris open in the late afternoon over a period of several minutes, just about the time the sound of evening vespers might have wafted over an old monastery garden. It is a valuable addition to the garden also because of its late blooming season (high summer into early fall) and for its ability to bloom from seed started the same spring. The vesper iris has typical iris-looking leaf fans and abundantly branched, willowy bloom stalks rising to 4 feet. The inch-wide flowers range in color from pure white to violet.

Patrinia scabiosifolia Patrinia scabiosifolia
(Patrinia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From a basal mound of toothed leaves (similar to scabiosa's foliage) rise 4- to 6-foot stems of tiny chrome-yellow flowers.

Pennisetum alopecuroides Pennisetum alopecuroides
(Fountain grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces 2- to 5-foot-tall mounds of narrow green foliage and bottle brush-like silvery-pink to purple flowers, both of which mature to shades of brown. It is the parent of numerous cultivars with notable flowers that range from purple to gray/black. It and some of its cultivars self-sow plentifully in warm climates. It is marginally hardy in Zone 5.

Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty' Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty'
(Pearl millet)
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This cultivar of pearl millet has wide, deep purple foliage and stems. It forms a 5-foot-high specimen with tight cylindrical flowers of purple-brown seeds—a favorite of many birds. This plant makes a stunning container specimen. In the mixed border, its foliage contrasts nicely with other plants.

Pennisetum setaceum 'Fireworks' Pennisetum setaceum 'Fireworks'
(Variegated Purple Fountain Grass)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A refreshing new look to an old time favorite ornamental grass! Pennisetum ‘Fireworks’ is the first variegated purple fountain grass. The midvein is the typical burgundy color and is flanked by hot pink margins. Produces beautiful red-burgundy foxtail flowers. Great accent plant and excellent in containers. -Santa Rosa Gardens

no image available Pennisetum spathiolatum
(Slender veldt grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Native to South Africa, this non-invasive evergreen species produces showy pink flowers in spring, which are held 2 to 3 feet above the foliage on stiff, wiry stalks.

Penstemon palmeri Penstemon palmeri
(Palmer's penstemon)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native of the Southwest, Palmer's penstemon sports sharp, prickly, gray leaves and thrives in the harsh conditions. Snapdragon-like pale pink flowers boom in late spring or early summer, and their sweet-honey scent attracts bumblebees. Toothed, sage green leaves skirt the upright stems for the rest of the gardening season.This perennial wildflower is one of the largest penstemons. It looks good in the back of a border or as a focal point, perhaps near a path where its fragrance can be enjoyed or in an informal grouping with other native penstemons and grasses, or with other plantss that have similar maintenance and water requirements. -Katie Nicolich, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #120

Persicaria amplexicaulis Persicaria amplexicaulis
(Bistort, Mountain fleece)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, but noninvasive perennial flowers from early summer into autumn with bright red, purple, or white blossoms. The narrow blossoms are up to 4 inches long, and are held on long stalks above pointed, slightly puckered leaves. It grows to 4 feet high and wide.

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Firetail' Persicaria amplexicaulis 'Firetail'
(Bistort, Mountain fleece)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous but noninvasive perennial flowers from early summer into autumn with crimson blossoms to 6 inches long. Its leaves are dark green, arrow-shaped, and slightly puckered. It grows to 4 feet high and wide.

Persicaria polymorpha Persicaria polymorpha
(Giant fleeceflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This massive herbaceous shrub needs a lot of room to show off its vase-shaped form, but it does not spread or self-sow like some of its relatives. It blooms close to the ground from June and continues throughout the summer atop 6-foot-tall stems. The large, white, astilbe-like blossoms fade to pink and then reddish-brown as the season comes to a close. 

Phalaris arundinacea and cvs. Phalaris arundinacea and cvs.
(Reed canary grass, Ribbon grass)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen, rhizomatous, perennial grass has an upright habit, with bamboo-like foliage to 14 inches tall. Flat, linear leaves are sometimes striped yellow. Pale green spikelets turn buff with age.

Phlox paniculata Phlox paniculata
(Garden phlox, Perennial phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sturdy, upright perennial reaches 2 to 4 feet tall. In July and August, and through September with deadheading, it bears flowers in shades of white, coral, pink, red, lavender, and violet, depending on the cultivar. Some have a lighter or darker eye, and others have variegated leaves. Many of the cultivars are fragrant; scent is most noticeable at night.

