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Browse Plants

Narrowed By:Characteristics: Fragrant , Self Seeds+ Moisture: Medium
Displaying 1 - 326 of 326 listings   1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17View All Sort By: Sort
Abeliophyllum distichum Abeliophyllum distichum
(White forsythia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous shrub is related to the forsythia, but differs in that it has white (rather than yellow) flowers that open in early spring before true forsythia. It is a member of the olive family (Oleaceae). In early spring, before the new leaves form, purplish buds all along the grey naked branches open into small white four-petaled, almond-scented flowers with yellow stamens. After flowering, green, glossy abelia-like leaves appear.

Actaea simplex Actaea simplex
(Autumn bugbane, Autumn snakeroot)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping woodland perennial with deep green foliage up to 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide bears spikes of  fragrant white flowers 1 to 2 feet long in fall. Cultivars exist with varying leaf colors and forms.

Actaea simplex ‘Hillside Black Beauty’ Actaea simplex ‘Hillside Black Beauty’
(Bugbane, Autumn snakeroot, black cohosh)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Unlike other bugbanes, 'Hillside Black Beauty' offers deep purple-black foliage. From late spring to late summer, its dark hue makes a wonderful backdrop for colorful foliage and flowering shade plants. In fall, fragrant, cream-colored flowers appear on tall, wandlike stems. An added plus: this plant is deer resistant. --Michael Ruggiero, Regional Picks: Mid-Atlantic, Fine Gardening issue #127

Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’ Agastache ‘Tutti Frutti’
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is an erect, bushy perennial with scented gray-green leaves. Its raspberry-red flowers grow on loose, foot-long spikes from midsummer to late fall. The flower spikes have a long bloom period and attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and other insects.  

Agastache foeniculum Agastache foeniculum
(Anise hyssop)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A classic plant for both herb gardens and borders, anise hyssop is composed of erect branches of mint-and-licorice-scented, medium green leaves ending in fuzzy spikes of small lavender flowers. The plant grows to 3 to 5 feet tall and 1 foot wide and reseeds freely. The flowers are edible and are charming crumbled into salads. The flowers are highly attractive to bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

Agastache rugosa Agastache rugosa
(Wrinkled giant hyssop, Korean hyssop, purple giant hyssop)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This 4-foot-tall and 18-ich-wide, bushy perennial, very similar to the more common anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum) has strongly mint-and-licorice-scented leaves and short spikes of lavender-blue flowers from midsummer to early fall. Unlike most agastaches, both of these species can tolerate more moisture and humity, making them highly suited to climates outside the arid west.

Albizia julibrissin Albizia julibrissin
(Mimosa, Silk tree)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A large shrub or small tree, Albizia julibrissin is native to Iran to Japan. It is a fast-growing plant whose seedlings can become invasive. It can be seen growing in the wild in the southeastern U.S. and California in waste places, fields, and along roads.

However, its bipinnate, ferny leaves and fluffy pink flowerheads that cover the tree in summer make it a garden-worthy plant, as do the fragrance emitted by the flowers, which attract bees. Seed pods that resemble flat beans follow the flowers and persist into winter. Still, care should be used so that seeds from garden plants can't escape into the wild.

Alchemilla mollis Alchemilla mollis
(Lady's mantle)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant has lobed, densely hairy, chartreuse foliage that is crimped at the edges. Soft, frothy, yellow-green foliage hovers above the plant from early summer through autumn.

Allium moly and cvs. Allium moly and cvs.
(Golden garlic, Lily leek)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

For long-lasting bright yellow flowers that sparkle in midsummer, try Allium moly. It is robust, hardy, and an excellent cut flower, naturalizing and increasing happily in the sun in most garden soils. The cultivar 'Jeannine' flowers earlier and produces larger umbels on sturdier stems.

Allium schoenoprasum Allium schoenoprasum
(Chives)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The purple or white pom-pom flowers of chives top aromatic stems in summer. The leaves are edible and have a mild onion flavor; the flowers can be used as garnishes. Plants grow in dense clumps to 2 feet high. Use chives in a cottage, herb, or vegetable garden, or in containers.

Allium thunbergii Allium thunbergii
(Japanese onion)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is the last of the ornamental onions to flower, when mop-like heads of rose-purple flowers appear with orange anthers. The flowers are impervious to frost or snow. Superior cultivars include ‘Ozawa’, with larger purple flower heads than the species. A white-flowered form known as A. thunbergii ‘Alba’ is a splendid plant, with cup-shaped florets sporting white stamens, yellow anthers, and green centers.

Ampelaster carolinianus Ampelaster carolinianus
(Climbing Carolina aster)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This perennial vine sends out abundant pale purple to lavender flowers beginning in late October. It grows to 4 to 5 feet tall, and frost does not seem to impede the blooms. It can attract bees and butterflies well into November.

To get the best flower display, give climbing aster as much sun as possible. It should also have something to lean on, like a fence, a trellis, or an ornamental shrub. Don't prune it over the winter, no matter how dead it may look. It’s better to wait to tidy up things after the new growth appears in spring.

Angelica pachycarpa Angelica pachycarpa
(Angelica)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Angelica is a striking ornamental biennial or short-lived perennial with jade green, glossy, bold leaves and large umbels of white flowers. It makes a unique statement in the garden.

Aquilegia caerulea Aquilegia caerulea
(Rocky Mountain columbine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rocky Mountain columbine is a beautiful, hearty, native perennial with blue and white flowers. It self-sows readily.

Aquilegia chrysantha Aquilegia chrysantha
(Golden columbine, Yellow columbine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A. chrysantha is a vigorous grower that will add a real burst of color to any southern garden. This southwestern U.S. native has 3-inch yellow flowers in spring and reaches almost 3 feet tall.

no image available Aquilegia longissima
(Longspur columbine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species of Aquilegia is short lived, but its bright yellow, fragrant flowers with elongated spurs will be a vibrant addition to your garden.

Begonia grandis ssp. evansiana Begonia grandis ssp. evansiana
(Hardy begonia)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tuberous begonia bears green heart-shaped foliage with red veining and claret-stained undersides that steal the show when backlit. Pendent clusters of slightly fragrant, satiny pink or white blossoms open from midsummer until frost. It makes a good perennial companion for ferns and hostas.

Bellis perennis Bellis perennis
(English daisy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

English daisy bears stems topped with a single white, daisy-like flower. The flowers are tinged maroon and yellow; but cultivars are available with single, semi-double, or double button flowers in shades of white, pink, salmon, and ruby. The plant's smooth, spoon-shaped leaves form neat rosettes. This carpeting perennial is often grown as a biennial. Its many cultivars are used for bedding out or container displays.

Brachycome 'Blue Zephyr' Brachycome 'Blue Zephyr'
(Swan River daisy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Swan River daisy's lacy foliage and small but profuse blue-purple flowers have a long season of impact in the garden. Its compact, bushy shape, pretty fragrant flowers, and gray-green leaves make it attractive from planting time through frost. It flowers so heavily that the foliage is often obscured. 'Blue Zephyr' has especially fine foliage and only reaches about a foot high. It is excellent in hanging baskets, window boxes, or other containers, or at the front of a bed or border.

Browallia americana Browallia americana
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant produces distinct, 2-inch blossoms primarily in rich blue (but also in shades of purple and white), with dark eyes smudged white. It is suitable for sun and partial shade.

Buddleia 'Lochinch' Buddleia 'Lochinch'
(Butterfly bush, Summer lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterfly bushes are carefree deciduous shrubs that are reliably fragrant and easy to grow. Butterflies swarm to their blooms all summer long. 'Lochinch' has extremely fragrant lilac-blue flowers with orange eyes. It is a cross between B. davidii and B. fallowiana. Its arching, mounded habit typically reaches 3 to 5 feet in one season, but can grow much taller in the deep South. The 8-  to 12-inch-long flower spikes begin in late summer and bloom until frost, starting a little later than the B. davidii cultivars.

Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight' Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight'
(Butterfly bush, Summer lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Butterfly bushes are carefree deciduous shrubs that are reliably fragrant and easy to grow. Butterflies swarm to their blooms all summer long. 'Black Knight' has deep purple-blue, almost black, flowers in elongated clusters on arching branches to 10 feet tall if not cut back, and half that size if cut back. The blooms come from early summer to first frost. The foliage is willow-like and grayish green.

Calamintha grandiflora 'Variegata' Calamintha grandiflora 'Variegata'
(Calamint)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A well-behaved perennial from the mint family (Lamiaceae), variegated calamint has pale-green, oval leaves with strong white marbling. It sends up a wealth of clear-pink tubular flowers that muster an army of bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds from mid- to late summer. It’s eye-catching both in and out of bloom and has a wonderful minty fragrance all season long.

Calycanthus floridus Calycanthus floridus
(Carolina allspice, Strawberry shrub, Common sweetshrub)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous shrub has a dense, rounded habit, growing 6 to 9 feet tall and as wide. Its unusual, waterlily-like, fragrant flowers combine the scent of strawberries, banana, and pineapple. Flowers appear in May and continuing blooming on and off into June and July. The dark green leaves and bark release a clove or camphor-like scent when crushed.

Campanula lactiflora Campanula lactiflora
(Milky bellflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright bellflower grows to 4 or 5 feet with rounded leaves and conical spires of bell-shaped flowers in shades of blue, violet, or white.

Campanula persicifolia Campanula persicifolia
(Peach-leaved bellflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is one of the most popular campanulas. Its stiff mat of slowly spreading evergreen rosettes is topped by 3-foot-tall, all open, bell-shaped lavender to white flowers in late spring.

Carex buchananii Carex buchananii
(Leatherleaf sedge)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Two-foot-tall, stiff, orange-brown blades curve at the end like a shepherd’s staff. Burnished red-bronze foliage, which fades to flax at the tips, gives off a warm glow when backlit by the sun.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Longwood Blue' Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Longwood Blue'
(Blue beard, blue-mist shrub)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Longwood Blue' is ideal for a mixed or shrub border. It's an attractive woody shrub up to 3 feet tall and 5 feet wide with silvery leaves and violet-blue flowers.. The flowers appear along the stems in late summer and early autumn.This plant is relatively drought tolerant and very heat tolerant. The shrub expands as branches that touch the ground form their own roots and may self-seed.

Centaurea cyanus Centaurea cyanus
(Bachelor's buttons, Bluebottle, Cornflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Bachelor's buttons bear charming and prolific flowers in hues of blue, pink, lavender, white, and maroon. Those with a true blue color are especially welcome in the garden as that color is rare in nature. Each disc-shaped flower is about 1.5 inches across, with ragged petals radiating out from the center.

Centaurea montana Centaurea montana
(Mountain bluet)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mountain bluet is an excellent choice for the border or rock garden. Blue flowers open from attractive buds in late spring to midsummer, then leave behind a mass of vigorous, silvery-green woolly foliage and woolly stems.

Cercidiphyllum japonicum f. pendulum Cercidiphyllum japonicum f. pendulum
(Weeping katsura)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous small tree initially has a pyramidal form, and later rounded. Cercis-like, opposite, heart-shaped blue-green leaves are borne on stiff, slender, pendulous branches that fan out from the crown and sweep the ground. Caramel-scented foliage emerges bronze or purple-red, turns blue-green, then fades to gold or apricot in autumn. Tiny red flowers emerge in late March or early April before the leaves.

Cerinthe major ‘Purpurascens’ Cerinthe major ‘Purpurascens’
(Blue shrimp plant)
(1 user review)

Though subtly colored, Cerinthe major ‘Purpurascens’ draws comment wherever it inserts itself. The steely purple bracts and leathery gray foliage of this annual seem extraterrestrial poking up among more conventional herbaceous plants. It is an annual from the Mediterranean region with leaves like a eucalyptus and flowers like a purple euphorbia. This plant produces large black seeds that drop to the ground in late summer and germinate in fall to start the cycle all over again if growing conditions are right.

Cestrum 'Orange Peel' Cestrum 'Orange Peel'
('Orange Peel' cestrum)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A wonderful hybrid derived from Cestrum diurnum and C. nocturnum, 'Orange Peel' is a veritable living bouquet of pure orange blossoms that, in warmer climates, begin with the first mild days in spring and last until the first hard frost. The tubular flowers have no fragrance during the day, but as soon as the sun sets, a sweet scent lingers in the air. In Zones 8 and warmer, 'Orange Peel' will be a deciduous shrub 6 feet tall and wide. In Zone 7, it will act as a die-back perennial and easily reach 3 to 5 feet tall and wide during the growing season. In colder zones, it makes an incredible summer-blooming annual.

Chionanthus retusus Chionanthus retusus
(Chinese fringetree)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species is grown for its billowy clusters of fragrant white blossoms, which appear in May or June. The erect clusters are more substantial than C. virginicus, and open at the same time as the leaves. Female specimens produce blue-black fruits in autumn.

Chionanthus virginicus Chionanthus virginicus
(White fringetree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American native is unrivaled in beauty for its pendulous and diaphanous clusters of fragrant white blossoms, which appear in May or June. The individual blossoms are made up of four petals that dangle from threadlike stems in great silken clusters. The leaves are late to emerge in the spring, and this species flowers before leafing out. Female specimens produce blue-black fruits in autumn.

Clematis terniflora Clematis terniflora
(Sweet autumn clematis)
(7 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous, late-flowering twining vine with deep green leaves and profuse, fragrant white flowers is easy to grow and will thrive and bloom in shade. Star-shaped blossoms are 1 inch across, appearing from late August to October and maturing to attractive, plume-like seed heads. The shiny green foliage is leathery.