Phlox paniculata 'David' Phlox paniculata 'David'
(Border phlox, Summer phlox)
(26 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pure white phlox is valuable in the garden because of its abundant, fragrant flowers, its sturdy growth habit, and its resistance to powdery mildew. Growing to about 3 ½ feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide, it blooms from early summer to early fall. It needs a consistently moist soil. Use it in a border or cottage garden. It will glow at dusk.

Phygelius × rectus 'Devil's Tears' Phygelius × rectus 'Devil's Tears'
(Cape fuchsia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen shrub is often grown as a tender perennial where not hardy. It sports long spikes of red, dangling, bell-shaped flowers with yellow throats in summer. It makes a beautiful and unique addition to a perennial or shrub border.

no image available Phygelius × rectus 'Moonraker'
('Moonraker' Cape fuchsia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pale yellow, four-inch-long flowers dangle all around the stems of this evergreen, fuchsia look-alike. Given a long enough growing season, it can reach 5 feet tall and as wide. Where not hardy, grow it as a tender perennial.

Physocarpus opulifolius 'Seward' Physocarpus opulifolius 'Seward'
(Summer Wine ninebark)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Many gardeners know ninebark as an undistinguished shrub with ordinary green leaves, white flowers, and fall fruit. But 'Seward,' sold under the trademark name Summer WineTM, has outstanding burgundy leaves and pink flowers that bloom in early summer. This plant is super tough and makes a stunning focal point in a summer border.

Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Nugget’ Physocarpus opulifolius ‘Nugget’
('Nugget' ninebark)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The yellow to lime green foliage of 'Nugget' ninebark makes an interesting contrast with the exfoliating, cinnamon-colored bark. Clusters of white flowers appear along the stems in early summer, followed by dark brown seed capsules, which add winter interest. Unsheared, the plant has a vase-shaped growth habit. -David Graper, Regional Reports: Upper Plains, Fine Gardening issue #122

Physostegia virginiana Physostegia virginiana
(Obedient plant, False dragonhead)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Obedient plant is a clump-forming native perennial that grows aggressively. From midsummer to early fall, spikes of purple or pink (and sometimes white) flowers rise above sharply toothed leaves to four feet high.

Picea pungens ‘Glauca Pendula' Picea pungens ‘Glauca Pendula'
(Colorado blue spruce)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spruce has blue foliage and drooping branches. It grows 3 or 4 inches a year, eventually spreading to about 8 feet wide and 4 feet tall, with silvery needles like its parent species.

Picea sitchensis 'Papoose' Picea sitchensis 'Papoose'
(Dwarf Sitka spruce, 'Papoose' spruce)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a dwarf conifer with a rounded form. Juvenile needles grow like miniature puffballs on the tips of stubby, round branches and age to a silvery blue on one side and green on the other.

no image available Pieris japonica 'Dorothy Wyckoff'
(Dorothy Wyckoff andromeda, Lily-of-the-valley bush, Japanese pieris, Japanese andromeda)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact, rounded shrub produces reddish-purple buds that first open as soft-pink then mature to white. It grows to about 5 feet high and wide, making it a superb specimen for a container or small garden.

Pleioblastus viridistriatus Pleioblastus viridistriatus
(Golden bamboo, Kamuro-zasa )
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bamboo has showy variegated leaves of green and gold in an irregular pattern of stripes. It is a running bamboo, making it good for naturalizing and filling in or for hedging, but it may need to be controlled by underground barriers. It grows to about 5 feet high.

Polygonatum biflorum Polygonatum biflorum
(Small Solomon's seal, Solomon's seal)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring into summer, this species bears tubular greenish-white flowers that dangle underneath the arching stems. The foliage is smooth; in autumn it turns to clear yellow, contrasting with the blue-black berries this plant produces. Its height varies wildly from 1.5 to 6 feet tall.

Polystichum munitum Polystichum munitum
(Western sword fern)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Western sword ferns abound in the forests of the Northwestern U.S. They are robust, reliable, and virtually maintenance-free. They put up with difficult soil and manage to keep up appearances even in hot, dry weather. Their deep green, leathery fronds are attractive year-round.

no image available Rhododendron williamsianum
(Williams rhododendron)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rhododendron from China is quite unlike most of the better known species planted in gardens today. Its leaves are small, oval and, when young, bronze. Dainty-looking, pink, bell-shaped flowers bloom in spring. Williams rhododendron reaches just 5 feet tall and almost as wide, making it a nice choice for beds and borders in a shady area.

no image available Ribes odoratum
(Buffalo currant, Clove currant, Golden currant)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In spring, this North American native shrub produces clove-scented, lemon-yellow flowers, which are followed by black edible fruits. It has attractive leaves, and grows 6 feet high and wide.

Rodgersia aesculifolia Rodgersia aesculifolia
(Rodgersia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has palmate, wrinkled leaves that extend to 2 feet wide. The veins and leaf stalks are reddish-brown and densely woolly. In midsummer, the 2-foot-long, upright flower spikes are made up of white or pink florets.

Rodgersia podophylla Rodgersia podophylla
(Rodgersia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species creates tropical drama with its large, toothed leaves and ivory-green, footlong flowers. It exhibits reddish-bronze color in autumn. 

Rosa 'Ballerina' Rosa 'Ballerina'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showy rose produces a pastel cloud of small pink flowers with lighter centers. The blossoms are single and shallow-cupped; they occur in large, loose clusters. Blooms hold up better in partial shade. This rose grows from 4 to 6 feet tall and wide, blooming from spring to autumn. 

Rosa 'Betty Boop' Rosa 'Betty Boop'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Betty Boop' is a bushy, upright, floribunda rose growing to 3 to 5 feet tall. Semi-double, ivory-white flowers with red edges are borne in clusters over a long period. They are mildly scented. New leaves are dark red, maturing to glossy green. This cultivar does not produce hips.

Rosa 'Betty Prior' Rosa 'Betty Prior'
(Floribunda rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces single, carmine-pink, slightly fragrant blooms nonstop from June until frost. It grows 2.5 to 5 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Carefree Beauty' Rosa 'Carefree Beauty'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, upright shrub rose sports smooth, olive-green leaves and clusters of cup-shaped, semi-double, fragrant, bubble-gum-pink flowers from spring to fall. Flowers are followed by round hips in shades of orange and red.

Rosa 'Cornelia' Rosa 'Cornelia'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This old-fashioned looking rose has a bicolor look with its clustered coral buds and pink double flowers with copper centers. It forms an arching shrub, reaching 5 feet high and wide, and blooms from spring to autumn, with its largest flush in the spring. 

Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant' Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant'
(Tea rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This scented rose was reputed to be a favorite of Teddy Roosevelt. It has beautifully formed, double rosy-pink blossoms. It blooms all season long and grows to 5 feet high and wide.

no image available Rosa 'F. J. Grootendorst'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose has large clusters of small, violet-red pompom blossoms with a spicy fragrance. It blooms nonstop throughout the season and grows to 5 feet or more.   

Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup' Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice rose has single, gently cupped light-pink flowers that exude an intense, clove-scented perfume. It blooms in spring and sporadically throughout the season, and produces red hips. In autumn, the foliage turns deep maroon, which changes to yellow tinged with coppery highlights. It grows to 3 to 4 feet high and wide.   

Rosa 'Gertrude Jekyll' Rosa 'Gertrude Jekyll'
(English shrub rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose with an influential namesake has beautifully cupped double blossoms of rich pink. It produces arching stems to 5 feet or more and 3 feet wide, making it an ideal candidate for training up a low structure.

Rosa 'Graham Thomas' Rosa 'Graham Thomas'
(English shrub rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This notable rose has quartered-rosette, double blossoms of rich yellow. It produces arching stems to 5 feet or more, making it an ideal candidate for training up a low structure.

Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™ Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™
(Easy Does It™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Floribunda rose was the 2010 All-America Rose Selections winner. It has abundant ruffled blooms in shades of mango, peach and apricot -- and has a fruity fragrance. More important is its disease resistance.

Rosa 'Hotel California' Rosa 'Hotel California'
(Hotel California rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, very full clear yellow blooms.  High centers and long stems make this a wonderful cut rose.

Rosa "Lady of Shalott' (Ausnyson) Rosa "Lady of Shalott' (Ausnyson)
('Lady of Shalott' rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This robust and hardy rose is highly resistant to disease and it will bloom with unusual continuity throughout the season. It is an ideal rose for the inexperienced gardener.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses
 

Rosa 'Lavender Lassie' Rosa 'Lavender Lassie'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose produces semi-double, medium-pink flowers occuring in large clusters. It grows 5 feet tall and up to 8 feet wide, making it ideal for training up a wall, arch, or trellis. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