Clerodendrum trichotomum Clerodendrum trichotomum
(Harlequin glorybower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This large shrub offers a late-summer display of jasmine-like white flowers encased in red tepals and scent. Bright blue berries in autumn are accented by conspicuous bright, pinkish-red calyxes.

Clethra acuminata Clethra acuminata
(Cinnamon clethra)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Larger in all respects than common sweet pepperbush (Clethra alnifolia), this sizable shrub or small understory tree grows 8 to 12 feet tall and wide. In early summer, long, slender racemes composed of small ivory flowers appear, then give way to peppercorn-shaped seed capsules that swoop out from the branch tips in fall. About the same time, lance-shaped leaves become a glowing golden yellow before falling to reveal the reddish brown bark. The bark peels in small, irregular patches in the fashion of sycamores (Plantus occidentalis) to expose a dusty gray under-bark. Cinnamon clethra is a good choice for a woodland garden, where the tiered branches and elegant stems look captivating against new fallen snow.

Clethra alnifolia Clethra alnifolia
(Sweet pepperbush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, suckering shrub has fragrant, white or pink terminal flower spikes in late summer. The blooms look like bottle brushes and attract butterflies and bees. Leaves turn a pleasant yellow in autumn.

Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird' Clethra alnifolia 'Hummingbird'
(Sweet pepperbush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, suckering shrub bears creamy white, deliciously spicy clove-scented flowers in dense, upright spikes that last four to six weeks in July and August. It is more compact than the species. Flowers mature to spikes of dark brown capsules that provide winter interest. Its oval, glossy dark green leaves turn a pleasant yellow in autumn.

Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles' Clethra alnifolia 'Sixteen Candles'
(Sweet pepperbush)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Sixteen Candles’ summersweet is a newer cultivar of a popular native shrub. This compact selection reaches 3 to 5 feet tall. In summer, ‘Sixteen Candles’ is topped with aromatic, erect, butterfly-enticing white blooms for 4 to 6 weeks. In fall, the leaves turn an attractive yellow.

Consolida ajacis Consolida ajacis
(Larkspur)
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Feathery, almost fern-like leaves are mid- to dark green. In summer, larkspur bears delphinium-like open to densely packed spikes to 24 inches tall of pink, white, or violet-blue double flowers.

Convallaria majalis Convallaria majalis
(Lily of the Valley, May bells)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lily of the valley's bell-shaped, sweetly scented flowers bloom in early spring. It likes partial to full shade and is perfect for a woodland garden. It may not be the best choice for your beds and borders because it tends to spread, but it is a perfect ground cover if you have a large shady spot under some trees.

no image available Coreopsis grandiflora
(Large-flowered tickseed)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As the name implies, this species bears large, daisy-like blossoms (2.5 inches across) of golden yellow rays and darker yellow centers. It blooms from late spring to late summer and is native to the central and southeastern U.S.

Coreopsis lanceolata Coreopsis lanceolata
(Lance-leaved coreopsis)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Solitary yellow petals with toothed edges and flat, yellow centers open from early to late summer. Native to the central and southern U.S.

Cornus alternifolia Cornus alternifolia
(Pagoda dogwood, Green osier)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant owes its name to its distinctive layered branches, which resemble the tiered, spreading roofline of an elaborate pagoda. Pagoda dogwoods are especially striking when accented by masses of small, fragrant creamy white flowers in early summer. Small, round fruits ripen to a deep blue-purple in late summer.

Corydalis aurea Corydalis aurea
(Scrambled eggs)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In spring, this biennial produces small yellow flowers, which are carried tightly over finely divided, sea green leaves. It self-sows freely.

Corydalis cheilanthifolia Corydalis cheilanthifolia
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant's tapering, finely dissected leaves make it look like a fern relative. The bronzy tints of the emerging foliage add to this plant's beauty. It bears buttery yellow blossoms from spring to summer.

Corydalis curviflora var. rosthornii 'Heronswood Form' Corydalis curviflora var. rosthornii 'Heronswood Form'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety has fragrant, deep blue, cornucopia-shaped flowers carried tightly on red stems above 6-inch tall, blue-green foliage. It is considered one of the best blue forms for color and performance.

Corydalis elata Corydalis elata
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant, blue-flowered species is more vigorous and heat tolerant than the blue cultivars. It blooms from late spring to early summer, and its foliage persists throughout the season with adequate moisture.

no image available Corydalis flexuosa
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring to summer, this species produces clusters of brilliant blue flowers over ferny foliage. It is the parent of many of the rapidly expanding selection of choice blue cultivars.

Corydalis flexuosa 'Blue Panda' Corydalis flexuosa 'Blue Panda'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The first of the coveted blue corydalises to be introduced, it produces fragrant clusters of long-spurred, azure flowers on a compact plant. 

Corydalis flexuosa 'China Blue' Corydalis flexuosa 'China Blue'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the coveted blue corydalises. It produces whorled clusters of sky-blue flowers on 18-inch tall plants. 

Corydalis flexuosa 'Purple Leaf' Corydalis flexuosa 'Purple Leaf'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice corydalis produces fragrant clusters of periwinkle-blue flowers and ferny foliage infused with purple hues. It is similar to 'Blue Panda,' yet is slower to spread and blooms more reliably during the summer.

Corydalis linstowiana Corydalis linstowiana
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces copious purplish-blue flowers in spring and fall. It has light green ferny leaves with a mid-rib of silver.

Corydalis ochroleuca Corydalis ochroleuca
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring and throughout the summer, creamy flowers cover a delicate mound of filigreed gray-green foliage.

Corydalis solida Corydalis solida
(Fumewort)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces mauve-pink, purple, or white flower spikes in spring over deeply divided gray-green leaves that are barely 10 inches tall. 

Dahlia 'Honka' Dahlia 'Honka'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Honka' has a simple, cheerful charm. Its eight-petaled, star-shaped flowers are lightly scented (not many dahlias are fragrant). 'Honka' brings a subtle presence to the late-summer border. Sturdy stems support the flowers above the plant and look good in the front of the border alongside taller perennials with a backdrop of dark foliage. No staking is required. -Alastair Gunn, Dahlias that deliver, Fine Gardening issue #121

Daphne × burkwoodii 'Briggs Moonlight' Daphne × burkwoodii 'Briggs Moonlight'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning specimen has luminous, creamy-ivory leaves and narrow green margins. The pale pink flowers are secondary to the glamorous foliage, which can light up a shady border and create definitive contrast.

Daphne × burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie' Daphne × burkwoodii 'Carol Mackie'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This celebrated hybrid is notable for its green leaves with golden-yellow margins that fade to cream. Its deep-pink buds open to pale, pink-white blossoms in early spring and give off a sweet fragrance.

Daphne × transatlantica 'Summer Ice' Daphne × transatlantica 'Summer Ice'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rounded shrub has leaves with white margins, and pale pink star-shaped flowers that bloom in the spring, fall, and sometimes in between.  The blossoms release an intoxicating fragrance. 

no image available Daphne odora
(Winter daphne)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen species produces rose-purple buds that open to white and are intensely and exotically fragrant. The blooms (from mid-winter to early spring) are followed by red fruit and dark-green, glossy leaves.  

Daphne odora 'Marginata' Daphne odora 'Marginata'
(Winter daphne)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This winter daphne has yellow-margined leaves and rosy-pink flower buds that open to white. Fragrant flowers bloom in winter and early spring. Reaching 4 feet tall and wide, 'Marginata' is beautiful against a wall or near a patio or deck where its fragrance can be appreciated. Or grow in a shade garden where its variegated leaves really shine. Daphne odora is evergreen and has a rounded form. It is native to China and Japan.

Datura metel Datura metel
(Downy thorn apple, Devil's trumpet, Horn of plenty)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Datura metel grows 3 to 4 feet tall with large dark green leaves that have a bad smell. However, the large trumpet-shaped flowers have a sweet fragrance that spreads throughout the garden in the morning and evening. Flowers may be single or double and range from white and yellow to pink and purple.

Deutzia gracilis Deutzia gracilis
(Slender deutzia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This erect and bushy deutzia has masses of fragrant white flowers in upright clusters for weeks in spring and early summer.

Dianthus × allwoodii Dianthus × allwoodii
(Allwood hybrids)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These modern hybrids bear salmon-pink blossoms ('Doris' has scarlet in the center) and bloom freely with moderate fragrance.

Dianthus barbatus Dianthus barbatus
(Sweet William)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These short-lived perennials or biennials are charming plants, and are worth their weight in gold in the cottage border. After flowering, the attractive foliage holds the space well.

no image available Dianthus plumarius
(Modern border pink)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Especially fragrant and variable in color, modern border pinks form mats of grayish green leaves and fringed, saucer-shaped flowers.

Digitalis grandiflora Digitalis grandiflora
(Yellow foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Originating in mountainous woodland and stony habitats from Europe to western Asia, yellow foxglove is tolerant of dry shade but flourishes with moisture. Arising in midsummer from neat clumps of fine-toothed foliage, a mass of soft yellow open bells, speckled brown inside, blooms along one side of a 3-foot-tall stem. Usually described as a perennial, it is more accurate to call it a biennial or short-lived perennial. If the flowering stalk is cut down after blooms have faded, it may rebloom in the fall. When a few flower stalks are left, the plant self-seeds. 

Digitalis obscura Digitalis obscura
(Sunset foxglove, Willow-leaved foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This foxglove has long-lasting flowers in seductive shades of burnt umber. Its glossy, linear leaves are evergreen in mild climates, but turn brown in colder climates.

no image available Digitalis purpurea 'Pam's Choice'
(Common Foxglove)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a biennial or short-lived perennial, which may last longer and rebloom if deadheaded. It sports dramatic blossoms in contrasting colors in spires reaching six feet high in rich soil, but more likely to 3 or 4 feet. 

Echinacea purpurea Echinacea purpurea
(Purple coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Create a field full of gorgeous pink blooms with easy-to-grow Echinacea seeds. Butterflies and Hummingbirds will flock to your property each summer and the multitude of blooms make for spectacular bouquets. -American Meadows

Edgeworthia chrysantha Edgeworthia chrysantha
(Paper bush)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small shrub from China is noteworthy for its spherical clusters of very fragrant yellow flowers that bloom in winter and early spring.

Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata' Elaeagnus pungens 'Maculata'
(Variegated silverberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen shrub can light up the dark corners of a garden. It grows quickly, and its branches are arched and somewhat spiny. Bright yellow,  3- to 4-inch-long leaves splashed are outlined in green. The twigs are a metallic copper color, and the undersides of the leaves are specled with a copper color, too. Tiny white flowers appear under the leaves in fall. They are hard to see, but very fragrant. Small orange fruit appear in spring. -Michael Lee, Fine Gardening issue #119

Emilia coccinea Emilia coccinea
(Tassel flower, Flora's paintbrush)
(1 user review)

A captivating little plant for the front of the border, tassel flower produces small, scarlet-orange pompons which, when viewed from a distance, seem like they’re floating in air. The flowers cluster at the top of wiry stems that rise from a basal rosette of blue-green leaves. Plants occasionally self-sow when sited in a good location. With its small habit, tassel flower lends itself well to container gardens and fresh-cut flower arrangements, adding an element of whimsy. Its delicate and airy nature looks best with bold-leaved or showy plants in the background, creating a see-through effect. To magnify their magic, mass several plants together.

no image available Euonymus fortunei cvs.
(Wintercreeper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Prostrate to mound-forming, vigorous evergreen shrubs have oval, toothed, dark green leaves. Cultivars vary in foliage color and variegation, form, climbing or creeping habit, and fall interest.

no image available Eupatorium rugosum
(White snakeroot)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This eastern U.S. woodland plant has clusters of small, fluffy white flowers topping stiff 3- to 5-foot-tall stems midsummer to frost. 

no image available Euphorbia myrsinites
(Myrtle spurge)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Long-lasting, terminal clusters of lime green bracts and flowers punctuate the meandering 'arms' of this ground-hugging species. The chalky seafoam foliage looks great spilling over a stone wall in a rock garden or at the edge of any bed.

Euphorbia polychroma Euphorbia polychroma
(Cushion spurge)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Electric yellow bracts bloom on a low cushion in April and persist, but gently fade as the stems elongate to form a 16-inch mound by midsummer. The leaves produce shades of red, orange, and purple in autumn.

Fothergilla gardenii Fothergilla gardenii
(Dwarf fothergilla)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Fragrant, cylindrical inflorescences are made up of long, white filaments, and open before the leaves in spring. In autumn, the foliage shades range from blood red to blazing yellow, and every shade in between.

Fothergilla gardenii 'Jane Platt' Fothergilla gardenii 'Jane Platt'
('Jane Platt' fothergilla )
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of a favorite fall shrub has the same great spring flowers as the rest of the species. But its brilliant fall color remains longer and later than its cousins, holding its strong orange, red, and yellow tones into late November or even early December. 'Jane Platt' also features a mounding habit rather than the upright habit common to the species. Fothergillas are often recommended for shade, but this one is tough enough to be grown between rocks in hot, full sun.

Franklinia alatamaha Franklinia alatamaha
(Franklin tree)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Discovered in the wild along Georgia's Altamaha River in 1765 by botanists John and William Bartram, this beautiful landscape tree is considered extinct in the wild. The Bartrams named the plant in honor of their friend Benjamin Franklin. All Franklinias today are descended from those propagated by the Bartrams in their Philadelphia garden. It is a deciduous, understory tree with an upright habit. It can be grown as a single-trunked tree or a multi-stemmed shrub. The fragrant white flowers have bushy yellow stamens and the leaves are dark green and glossy, turning orange, red, and purple in the fall. It blooms in late summer and early autumn, when few other trees are in flower. The fruit that follows is woody and spherical. Franklin tree makes a great addition to an open area of a woodland garden.

Galtonia candicans Galtonia candicans
(Summer hyacinth, Spire lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native of South Africa, summer hyacinth sends up spikes of lovely white flowers in late summer amidst dark green, strap-like foliage, when many other perennials are done blooming. The tall spikes are fragrant and especially dramatic planted with darker foliage or flowers.

Gaultheria procumbens Gaultheria procumbens
(Wintergreen, Checkerberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This creeping, rhizomatous shrublet grows to 6 inches, with scalloped or bristly toothed, glossy, dark green leaves. Foliage has a strong wintergreen scent when crushed. Urn-shaped white or pale pink flowers appear in summer and mature to aromatic scarlet fruit that often persists into the following spring.

Gaura lindheimeri Gaura lindheimeri
(Wand flower, White gaura, Butterfly gaura)
(6 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American wildflower is a bushy, clump-forming, vase-shaped perennial with lance-shaped or spoon-shaped, toothed leaves on slender, wand-like stems. Leaves may be occasionally spotted with maroon. Loose panicles of 4-petaled white flowers open only a few at a time and fade slowly to pink, blooming from late spring to early autumn.

Hamamelis × intermedia 'Arnold Promise' Hamamelis × intermedia 'Arnold Promise'
(Witch hazel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vase-shaped, deciduous shrub, up to 12 feet tall and wide, has ascending branches and bright green leaves that turn yellow in autumn. It produces large yellow flowers in mid- and late winter on the bare branches. A cross between H. japonica and H. mollis.

Hamamelis × intermedia 'Pallida' Hamamelis × intermedia 'Pallida'
(Witch hazel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

There are few better winter displays than the blossoms of 'Pallida' witch hazel. Bright green leaves line its flaring branches in spring and summer. After a display of yellow fall color, the plant shows its distinctive branch structure. Around the end of December, clusters of buds begin to open into spidery, pale yellow flowers. These cover the branches until early March, giving off a rich, fruity perfume. This small tree or large shrub grows up to 12 feet tall and wide.

no image available Hamamelis mollis
(Chinese witch hazel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This witch hazel is an upright shrub up to 12 feet tall and wide, with oval, softly hairy, mid-green leaves that turn yellow in autumn. Fragrant flowers are yellow, with crimped petals, appearing on bare branches in mid- and late winter.

Hamamelis mollis 'Pallida' Hamamelis mollis 'Pallida'
(Witch hazel)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vase-shaped deciduous shrub grows up to 12 feet tall and wide, with ascending branches and bright green leaves that turn yellow in autumn. Clusters of sulfur-yellow flowers appear in mid- and late winter.

Heliopsis helianthoides Heliopsis helianthoides
(False sunflower, Ox eye, Woodland sunflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clump-forming perennial bears striking, sunflower-like yellow blooms on long stalks from midsummer to early autumn.

Heliotropium arborescens 'Marine' Heliotropium arborescens 'Marine'
(Heliotrope, Cherry pie)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Marine' heliotrope has a compact form with broadly oval to lance-shaped, wrinkled leaves tinged with purple. In summer, it bears a profusion of fragrant deep violet-blue flowerheads up to 6 inches across.

Heliotropium arborescens cvs. Heliotropium arborescens cvs.
(Heliotrope, Cherry pie)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Heliotrope has a compact form with broadly oval to lance-shaped, wrinkled leaves tinged with purple. In summer, it bears a profusion of deep violet-blue or lavender-blue flowerheads up to 6 inches across. Cultivars vary in height as well as bloom fragrance and color.

Helleborus odorus Helleborus odorus
(Fragrant hellebore)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Lime-green to near-yellow flowers 1 to 2 inches across, with five petal-like sepals, are borne in loose clusters of three or four on leafy stems up to 20 inches tall. Blooms emerge in late winter or early spring, fading to pale green and lasting until seeds are ripe. There is great variation in fragrance, flower color and size, as well as leaf form, across different plants.

Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop' Hemerocallis 'Forsyth Lemon Drop'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Forsyth Lemon Drop' is lovely and cheerful daylily cultivar.

Hemerocallis 'Froufrou' Hemerocallis 'Froufrou'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Froufrou' gets its name from its small, ruffled yellow petals.

Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns' Hemerocallis 'Happy Returns'
(Daylily)
(15 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pale-yellow-flowered daylily distinguishes itself with its profuse bloom and compact size (only 16 inches tall), making it good for containers and the borders. It is an early season bloomer with circular flowers that open in late afternoon and last through the night.

Hemerocallis 'Indonesia' Hemerocallis 'Indonesia'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has cheerful, ruffly yellow-orange flowers.

Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter' Hemerocallis 'Kate Carpenter'
(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Peach daylily with yellow accents.

Hemerocallis 'Mini Pearl'

Hemerocallis 'Mini Pearl'


(Daylily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a lovely yellow-pink (some say apricot) daylily.

Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison' Hemerocallis 'Sydney Eddison'
(Daylily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This daylily has large, pale creamy pink flowers.

Hosta 'Guacamole' Hosta 'Guacamole'
(Hosta)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

As its name might indicate, 'Guacamole' has avocado green, veined foliage with darker green margins. This hosta forms large, dense clumps and thrives in partial shade, where the sun can brighten the leaf centers. In late summer, 3-foot-tall flower stalks emerge, bearing fragrant, lilylike white blooms. -Matt Griswold, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #127

Humulus lupulus 'Nugget' Humulus lupulus 'Nugget'
('Nugget' hops)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous vine quickly reaches 20 feet tall and thrives on neglect. The greenish yellow, conelike flowers smell like beer. It can scramble along the ground or grow up screens and trellises.

Hymenocallis narcissiflora Hymenocallis narcissiflora
(Peruvian daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This bulb blooms in early summer with striking, sweetly-scented white and yellow flowers that appear on leafless stems up to 24 inches tall. Petals curve up to accent a daffodil-like cup, sometimes with green-striped tubes. Peruvian daffodil has long, strap-shaped, arching, dark green leaves.

Hypericum androsaemum 'Albury Purple' Hypericum androsaemum 'Albury Purple'
(Tutsan)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a bushy, deciduous shrub with upright branches. Purple-flushed green leaves grow up to 4 inches long and are mildly resin scented when bruised. 'Albury Purple' bears stalked, star-shaped or cupped yellow flowers, up to 11 per cluster on distinctive 2-edged stems. Round, red berry-like fruit follows.

Impatiens balsamina and cvs. Impatiens balsamina and cvs.
(Rose-balsam, Touch-me-not)
(1 user review)

This plant has a sparsely branched form and narrow lance-shaped, pale green leaves. Cup-shaped hooded flowers 1-2 inches across, either singly or in clusters, are followed by explosive seed capsules. A variety of colors are available, including rose, lilac, and creamy yellow.

Impatiens namchabarwensis Impatiens namchabarwensis
(Sapphire jewelweed, Blue diamond impatiens)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sapphire jewelweed's serrated leaves are the color of polished jade, while the flowers are a remarkable sapphire blue. Far different from the traditional flat-disk shape of most bedding impatiens, the flower shape of this impatiens resembles an elegant crane in flight. Sapphire jewelweed grows remarkably fast, reaching almost 2 feet tall and wide. It shines in a woodland garden.

Impatiens walleriana cvs. Impatiens walleriana cvs.
(Busy Lizzie, Patience plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This subshrubby perennial with light green to red-flushed stems has slightly toothed, scalloped, light to bronze-green or red-flushed leaves to 5 inches long. The showy, flat flowers bloom in white or shades of orange, pink, red, purple, violet, lavender-blue, and bicolors.

Lablab purpureus Lablab purpureus
(Egyptian bean, Hyacinth bean, Indian bean, Lablab)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous perennial climber bears clusters of plum-colored flower buds that open into fragrant, pinky-purple blossoms. They age to lilac and white, giving older flowers a two-toned effect. Blooms mature to glossy, burgundy bean pods that remain colorful for several weeks.

Lantana camara 'Pink Caprice' Lantana camara 'Pink Caprice'
('Pink Caprice' lantana)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The pale pink and yellow flowers of this evergreen perennial attract butterflies from late spring to frost. Lantana camara is mostly grown as a summer annual, but can be overwintered in a cool, dark location.

Lilium 'Casa Blanca' Lilium 'Casa Blanca'
('Casa Blanca' Oriental lily)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists and for weddings, 'Casa Blanca' lily has large, pure white, scented flowers.

Lilium 'Star Gazer' Lilium 'Star Gazer'
(Lily)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Often used by florists, 'Star Gazer' lily has bright crimson flowers with purple spots and dark edges. These lilies grow to about 3 feet tall, so they generally don't need staking.

Lilium formosanum Lilium formosanum
(Formosa lily)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late August through early October, this lily bears eight or more 10-inch-long, deliciously scented, pristine-white trumpets (sometimes blushed pink on the outside) upon each stem. After the flowers fade, the stalks turn upward, opening elegantly as the seeds ripen and the pods dry to form a weather-resistant candelabra to adorn the winter garden or to use in dried arrangements

no image available Lilium henryi × Lilium speciosum var. rubrum
(Orienpet lily)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The brilliant blooms of these hybrid lilies boast the fragrance of Oriental lilies and the vitality and large size of trumpet lilies but with “hybrid vigor”—more strength and disease resistance and a higher tolerance of extreme cold as well as hot and humid conditions than their parents. Plants can reach a height of up to 8 feet and are covered with an abundance of blooms from July to mid-August, when many lilies have already faded. Scores of hybrids are available with varying blooming time, fragrance, form, and color, including 'Anastasia', 'Catherine the Great', 'Scheherazade', and the ever-popular 'Leslie Woodriff'.

Lindera benzoin Lindera benzoin
(Spicebush)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dioecious shrub has much to offer the garden. Male plants have showier, tiny, pale yellow flowers in early spring, but the female counterparts take center stage in early fall, when they're laden with half-inch-diameter berries that turn from green to yellow to high-gloss crimson. About the same time, the leaves turn a hypnotic soft yellow and make the red berries visually pop. Spicebush becomes a large, 5- to 8-foot-tall shrub that is slightly wider than tall. It is the preferred food for the black and blue spicebush swallowtail butterfly larvae.

Linum lewisii Linum lewisii
(Blue flax)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Blue flax is a short-lived perennial with blue-green needlelike leaves on graceful 2-foot-tall stems. Satiny sky blue flowers, borne on wiry stems, appear in late spring, last through mid-summer, and open fully only on sunny days. Small rounded seedheads form in summer. 

Lonicera sempervirens 'Major Wheeler' Lonicera sempervirens 'Major Wheeler'
('Major Wheeler' honeysuckle vine)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This remarkably-versatile vine will climb your highest trellis or create a carpet of red splendor on your garden floor. Wherever planted, Major Wheeler’s showy blooms are a magnet for hummingbirds and butterflies. -American Meadows

Loropetalum chinense f. rubrum 'Ruby' Loropetalum chinense f. rubrum 'Ruby'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This evergreen bushy shrub has fragrant, spider-like pink flowers borne in cymes in late winter or early spring. The oval leaves are burgundy colored.

Lunaria annua Lunaria annua
(Money plant, Honesty, Silver dollars)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Showy sprays of pretty purple or white flowers in spring are followed by papery, flat seedpods that look like silver dollars. Flowers may attract butterflies.

Magnolia 'Ann' Magnolia 'Ann'
(Little Girl hybrid magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy cross between M. liliiflora and M. stellata is an open, deciduous shrub up to 20 feet tall and wide. It blooms in early spring and sporadically into fall, with goblet-shaped, deep pinkish-red flowers that are 7 to 9 inches long.

Magnolia 'Butterflies' Magnolia 'Butterflies'
(Magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cross of M. acuminata and M. denudata usually forms a small tree with an upright central leader or sometimes a multi-stemmed shrub. It has yellow cup to star-shaped flowers (3 to 4 inches across) that are fragrant and appear before the leaves in early to mid-spring.

Magnolia 'Elizabeth' Magnolia 'Elizabeth'
(Magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Few species can match the elegant drama of this specimen in full bloom. It has luminous, pale yellow, cup-shaped flowers to 6 inches across that seem to glow on the bare branches in late spring.

Magnolia 'Galaxy' Magnolia 'Galaxy'
(Magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous hybrid offers candy-scented, goblet-shaped blooms to 10 inches across in vivid reddish-purple. It forms a pyramidal outline, and grows up to 40 feet tall.

Magnolia 'Spectrum' Magnolia 'Spectrum'
(Magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous tree offers vivid pink flowers like M. 'Galaxy,' but with fewer, larger, and more deeply-hued blossoms. It grows up to 40 feet tall and forms a broadly oval outline.

Magnolia × loebneri Magnolia × loebneri
(Loebner magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small tree is a cross of M. kobus and M. stellata. It has star-shaped flowers (3 to 5 inches across) with 10 to 14 narrow white petals, sometimes tinted in lilac-purple or pale pink. The blossoms are fragrant and appear before the leaves in mid-spring. Loebner magnolia grows to 30 feet tall.