Rosa 'Lichfield Angel' Rosa 'Lichfield Angel'
('Litchfield Angel' rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Lichfield Angel' is a vigorous, rounded shrub with nodding peach-pink blooms ringed with creamy apricot petals that look white in bright sunshine.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses 

no image available Rosa 'Little Darling'
(Floribunda rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose produces single salmon-pink blossoms with yellow basal highlights. It blooms nonstop from June until frost and grows 3 to 5 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Maggie' Rosa 'Maggie'
(Bourbon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deeply fragrant rose produces rounded double blossoms of mauve-red in spring and fall. It grows to 6 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Mozart' Rosa 'Mozart'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This profuse bloomer produces enormous sprays of small, single pink blooms with white centers and dark reddish-pink edges. While it lacks fragrance, it is disease free, and if left alone, produces orange hips. It grows 5 feet tall and up to 8 feet wide, making it ideal for training up a wall, arch, or trellis. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

no image available Rosa 'Old Blush'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces musky and sweet-scented blossoms of pale to medium pink, which bloom continuously from spring until frost. They are followed by large orange hips. 'Old Blush' grows to about 4 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'R. K. Witherspoon' Rosa 'R. K. Witherspoon'
(R. K. Witherspoon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Hybrid Tea rose has beautiful champagne white flowers blushed with pink and yellow at the base. Its long stems are perfect for cutting and the blooms emit a strong, sweet fragrance.

Rosa 'Radrazz' Rosa 'Radrazz'
(Knock Out® rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Vibrant blossoms appear in spring and continue until frost. In fall, the dark green foliage and hearty stems are edged with red. -Judith Ireland, Regional Reports: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #122

no image available Rosa 'Redcoat'
(English shrub rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This David Austin rose produces vibrant, semi-double red blossoms with contrasting yellow stamens all season long. It grows from 2.5 to 5 feet tall.

Rosa 'Rose de Rescht' Rosa 'Rose de Rescht'
(Damask perpetual rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact rose has fragrant, fuschia-red flowers packed with petals that fade to purple as they age. It grows up to 4 feet high and 3 feet wide, and blooms from spring to fall. 

no image available Rosa 'Secret'
(Hybrid tea rose, Large-flowered rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This intensely fragrant rose has high-centered, double blossoms of creamy pink edged with deeper pink. It blooms in summer and into fall, and grows to 5 feet high and 2 feet wide. 

Rosa 'WITharoma' Rosa 'WITharoma'
(Secret's Out!™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Hybrid Tea rose offers creamy white flowers which open to release a sweet rose fragrance. Its compact habit makes it just right for smaller spaces.

no image available Rosa 'St. Patrick'
(Hybrid tea rose, Large-flowered rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This double-flowered rose has yellow blossoms with green outer petals. The flowers are perfectly formed and are excellent for cutting. It blooms in summer and into fall, and grows to 5 feet high and 3 feet wide. 

Rosa 'The Alnwick®' (Ausgrab)  Rosa 'The Alnwick®' (Ausgrab)
 
(The Alnwick® rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pink, cup-shaped buds open gradually to a deeply cupped flower, which later develops into a broad, full-petalled, shallow cup of soft pink with paler outer edges.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses
 

Rosa 'Vanity' Rosa 'Vanity'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces brilliant hot pink blossoms at the tips of wide, arching branches. It forms a loosely branched shrub, reaching 6 feet high and 10 feet wide, and blooms from spring to autumn. It is ideal as a low climber up a wall, arch, or trellis.

Rosa palustris var. scandens Rosa palustris var. scandens
(Swamp rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This graceful and arching variety of our native swamp rose has single rosy-pink blossoms with a mild scent. It retains the disease resistance of its native ancestor, and has the added quality of being thornless. 

Rosa rugosa 'Agnes' Rosa rugosa 'Agnes'
('Agnes' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Agnes'  is one of the few yellow rugosa roses, and it epitomizes the finest rugosa attributes in both leaf and overall form. Doubled blooms give this selection an old-fashioned aspect, as does its delightful fragrance, which is reminiscent of antique roses. Bloom color changes somewhat with the temperature: in cool temperatures, the flowers are an apricot hue, but as the weather warms, they turn a soft yellow. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Dart's Dash' Rosa rugosa 'Dart's Dash'
('Dart's Dash' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Though not very well known, 'Dart's Dash' is  one of the best of the crimson double rugosa roses. 'Dart's Dash' has large blossoms with the spicy scent typical of rugosas and when blooming is done, the plant puts forth a marvelous display of showy hips. It establishes itself quickly and is a fine choice for a low hedge. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Foxi' Rosa rugosa 'Foxi'
('Foxi' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, open, semi-double pink flowers with yellow stamens and an intoxicating scent make 'Foxi' an outstanding rugosa rose. The relatively small height of the shrub makes the blossoms appear larger. This is a relatively new rugosa rose. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Henry Hudson' Rosa rugosa 'Henry Hudson'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Henry Hudson' has flattened, symmetrical, semi-double, white flowers with a spicy clove scent. The dense and deep green foliage makes a fitting backdrop for this selection's reddish buds and ensuing cream-colored flowers. The blossoms don't drop cleanly, so deadheading is necessary. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

no image available Rosa rugosa 'Linda Campbell'
('Linda Campbell' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Linda Campbell' is an unscented, true red rugosa rose. Attractiv, smooth-leaved glossy foliage and clusters of elegant buds open to bright blossoms. It grows in an upright habit  and makes a very nice addition to the back of a hot-color border. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Polar Ice' Rosa rugosa 'Polar Ice'
('Polar Ice' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Polar Ice' is one of the most vigorous and densely growing rugosa roses and features clusters of double, slightly nodding flowers. Green buds open to creamy white blooms with pink petals and deeper pink centers. The flowers smell lightly of baby powder, and the new lime green foliage smells like strawberries and sweet grass. In autumn, the foliage turns bright yellow. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Purple Pavement' Rosa rugosa 'Purple Pavement'
('Purple Pavement' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Purple Pavement' has large, ruffled blossoms with a  purple-red color and strong fragrance. In the fall, the blossoms give way to large, handsome hips, and the foliage turns from green to shades of yellow and maroon. This shapely shrub with dependable repeat bloom it is especially good for a late display, when the hips appear alongside fall asters and other perennials with assertive autumn colors. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa'Wasagaming' Rosa rugosa 'Wasagaming'
('Wasagaming' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Wasagaming' (pronounced "wah-SAG-ah-ming") is a prolific bloomer that has the charm of the antique roses but with greater vigor and better growth habit. Cascading rich pink blossoms with an old-rose scent spill across the shrub. 'Wasagaming' will thrive in less sunny but bright conditions. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa var. alba Rosa rugosa var. alba
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety has single, papery white blossoms that open from light pink buds and have contrasting yellow stamens. The heavily-scented flowers are followed by reddish-orange hips. It grows up to 6 feet high.

Rudbeckia maxima Rudbeckia maxima
(Giant coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice species makes a strong vertical statement with its large, smooth, sea-green leaves and towering stems to 6 feet tall. It bears short, yellow ray florets with giant, upright cones at the center. It prefers average soil with good drainage, and is excellent in native or wild plantings.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa Rudbeckia subtomentosa
(Sweet coneflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dignified U.S. native species has downy leaves and bears clusters of luminous clear-yellow flowers with reddish-brown center cones. It blooms for over a month starting in mid- to late-summer.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers' Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers'
('Henry Eilers' sweet coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The unique, finely quilled, 2-inch-wide flowers are what make 'Henry Eilers' stand out from the rest of the coneflowers. The petals sit separate from one another, forming a brilliant, golden yellow starburst around a dark brownish purple cone. The blooms grow on strong, upright, 4- to 5-foot-tall stems in late summer, and are produced in such abundance that you can cut some for bouquets and you'll never even notice they are missing from the garden. The stems are covered with a soft, hairy down, while the leaves have a pleasing vanilla-and-anise scent.

no image available Rudbeckia triloba
(Brown-eyed Susan, Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial makes a superb, self-sown companion in a mixed border or wild garden. It reaches up to 5 feet tall and exhibits a long-lasting, airy spray of small, daisy-like blossoms in yellow with purple-black centers. The flowers are beautiful in late summer bouquets. 

Sabal minor Sabal minor
(Dwarf palmetto, Scrub palmetto)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has deeply divided, fan-shaped leaves of blue-green to 3 feet across. It bears ivory blossoms on 6-foot-long panicles in summer. It may be shoot-hardy to Zone 6 with a deep layer of mulch. 

Salix integra 'Hakuro-nishiki' Salix integra 'Hakuro-nishiki'
(Japanese variegated willow)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The branches of this shrub are slightly upright, taking a softer fountain shape as they lengthen. The leaves are mottled in shades of white, pink, and green, maturing to green and cream. Stems turn a striking red.