Magnolia × loebneri 'Leonard Messel' Magnolia × loebneri 'Leonard Messel'
(Loebner magnolia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rounded, small tree grows to 25 feet tall. It is a cross of M. kobus and M. stellata 'Rosea'. It has star-shaped flowers with 12 narrow petals, white on the inside and purplish-pink on the outside; the transition of color from bud to bloom is a beautiful study in color. The blossoms are fragrant and appear before the leaves in early to mid-spring.

Magnolia × loebneri ‘Merrill’ Magnolia × loebneri ‘Merrill’
(Loebner magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, erect tree grows from 20 to 30 feet tall and has star-shaped flowers with 15 broad white petals blushed with pink. The blossoms are fragrant and appear before the leaves in early to mid-spring.

no image available Magnolia × soulangeana 'Black Tulip'
(Black Tulip magnolia, Saucer magnolia)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning hybrid has deep burgundy tulip-shaped flowers that appear in early spring before its 4- to 6-inch-long leaves unfurl. It makes an excellent small specimen tree, growing to 20 feet tall. It can be topped to form a hedge, and works well in large containers.

Magnolia ashei Magnolia ashei
(Ashe magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading deciduous shrub or small tree has large, light-green glossy leaves to 2 feet long. It flowers in early summer with jasmine- and citrus-scented blossoms in white with maroon markings at the base. Each flower is up to 10 inches across. It grows up to 30 feet tall and wide and is a native of North America.

no image available Magnolia denudata 'Forrest's Pink'
(Lily tree, Magnolia, Yulan)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar creates a fragrant cloud of rich bubblegum-pink blossoms on bare branches in spring. It grows to 40 feet tall and wide.

Magnolia kobus Magnolia kobus
(Magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous tree grows to 40 feet tall and blooms in early spring with a profusion of white-tinged pink goblet to saucer-shaped blossoms that are 3 to 4 inches wide.

Magnolia macrophylla Magnolia macrophylla
(Bigleaf magnolia, Large-leaved cucumber tree, Umbrella tree)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous species has remarkable leaves that are over 3 feet long and 1 foot wide. They are light green above and silvery beneath. It flowers in early summer with creamy-white, fragrant blossoms that reach a foot across. Magnolia macrophylla grows up to 40 feet tall and wide. It is native to North America.

Magnolia sieboldii Magnolia sieboldii
(Oyama magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading, deciduous shrub grows 15 to 25 feet tall and blooms in late spring to late summer, with white fragrant blossoms. Site where the slightly nodding flowers with rich rose-red stamens can be seen from below. 

Magnolia stellata Magnolia stellata
(Star magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species is a small, spreading tree with lovely, upward-facing, star-shaped blossoms. Each pure white flower—they are occasionally flushed pink— is 5 inches across and comprised of up to 15 individual petals. They light up the tree's bare branches in early to mid-spring.

Melampodium leucanthum Melampodium leucanthum
(Blackfoot daisy)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A native perennial shrub that grows to about 2 feet tall and wide and covers itself the whole season with honey-scented, white and yellow daisy flowers. The foliage is typical of the aster family. Plant en masse in a well-drained border or use in a rock garden. Blackfoot daisy can be short-lived.

Melianthus major Melianthus major
(Honey bush)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Honey bush has attractive, 12- to 20-inch-long pinnate leaves with sharply toothed silver-green leaflets. It bears spike-like racemes of oddly scented brownish crimson to brick-red flowers from late spring to midsummer.

Michelia x MicJUR01 'Fairy Magnolia'  Michelia x MicJUR01 'Fairy Magnolia' 
(Fairy Magnolia)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A Michelia hybrid, bred in New Zealand by Mark Jury, with beautiful lightly fragrant flowers blushed lilac pink and evergreen dark green foliage. It is ideal as a specimen shrub or as a hedge.

Muscari armeniacum Muscari armeniacum
(Grape Hyacinth)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. They are particularly spectacular when allowed to naturalize, whether under trees, along a pathway, tucked into ground covers, or in a bed.

Muscari armeniacum 'Blue Spike' Muscari armeniacum 'Blue Spike'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These double-flowered grape hyacinths are a good candidate for beds and borders because they increase only by division. They also bloom longer than those that hasten through spring eager to set seed. April-flowering 'Blue Spike' has the largest inflorescence of the species, with fully double flax-blue fluffy heads (each pedicel carries multiple individual flowers instead of one) and narrow, linear leaves.

Muscari armeniacum 'Fantasy Creation' Muscari armeniacum 'Fantasy Creation'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

These double-flowered grape hyacinths are a good candidate for beds and borders because they increase only by division. They also bloom longer than those that hasten through spring eager to set seed. 'Fantasy Creation', a sport of 'Blue Spike', has a large pyramidal raceme resembling broccoli. Its blue flowers gradually turn purple, then green, fading toward yellow. It doesn't wilt and rarely sets seed, making it useful for dried flower arrangements.

Muscari armeniacum 'Saffier' Muscari armeniacum 'Saffier'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. 'Saffier' is a good candidate for beds and borders because it increases only by division. Its strong, rigid flower stalks start celery-green and mature to robust medium-blue blossoms with distinct pale-green lips at the mouth of each floret. The constricted openings prevent access to pollinating insects, resulting in blooms that last a full month and making them excellent cut flowers.

Muscari aucheri 'Blue magic' Muscari aucheri 'Blue magic'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. They are particularly spectacular when allowed to naturalize, whether under trees, along a pathway, tucked into ground covers, or in a bed. 'Blue Magic' has a true-blue hue and is great for forcing.

Muscari azureum Muscari azureum
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. They are particularly spectacular when allowed to naturalize, whether under trees, along a pathway, tucked into ground covers, or in a bed. This species blooms early, in March in some areas. It has sky-blue frilled bells with indigo stripes. Although the blossoms aren't long-lived, they self-sow freely, providing more flowers to enjoy the following year.

Muscari comosum 'Plumosum' Muscari comosum 'Plumosum'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. This species, also known as the feather hyacinth, has slender airy filaments and resembles a red-violet plume. It's completely unlike its grapy cousins in color and form, and makes a good, 10-inch cut flower. The bulbs themselves have a distinct pink color and produce toothlike bulblets that grow to flowering size in just one season.

Muscari neglectum 'Valerie Finnis' Muscari neglectum 'Valerie Finnis'
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This graph hyacinth is a tall, brilliant powder-blue showstopper that shows beautifully with pink-cupped daffodils. Its namesake, Valerie Finnis, was a famous British plantswoman and photographer. Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them. They are particularly spectacular when allowed to naturalize, whether under trees, along a pathway, tucked into ground covers, or in a bed.

Muscari paradoxum Muscari paradoxum
(Grape hyacinth)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The flowers of this grape hyacinth are stunning, reaching 8 to 12 inches tall. The blossoms burst in April and May, with yellow-rimmed opaque blue-black skirts tapering to a perfect conical shape, which is set off by glaucous deep green foliage. Grape hyacinths are hardy, easy to grow, and have long-lasting blooms--no garden should be without them.

Myosotis sylvatica Myosotis sylvatica
(Forget-me-not)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived perennial or biennial has ovate to lance-shaped, velvety gray-green leaves to 4.5 inches long. Myriad saucer-shaped blue or white flowers with yellow eyes are borne in clusters from spring to early summer.

Myrrhis odorata Myrrhis odorata
(Sweet cicely)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This elegant fern-like herb has a mounding form and anise-flavored bright-green leaves. In late spring, it bears compound umbels of star-shaped white flowers, followed by shiny, ridged brown seeds.

Narcissus 'Avalanche' Narcissus 'Avalanche'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Tazetta-type daffodils, including the paperwhites that can be forced into bloom indoors during the winter, are also fragrant. ‘Avalanche’ has a cluster of 10 to 20 tiny flowers, creating almost an entire bouquet on one stem. Its flowers, with white petals and pale-yellow cups, have a wonderful musky-sweet fragrance. Since it is hardy to Zone 6, it can be enjoyed in many gardens. It shows off even more when combined with plants like Tulipa ‘Pink Impression’, Ornithogalum balansae, and pansies.

Narcissus 'Baby Moon’ Narcissus 'Baby Moon’
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Jonquilla-type daffodils produce dark-green, narrow, often reedlike leaves, which are relatively easy to hide in the border while they mature, and there is usually more than one sweetly fragrant flower per stem. Probably the most fragrant of all, especially considering the size of the flowers, is N. ‘Baby Moon’, a precious, golden-yellow miniature daffodil.

Narcissus 'Bethlehem' Narcissus 'Bethlehem'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 4 to 5 weeks after planting. It produces 10 to 15 creamy-white flowers with pale-yellow centers on compact stems 8 to 10 inches tall, and exudes a mild, sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Cragford' Narcissus 'Cragford'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 8 to 10 weeks after planting.  It produces mildly musk-scented, white flowers with orange centers on stems 12 to 14 inches tall.

Narcissus 'Galilee' Narcissus 'Galilee'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 4 weeks after planting. It produces 10 to 15 white flowers per stem (12 to 14 inches tall) and exudes a musky fragrance.

Narcissus 'Grand Soleil d'Or' Narcissus 'Grand Soleil d'Or'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 6 to 10 weeks after planting.  It produces 10 to 20 bright-yellow flowers with orange centers on stems 12 to 14 inches tall, and exudes a marvelously sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Hawera' Narcissus 'Hawera'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Triandrus-type daffodils usually have one or two nodding flowers per stem and are noted for their wonderful, often fruity, fragrance. N. ‘Hawera’ (pre-1950, Zones 3–8) is a miniature triandrus-type daffodil with many elfin, pale-yellow nodding bells per stem, each with a demitasse-shaped cup surrounded by swept-back petals. This adaptable daffodil can grow in dry areas, in pots, in full sun, and in partial shade. It contrasts nicely with Muscari armeniacum and is exquisite with hellebores.

Narcissus 'Intrigue' Narcissus 'Intrigue'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The newly opened blossoms of N. ‘Intrigue’ (1970, Zones 3–9) are a soft chartreuse-yellow. As they mature, however, the flowers become a luminous white and attract a lot of attention, especially when planted with a blood-red tulip like ‘Hollandia’. When combined with another soft-colored flower, like Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Lady Derby’, it creates a peaceful scene. An American-bred jonquilla-type daffodil with several flowers per stem, ‘Intrigue’ also has a wonderful fragrance. 

no image available Narcissus 'Israel'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 5 weeks after planting. Each 16- to 20-inch stem brings forth 15 to 20 large, creamy-yellow flowers with pale-yellow centers. Its mild fragrance is sweet and musky.

Narcissus 'Jack Snipe' Narcissus 'Jack Snipe'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Generally speaking, daffodils perform best in full sun and well-drained soil, in areas where there is a fair amount of rainfall in the fall and spring and where the summer is relatively dry. However, cyclamineus-type daffodils seem to tolerate at least partial shade and more moisture than others do. Narcissus ‘Jack Snipe’ (pre-1951, Zones 3–8) is a charming example of this type of daffodil. Its white petals are swept back, as if it were standing in front of a fan, and its medium-length, buttercup-yellow trumpet (or nose) sticks straight out at a 90 degree angle from the stem.  ‘Jack Snipe’ is an intermediate-size daffodil, standing only 8 to 10 inches tall, and is perfect for a rock garden or the front of a flower border. This whole division of daffodils is becoming more popular not only because it tolerates some shade but also because the shape of the flower is so handsome.

no image available Narcissus 'Jerusalem'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 to 4 weeks after planting. It produces very large, white flowers on stems 16 to 20 inches tall, and exudes a mildly sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Nazareth' Narcissus 'Nazareth'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender paperwhite is well-suited to forcing, blooming 3 weeks after planting. It produces creamy white flowers with yellow centers on compact stems 12 to 14 inches tall, and exudes a mildly sweet fragrance.

Narcissus 'Quail' Narcissus 'Quail'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Jonquilla-type daffodils produce dark-green, narrow, often reedlike leaves, which are relatively easy to hide in the border while they mature, and there is usually more than one sweetly fragrant flower per stem. Golden-yellow, sweetly fragrant, and a wonderful perennial, ‘Quail’ creates a special color echo with the golden center of the small tulip Tulipa bakeri ‘Lilac Wonder’.

Narcissus 'Tahiti' Narcissus 'Tahiti'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Although some people don’t consider double or peonylike daffodils classics, many double hybrids have been in existence for a long time. N. ‘Tahiti’ (1956, Zones 3–8) has a soft-yellow flower with bright reddish-orange interior ruffles is reminiscent of a blossom from the tropics. ‘Tahiti’ stands up straight under its own weight, even on windy days. Its coloration is eye-catching, so it makes a big impact in the garden.

Narcissus 'Accent' Narcissus 'Accent'
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Narcissus ‘Accent’ has white petals and a funnel-shaped, salmon-pink cup whose color stays true.

Narcissus bulbocodium var. conspicuus Narcissus bulbocodium var. conspicuus
(Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The species daffodil N. bulbocodium var. conspicuus (Zones 3–9) has been around so long that no one can actually put a date on it. Its look is unusual: It does have six golden petals, but they are tiny, twisted, and often difficult to see. Its prominent rounded cup gives rise to its nickname, hoop petticoats. It prefers acidic soil and when happy, will reseed, blooming like buttercups in groups. Only 4 to 6 inches tall, it naturalizes itself in many areas.

Narcissus jonquilla Narcissus jonquilla
(Wild jonquil, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Division 10 Bulbocodium species blooms late in the season, bearing up to 5 fragrant and nodding golden-yellow flowers. It has cylindrical, dark-green stems to 12 inches. It is good for naturalizing, and prefers neutral to alkaline soil.

no image available Narcissus papyraceus
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Tazetta/Division 10 daffodil is a species well-suited to forcing. It produces white clusters of up to 10 half-inch-wide blooms, which are strongly scented.

Narcissus papyraceus 'Ziva' Narcissus papyraceus 'Ziva'
(Paperwhite narcissus, Daffodil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender Paperwhite is well-suited to forcing. It blooms in only two or three weeks from planting, bearing pure-white, musk-scented flowers atop 16 to 18 inch tall stems.

Nepeta × faassenii 'Walker's Low' Nepeta × faassenii 'Walker's Low'
(Catmint)
(11 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mound of lavender-blue flowers and aromatic, grayish green leaves up to 2 feet tall and 3 feet wide is great as edging or in a border, herb, or rock garden. It is an easy to grow, prolific bloomer that seems to be deer resistant. It blooms the whole summer and tolerates some shade. It also looks great with roses or on walls.

Nepeta Little Trudy™ Nepeta Little Trudy™
(Catmint)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This new compact catmint, with the cultivar name 'Psfike', only reaches 8 to 10 inches tall and 12 to 16 inches wide, the perfect size for containers, bed edges, or other small nooks and crannies. It features the same silvery foliage and summer lavender blooms that we know and love, and thrives in full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil in Zones 4 to 9.

Nerium oleander Nerium oleander
(Oleander, Rose bay)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Oleander is a tall, upright to spreading shrub with lance-shaped, deep green to grayish green leaves. Clusteres of up to 80 pink, red, or white flowers appear in summer. Numerous cultivars are available, varying in bloom color, fragrance, and size, as well as shrub size and leaf variegation.

Nicotiana alata and cvs. Nicotiana alata and cvs.
(Jasmine tobacco, Flowering tobacco)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short nicotiana bears fragrant, flat, star-like flowers in many colors: crimson, purple, wine, rose, pink, lime green, and white. It is a day-bloomer with uniform size and compact habit. Cultivars vary in height: from 'Domino' (12 inches),  'Nicki' (20 inches), and 'Sensation' (36 inches), up to 'Grandiflora' (48 inches), as well as flower color and foliage. Blooms face upward or horizontally and remain open in full sun.

Nicotiana alata 'Lime Green' Nicotiana alata 'Lime Green'
(Flowering tobacco)
(2 user reviews)

The yellow-green trumpet-shaped flowers of 'Lime Green' flowering tobacco mix well with many other colors in the garden. Growing to 2 or 3 feet tall, this annual's flowers attract hummingbirds and are fragrant at night.

Nicotiana sylvestris Nicotiana sylvestris
(Flowering tobacco)
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This thick-stemmed annual or short-lived perennial reaches 5 to 6 feet tall, forming a large basal rosette of dark green leaves to 36 inches long. Lightly fragrant, long and tubular white flowers dangle in dense clusters from atop the tall stems. This plant starts blooming in late July or August. Flowers close in full sun.

Ocimum × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo' Ocimum × citriodorum 'Pesto Perpetuo'
('Pesto Perpetuo' basil)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Pesto Perpetuo' basil not only produces copious amounts of leaves for cooking but also is easy on the eye. It has creamy white variegated leaves and a columnar habit. It does not flower, so nothing will detract from the foliage.

Oxydendrum arboreum Oxydendrum arboreum
(Sourwood)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Sourwood, the lone species of the genus, is found in woodlands and along streams of eastern North America. This plant (named for the sour taste of its leaves) forms a pyramidal tree to 30 feet tall, with canoe-shaped, glossy leaves that turn vivid maroon, yellow, or purple in autumn. In late summer, its delicate panicles of fragrant, urn-shaped flowers spray forward, decorating the tree in white. The blossoms, which resemble lily-of-the-valley, are followed by yellowish seed capsules that turn brown and persist into winter. It makes an outstanding specimen both for a prominent position and also for a naturalized setting.

Paeonia lactiflora Paeonia lactiflora
(Common garden peony)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This stunning herbaceous woodland peony has upright red-mottled stems and dark green leaves that are elliptic or lance-shaped with rough margins. It bears usually solitary, single creamy white to pale pink blossoms that are cup-shaped and elegant. The blooms measure 3 to 4 inches across and have pale yellow stamens. Like all peonies, the flowers are with us for too short a time. They are followed by beautiful seedpods.

Papaver nudicaule Papaver nudicaule
(Iceland poppy)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Iceland poppy is a short-lived perennial usually grown as a cool-weather annual, or biennial. From hairy tufts of linear blue-green foliage rise wiry stems bearing a pendant bud. The single (occasionally double) short-lived flowers unwrinkle their petals into a wide-spreading saucer shape 3 inches across.

Pelargonium ‘Attar of Roses’ Pelargonium ‘Attar of Roses’
(Geranium, Scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Rose-scented leaves and clusters of pale pink flowers adorn this trailing geranium. Grow in a location where the foliage can be touched and, thus, the scent released.

Pelargonium ‘Lady Scarborough’ Pelargonium ‘Lady Scarborough’
(Geranium, Scented geranium, Strawberry-scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

‘Lady Scarborough’ is blessed with strawberry-scented, crinkled-edge leaves and pale pink flowers with dark markings. It works well in a hanging basket if left unpruned.

Pelargonium ‘Pungent Peppermint’ Pelargonium ‘Pungent Peppermint’
(Geranium, Scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This trailing plant has peppermint-scented, deeply cut leaves and mauve flowers.

Pelargonium ‘Roger’s Delight’ Pelargonium ‘Roger’s Delight’
(Geranium, Scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Trailing ‘Roger’s Delight’ has lemon-scented leaves and large red upper petals and paler lower petals.

Pelargonium crispum Pelargonium crispum
(Geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This plant is a lemon-scented, shrubby, upright pelargonium with pale pink flowers and crinkled leaves.

Pelargonium crispum ‘Variegatum’ Pelargonium crispum ‘Variegatum’
(Geranium, Scented geranium, Variegated lemon-scented geranium)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This lemon-scented, shrubby, upright pelargonium has cream-margined leaves.

Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty' Pennisetum glaucum 'Purple Majesty'
(Pearl millet)
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This cultivar of pearl millet has wide, deep purple foliage and stems. It forms a 5-foot-high specimen with tight cylindrical flowers of purple-brown seeds—a favorite of many birds. This plant makes a stunning container specimen. In the mixed border, its foliage contrasts nicely with other plants.

Pennisetum messiacum Pennisetum messiacum
(Bunny tails)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual grass produces deep pink flowers that resemble rabbits' tails. Flowers persist throughout the season. It forms a tidy, evergreen clump, 2 feet high and 3 feet wide.

no image available Pennisetum messiacum 'Red Buttons'
(Red bunny tails, Fountain grass)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual produces deep reddish-black flowers that resemble rabbits' tails. Flowers persist throughout the season. This plant forms an evergreen clump of green foliage with burgundy highlights, 2 feet high and 3 feet wide.

Petroselinum crispum 'Crispum' Petroselinum crispum 'Crispum'
(Curly-leaf parsley)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This clumping perennial has triangular, strongly flavored, crinkly leaves. Its bright green foliage livens up any garden.

Philadelphus coronarius 'Aureus' Philadelphus coronarius 'Aureus'
(Mock orange)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mock orange is an upright, deciduous shrub grown for its very fragrant, creamy white flowers that bloom in early summer. 'Aureus' has golden yellow leaves in spring that turn yellow-green in summer. Use in a shrub border or woodland garden.

Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon' Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon'
(Blue phlox, Wild sweet William, Woodland phlox)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar of the popular blue phlox has round, full flowers with overlapping petals. It is noteworthy for its particularly rich blue-violet color. Use it in rock gardens or alpine houses, in a dry wall, or as edging.

Phlox divaricata 'Clouds of Perfume' Phlox divaricata 'Clouds of Perfume'
(Blue phlox, Wild sweet William, Woodland phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is a very fragrant native woodland phlox with powder-blue flowers in spring. Reaching only 1 foot tall, it can spread to almost 2 feet and makes an attractive groundcover under shrubs or planted with other spring-blooming wildflowers. Leaves are semi-evergreen and hairy; stems root along their length. The blue flowers are salverform with petal lobes. This plant attracts hummingbirds and butterflies.

no image available Phlox divaricata and cvs.
(Blue phlox, Wild sweet William, Woodland phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading, semi-evergreen perennial has hairy leaves and lavender-blue to pale violet and white flowers borne in open clusters in early spring. Flowers can have notched or unnotched petal lobes. Cultivars include ‘Clouds of Perfume’ with light lavender-blue flowers; ‘Eco Texas Purple’ (dark purple with a violet eye); ‘Fuller’s White’ (white); and ‘London Grove’ (lavender-blue flowers).

no image available Phlox maculata
(Meadow phlox, Wild sweet William)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This upright, herbaceous perennial has slender, hairy stems reaching 1.5 to 3 feet tall, with clusters of lavender-rose, lilac-pink, or white flowers. The stems often have burgundy spots on them. Blooms appear in early summer and midsummer.

Phlox paniculata Phlox paniculata
(Garden phlox, Perennial phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sturdy, upright perennial reaches 2 to 4 feet tall. In July and August, and through September with deadheading, it bears flowers in shades of white, coral, pink, red, lavender, and violet, depending on the cultivar. Some have a lighter or darker eye, and others have variegated leaves. Many of the cultivars are fragrant; scent is most noticeable at night.

Phlox paniculata 'Barthirtythree' Phlox paniculata 'Barthirtythree'
(Volcano® Phlox Purple)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The Volcano® series of fragrant, abundantly-flowering, compact Phlox has been bred for high levels of natural disease-tolerance. This is wonderful news for Phlox fans, who until now have often had to deal with powdery mildew when growing other Phlox varieties. -Anthony Tesselaar Plants

Phlox paniculata 'Bright Eyes' Phlox paniculata 'Bright Eyes'
('Bright Eyes' garden phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Bright Eyes' produces fragrant, salmon-pink flower clusters with a darker ruby eye on large 7-inch flower heads.

Information provided by Santa Rosa Gardens.
 

Phlox paniculata 'David' Phlox paniculata 'David'
(Border phlox, Summer phlox)
(26 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This pure white phlox is valuable in the garden because of its abundant, fragrant flowers, its sturdy growth habit, and its resistance to powdery mildew. Growing to about 3 ½ feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide, it blooms from early summer to early fall. It needs a consistently moist soil. Use it in a border or cottage garden. It will glow at dusk.

Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick' Phlox paniculata 'John Fanick'
('John Fanick' garden phlox)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This garden phlox has striking, bicolor lavender-and-pink flowers beginning in early summer and displays a pleasing compact form. Its slightly waxy leaves hold powdery mildew at bay, and the plant doesn't even flinch in heat, humidity, or drought. 'John Fanick' grows to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

Pieris japonica Pieris japonica
(Lily-of-the-valley bush, Japanese pieris, Japanese andromeda)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This neat, rounded shrub has given rise to many noteworthy cultivars. It grows to 12 feet tall and 10 feet wide, producing drooping clusters of delicate white blossoms in winter and spring. Use this shrub in a woodland, rock garden, container, or as a foundation plant.

no image available Pieris japonica 'Dorothy Wyckoff'
(Dorothy Wyckoff andromeda, Lily-of-the-valley bush, Japanese pieris, Japanese andromeda)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact, rounded shrub produces reddish-purple buds that first open as soft-pink then mature to white. It grows to about 5 feet high and wide, making it a superb specimen for a container or small garden.

Plectranthus purpuratus Plectranthus purpuratus
(Purple Swedish ivy, Vick's plant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Soft, fuzzy, purple-tinged leaves make this Plectranthus a good companion plant in containers.

Podophyllum peltatum Podophyllum peltatum
(American mandrake, Mayapple)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Mayapple is a rhizomatous, native woodland perennial with leaves in the shape of an umbrella. They may form large colonies. In spring, white or pale pink waxy flowers are mostly hidden under the leaves. The greenish "mayapple" follows and is often eaten by wildlife. When fully ripe, the fruits may be used to make preserves or jellies, but they are toxic when unripe. Leaves and roots are poisonous. Plants often go dormant in the summer. Grow in a woodland garden.

Polemonium caeruleum Polemonium caeruleum
(Jacob’s ladder, Greek valerian)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American native bears deep blue or occasionally white, bell-shaped blossoms in spring and possibly late summer if deadheaded. It grows from 1 to 3 feet tall. Use Jacob's ladder in a lightly shaded border, rock garden, woodland, or cottage garden.

no image available Polemonium reptans
(Greek valerian, Jacob’s ladder)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American native bears light blue bell-shaped blossoms in spring to early summer. It has a lax, sprawling habit to 1.5 feet tall. The leaflets are arranged like the rungs of a ladder, hence the common name.

Polygonatum odoratum Polygonatum odoratum
(Fragrant Solomon’s seal, Solomon’s seal)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From late spring to early summer, this species bears pendent, green-tipped white flowers along arching stems. These mature into spherical black fruit in autumn, when the foliage turns yellow.