Salvia 'Indigo Spires' Salvia 'Indigo Spires'
('Indigo Spires' sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Indigo Spires' sage is a vigorous hybrid prized for its 12- to 15-inch-long, twisting spikes of dark violet flowers. It is a non-stop bloomer from early summer through fall. Blooming can be further encouraged by pinching stem tips early in the growing season and deadheading the spikes once they fade. 'Indigo Spires' quickly grows to 4 feet high, and can be grown as an annual where not hardy.  

no image available Salvia 'Mystic Spires Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Throughout the summer, 'Mystic Spires Blue' produces long stalks of dark blue flowers, which continue to reward in abundance when deadheaded. Refresh tired plants in midsummer by cutting them back by half. This cultivar makes an excellent bedding or container plant.

no image available Salvia darcyi
(Mexican sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring to fall, this easy-going perennial bears deep orange-red flowers on 3- to 4-foot-tall spikes that rise above a loose, 6-foot-wide mound of heart-shaped, sticky leaves. The native habitat for this brightly colored salvia is a very limited area at an altitude of 9,000 feet in the narrow range of the Mexican Sierra Madre Oriental Mountains.

Salvia guaranitica Salvia guaranitica
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial produces long spires of large, deep blue flowers from mid-summer to frost. It forms a tall bush 6 feet tall by 2 feet wide that is great for the back of the border. It is drought tolerant because of its unusual, moisture-conserving rhizomes.

Salvia leucantha Salvia leucantha
(Mexican bush sage)
(8 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This downy, bushy, evergreen subshrub produces white or purple flowers clasped by soft purple calyces from late summer to frost. It grows 3 feet tall by 3 feet wide, and is great for the border. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia mexicana 'Limelight' Salvia mexicana 'Limelight'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unusual tender perennial displays an electric color combination when its vibrant purple-blue flowers open from bright chartreuse calyces.  Fortunately, glossy, bright green leaves hold their own until the show gets started in August (and continues until frost). It forms a tall bush, 6 feet tall by 6 feet wide, which is great for the back of the border. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Salvia microphylla var. neurepia Salvia microphylla var. neurepia
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native of the American Southwest and Mexico forms an evergreen shrub or shrubby perennial with dark, glossy leaves that are small (but slightly larger than most microphyllas) and softly toothed. It blooms off and on all summer, and again, more vigorously, in late summer and autumn, in blossoms of cherry-red. Its attractive foliage cloaks the plant to the ground, so it is well suited to the front of the border. It can grow to 4 feet tall and twice as wide.

Salvia reptans Salvia reptans
(West Texas cobalt sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

West Texas cobalt sage is a marvelously distinct species that can be enjoyed by gardeners farther north, as long as they purchase the west Texas form, which is quite cold-hardy. This salvia has rigid stems with narrow, pungent leaves and resembles a bright green, upright grass for much of the growing season. In early fall, cobalt blue flowers burst open almost overnight and are a big draw for hummingbirds. Thanks to its deep roots, this wildflower is extremely xeric. West Texas cobalt sage grows to 4 feet tall.

Salvia uliginosa Salvia uliginosa
(Bog sage)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This moisture-loving perennial produces clear blue flowers with white highlights in late summer to mid-autumn. It forms an airy clump to 6 feet tall by 3 feet wide, and is great for the back of a border. It is tolerant of heavy soils.

Sanchezia speciosa Sanchezia speciosa
(Shrubby whitevein)
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A bushy shrub from Eduador and Peru with sturdy, bright green or purple stems and large, dark green leaves displaying light-colored ribs and veins. Tubular yellow flowers are borne in terminal spikes in summer. Grow in a greenhouse or as a summer annual outdoors.

Sasa veitchii Sasa veitchii
(Kuma bamboo grass, Kuma zasa)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dwarf bamboo has deep-green leaves that become bicolored with the onset of autumn. The leaves then exhibit straw-colored margins, which persist into spring in warmer zones. It is a striking plant en masse or as groundcover in a woodland garden. It usually grows to 2 or 3 feet tall, but may reach 5 feet tall in deep shade.

no image available Silene regia
(Royal catchfly)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American prairie native produces 2-inch-wide, brilliant cardinal-red flowers that stand out in the summer garden. The common name comes from the sticky glands below the flowers that catch small insects. The plant grows 2 to 4 feet tall and half as wide.

Solidago rigida Solidago rigida
(Goldenrod, Stiff goldenrod)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lovely goldenrod has velvety leaves that are gray-green in summer and dusky rose in autumn. It has broad, flattened clusters of rich yellow flowers, which create a striking display on stems 2 to 5 feet tall.

no image available Solidago rugosa
(Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has open, tree-shaped flower clusters that radiate out like a fountain. It has given rise to S. rugosa 'Fireworks'.  It can grow to 7 feet tall and blooms in mid- to late autumn.  

Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks' Solidago rugosa 'Fireworks'
(Goldenrod, Rough-stemmed goldenrod)
(30 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eye-catching cultivar has flower clusters that radiate out in all directions and resemble streaming yellow fireworks. Its form is truly unique and enchanting. It reliably provides end-of-season color in blazing shades of yellow. It grows to 5 feet tall and provides good structure in the garden all year.

Sorghastrum nutans 'Indian Steel' Sorghastrum nutans 'Indian Steel'
(Indian grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Golden yellow plumes and a vase-like form give 'Indian Steel' a refined look. On the flower spikes, bright yellow pollen sacs stand out against the darker seed heads. Metallic blue foliage morphs to a coppery tan shade after frost. 'Indian Steel' tolerates a range of soil types, including heavy clay. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Spiraea nipponica ‘Snowmound’ Spiraea nipponica ‘Snowmound’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fast-growing, upright specimen has very attractive small, blunt, dark blue-green leaves and arching branches. Bowl-shaped, pure white flowers are borne midsummer in large numbers. They attract butterflies. 

Symphytum × uplandicum 'Axminster Gold' Symphytum × uplandicum 'Axminster Gold'
(Russian comfrey)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This notably beautiful plant produces huge, elongated banana-shaped leaves, which are arfully edged in luminescent yellow. The rosette sits at 18 inches tall, and in early summer the plant bears clusters of mauve-pink bells atop stems that are 4 to 5 feet tall.

Syringa 'Bailina' Syringa 'Bailina'
(Thumbelina lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From the Fairytail series of dwarf lilacs, this petite cultivar bears single, light pink flowers in mid- to late season. It has a rounded, compact habit, 6 feet high by 5 feet wide. It shows good resistance to powdery mildew.

no image available Thalictrum delavayi
(Yunnan meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From mid-summer to early autumn, this Thalictrum species has clusters of large, fluffy-looking flowers with lilac to white petals and pale yellow stamens atop wiry, purple-tinted stems and delicately textured foliage. Plants grow to 4 feet tall and half as wide.

no image available Thalictrum delavayi 'Hewitt's Double'
(Yunnan meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has some of the showiest flowers of the meadow rues. From mid-summer to early autumn, it bears tight, pompom-like clusters of lilac-mauve sepals atop wiry, purple tinted stems and delicately textured foliage. Plant toward the back of a border; it may require staking.

no image available Thalictrum flavum ssp. glaucum
(Yellow meadow rue, Dusty meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This classy specimen has beautifully textured, blue-gray foliage. Its summertime pale yellow flowers are petalless and fringed, occurring in clusters atop chalky bluish gray stems. Plant at the back of a border; it may require staking.

Thalictrum rochebruneanum Thalictrum rochebruneanum
(Meadow rue)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful specimen has tall, delicate stems punctuated by clusters of columbine-like, bluish gray leaves. In summer, it bears sprays of nodding lavender-pink or white flowers with pale yellow stamens that reach as high as 3 feet. Plants grow to 12 inches wide. Plant at the back of a border; it may require staking.

Tithonia rotundifolia 'Torch' Tithonia rotundifolia 'Torch'
(Mexican sunflower)
(1 user review)

'Torch' is a quick-growing annual that produces vivid red or orange-red dahlia-like flowers from mid-summer on. Its leaves are somewhat attractive, being dark green and lobed. Plants can reach up to 6 feet tall and 2 feet wide in just a few months. 

Tripsacum dactyloides Tripsacum dactyloides
(Eastern gamagrass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In early summer, slender stems are topped with flowers that produce a crop of jointed seeds. Clumps get large and die out in the center, so division is necessary. Autumn frosts turn the leaves attractive shades of red-bronze. -Scott Vogt, Native grasses, Fine Gardening issue #124

Verbascum bombyciferum Verbascum bombyciferum
(Mullein, Nettle-leafed mullein, Turkish mullein)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial has evergreen woolly leaves like silvery flannel that make sensuous-looking rosettes in the first year. In mid- to late summer of its second year, large sulfur-yellow blossoms open from the bottom up on flower stalks that reach up to 6 feet high. Blooming continues for many weeks. Verbascum bombyciferum has naturalized in regions of the U.S.