Polygonatum odoratum 'Variegatum' Polygonatum odoratum 'Variegatum'
(Variegated fragrant Solomon's seal)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Gracefully arching 2 to 3-foot tall burgundy stems support narrow leaves streaked in pure white. From late spring to early summer, this species bears white flowers that mature into spherical black fruit in autumn, when the foliage turns a golden yellow. Variegated Solomon's seal is a fine choice for a shady bed. -Matt Griswold, Regional Picks: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #27

no image available Primula sikkimensis
(Himalayan primrose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Native to wet meadows of the Himalayas, P. sikkimensis is a deciduous perennial with rosettes of pale green, toothed leaves. Pendent, fragrant, white or yellow flowers bloom in late spring and early summer.

no image available Prunus caroliniana
(Carolina cherry laurel)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Carolina cherry laurel is an evergreen shrub or small tree with shiny green leaves and bowl-shaped, fragrant white flowers borne in dense clusters in spring. The fruit is lustrous, cherry-like, and black.

Psoralea pinnata Psoralea pinnata
(African scurf pea, Blue pea)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived shrub or small tree with feathery foliage is blanketed in late spring with fragrant, pea-shaped violet blooms with white wings. Though it is native to streamsides, scurf pea doesn't require extravagant watering and survives occasional drought. When the plants eventually die, they leave ample progeny and straight branches useful for garden stakes. Combine with azaleas and camellias, which bloom at the same time.

Pulsatilla vulgaris Pulsatilla vulgaris
(Pasque flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Pasque flower blooms for 4 to 6 weeks in spring with fuzzy flower buds that open to 1.5-inch-wide purple flowers that dance in the breeze. Fuzzy, feathery seedheads take up the dance when the blooms end. By then, the felted leaves have pushed up to produce a lacy gray-green backdrop.

Rhododendron 'Admiral Semmes' Rhododendron 'Admiral Semmes'
(Azalea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This native azalea, winner of the 2007 Georgia Gold medal award,  will thrive in heat and humidity, which is why it is a good choice for the South. Large, fragrant yellow blooms appear in early spring. Reportedly pest- and disease free, 'Admiral Semmes' is a  progeny of Exbury hybrid R. 'Hotspur Yellow' and R. austrinum. -Allan Armitage, Plants to know and grow, Fine Gardening issue #119

Rhododendron canescens Rhododendron canescens
(Florida pinxter, Hoary azalea, Piedmont azalea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This narrow deciduous azalea bears fragrant, funnel-shaped, white, pink, or deep rose flowers. It grows to 15 feet tall and 5 to 6 feet wide. Mid-green leaves are densely hairy beneath.

Rho­dodendron schlippenbachii Rho­dodendron schlippenbachii
(Royal azalea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Royal azalea has large, fragrant pink blooms in spring. This large-leaved azalea also has purple-hued foliage in spring, turning velvet green in summer, and finally fading to yellow in autumn.

Rhododendron viscosum and cvs. Rhododendron viscosum and cvs.
(Swamp azalea, Sweet azalea)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous azalea has dark green leaves and funnel-shaped white flowers suffused with pink. The flowers have a spicy, sweet fragrance. This plant blooms very late in the season, and sporadically throughout the summer. Cultivars include 'Delaware Blue’, ‘Pink and Sweet’, 'Lemon Drop’, 'Parade’, and ‘Lollipop’.

no image available Ribes sanguineum 'White Icicle'
(Red flowering currant, Winter currant)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is considered one of the best white flowering currants, bearing long-lasting, pendent racemes of pungently spicy, pure-white blooms. Its yellow autumn leaves fall to expose mahogany stems in winter, which later make a striking contrast to chartreuse flower buds in spring. It grows to about 10 feet high and wide.

Robinia hispida Robinia hispida
(Rose acacia, Bristly locust)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showy flowering shrub grows to 8 feet tall and wide and features dark green, compound pinnate leaves on bristly stems and pendant clusters of fragrant, pea-like, rose-pink flowers that are attractive to bees and butterflies in late spring and early summer. The flowers are occasionally followed by bristly, reddish-brown seed pods. Native to the southeastern United States, this aggressive shrub spreads by suckers and is considered invasive in Michigan, New Jersey, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Washington. All parts of this plant are at least mildly poisonous.

Rosa 'Ballerina' Rosa 'Ballerina'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showy rose produces a pastel cloud of small pink flowers with lighter centers. The blossoms are single and shallow-cupped; they occur in large, loose clusters. Blooms hold up better in partial shade. This rose grows from 4 to 6 feet tall and wide, blooming from spring to autumn. 

Rosa 'Basye's Purple' Rosa 'Basye's Purple'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding rose has single, fragrant blossoms of rich cabernet-red. The young foliage emerges chartreuse, while the new stems and small thorns are claret. The flowers are followed by hips the color of ripe grapes, which contrast with the amber autumn foliage. This rose grows up to 8 feet high.

Rosa 'Betty Boop' Rosa 'Betty Boop'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Betty Boop' is a bushy, upright, floribunda rose growing to 3 to 5 feet tall. Semi-double, ivory-white flowers with red edges are borne in clusters over a long period. They are mildly scented. New leaves are dark red, maturing to glossy green. This cultivar does not produce hips.

Rosa 'Betty Prior' Rosa 'Betty Prior'
(Floribunda rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces single, carmine-pink, slightly fragrant blooms nonstop from June until frost. It grows 2.5 to 5 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert' Rosa 'Blanc Double de Coubert'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The white of this rose has a purity of color that is without equal. It produces semi-double, very fragrant flowers from spring to fall, which are sometimes followed by orange hips. It grows to 6 feet high and wide.   

no image available Rosa 'Bobby James'
(Hybrid Wichurana rambler)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This sweetly scented, rambling rose has glossy leaves and produces large groups of semi-double, creamy-white, 2-inch-wide blossoms in summer. It grows to 30 feet high.

Rosa 'Buff Beauty' Rosa 'Buff Beauty'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose produces generous clusters of double apricot flowers that fade to a soft yellow. It usually grows to 5 feet and taller when trained, making it an ideal candidate for screening or growing up a wall, arch, or trellis. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

Rosa 'Cardinal de Richelieu' Rosa 'Cardinal de Richelieu'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the darkest-flowered roses from the oldest class of garden roses, the gallicas. 'Cardinal de Richelieu' is a strong grower with a compact, lax habit. The rounded, double, fragrant, deeply colored flowers are a deep burgundy-purple. They are in bloom from spring to early summer. Introduced in 1840.

Rosa 'Carefree Beauty' Rosa 'Carefree Beauty'
(Rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, upright shrub rose sports smooth, olive-green leaves and clusters of cup-shaped, semi-double, fragrant, bubble-gum-pink flowers from spring to fall. Flowers are followed by round hips in shades of orange and red.

Rosa 'Charles Albanel' Rosa 'Charles Albanel'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spreading rose grows to only 2 feet tall, making it an ideal groundcover for a steep bank or roadside. It produces fragrant, double, deep-pink blossoms from spring to fall.  

Rosa 'Cornelia' Rosa 'Cornelia'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This old-fashioned looking rose has a bicolor look with its clustered coral buds and pink double flowers with copper centers. It forms an arching shrub, reaching 5 feet high and wide, and blooms from spring to autumn, with its largest flush in the spring. 

Rosa 'Crepuscule' Rosa 'Crepuscule'
(Noisette rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This climber produces an endless display of fragrant apricot-yellow blossoms. It grows to about 12 feet high and makes the perfect vertical accent in the garden.

Rosa 'Darcey Bussell' (Ausdecorum) Rosa 'Darcey Bussell' (Ausdecorum)
(Darcey Bussell rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose, with its short, bushy growth, is an excellent shrub for the front of the border or for planting in formal rose beds. It will make an excellent plant for a large pot.

 

Information provided by David Austin Roses 

Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant' Rosa 'Duchesse de Brabant'
(Tea rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This scented rose was reputed to be a favorite of Teddy Roosevelt. It has beautifully formed, double rosy-pink blossoms. It blooms all season long and grows to 5 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Fair Bianca' Rosa 'Fair Bianca'
(English shrub rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This David Austin rose grows to only 2.5 feet tall. It produces beautifully cupped, double white flowers with petals densely arranged in the center. It is strongly scented.

Rosa var. NOA97400A 'Flower Carpet® Amber' Rosa var. NOA97400A 'Flower Carpet® Amber'
(Flower Carpet® Amber)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a mass explosion of amber blooms.  One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

Rosa var. NOA83100B 'Flower Carpet® Scarlet' Rosa var. NOA83100B 'Flower Carpet® Scarlet'
(Flower Carpet® Scarlet)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a masses of scarlet red blooms from late spring thru fall. One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup' Rosa 'Frau Dagmar Hastrup'
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice rose has single, gently cupped light-pink flowers that exude an intense, clove-scented perfume. It blooms in spring and sporadically throughout the season, and produces red hips. In autumn, the foliage turns deep maroon, which changes to yellow tinged with coppery highlights. It grows to 3 to 4 feet high and wide.   

Rosa 'Gertrude Jekyll' Rosa 'Gertrude Jekyll'
(English shrub rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose with an influential namesake has beautifully cupped double blossoms of rich pink. It produces arching stems to 5 feet or more and 3 feet wide, making it an ideal candidate for training up a low structure.

Rosa 'Graham Thomas' Rosa 'Graham Thomas'
(English shrub rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This notable rose has quartered-rosette, double blossoms of rich yellow. It produces arching stems to 5 feet or more, making it an ideal candidate for training up a low structure.

Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™ Rosa 'HARpageant' 'Easy Does It'™
(Easy Does It™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Floribunda rose was the 2010 All-America Rose Selections winner. It has abundant ruffled blooms in shades of mango, peach and apricot -- and has a fruity fragrance. More important is its disease resistance.

Rosa 'Lavender Lassie' Rosa 'Lavender Lassie'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose produces semi-double, medium-pink flowers occuring in large clusters. It grows 5 feet tall and up to 8 feet wide, making it ideal for training up a wall, arch, or trellis. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

no image available Rosa 'Little Darling'
(Floribunda rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant rose produces single salmon-pink blossoms with yellow basal highlights. It blooms nonstop from June until frost and grows 3 to 5 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Maggie' Rosa 'Maggie'
(Bourbon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deeply fragrant rose produces rounded double blossoms of mauve-red in spring and fall. It grows to 6 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'Mermaid' Rosa 'Mermaid'
(Climbing large-flowered rose)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This R. bracteata and Hybrid tea cross exhibits many attributes of its parentage. It bears large, single soft-yellow blossoms (to 5 inches across) with a deeper hued center and conspicuous, ruddy-orange stamens. It grows to 20 feet high or wide and blooms continuously, making it a beautiful choice for climbing up walls, fences, or other sturdy structures. It can also be maintained as a shrub.

no image available Rosa 'Old Blush'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces musky and sweet-scented blossoms of pale to medium pink, which bloom continuously from spring until frost. They are followed by large orange hips. 'Old Blush' grows to about 4 feet high and wide.

Rosa 'R. K. Witherspoon' Rosa 'R. K. Witherspoon'
(R. K. Witherspoon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Hybrid Tea rose has beautiful champagne white flowers blushed with pink and yellow at the base. Its long stems are perfect for cutting and the blooms emit a strong, sweet fragrance.

Rosa 'Radrazz' Rosa 'Radrazz'
(Knock Out® rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Vibrant blossoms appear in spring and continue until frost. In fall, the dark green foliage and hearty stems are edged with red. -Judith Ireland, Regional Reports: Northeast, Fine Gardening issue #122

no image available Rosa 'Redcoat'
(English shrub rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This David Austin rose produces vibrant, semi-double red blossoms with contrasting yellow stamens all season long. It grows from 2.5 to 5 feet tall.

Rosa 'Rose de Rescht' Rosa 'Rose de Rescht'
(Damask perpetual rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This compact rose has fragrant, fuschia-red flowers packed with petals that fade to purple as they age. It grows up to 4 feet high and 3 feet wide, and blooms from spring to fall. 

no image available Rosa 'Secret'
(Hybrid tea rose, Large-flowered rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This intensely fragrant rose has high-centered, double blossoms of creamy pink edged with deeper pink. It blooms in summer and into fall, and grows to 5 feet high and 2 feet wide. 

Rosa 'WITharoma' Rosa 'WITharoma'
(Secret's Out!™ rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This Hybrid Tea rose offers creamy white flowers which open to release a sweet rose fragrance. Its compact habit makes it just right for smaller spaces.

Rosa 'Souvenir de la Malmaison' Rosa 'Souvenir de la Malmaison'
(Bourbon rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small rose is ideal for the front of the border because its size rarely exceeds 2 feet in height. It produces pale lavender-pink to white, quartered-rosette blossoms with a spicy fragrance. It blooms from spring to autumn. 

no image available Rosa 'St. Patrick'
(Hybrid tea rose, Large-flowered rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This double-flowered rose has yellow blossoms with green outer petals. The flowers are perfectly formed and are excellent for cutting. It blooms in summer and into fall, and grows to 5 feet high and 3 feet wide. 

Rosa 'Vanity' Rosa 'Vanity'
(Hybrid musk rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This rose produces brilliant hot pink blossoms at the tips of wide, arching branches. It forms a loosely branched shrub, reaching 6 feet high and 10 feet wide, and blooms from spring to autumn. It is ideal as a low climber up a wall, arch, or trellis.

Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin' Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'
(Thornless rose, Bourbon rose)
(5 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beautiful repeat bloomer tolerates shadier conditions than other roses and poor soils. The fragrance is absolutely wonderful, and the rose is nearly thornless.

 

 

Information provided by Brushwood Nursery

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Rosa chinensis 'Mutabilis' Rosa chinensis 'Mutabilis'
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This beauty is prized for the unusual qualities of its flowers, which bloom continuously from spring until frost. The single cupped flowers open a honey-yellow, then they become coppery-pink, then watermelon, and finally a rich mahogany. The foliage is reddish purple, disease-resistant, and is evergreen in warm climates. This rose can be treated as a shrub or trained as a climber, reaching 10 feet high and 6 feet wide.

Rosa var. NOA168098F 'Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme' Rosa var. NOA168098F 'Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme'
(Flower Carpet® Pink Supreme)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Each bush is covered in a mass explosion of vivid pink blooms all summer long.  One of the new Next Generation Flower Carpet roses with improved heat and humidity tolerance and disease resistance.

no image available Rosa roxburghii f. normalis
(Chestnut rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species produces single medium pink blossoms with decorative indents at the tips of the petals. It blooms in spring, followed by hips that age to brown. In the winter, its bark peels in shades of brown and beige. It grows 6 to 10 feet high and 6 feet wide.

Rosa rugosa 'Agnes' Rosa rugosa 'Agnes'
('Agnes' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Agnes'  is one of the few yellow rugosa roses, and it epitomizes the finest rugosa attributes in both leaf and overall form. Doubled blooms give this selection an old-fashioned aspect, as does its delightful fragrance, which is reminiscent of antique roses. Bloom color changes somewhat with the temperature: in cool temperatures, the flowers are an apricot hue, but as the weather warms, they turn a soft yellow. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Dart's Dash' Rosa rugosa 'Dart's Dash'
('Dart's Dash' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Though not very well known, 'Dart's Dash' is  one of the best of the crimson double rugosa roses. 'Dart's Dash' has large blossoms with the spicy scent typical of rugosas and when blooming is done, the plant puts forth a marvelous display of showy hips. It establishes itself quickly and is a fine choice for a low hedge. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Foxi' Rosa rugosa 'Foxi'
('Foxi' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large, open, semi-double pink flowers with yellow stamens and an intoxicating scent make 'Foxi' an outstanding rugosa rose. The relatively small height of the shrub makes the blossoms appear larger. This is a relatively new rugosa rose. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Henry Hudson' Rosa rugosa 'Henry Hudson'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Henry Hudson' has flattened, symmetrical, semi-double, white flowers with a spicy clove scent. The dense and deep green foliage makes a fitting backdrop for this selection's reddish buds and ensuing cream-colored flowers. The blossoms don't drop cleanly, so deadheading is necessary. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Polar Ice' Rosa rugosa 'Polar Ice'
('Polar Ice' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Polar Ice' is one of the most vigorous and densely growing rugosa roses and features clusters of double, slightly nodding flowers. Green buds open to creamy white blooms with pink petals and deeper pink centers. The flowers smell lightly of baby powder, and the new lime green foliage smells like strawberries and sweet grass. In autumn, the foliage turns bright yellow. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa 'Purple Pavement' Rosa rugosa 'Purple Pavement'
('Purple Pavement' rugosa rose)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Purple Pavement' has large, ruffled blossoms with a  purple-red color and strong fragrance. In the fall, the blossoms give way to large, handsome hips, and the foliage turns from green to shades of yellow and maroon. This shapely shrub with dependable repeat bloom it is especially good for a late display, when the hips appear alongside fall asters and other perennials with assertive autumn colors. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa'Wasagaming' Rosa rugosa 'Wasagaming'
('Wasagaming' rugosa rose)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

'Wasagaming' (pronounced "wah-SAG-ah-ming") is a prolific bloomer that has the charm of the antique roses but with greater vigor and better growth habit. Cascading rich pink blossoms with an old-rose scent spill across the shrub. 'Wasagaming' will thrive in less sunny but bright conditions. -Suzanne Verrier, No muss, no fuss rugosa roses, Fine Gardening issue #121

Rosa rugosa var. alba Rosa rugosa var. alba
(Hedgehog rose, Ramanas rose, Japanese rose, Sea tomato)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This variety has single, papery white blossoms that open from light pink buds and have contrasting yellow stamens. The heavily-scented flowers are followed by reddish-orange hips. It grows up to 6 feet high.

Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus' Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'
(Creeping rosemary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardy, fast-growing evergreen shrub, creeping rosemary has a prostrate habit and attractive flowers and fragrance. Dark green leaves, to 2 inches long, are rich in aromatic oils and commonly used as a culinary herb. This plant is loved for its strong pinelike flavor and fragrance.

Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem' Rosmarinus officinalis 'Salem'
(Rosemary)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy, fast-growing evergreen shrub has an upright, rounded form and attractive flowers. Shiny green, needlelike leaves are aromatic. It bears small blue flowers in early spring and is loved for its strong, pinelike flavor and fragrance.

Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm' Rudbeckia fulgida var. sullivantii 'Goldsturm'
(Orange Coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
(12 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Large flowers consisting of brassy orange-yellow rays surrounding brown cones are what make this plant so popular. It blooms for 7 or 8 weeks beginning in midsummer. The flowers top 18- to 30-inch-tall plants that will readily self sow in cultivated soils. 

Rudbeckia hirta Rudbeckia hirta
(Black-eyed Susan, Gloriosa daisy, Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial has given rise to numerous cultivars which are often grown as annuals. From summer into early autumn, it bears daisy-like blossoms (to 3 inches across) with light or deep yellow rays and brownish-purple centers. The flowers are a staple in late summer bouquets.

Rudbeckia maxima Rudbeckia maxima
(Giant coneflower, Black-eyed Susan)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice species makes a strong vertical statement with its large, smooth, sea-green leaves and towering stems to 6 feet tall. It bears short, yellow ray florets with giant, upright cones at the center. It prefers average soil with good drainage, and is excellent in native or wild plantings.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa Rudbeckia subtomentosa
(Sweet coneflower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This dignified U.S. native species has downy leaves and bears clusters of luminous clear-yellow flowers with reddish-brown center cones. It blooms for over a month starting in mid- to late-summer.

Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers' Rudbeckia subtomentosa 'Henry Eilers'
('Henry Eilers' sweet coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

The unique, finely quilled, 2-inch-wide flowers are what make 'Henry Eilers' stand out from the rest of the coneflowers. The petals sit separate from one another, forming a brilliant, golden yellow starburst around a dark brownish purple cone. The blooms grow on strong, upright, 4- to 5-foot-tall stems in late summer, and are produced in such abundance that you can cut some for bouquets and you'll never even notice they are missing from the garden. The stems are covered with a soft, hairy down, while the leaves have a pleasing vanilla-and-anise scent.

no image available Rudbeckia triloba
(Brown-eyed Susan, Coneflower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial makes a superb, self-sown companion in a mixed border or wild garden. It reaches up to 5 feet tall and exhibits a long-lasting, airy spray of small, daisy-like blossoms in yellow with purple-black centers. The flowers are beautiful in late summer bouquets. 

Salvia hians Salvia hians
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This short-lived perennial from the Himalayas has scented, hairy leaves and forms a small shrub 2 feet tall by 2 feet wide. It bears 1.5-inch-long purplish-blue flowers with white lips (called bee lines) from early to late summer. The flowers are clasped by rusty colored calyxes that accent color of the blooms. Salvias are some of the showiest plants for containers, annual borders, and mixed borders. Butterflies and hummingbirds love them. 

Sambucus nigra Sambucus nigra
(Black elder, European elder, Elderberry)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Black elder forms an upright and bushy, but somewhat coarse, shrub with toothed green leaves. It bears scented, flattened clusters of white flowers in early summer, which mature into glossy black fruit. It has given rise to many cultivars with notable foliage. Sambucus is a good choice for a quick growing shrub and is suitable for mixed or shrub borders or for naturalizing in wild areas. Birds love the fruits of this genus, which have culinary attributes when cooked, but can cause illness if eaten raw, or if the poisonous seeds are consumed. Contact with leaves may irritate skin.

Sambucus nigra 'Madonna' Sambucus nigra 'Madonna'
(Black elder, European elder, Elderberry)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice specimen livens up the garden all season long with its stunning leaves of green splashed with gold. It bears flattened, creamy white flowers that mature into glossy black fruit. It grows more slowly than most elderberries. It makes an attractive specimen.

Sambucus nigra 'Marginata' Sambucus nigra 'Marginata'
(Black elder, European elder, Elderberry, Variegated black elder)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous cultivar has attractive dark green leaves with yellow margins that fade to white. In summer, it bears flattened clusters of creamy white flowers which mature in fall to glossy black fruit. Plants grow 10-20 feet tall and wide.

Sambucus racemosa ‘Sutherland Gold’ Sambucus racemosa ‘Sutherland Gold’
(European red elder, Golden elderberry)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This choice specimen has a graceful habit with finely divided golden foliage that emerges as bronze. It is less susceptible to sun scorch than the other gold varieties. It bears creamy white flowers that mature into red fruits. 

Schizophragma  hydrangeoides 'Moonlight' Schizophragma  hydrangeoides 'Moonlight'
(Japanese hydrangea vine)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This woody root climber has long-stalked, ovate silver-green leaves with deep-green veining. In midsummer, shimmering drops of creamy, moonlight flowers shower the foliage. Blooms are really broad, flattened heads of numerous fertile florets surrounded by large, sterile outer flowers that have just one spade-shaped petal each. Fragrance is like a mixture of apples and lilies.

Smilacina racemosa Smilacina racemosa
(Solomon's plume, False Solomon's seal)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This shade-loving perennial produces plumes of creamy white blossoms in spring, followed by mottled yellowish-green berries that turn to deep red. The fragrant, ivory white blossoms occur on the ends of arching branches, distinguishing them from true Solomon's seal (Polygonatum). The plant grows to 3 feet high and 2 feet wide.

no image available Smyrnium perfoliatum
(Perfoliate Alexanders)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This spring bloomer produces bright chartreuse floral domes atop bract-like, rounded leaves that are pierced by the flower's stem. This plant's form and color contrast well with spring bulbs. It grows 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide. Let it regenerate itself by self-sowing. It is a biennial or short-lived perennial that makes an excellent cut flower and produces worthy combinations with neighboring shades of maroons and blues. Grow it in large, mixed borders, naturalistic plantings, and open woodlands.

Spiranthes cernua 'Chadds Ford' Spiranthes cernua 'Chadds Ford'
(Ladies’ tresses)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous, terrestrial orchid has linear, acute leaves 2 to 10 inches long. At summer's end, it produces sweet, vanilla-scented, 1- to 3-foot spires of white flowers that last for weeks and hold up well as cut flowers.

no image available Styrax japonicus
(Japanese snowbell and cvs.)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Japanese snowbell is a compact, deciduous tree with a graceful spreading habit. In late spring, it produces hanging clusters of sweetly scented, bell-shaped white flowers. Minutely toothed, bright green leaves have a clean, fresh look in all but the driest conditions. Attractive fine twigs are borne on slender, somewhat-layered branches, and the bark is a smooth gray-brown. ‘Pink Chimes' bears abundant, dangling clusters of pale pink flowers.

no image available Symphytum 'Hidcote Blue'
(Hidcote comfrey)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This prolific cultivar has dark green foliage and bears nodding blue flowers from mauve buds. It grows to a compact height of 18 inches tall. It may become invasive and difficult to eradicate once established.

Symphytum × uplandicum 'Axminster Gold' Symphytum × uplandicum 'Axminster Gold'
(Russian comfrey)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This notably beautiful plant produces huge, elongated banana-shaped leaves, which are arfully edged in luminescent yellow. The rosette sits at 18 inches tall, and in early summer the plant bears clusters of mauve-pink bells atop stems that are 4 to 5 feet tall.

Syringa 'Bailina' Syringa 'Bailina'
(Thumbelina lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

From the Fairytail series of dwarf lilacs, this petite cultivar bears single, light pink flowers in mid- to late season. It has a rounded, compact habit, 6 feet high by 5 feet wide. It shows good resistance to powdery mildew.

no image available Syringa × chinensis
(Chinese lilac, Rouen lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant hybrid (S. persica × S. vulgaris) has slightly nodding, 6-inch-long clusters of lilac-purple flowers. It forms a spreading shrub, 15 feet tall and wide.

Syringa × chinensis 'Lilac Sunday' Syringa × chinensis 'Lilac Sunday'
(Chinese lilac, Rouen lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant hybrid (S. persica × S. vulgaris) produces slightly nodding light-purple flower clusters to 6 inches long in midseason. It forms a spreading shrub, 12 feet tall and wide, and shows good disease resistance.

Syringa × hyacinthiflora 'Mount Baker' Syringa × hyacinthiflora 'Mount Baker'
(Lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This early flowering hybrid produces fragrant, single white flowers. It forms a shrub 8 feet high by 10 feet wide, and exhibits autumn coloring. This hybrid and its offspring show some disease resistance.

Syringa × laciniata Syringa × laciniata
(Cut-leaf lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This graceful hybrid produces fragrant, pale lilac flower clusters up to 4 inches long in late spring. The difference this lilac offers is its airy, finely textured foliage. It forms a spreading shrub 6 feet to 8 feet tall and wide.