Verbascum chaixii Verbascum chaixii
(Chaix mullein, Nettle-leaved mullein, Mullein)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the few truly perennial species of mullein. Pale yellow blossoms with purple filaments bloom profusely on long flower stalks in mid- and late summer, reaching about 3 feet high. Individual flowers are short-lived but numerous, and flowering takes place over a long time. Verbascum chaixii's glossy, dark green rosettes are semi-evergreen. 

no image available Verbascum densiflorum
(Dense-flowered mullein, Large-flowered mullein)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived, semi-evergreen perennial forms rosettes of leaves densely covered with grayish-yellow hairs. In summer, its bright-yellow or occasionally white blossoms flower along erect, branching stalks up to 5 feet high. It has naturalized in regions of the U.S.

Verbena bonariensis Verbena bonariensis
(Tall Verbena)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding annual or perennial deserves its popularity. It makes an architectural statement with slender, willowy stems that stand up to 6 feet tall and do not need staking. It then branches out widely near the top where rich lilac-purple flower clusters stand alone, as if they are floating. This Verbena makes a great see-through plant.

Veronicastrum sibiricum Veronicastrum sibiricum
(Culver's root)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has multiple 5- to 7-foot-tall, tapering spikes of pinkish-lavender flowers from summer to fall. They look like elegant, living candelabras and add a vertical accent to the back of a mixed border or wild garden.

Veronicastrum virginicum Veronicastrum virginicum
(Culver's root, Bowman's root)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has multiple tapering, soft spikes of white to pale pink or bluish purple flowers that look like elegant, living candelabras. The blooms reach 4 feet or more, adding a vertical accent to the back of a mixed border or wild garden from mid-summer to early autumn. Plants spread to about 3 feet.

Viburnum × burkwoodii 'Conoy' Viburnum × burkwoodii 'Conoy'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small deciduous shrub is covered in early spring with pink buds that burst open to reveal slightly fragrant, showy, flat-topped white flowers. Fleshy red fruit is borne in pendulous bunches in late August, darkening to all-black in October. Leaves fade to a dark maroon in the fall and winter months when planted in colder areas. Plants grow to about 5 feet tall and 8 feet wide. A cross between V. utile and V. × burkwoodii ‘Park Farm Hybrid’, this shrub is excellent as a foundation plant, as a specimen, in mass groupings, in a shrub border, or in containers. Evergreen to Zones 7 and 8.

Viburnum carlesii Viburnum carlesii
(Koreanspice viburnum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous shrub with toothed, dark green leaves bears pink buds in late spring that open to white or pink-flushed flowers borne in domed clusters. The intoxicating fragrance is reminiscent of spice cake. The plant also has attractive red foliage and berries in the fall. It grows to about 6 feet tall and wide.

Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur'
('Winterthur' smooth witherod viburnum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There are some shrubs that will light up the fall garden with both leaf color and fruit. 'Winterthur' viburnum is one of those shrubs. It begins its display in late summer, as clusters of half-inch-diameter fruit begin to blush pink and become more intense over the course of a few weeks until the whole shrub looks bedecked in bubble gum. The fruit quickly change to a deep blueberry blue as the glossy, leathery leaves become infused with maroon and red. 'Winterthur' maintains a compact, 6-foot-round, multistemmed habit that produces abundant fruit and more intense fall color than the species. In late spring, it's covered with small, off-white, slightly fragrant flowers.

Viburnum trilobum 'Bailey Compact' Viburnum trilobum 'Bailey Compact'
(American cranberry bush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This low-key, trustworthy shrub is perfect for the back of the border, where its dense form will create a nice backdrop for showier summer plants. Come fall, however, it stands out with deep burgundy foliage and large, bright red berries. Birds don't like the fruit, so the berries often persist well into winter. 'Bailey Compact' is a dwarf version of this normally 20-foot-tall shrub.

Weigela florida Weigela florida
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A deciduous shrub, wiegela has gracefully arching branches studded with pink tubular flowers. Dwarf, medium, and tall cultivars are now available for the front, middle, or back of the border: 'Midnight Wine' has dark burgundy foliage and pink flowers; 2- to 3-foot-tall and wide 'Minuet' has purplish-green foliage and magenta-rose and pale purple flowers; and 'Dark Horse' has dark burgundy foliage and deep pink flowers. Many other garden-worthy cultivars are available.

Ziziphus obtusifolia Ziziphus obtusifolia
(Graythorn)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Appropriately named, this open shrub has grayish green leaves and stiff, thorn-tipped branches. With inconspicuous, pale yellow-green flowers in late spring, the pea-size fruits that follow are a showy blue-black. These fruits appeal to birds, and the thorny branches are ideal protection for nesting. Graythorn is a fine backdrop for bold plantings of succulents.


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