Syringa × prestoniae 'Miss Canada' Syringa × prestoniae 'Miss Canada'
(Preston lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This hardy, late-flowering hybrid bears perfumed rose-pink buds opening to pink flowers. It forms a shrub 10 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa pubescens Syringa pubescens
(Lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species has an untraditional, spicy fragrance, and it is one of the most strongly scented lilacs. In midseason, it bears single, white-throated, pale purple flowers that open to white. It forms a shrub 10 feet high by 10 feet wide.

Syringa pubescens ssp. microphylla 'Superba' Syringa pubescens ssp. microphylla 'Superba'
(Littleleaf lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This fragrant cultivar bears single rose-pink flowers in midseason, which often rebloom in late summer or autumn. It forms a shrub 6 feet high by 10 feet wide. 

no image available Syringa pubescens subsp. patula 'Miss Kim'
(Manchurian lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This strongly fragrant cultivar bears single light purple flowers in mid- to late season, and it exhibits maroon autumn foliage. It forms a compact shrub 8 feet high by 8 feet wide. 

Syringa vulgaris 'Henri Robert' Syringa vulgaris 'Henri Robert'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has double bluish-purple flowers that open from violet buds in midseason. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Krasavitsa Moskvy' Syringa vulgaris 'Krasavitsa Moskvy'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This cultivar has double opalescent pink flower buds that open to white in midseason. The flowers are very fragrant. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose' Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This unique cultivar bears slightly fragrant, creamy yellowish blossoms in midseason. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation' Syringa vulgaris 'Sensation'
(Common lilac, French lilac)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In midseason this unique cultivar bears slightly fragrant, single purple blossoms with distinct white margins. It forms a shrub 12 feet high by 8 feet wide.

Tanacetum parthenium Tanacetum parthenium
(Feverfew)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Feverfew is a short-lived, bushy perennial that has become naturalized in much of North America. It has fragrant, ferny foliage and composite white flowers with yellow centers. It is often grown as an annual. The cultivar 'Aureum' has a dwarf habit, smaller flowers, and golden aromatic foliage. Other cultivars have double flowers, yellow flowerheads, or pompom-like flowerheads.

Thunbergia alata Thunbergia alata
(Black-eyed Susan vine)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender perennial climber is evergreen in Zones 10 and warmer. Cheerful, 1.5-inch flowers in shades of orange and yellow cover this fast-growing vine. The blossoms have a simple form: 5 petals surrounding a brownish purple center. Where grown as an annual, plants can reach 8 feet; when grown as a perennial, 20 feet.

Tilia americana Tilia americana
(American linden, Basswood)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous tree with dense foliage and a stately habit produces hanging clusters of fragrant yellow flowers in mid-summer. It grows in a broadly columnar shape and has dark green leaves that are glossy underneath. Basswood makes a good specimen or street tree, although it doesn't tolerate pollution. It can grow as tall as 80 feet with a width of 50 feet. It attracts bees; basswood honey is a sought-after gourmet food.

no image available Trillium chloropetalum
(Giant trillium, Wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This species blooms in early to mid-spring with large blossoms of white, yellow, or deep purple-black. It is vigorous, growing to almost 18 inches tall and wide, with leaves (usually mottled) up to 8 inches long.

Trillium erectum Trillium erectum
(Red trillium, Purple trillium, Stinking Benjamin, Woodlily, Wakerobin, Trinity flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This trillium has upright or outward-facing blossoms of chocolate or reddish-purple, or occasionally white or yellow. At close range, it bears an unpleasant scent. It blooms in mid- to late spring, and grows from 14-20 inches tall and a foot wide.

Trillium erectum var. album Trillium erectum var. album
(White trillium, Stinking Benjamin, Wood lily, Wakerobin)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This white-flowered form of red trillium has delicate, outward-facing petals with striking dark centers. At close range, it bears an unpleasant scent. Plants bloom in mid- to late spring, and grow to 14-20 inches tall and a foot wide.

Trillium flexipes Trillium flexipes
(Bent trillium, White wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This trillium produces large white flowers above the foliage in mid-spring, but the flowers are later hidden as the flower stalks nod. The flowers occasionally are maroon, but they retain the white ovaries. The plant is quite variable, and can grow up to 2 feet tall.

Trillium grandiflorum Trillium grandiflorum
(Great white trillium, White wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This showy spring-blooming trillium has large white blossoms up to 3 inches long, which fade to soft pink and from cup-shaped to open and recurved. Its veined leaves are solid green, and it grows to 18 inches tall and about half as wide.

Trillium luteum Trillium luteum
(Yellow trillium, Wood lily, Wakerobin, Trinity flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This mid- to late-spring bloomer bears yellow blossoms atop a trio of leaves often mottled with a paler shade of silvery-green. It is faintly fragrant of lemon oil, and grows to about 14 inches tall.

Trillium pusillum Trillium pusillum
(Dwarf wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

In spring, the foliage of this petite species emerges a deep purple-black-green and is topped by white blooms with rippled petals. As plants mature, the foliage becomes medium green, and the flowers turn pink, then lavender-purple. Dwarf wakerobin grows to only 8 inches tall and readily forms colonies. 

Trillium recurvatum Trillium recurvatum
(Prairie trillium, Bloody butcher, Purple wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This is one of the first and most plentiful Trilliums to bloom in the spring. It has upright maroon blossoms (occasionally white or yellow) without stalks, and its leaves can be nicely mottled. It grows to 12-18 inches tall and 8-12 inches wide.

no image available Trillium stamineum
(Propeller toad shade, Wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower, Propeller trillium, Blue Ridge wakerobin)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This striking spring-blooming species features narrow, chocolate-colored petals that twist like a propeller over slightly mottled leaves. It forms a stocky plant, growing to 10-15 inches tall and not quite as wide.

Trillium vaseyi Trillium vaseyi
(Sweet Beth, Sweet wakerobin, Wood lily, Trinity flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This trillium bears the largest flowers in the genus—almost 4 inches across. Growing to almost 2 feet high and not quite as wide, it is also one of the tallest trilliums. Its chocolate-red blossoms (occasionally white) boast strongly curved petals and prominent stamens. They appear just beneath the leaves in mid- to late spring.

Tropaeolum majus 'Dwarf Cherry Rose' Tropaeolum majus 'Dwarf Cherry Rose'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 12 inches tall and about as wide. In summer and fall, it bears cherry-red flowers. These annuals are native to South America. They are suitable for garden edges, herb gardens, covering banks, hanging baskets, and other containers.

Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India' Tropaeolum majus 'Empress of India'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar has a mounding habit and grows to a foot tall and wide. In summer and fall, it bears double, deep scarlet flowers. The rounded leaves and five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Jewel of Africa' Tropaeolum majus 'Jewel of Africa'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
(2 user reviews)

This climbing, old-fashioned cultivar grows to 8 feet tall. In summer and fall, it bears flowers of maroon, yellow, cream, and orange, and in-between shades of peach, apricot, salmon, and scarlet. The leaves are marbled with white variegation. The leaves and flowers are edible.

no image available Tropaeolum majus 'Peach Melba'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
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This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows 9-12 inches tall and wide. In summer and fall it bears creamy-yellow blossoms with orange blotches. The rounded leaves and spurred, five-petaled flowers are edible.

Tropaeolum majus 'Whirlybird Mix' Tropaeolum majus 'Whirlybird Mix'
(Indian cress, Nasturtium)
(1 user review)

This old-fashioned cultivar of the species has a mounding habit and grows up to 18 inches tall and a foot wide. From summer to frost, it bears blossoms in shades of yellow, red, and orange which are held clear above the foliage.

no image available Tropaeolum peregrinum
(Canary creeper)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual or perennial climber grows vigorously, yet does not strangle its host. Its edible leaves are deeply divided like the fingers of a hand, and its bright yellow flowers are outrageously formed: The larger, upper petals are deeply fringed and look like tiny birds' wings; the smaller, lower petals are spurred. It blooms in summer and autumn and can climb up to 12 feet.

no image available Tropaeolum speciosum
(Flame nasturtium, Scottish flame flower)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This tender perennial climber has edible, hand-shaped leaves and crimson red flowers in summer and fall which are uniquely textured. Their softly squared petals are held apart from each other at the flower's mouth and the rear tapers to long spurs. The blooms yield blue fruits. Flame nasturtium climbs up to 10 feet.

Verbascum bombyciferum Verbascum bombyciferum
(Mullein, Nettle-leafed mullein, Turkish mullein)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This biennial or short-lived perennial has evergreen woolly leaves like silvery flannel that make sensuous-looking rosettes in the first year. In mid- to late summer of its second year, large sulfur-yellow blossoms open from the bottom up on flower stalks that reach up to 6 feet high. Blooming continues for many weeks. Verbascum bombyciferum has naturalized in regions of the U.S.

Verbena bonariensis Verbena bonariensis
(Tall Verbena)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This outstanding annual or perennial deserves its popularity. It makes an architectural statement with slender, willowy stems that stand up to 6 feet tall and do not need staking. It then branches out widely near the top where rich lilac-purple flower clusters stand alone, as if they are floating. This Verbena makes a great see-through plant.

Viburnum × burkwoodii 'Conoy' Viburnum × burkwoodii 'Conoy'
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This small deciduous shrub is covered in early spring with pink buds that burst open to reveal slightly fragrant, showy, flat-topped white flowers. Fleshy red fruit is borne in pendulous bunches in late August, darkening to all-black in October. Leaves fade to a dark maroon in the fall and winter months when planted in colder areas. Plants grow to about 5 feet tall and 8 feet wide. A cross between V. utile and V. × burkwoodii ‘Park Farm Hybrid’, this shrub is excellent as a foundation plant, as a specimen, in mass groupings, in a shrub border, or in containers. Evergreen to Zones 7 and 8.

no image available Viburnum × burkwoodii 'Mohawk'
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This shrub has a compact, rounded form, growing 8-10 feet tall and wide. In early spring, it produces showy lipstick-red buds that open to white flowers. Once open, the flowers scent the air with their spicy, clove-like perfume for another two weeks. The glossy dark green foliage is handsome throughout the growing season and resistant to bacterial leaf spot and powdery mildew. Foliage turns orange-red in autumn.

Viburnum carlesii Viburnum carlesii
(Koreanspice viburnum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This deciduous shrub with toothed, dark green leaves bears pink buds in late spring that open to white or pink-flushed flowers borne in domed clusters. The intoxicating fragrance is reminiscent of spice cake. The plant also has attractive red foliage and berries in the fall. It grows to about 6 feet tall and wide.

Viburnum rhytidophyllum Viburnum rhytidophyllum
(Leatherleaf viburnum)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This vigorous, coarsely textured evergreen shrub has an upright habit and 8-inch-long, lustrous, deeply veined oval leaves with dark blue-green surfaces and pale green undersides. The leaf stems are fuzzy brown. In spring, fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in clusters. Blue berries form in June and become plump through September, maturing to glossy black. Plants grow 10-15 feet tall and wide.

Viola ‘Etain’ Viola ‘Etain’
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

A hardworking, compact perennial, ‘Etain’ violet forms well-behaved clumps and blooms from time to time from spring through fall. The attractive, fleshy, bright green foliage needs protection from slugs. -Sylvia Matlock, Regional Picks: Northwest, Fine Gardening issue #127

Viola tricolor Viola tricolor
(Heartsease, Johnny-jump-up, Love-in-idleness, Wild pansy)
(3 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This annual, biennial, or short-lived perennial is grown for its long season of pansy flowers in shades of purple, blue, yellow, and white. Viola tricolor is pretty in containers, as edging, or as a companion for bulbs. It self-seeds readily.

Vitex agnus-castus var. latifolia Vitex agnus-castus var. latifolia
(Chaste tree)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Chaste tree is a southern favorite beginning to gain favor across the country. Whether left to grow as a large, multistemmed shrub or cut back annually for a more compact look, this selection is a winner. Fine, lacy leaves are glossy and green. Bright blue flower panicles begin to form in early summer and continue through the heat of the season and into fall. This is a reasonably cold-hardy, deer-resistant woody plant, and while V. agnus-castus is typically considered a Zone 7 plant, the variety latifolia can be grown in Zone 6 and even in southern areas of Zone 5.

Wisteria floribunda Wisteria floribunda
(Japanese wisteria)
(1 user review)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dramatic clusters of blue-violet to red-violet flowers with an intoxicating fragrance grace this vigorous twining climber. Its springtime cascading flower clusters can grow to 3 feet long or more in some cultivars. Blooms typically open first at the base and last at the tip of each cluster. Trunk diameter can reach 7 to 8 inches after 20 years, and the plant can climb to 35 or more feet in height, though its size is easily contolled by pruning.

Wisteria frutescens Wisteria frutescens
(American wisteria)
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Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

This North American native vine boasts abundant clusters of pale lilac-purple flowers. Though it is not as fragrant as Asian wisterias, it is easier to control because it doesn't send out long root suckers. American wisteria blooms later, from June to August, so its blossoms are less prone to being killed by a late frost. It can grow to 30 feet or more when trained to climb over an arbor, pergola, or wall. It can also be trained into a small tree or standard. 'Nivea' is a white-flowered form.

Wister­ia sinensis Wister­ia sinensis
(Chinese wisteria)
(2 user reviews)
Hardiness Zones: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

Dramatic flowers with an intoxicating fragrance cover this vigorous twining climber. Its cascading flower clusters grow to about 1 foot in length and are borne in abundance, with each one on the plant blooming more or less simultaneously, in late spring. Each small flower is usually light blue mixed with white, but plants are also available in colors such as violets, whites, and pinks. It blooms before foliage emerges.


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